Types and names of medicinal plants for the garden, their properties and application


Garden plants

In the first part of the article, we introduced you to the medicinal properties of such popular garden plants as amaranth, or shiritsa, basil, marigolds, cloves, geraniums and delphiniums, and also offered you recipes for medicinal preparations that can be easily made at home. In the second part of the article, we described medicinal plants such as iris, calendula, hibiscus, lavender, lily of the valley, lily, daylily, snapdragon, daffodil, nasturtium, and stonecrop. We bring to your attention the third part of the article on medicinal plants in your garden.

Peony (lat.Paeonia)

Medicinal peony (lat.Paeonia officinalis), or female peony, or pivonia - herbaceous perennial with large red flowers. For medicinal purposes, the flowers and roots of the plant are harvested. Peony medicinal preparations are used for insomnia and neurasthenia, the infusion from its roots in small doses helps to increase the tone of the walls of the uterus and enhances intestinal motility.

White-flowered peony (lat.Paeonia lactiflora), or lactoflower - herbaceous perennial with white flowers. For medicinal purposes, the roots and rhizomes of the plant are used, containing fatty oil, tannins and many other important and valuable elements. Rhizome preparations are used as an anticonvulsant, analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent for the treatment of infectious hepatitis, stomach diseases, diabetes, cancer, retinal hemorrhages, gynecological diseases, nephritis and hypertension. A decoction of rhizomes is prescribed for menstrual irregularities, as a sedative and expectorant for bronchitis, pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis, as well as a diuretic for peptic ulcer and stomach cancer, spastic colitis and gastritis with low acidity. As an antispasmodic, diaphoretic, anti-inflammatory, hemostatic agent, a decoction of peony rhizomes is used for dysentery, diarrhea, dysmenorrhea, gout, polyarthritis, hypertension and encephalitis.

To improve appetite: pour a tablespoon of chopped roots with 500 ml of boiling water, leave for half an hour under the lid, strain and take a tablespoon 3 times a day half an hour before meals.

Narrow-leaved peony (lat.Paeonia tenuifolia), or thin-leaved - also a herbaceous perennial with yellow-purple or bright red petals. For medicines, the herb and rhizome of the peony are used, which have a bactericidal, analgesic, antispasmodic and expectorant effect. In folk medicine for pulmonary tuberculosis and heart disease, the treatment of anemia and cough, an aqueous infusion of the root cones of the peony is used.

Peony evading (lat.Paeonia anomalia) - a herbaceous perennial plant with large purple-pink, often double flowers, located at the ends of the shoots singly. For the manufacture of medicines, the rhizomes and grass of the plant are collected in the flowering phase. Peony evasion has a calming effect on the central nervous system, improves digestion and appetite. In official medicine, the peony tincture produced by the pharmaceutical industry is used for hypochondria, insomnia, neuroses, neurasthenia, and vascular dystonia. The preparations of the peony evading in Tibetan medicine are very popular. They are used for female diseases, epilepsy, nervous disorders, jaundice, stomach diseases, and the externally aqueous infusion of the plant is used for dermatitis, inflammation of the mucous membranes and skin.

Peony tincture: crushed peony roots are poured with seventy percent alcohol in a ratio of 1:10, the dishes are corked, placed in a dark place and insisted for three weeks, after which they are filtered and taken 3 times a day, 10-30 drops for 3-4 weeks.

Infusion of Evasion Peony: pour a teaspoon of chopped roots with three glasses of boiling water, leave for half an hour, strain and take a tablespoon three times a day 15 minutes before meals.

For external use, make an infusion from a tablespoon of raw materials and a glass of boiling water.

Pyrethrum

Feverfew maiden (lat.Pyrethrum parthenium), or maiden daisy, or uterine herb, or mother - a perennial herb of the Astrov family. The pyrethrum reaches a height of 50-60 cm, its inflorescences-baskets are similar to chamomile. For the manufacture of pharmaceutical preparations, the ground part of the maiden's pyrethrum is used, which is harvested before flowering. A tincture of the plant is prescribed to relieve menstrual pain and migraine in the postpartum period.

Red pyrethrum (Pyrethrum coccineum), or Caucasian chamomile, or popovnik red, or persian chamomile - a perennial herbaceous garden plant up to 70 cm high with single baskets of yellow tubular and red or pink reed flowers. Red pyrethrum blooms in June-July. For pharmacology, it is the inflorescences that are harvested at the beginning of flowering that are of interest. "Persian powder" from the baskets of red pyrethrum is used as an insecticide to fight fleas, bedbugs, lice, mosquitoes, flies and garden pests. Infusion of pyrethrum red is used for enemas with enterobiasis.

Suspension of red pyrethrum: 100-300 g of "Persian powder" is poured with a bucket of water and infused for a day, then 40 g of liquid dishwashing detergent is added, stirred and this composition is used to treat places where insects accumulate.

Ivy (Latin Hedera)

Common ivy (Latin Hedera helix), or ivy curly - climbing plant with adventitious roots, leathery leaves and nondescript greenish-yellow flowers. As a medicinal raw material, common ivy leaves are collected, from which Prospan is industrially produced - a drug that is prescribed for bronchitis, colds, whooping cough and asthma. In folk medicine, tincture and infusion of ivy leaves are better known - they are used to treat catarrh of the respiratory tract, gallbladder disease, gout and rheumatism. Outwardly, they are used for washing and compresses for skin diseases.

Infusion of ivy leaves: pour a teaspoon of chopped leaves with a glass of boiling water, leave for 10 minutes and strain.

Ivy, or moonseed daurian (lat.Menispermum dauricum) - deciduous liana with ovoid leaves of dark green color and small greenish flowers, collected in axillary racemes. For medicinal purposes, all plant organs that are considered poisonous are used: the grass is harvested during flowering, and the roots in October. For acute respiratory diseases, inflammation of the gums, hemorrhoids, tonsillitis, intestinal diseases and furunculosis, a decoction of dry rhizomes of dahurian ivy is used.

Ivy root infusion: 4-8 g of ivy roots are poured with 500 ml of water, boiled for 10 minutes, insisted for half an hour, filtered and taken 3-4 times a day, 100 ml.

Tincture of moonseed roots: rhizome and roots (1 part) insist on alcohol (8 parts) for 15 days in a dark place, capping the dishes well, then filter and take 15-20 drops for hypertension.

Rhododendron (lat.Rhododendron)

Rhododendron golden (lat.Rhododendron aureum) - an evergreen ornamental shrub of the Heather family up to 50 cm high with shiny leathery leaves and light yellow flowers gathered in apical umbrellas. For medicinal purposes, the leaves of two-three-year-old plants are used, which are harvested throughout the summer. Preparations from golden yellow rhododendron have anti-inflammatory and bactericidal properties and have a tonic effect on the cardiovascular system. Alcohol tincture and water infusion of the leaves of the plant slow down the heartbeat, reduce shortness of breath, relieve swelling, improving the general condition. As a bactericidal agent, tincture and infusion of rhododendron are used in the treatment of acute and chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, with toxicosis of pregnant women, they are shown in the form of douching for infertility and inflammatory diseases of the cervix. For gum disease, stomatitis and bad breath, rinsing with a decoction and infusion of rhododendron is recommended. The broth is used for washing, baths, compresses and lotions for boils, carbuncles and dermatitis. In folk medicine, fresh leaves are applied to abscesses, and powder from the dried leaves of the plant is used as a pain reliever for arthritis.

Infusion of rhododendron leaves: pour a teaspoon of dry crushed leaves of a plant with a glass of boiling water, leave for 1-2 hours, strain and drink 3 times a day after meals for a tablespoon.

Tincture of rhododendron leaves: pour one part of dry leaves of the plant with ten parts of vodka, close tightly, leave in a dark place for two weeks, then strain.

Rhododendron Ledebouri (lat.Rhododendron ledebourii), or Siberian wild rosemary - shrub up to 1.5 m high with soft leathery leaves and large pink-purple flowers that open in June or July. Sometimes the plant blooms again in August or September. For medicinal purposes, leaves of two to three-year-old bushes are harvested, containing triterpenoids, sitosterol, andromethodoxin and other valuable substances.

Rhododendron pointed (lat.Rhododendron mucronulatum) grows up to three meters high. The plant has purple-pink flowers that open in May-June before the leaves appear. For medical purposes, the stems, leaves and flowers of the plant are harvested containing essential oils, triterpenoids, coumarins, vitamins, flavonoids and tannins. In folk medicine, infusion and decoction of rhododendron spiky flowers are used as a tea for colds and headaches.

Rose (lat.Rosa)

Damask rose (lat.Rosa Damascena) belongs to the Rosaceae family and is a perennial shrub up to 1 m high with large double fragrant flowers of white, pink or purple-red color, opening in May-June. Flower petals are used as a medicinal raw material, collecting them in the morning during the period of full bloom. The fragrance of the flowers is given by substances such as nerol, geraniol, citronemol and phenylethylene alcohol. They also contain sugars, vitamins, quercetins, anthocyanins, bitterness, fatty oils, organic acids and wax. Raw materials of damask rose have a softening, antiseptic, antihelminthic, astringent and wound healing effect. In folk medicine, preparations from red rose petals are used for diarrhea and liver diseases, from white rose petals for heart disease and atherosclerosis, and in the treatment of gastritis and peptic ulcer diseases, the color of the petals does not matter. Bulgarian doctors give patients with bronchial asthma injections of rose oil. Outwardly, in the treatment of stomatitis, sore throats and conjunctivitis, rose water is used, and powder from dried rose petals of Damascus is prescribed for sprinkling non-healing wounds, ulcers and erysipelas.

Infusion of damask rose petals: Place 2-3 tablespoons of fresh crushed petals in a thermos, pour two glasses of boiling water and insist. The next day, strain the infusion and drink a little during the day 20-40 minutes before meals.

French rose (Rosa gallica), or gallic, or French rosehip, or gallic - also a shrub of the Rosaceae family, the ancestor of garden roses. It reaches a height of 60 to 150 cm. It has large fragrant, simple or double flowers. Dried flower petals or rose water and oil extracted from them are valuable. Gallic rose preparations are used as a fixing and weakly astringent agent for catarrhal gastrointestinal diseases and diarrhea, as well as an anti-inflammatory agent for inflammation of the gums and sore throat. Rose water is used for cosmetic purposes and for eye lotions, and oil is added to ointments, creams and used as incense.

Infusion of Gallic rosehip petals: Pour 2-3 tablespoons of petals with two glasses of boiling water, cover and let it brew until it cools, then strain and use to rinse a sore throat and lubricate sore gums.

Chamomile (lat.Matricaria)

Pharmaceutical camomile, or medicinal (lat.Matricaria chamomilla), she is uterine herb, Romanian, mother plant, Romaine, blush is a herbaceous annual with inflorescences-baskets, consisting of white reed and yellow tubular flowers. For medicinal purposes, it is these baskets that are of interest, which contain essential oil, choline, tannins, bitterness, salicylic acid, organic acids, trace elements and other valuable components. Chamomile flowers are used to obtain essential oil and prepare decoctions, infusions, teas and even liqueurs. Chamomile is used as a disinfectant and soothing agent for skin irritations, mucous membranes and eczema. Chamomile is often combined with other medicinal plants - yarrow and mint leaves, marshmallow or valerian root, wormwood herb. When taken orally, chamomile increases appetite and improves digestion.

Chamomile tea: Pour a teaspoon of chamomile flowers with a glass of boiling water, let it brew for 10 minutes and drink at night for a sound sleep.

Camomile tea: Place 2 tablespoons of flowers in a thermos, pour 500 ml of boiling water, let it brew and drink three times a day before meals for colitis, gastritis, bloating, neurasthenia, irritability, insomnia, toothache, cramps and liver inflammation.

Chamomile decoction: pour a tablespoon of chamomile flowers with a glass of water, warm up in a water bath for half an hour, then leave for 3-4 hours, strain, squeeze out the remainder and bring the broth with boiled water to its original volume.

For baths: from 50 to 200 g of chamomile herb per 10 liters of boiling water. Use for rheumatism, gout, childhood eczema or scrofula.

Tongue chamomile (Latin Lepidotheca suaveolens), or fragrant lepidotheca - herbaceous annual, the basket inflorescences of which consist only of greenish-yellow tubular flowers - ligulate, or marginal flowers are absent. In the garden, this chamomile is usually considered a weed, but the medicinal value of its baskets is undeniable: they contain essential oil, as well as carotene, gum, mucus, bitterness, ascorbic and salicylic acids and fatty acid glycerides. Chamomile flowers have a tongueless antiseptic, antispasmodic, anticonvulsant, astringent, analgesic and laxative properties. In folk medicine, this plant is used as an antispasmodic for chronic colitis, diseases of the digestive system, flatulence and as an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory agent in the form of lotions and compresses for edema and bruises. The perineum is washed with broth and infusion of chamomile for hemorrhoids, baths are made of them with sweating of the feet, they rinse their mouths with stomatitis and sore throat, wash out abscesses, ulcers and purulent wounds.

Tongueless chamomile infusion: pour a tablespoon of chamomile flowers with a glass of boiling water, leave for 2-3 hours, then strain and take 4 times a day for a quarter of a glass for colitis, gastritis and colds. Outwardly, this infusion is used to rinse the gums, throat and wash wounds.

Roman garden (Chamaemelum nobile), or noble navel, or white chamomile medicinal, or Roman chamomile or hamamelum noble - a herbaceous perennial of the Asteraceae family, or Asteraceae, grown exclusively in culture, with large baskets consisting of median yellow tubular and white reed flowers.Essential oil is extracted from these baskets. Infusion of garden chamomile inflorescences has anti-inflammatory, soothing and bacterial effects. Inside it is used for flatulence, intestinal and gastric cramps, and externally used to rinse the sore throat and mouth. The anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, healing and bactericidal properties of umbilical oil are used for eczema, dermatitis and other local inflammations.

Odorless chamomile (Matricaria inodora = Tripleurospermum inodorum), or dog chamomile, or perforated three-ribbed, also belongs to Composites. Its flowers are inflorescences-baskets with yellow tubular flowers in the center and white ligulate flowers at the edges. For pharmacology, the herb of three-ribbed, harvested during flowering, is of value. It has anti-inflammatory, emollient, anti-spasmodic and analgesic effects.

Unscented chamomile infusion: pour a tablespoon of chopped herbs with a full glass of boiling water, leave under the lid for 3 hours, then strain and take 3-5 times a day, 1-2 tablespoons for bone aches, muscle pains, suffocation, coughs, colds or poultices for weeping lichen ...

Grouse (lat.Fritillaria)

Grouse Ussuri (lat.Fritillaria ussuriensis) - a herbaceous perennial up to 60 cm high with single inclined narrow-bell-shaped flowers of a brown-violet shade on the outside and purple on the inside, with a lilac bottom and a yellow checkerboard pattern of petals. Of interest to pharmacologists are plant roots containing a number of alkaloids - feimine, fistallin, fritillarin, bertuacin and others. The roots are harvested in the phase of the appearance of the stems, before flowering. A decoction of hazel grouse roots has an expectorant effect and is used for chronic bronchitis, colds and bronchiectasis.

Root decoction: 12 g of crushed hazel grouse roots are poured into 300 ml of water, boiled over low heat for a quarter of an hour, cooled, filtered and taken 3 times a day, 100 ml.

Lilac (Latin Syringa)

Common lilac (Latin Syringa vulgaris), or cypress - shrub of the Oleifera family with dark green leaves and fragrant white or lilac-lilac paniculate inflorescences, the flowering of which begins in mid or late May. For the preparation of medicinal preparations used by traditional medicine, flowers, buds and leaves of the plant are used. Flowers are harvested in the budding phase, leaves - from May to July, and buds - in early spring during the swelling period. Lilacs are used as an anti-inflammatory and diaphoretic agent for influenza, acute respiratory viral infections, malaria and other diseases accompanied by fever. It is said that lilac even relieves epileptic seizures if taken regularly for a long time. Lilac buds are used in the treatment of diabetes. Flowers stimulate the discharge of stones and sand in case of urolithiasis.

Infusion of lilac leaves for malaria: Boil 12 fresh leaves in the evening with a glass of boiling water, cover with a cloth and leave overnight. In the morning, drink the entire infusion on an empty stomach. The treatment cycle is a week.

Infusion of lilac leaves for the buds: Pour 2 tablespoons of chopped lilac leaves with a glass of hot water, bring to a boil, leave in a warm place for 2-3 hours, strain, squeeze and take a tablespoon for two weeks 4 times a day.

Antipyretic infusion: 2 tablespoons of linden and lilac flowers pour a glass of boiling water, leave for an hour in a warm place, strain and take one glass 3-4 times a day warm.

Tincture of lilac flowers: pour a glass of flowers with half a liter of alcohol, seal and insist in a dark place for 2 weeks, then strain and use externally for compresses and lotions for rheumatism and salt deposition.

Amur lilac (lat.Syringa amurenis) - a short tree with broad-oval long-pointed leaves and terminal inflorescences consisting of white or creamy flowers. For the preparation of medicines, inflorescences and tree bark are used. Vodka tincture of Amur lilac bark in folk medicine is used as a tonic, and inflorescence infusion as a diuretic.

Violet (lat.Viola)

Violet tricolor (lat.Viola tricolor), or pansies, ivan-da-marya, ternary color - herbaceous biennial or annual of the Violet family with very beautiful flowers, painted in all kinds of combinations of shades. For the production of medicines, flowering grass plants are harvested. In folk medicine, it is used for neuroses, palpitations, insomnia, inflammatory diseases of the lungs and upper respiratory tract. Due to its diuretic and anti-inflammatory effect, the herb violet tricolor is often included in medicinal preparations that are prescribed for the treatment of diseases of the urinary tract. The violet herb also has a diaphoretic and blood-purifying effect, therefore it is used for baths for joint and skin diseases.

Infusion of violet tricolor: Pour a tablespoon of chopped herbs with a glass of boiling water, warm up in a water bath for a quarter of an hour, cool at room temperature for 45 minutes, strain and take a third of a glass 3-4 times a day after meals.

Crocus (lat.Crocus)

Saffron, or Crocus sowing (Latin Crocus sativus) - perennial bulbous plant of the Iris family with large fragrant bell-shaped flowers of a light purple hue with bright yellow or orange anthers. Dried stigmas of the plant, containing a dye, flavonoids, carotenoids, vitamins, fatty oil and other valuable substances, have healing properties. The stigmas are harvested in the afternoon in dry weather, plucking them from the flowers. The stigmas of saffron flowers are used as a condiment and also as a pain reliever.

Infusion of saffron stigmas: pour a teaspoon of chopped stigmas with a glass of boiling water, leave for 20 minutes, strain and take a tablespoon before meals three times a day for angina pectoris, functional heart and kidney diseases.

Echinacea (lat.Echinacea)

Echinacea purpurea (lat.Echinacea purpurea) - a perennial herb up to 120 cm in height with large flower baskets with dark red tubular median flowers and dusty crimson or purple reeds. Echinacea blooms in July-August. For the pharmaceutical industry, the inflorescences and rhizomes of the plant are harvested. Echinacea has a high bactericidal and antiseptic properties. Echinacea water infusion relieves pain, stimulates tissue granulation, accelerates the healing of ulcers and wounds. Inside, Echinacea preparations are prescribed for septic and infectious conditions, and externally - for carbuncles, boils, ulcers and purulent wounds, including bedsores and burns. Echinacea stimulates the central nervous system, increases potency.

Tincture for depression and leukoplakia: one part of the roots of the plant is poured with 10 parts of seventy percent alcohol, tightly sealed and insisted in a dark place for two weeks, after which it is filtered and taken 20-30 drops three times a day.

Echinacea root decoction: pour a tablespoon of chopped roots with 300 ml of water, simmer for half an hour, strain and take 1-2 tablespoons before meals 3-4 times a day.

You can use drugs prepared according to the recipes described in the article only after consulting a doctor!

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Information about Garden Plants
  3. Information about medicinal plants

Sections: Garden Plants Medicinal


Plants and flowers

Welcome to the pages of the Florets.ru website! On our resource you can find information about plants and flowers, the basics of decorative floriculture, an encyclopedia of plants and names, articles about a garden and a vegetable garden, folk medicine, floristry, flora. Learn everything about plants and flowers: secrets, riddles, stories, myths and legends. Take a look at all these pages and you will find yourself in the wonderful world of flowers! Surround yourself with flowers, with them life blooms and smells!

Decorating your home with flowers is an ancient and beautiful tradition and it is very important to make the right choice, then your plants will bring joy to you and your loved ones! With the help of flowers, you can turn any interior into a cozy corner and the house will be filled with freshness and aroma.


Photos of medicinal plants

Most people respect beautiful flowers. To keep a brightly flowering plant at home, you need to find breeding secrets. A rare blooming creature requires individual compliance with conditions. The subtleties of breeding large plant species are different. In the above article, we tried to give a few secrets in order to avoid diseases when breeding an unusual flower. To determine the next steps, you should determine to which family your flower is assigned.

Photos and names of medicinal plants and herbs

Medicinal herbs, plants and photos with the names of medicinal herbs.

Echinacea Chamomile Saffron
Chicory Flower Periwinkle
Monarda Saffron St. John's wort
Elecampane Dandelions Tansy
Altay Mother and stepmother Hare cabbage
Mint Lamb Mother and stepmother

See also: Photos about nature, plants, flowers

Medicinal plants and herbs, photos, description, application, properties, treatment.

There are different treatments. Herbal medicine is one way. Healing herbs (plants) have been used for a long time, and herbal treatment has deep roots in the history of mankind. Throughout the entire time of its existence and development, a person, willingly and unwittingly, had to experience the properties and effects of those plants that grew around him. Thus, man gained experience in the use of medicinal plants.

Even at the present time, when pharmacology (the science of medicinal substances and their effect on the body) and the pharmaceutical industry (mass standardized, high-performance industrial production of medicinal products) are developed, the use of medicinal herbs remains relevant.

Medicinal plants are used to treat acute and chronic diseases. Moreover, they are used as a prophylactic agent. But it should be understood that not for every disease and not in all cases, medicinal herbs should be taken. In some cases, other treatments will be preferred.

Why herbal medicine remains relevant and why many people are interested in it. Because it has a mild effect on the body with much fewer or no side effects. And also because man and plants are part of a single Nature.

Medicinal plants and herbs and their use, description, properties, photos. You will find all this on this site.

Medicinal herbs and plants, photo

Medicinal plants include a large group of various plants and herbs that have found application both in traditional medicine and in alternative - folk medicine. Decoctions, tinctures, extracts, powders, ointments are made from medicinal plants. Almost all parts of plants are used - leaves, bark, fruits, rhizomes. From time immemorial, people have tried to be treated with folk remedies, of course, we should not forget about the side effects. Many of the plants are poisonous in whole or in parts. The use of such medicinal plants and herbs requires great care.

Be sure to consult with your doctor before using medicinal herbs and plants.

Various medicinal plants are widely used in medical practice, here are some of them: calamus, aloe, St. John's wort, raspberries, currants, plantains, chamomile, dandelions, bogulnik, etc.

Medicinal herbs and plants grow in different climatic zones, so it is very important to know in what period of time they need to be harvested. Their medicinal qualities depend on the correct collection and further storage of medicinal plants and herbs. I will not tell you what families and species this or that plant or herb belongs to, but I will try to enlighten you in such matters. as medicinal properties and for what diseases they can be used.

To view a photo of the desired plant, use the search on the site in the upper right corner.

Photos of medicinal herbs and plants:

MEDICINAL PLANTS

Treatment with medicinal herbs originated in ancient times. Information about this was found in the most ancient written records of human culture. Herbal treatment has undergone centuries of testing and has survived in the arsenal of medicinal products to this day. Plant cells are a storage and factory for drugs. Many substances produced by plant cells have healing properties.

Medicinal plants are used in the form of powder, juice, water infusions, decoctions, alcoholic tinctures and extracts.

The healing properties of medicinal plants are due to the presence of pharmacologically active substances: alkaloids, glycosides, saponins, tannins, enzymes, vitamins, hormones. The use of herbal preparations avoids many of the side effects inherent in antibiotics and other synthetic drugs.

In this section you can find more detailed information about medicinal plants used in the products of the company "Doctor Nonna".

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Application area

Osmokot can be called a universal fertilizer without exaggeration. It is great for handling:

  • ornamental and fruit plants grown in pots
  • greenhouse crops
  • plants growing in open ground - in a vegetable garden, in a garden, a greenhouse, in beds, etc.
  • flowers - indoor or garden
  • forest seedlings sown in open soil or in small containers
  • flower, vegetable seedlings grown in pots or cassettes.

Thus, Osmokot is used in horticulture and floriculture. Perhaps the only situation where it cannot be used is when growing plants in peat tablets. A well-balanced substrate allows crops to receive all the necessary nutrients until they are transplanted into a pot or garden bed. And after the pick, it is allowed to use it for feeding crops.


What do medicinal herbs use

Each plant is individual! Some people use all parts of the plant for the manufacture of a drug, from seeds to roots. Others use only certain parts of the plant, those where most of the substances useful to humans are concentrated.

The term "medicinal raw material" is the whole plant or its parts, correctly assembled, correctly processed and dried. Various forms of drugs are prepared from raw materials for use in medicine and herbal medicine.

What is used in medicinal herbs?

Freshly harvested or dried leaves, separate parts can be used from complex sheets. Usually developed foliage is harvested, with petioles and without petioles. But in some species, young leaves are also harvested. Commonly used leaves include:

  • birch
  • lingonberry
  • hay leaves
  • plantain leaf.

The herbaceous part, which includes: buds, twigs, leaves, unripe fruits, root system. Dried or fresh tops and underground parts of the plant are used. Harvesting of herbs is carried out during the flowering period, when buds or fruits are formed. In some plants, only aerial parts are harvested, in others - all the grass from the root, and in others - the entire plant as a whole.
Grass is used entirely in such plants:

  • Adam's head (celandine)
  • shepherd's bag
  • scrofulous herb
  • motherwort.

Flowers - This is a raw material that contains individual flowers or inflorescences, sometimes individual parts of flowers (for example, petals). Used fresh and dried. Flowers are harvested during the budding period or at the beginning and middle of flowering.
The most famous:

  • linden flowers
  • chamomile flowers
  • flowers of calendula.

Fruit.These include false, simple or complex fruits, compound fruits, and their individual parts. They are usually harvested when they are ripe, they are used fresh or dried.
Most used fruits:

  • rose hips
  • hawthorn.

Seeds - These are whole seeds, seeds and part of the cotyledons. Harvested unripe (ripening occurs after harvest) and fully ripe. After being removed from the fruit, the seeds are dried.
Most Popular:

  • flax seeds
  • milk thistle seeds.

Bark - this is the outer part of the trunk, shoots, roots. The bark is harvested in the spring, during sap flow, followed by processing and drying.
Most popular:

  • buckthorn bark
  • oak bark.

Rhizomes and roots - fresh or dried underground parts of plants. Collected from perennials in early spring or autumn. Subsequent processing: cleaning from soil, removing rotten and dead parts, leaves and shoots. Large roots are pre-cut in parts along the rhizome or across, then they are dried.
The most famous:

  • ginseng root
  • root system of valerian officinalis
  • roots and rhizomes of elecampane.


Weeds that are used in traditional medicine for treatment

Many weeds are used in traditional medicine. Of the above, medicinal products include the following:

  • wheatgrass - due to the presence of silicic acid, it is used in the treatment of bronchi, rheumatism, gout and to improve metabolism
  • thistle - heals the liver and enhances sexual activity
  • plantain - heals wounds without suppuration
  • clover - helps to dissolve seals with mastopathy.

Healing properties are possessed by ivy budra, burdock, dandelion and dozens of other weeds.

Cornflower blue

It is found only in soil containing gravel. Propagated by seeds only. Cornflower flowers contain brevicepsin, which has a pronounced vasodilating effect, is used as a mild diuretic and laxative, for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (in collections) and in home cosmetology.

Nettle

The leaves are rich in ascorbic acid and carotene. Nettle has a hemostatic, anti-inflammatory and choleretic effect, restores strength, improves blood composition (increases the number of red blood cells and reduces sugar), normalizes fat metabolism. The seeds are useful for men to increase potency.

Horsetail

It is used as an anti-inflammatory and hemostatic agent. Horsetail reduces blood pressure, stimulates the adrenal cortex, and promotes the elimination of lead from the body. When used as a diuretic, potassium is not washed out. Contains silicon, therefore, decoctions of raw materials help to improve hair growth.


Choosing plants for a spicy garden

Agastakhis wrinkled

Agastakhis wrinkled, or Polyglass wrinkled, or Tibetan Lofant, or Korean mint (Agastache rugosa) - anise flavor for delicious salads and teas. It is called "northern ginseng" for its ability to strengthen the immune system. They are used in cosmetology to preserve the elasticity and youth of the skin.

Perennial herb of the Yasnotkov family. The aboveground part is used fresh for making salads and tea. Lofant is also an excellent honey plant and has unique medicinal properties. The advantages of this spicy herb include its simplicity and ease of cultivation. Lofant is propagated by direct sowing of seeds in open ground or through seedlings. The minimum planting pattern is 25x25 cm. Plants must be covered for the winter.

Agastakhis wrinkled, or Tibetan Lofant (Agastache rugosa). © Dalgial

Anise ordinary

Anise ordinary, Aniseed thigh (Pimpinella anisum) Is an annual, thin and shortly pubescent plant. The root is thin, fusiform, taproot. Stem up to 30-50 cm high, erect, rounded, furrowed, branched in the upper part.

Medicinal annual herb from the Umbelliferae family with an erect, branched stem, up to 60 cm high, covered with a short downy. The leaves are alternate, the lower ones are solid, long-petiolate, rounded-reniform or cordate. The flowers are small, white, in complex umbrellas. Blooms from June to September. Prefers sunny areas, sandy loam or loamy soils.

The ripe fruit of anise is used, which contains an essential oil. Anise fruit preparations delay putrefactive and fermentative processes in the intestines, relieve spasms of the abdominal organs, inhibit the development of microbes in the renal pelvis and bladder, have expectorant and diuretic properties. Anise fruits are brewed like tea.

Anise ordinary, or Aniseed thigh (Pimpinella anisum)

Basil

Basil (Ocimum) - belongs to the family of mint herbs, is used as a seasoning for many dishes. Fresh basil has a rich aroma that can be described as a cross between licorice and cloves. Most varieties of basil have green leaves, but opal basil has a beautiful purple color. Other types of basil, such as lemon basil and cinnamon basil, are so named for their respective aromas.

A highly branched plant with tetrahedral stems from 30 to 60 cm high. Its leaves are oblong-ovate, sparsely toothed, green or purple up to 5.5 cm long. At the ends of the stems, basil ejects inflorescences in the form of tassels, consisting of several flowers. Their color can be different: pink, white, white and purple.

Basil is widely used as a spice both fresh and dry. As a spice, it is more appreciated fresh.

Mustard salad

Mustard salad, or Leaf mustard - a variety of Mustard (Brassica juncea) Is an annual cold-resistant early maturing plant. Within a month, she develops a large rosette of large leaves, original in color. The flowers are small, yellow, collected in a spike-shaped inflorescence, the fruit is a pod.

Young leaves of mustard leaf are used fresh for preparing salads and as a side dish for meat and fish dishes, in boiled form, as well as salted and canned. Mustard is a relative of arugula, but is more like watercress in early maturity. Mustard leaf stimulates appetite, enhances the secretion of gastric juice and bile, has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effects.

Mustard greens, in which ascorbic acid and rutin (vitamins C and P) predominate in the natural complex of vitamins, is an excellent antiscorbutic agent that prevents untimely aging of the walls of blood vessels, their loss of elasticity and the deposition of cholesterol plaques on the inner wall of blood vessels. Because mustard greens stimulate appetite, it should not be included in a weight loss diet.

Oregano

Oregano, or Oregano (Origanum) Is a genus of herbaceous plants of the Lamb family (Lamiaceae), includes 45-50 species. Perennial herbaceous plants or shrubs, 30-75 cm high. Rhizome glabrous, often creeping. Stem tetrahedral, erect, slightly pubescent, glabrous in the upper part. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, oblong-ovate, whole-edged, pointed at the tip, dark green above, gray-green below, 1-4 cm long.

This herb has a strong aroma. Traditionally used in Greek and Balkan cuisine. It goes well with cheese, fried fish, and is also suitable for flavoring vegetable oils.

Leaves are plucked as needed. Outdoors from June to November, at home all year round.

Oregano, or Oregano. © Yelod

Hyssop

Hyssop, blue St. John's wort (Hyssopus) Is a genus of plants of the Lamiaceae family. Perennial strongly odorous spicy herbs or shrubs with linear or oblong leaves.

Drought-resistant and winter-hardy shrub. Forms a bush 50-60 cm high and up to 60-70 cm in diameter, with erect branchy shoots. Shoots from below are lignified: in the first year they are green, later they acquire a grayish-brown tint. Leaves sessile, without petiole, small, green. The flowers are blue. The taste of stems, leaves and flowers is bitter and spicy.

In cooking, mainly dried leaves of the upper third of the plant are used. Young stems, leaves and flowers, fresh and dried, are used to flavor meals and snacks. In folk medicine, hyssop is used for angina pectoris, gastrointestinal diseases. It promotes digestion, stimulates appetite.

Hyssop infusion is recommended for the elderly as a fortifying drink. Possesses bactericidal properties.

When grown for seasoning, it is harvested throughout the summer: from a plant intended for medicinal purposes, the stems are cut off before flowering. At the same time, the upper part of the stems is cut off and the collection is dried in the shade. Store in a cool, ventilated area.

Chervil ordinary

Openwork chervil, or Butenel-leaved kupyr, or ordinary chervil (Anthriscus cerefolium) Is an annual plant 15-50 cm high with a fusiform root. Stems are straight, shortly pubescent, branchy almost from the base, swollen at the nodes. The leaves are triangular, three times pinnately dissected.

It has a sweetish aniseed aroma, spicy sweetish, parsley-like taste, which is why it is used as a spice. It goes well with other green vegetables - tarragon, parsley, basil. In North America, ground chervil is used for grilling poultry, fish and egg dishes. It is used with hard-boiled eggs, salted omelets, fish sauces, green butter, potato soup, potato salad, spinach, poultry, fish, lamb and mutton.

Chervil dishes are a good vitamin and tonic. In folk medicine, the leaves and fruits of the plant were used for diseases of the kidneys, bladder, as an expectorant and astringent for gastrointestinal disorders. Good honey plant.

Sowing coriander, or cilantro

Sowing coriander, or Cilantro (Coriandrum sativum) Is an annual herb of the family Umbrella (Apiaceae), one of the most popular herbs. The stem of the coriander is erect, glabrous, up to 40-70 cm high, branched in the upper part. Basal leaves broad-lobed, coarsely dissected, with wide lobules and long petioles, upper leaves on short petioles with narrow linear lobes. The flowers are small, white or pink, arranged in complex umbrellas at the ends of the peduncles, forming 3-5 rays. Marginal flowers 3-4 mm long.

Coriander fruits are widely used as a spice for aromatization and fortification of sausages, cheese, canned meat and fish, pickles, pickles and liqueurs, are added in the baking of Borodino bread, confectionery and culinary products, as well as in the manufacture of certain types of beer.

Leaves of young vegetable coriander plants are eaten in the phases of the rosette and the beginning of shooting. The leaves have a pungent smell, they are eaten in salads, and also used as a seasoning for soups and meat dishes. Excellent honey plant. Delicate leaves are an excellent seasoning for salads, first and second courses, and the seeds are used in the preparation of marinades and confectionery. Coriander is also useful for colds and stomach ailments.

Sowing coriander, Cilantro. © Forest & Kim Starr

Lovage

Lovage (Levisticum officinale) Is a perennial herb, a monotypic genus of the Umbrella family. The stem is 100-200 cm high, glabrous, with a bluish surface, branched at the top. The leaves are shiny, feathery, with large obovate or rhombic, slightly incised lobes.

Frost-resistant and cold-resistant. The smell of lovage is sharp, spicy, the taste is sweetish at first, then sharp, spicy and moderately bitter. An essential oil is obtained from the plant, which is used in perfumery and cooking. Fresh stems, leaves and roots are used to flavor confectionery, drinks, marinades. Even small additions of lovage greens change the taste and give the canned food a peculiar mushroom aroma.

Green parts and roots of young plants are eaten as a spice in the preparation of green oil, salads are added to sauces, fried meat, gravy, soups, vegetables, rice dishes, cereals, poultry and fish. With the addition of a pinch of lovage, a strong meat broth acquires an exceptionally good taste, in which the taste of meat is emphasized and enhanced. Lovage is of particular importance in the diet along with dill and basil. The roots of lovage are shown in the diet for diseases of the liver, gallbladder, kidneys, obesity, rheumatism, flatulence.

Marjoram

Marjoram (Origanum majorana) Is a species of perennial herbaceous plants from the genus Oregano (Origanum) of the Yasnotkovye family. In the Middle East, it is better known as Za'atar. Stems are erect, branched, 20-45 (50) cm high, woody at the base, silvery-gray. Leaves are oblong-ovate or spatulate, petiolate, obtuse, whole-edged, gray-tomentose on both sides. Inflorescences are oblong, tomentose-hairy, from three to five rounded, sessile, ovoid, short spike-shaped bundles at the ends of the branches. The flowers are small, the corolla is reddish, pink or white.

Currently, marjoram is used mainly as a spice; it is added to salads, soups, fish and vegetable dishes, fresh or dried, and for canning. The plant is also used for the preparation of liqueurs, liqueurs, puddings, sausages, vinegar and tea flavoring. An essential oil is extracted from the aerial part of a flowering plant.Dry leaf powder is found in pepper mixtures. Marjoram improves digestion, is indicated for flatulence, has a diuretic and sedative effect.

In medicine in some countries, the plant is used for diseases of the respiratory tract and digestive organs. The use of marjoram is indicated for the dietary nutrition of gastric patients. In folk medicine, it is known as a gastric, tonic, anti-catarrhal and wound healing agent. Together with other drugs, marjoram was used for paralysis, neurasthenia, bronchial asthma and rhinitis. The plant was used internally in the form of infusion and externally - for baths and lotions as a wound healing agent. Valuable honey plant.

Marjoram. © Forest & Kim Starr

Melissa

Melissa, lemon mint, honey, mother plant, swarm, bee (Melissa officinalis) Is a perennial essential oil herb from the genus Melissa (Melissa) of the Yasnotkovye family. The rhizome is highly branched. Stem branched, tetrahedral, pubescent with short hairs with admixture of glands, or almost glabrous. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, ovate to rounded-rhombic, crenate-serrate, pubescent.

It is grown for the sake of oval leaves, which, when rubbed, emit a strong lemon scent. Melissa, as a spice, goes well with game, veal, pork, lamb, fish, mushroom dishes. Fresh lemon balm leaves are added in the preparation of sauces, vegetables, soups of all kinds (fruit, pea, potato, mushroom). Many people like to add lemon balm to milk to make it smell better, to grated cottage cheese.

Melissa treats indigestion, it improves appetite, it is used for neuralgic and rheumatic pains, as a diuretic, used for depression, insomnia, migraine, menstrual pain, nervous weakness, migraine, insomnia, general loss of strength, some forms of asthma, colds, skin rashes, pain in the heart and palpitations, colic in the stomach and liver, anemia and to improve metabolism. Outwardly - with gum disease and furunculosis.

An alcoholic tincture of this spicy herb is used for rheumatic pains and neuromyositis, poultices made from the herb - as a pain reliever for bruises, arthritis and ulcers. The plant enhances the activity of the digestive organs, has a mild laxative, stops nausea and vomiting, relieves the stomach and intestines from gases. In folk medicine, it is used for heart pain, bone pain, vomiting, to strengthen memory. The juice is used to treat old wounds.

Melissa. © Forest & Kim Starr

Mint (Mentha) Is a genus of plants of the Lamb family. The genus contains about 25 species and about 10 natural hybrids. All species are highly aromatic, most of them contain a lot of menthol.

Mint is widely used in medicine, pharmacology and cooking. Most often, we use it as a herb when brewing tea.

Borago

Borage, borage, borage, borage (Borago) Is a monotypic genus of the Borage family (Boraginaceae). The only species is borage (Borago officinalis) Is an annual herb. Annual plant, stiff-haired, 60-100 cm high. The stem is straight or ascending, thick, ribbed, hollow, branched at the top. Basal and lower stem leaves are elliptical or oval, obtuse at the apex, stem leaves narrowed to the base into a short petiole, oblong-ovate, sessile, stalk-embracing, like the stems, covered with stiff whitish hairs.

They are good substitutes for cucumbers, they are added to vinaigrette, salads, sauces (mustard, tomato, sour cream), side dishes, okroshka, cold vegetable soups and borscht. The roots collected in autumn are used to make green butter, added to cheeses, cottage cheese, sour cream, for flavoring tinctures, wines, punch, vinegar, syrups, beer, essences and cold drinks.

Cucumber herb gives a spicy taste to minced meat, minced meat and fish fried in vegetable oil. Fresh and dried cucumber flowers are used in the liqueur and confectionery industry.

Borago, cucumber herb. © Mariluna

Perilla

Perilla (Perilla) Is a monotypic genus of annual herbaceous plants of the Lamiaceae family. The only kind is Perilla frutescens... Herbaceous plants with a straight ascending stem. The lower leaves are large, long-petiolate, ovoid, the upper ones are oblong-ovate, sessile or short-petiolate.

New spice and flavor culture. Due to its high decorative effect, it can be grown as a curb plant. The variety is early ripening, cold-resistant, with a long growing season - 135-150 days. The plant is tall - 120-140 cm, the stem is erect, branching, tetrahedral. It is grown outdoors and in greenhouses, through seedlings or direct sowing. The mass of one plant is 200-500 g. The yield of leaves, depending on the growing conditions, is 0.5-5.0 kg / m2.

Recommended for fresh green young leaves (salads, meat and fish dishes), in the phase of technical ripeness, the leaves are salted and pickled, and also used as a powder from dry leaves as an aromatic additive to meat and vegetable dishes. Perilla greens are juicy, delicate with a refreshing taste and an unusual mild aroma, where there are tones of caramel, anise flowers and very light pepper tones.

Parsley

Parsley (Petroselinum) - a small genus of biennial plants of the family Umbrella (Apiaceae). Leaves are double- or triple-pinned. The teeth of the calyx are inconspicuous, the petals are yellow-green or whitish, often with a reddish tint at the base, cordate, notched at the apex and in the notch with a long, inwardly curved lobe.

Parsley is used as a spicy herb in fresh, dried and less often salted form, leaves as an integral part of salads, and leaves and root vegetables as an addition to side dishes and soups, especially fish dishes. Freshly frozen greens fully retain their nutritional and healing properties for several months (if properly stored, up to a year).

The root vegetables of parsley are edible, but thin and coarse, so they are rarely used. In medicine (less often in cooking), parsley seeds are also used. Parsley is known for its diuretic, choleretic and stimulating effects.

Parsley. © Forest & Kim Starr

Purslane

Purslane, Dandur (Portulaca) Is a genus of plants of the Portulacaceae family (Portulacaceae) Is a genus of one- or perennial succulent fleshy plants of the purslane family. About 100 (according to other sources, up to 200) species in tropical and subtropical regions of both hemispheres. Stems are open or ascending, leaves are alternate or almost opposite. Flowers are often small, inconspicuous, less often - large single.

Young shoots and leaves of Portulaca oleracea (preferably harvested before flowering) are used as a garnish for meat and fish dishes - boiled with garlic, vinegar, vegetable oil or stewed with onions in vegetable oil.

The use of large-flowered purslane in garden design is extremely diverse. It is planted in flower beds (often in carpet flower beds), on ridges, flower beds, dry slopes, retaining stone walls, at the joints of concrete slabs in rockeries. On dry soils, purslane can replace the lawn.

Purslane (Portulaca oleracea). © Alpha

Rhubarb

Rhubarb (Rheum) Is a genus of plants of the Buckwheat family. These are perennial very large grasses with thick, woody, branched rhizomes. Aerial stems are annual, straight, thick, hollow and sometimes slightly furrowed. Basal leaves are very large, long-petiolate, whole, palmate-lobed or serrated, sometimes wavy petioles are cylindrical or multifaceted along the edge, equipped with large bells at the base. Stem leaves are smaller. The stem ends with a large paniculate inflorescence.

Fresh petioles, after removing the dense skin, are cut into pieces and eaten:

  1. Cooked in sugar syrup, yields a sour, delicious jam
  2. Lightly boiled in thick sugar syrup, dried and re-dipped in syrup the next day, yield candied rhubarb
  3. Boiled with boiling water, mashed through a sieve and boiled with sugar, they are used as a filling in sweet pies, reminiscent of the taste of applesauce
  4. Wine, like Chablis, is prepared from the juice of the petioles, and the juice mixed with water and sugar is first fermented, when the latter is finished and the liquid clears up, filtered, defended and bottled, in which they are kept for at least a year in the basement.
Rhubarb. © Kasschei

Rosemary

Rosemary (Rosmarinus) Is a genus of perennial evergreen shrubs of the Lamb family (Lamiaceae). Calyx ovate-bell-shaped, two-lipped, two-split upper lip with three short teeth; lower two-toothed, three-lobed, with a large middle lobe. Two stamens, single-celled anthers. Leaves are opposite, narrowed, linear.

Rosemary has a strong aromatic sweetish and camphor scent, reminiscent of pine, and a very spicy, slightly pungent taste. Fresh or dry leaves, flowers and young shoots are used as a spice for processing fish, in small quantities they are added to vegetable soups and dishes, in salads, minced meat, to fried meat, fried poultry, to mushrooms, red and white cabbage cabbage and marinades. Gives a pleasant taste to soft cheeses, potatoes, game meat, fish and pastry.

Rosemary essential oil is used in the perfumery and cosmetic industry, leaves, flowers and young shoots - in the alcoholic beverage and bakery industries.

Rosemary leaves and annual shoots were used in folk medicine inside for amenorrhea, as an astringent, tonic for impotence, sedative - for nervous disorders in menopause, pain reliever - for pain in the heart and stomach colic and externally - for neuritis, thrombophlebitis, rheumatism, mumps, parotitis as a wound healing agent. It is used in modern combined herbal preparations

Arugula

Arugula, Sowing caterpillar, Indau sowing (Eruca sativa) Is a biennial herb of the Eruka genus (Eruca) of the Cabbage family (Brassicaceae). The stem is straight, branched, slightly pubescent. The leaves are lyre-pinnate or dissected, with serrated lobes.

It has been cultivated as a spicy herb in the Mediterranean since the days of the Roman Empire, where it was considered an aphrodisiac. Until the 1900s, arugula was mainly harvested in the wild, cultivation on a mass scale was not used, and practically not studied by science. It has a rich, pungent taste.

It is mainly used in salads, and also as a vegetable additive to meat dishes and pastas. In coastal Slovenia (especially in Koper) it is added to cheese cheburek. In Italy, it is often used in the preparation of pizza, usually arugula is added to it shortly before the end of cooking or immediately after that. Also used as an ingredient in pesto in addition to (or replacing) basil.

In the Caucasus, young shoots and leaves are eaten. The leaves are used as a seasoning for dishes in the form of a salad, young shoots are eaten fresh, the seeds are used to make mustard. In Indian medicine, seeds are used as an irritant and anti-cutaneous drug in folk medicine - for skin diseases, juice - for ulcers, freckles, hematomas, calluses, nasal polyps.

Ruta (Ruta) - a genus of evergreen perennial fragrant grasses, dwarf shrubs, shrubs of the Rutovye family (Rutaceae). The leaves are trifoliate or pinnate, speckled with translucent glands, with a fragrant essential oil.

Ruta is bred as a spicy herb for the sake of young leaves, which go as a seasoning for dishes, for sprinkling sandwiches and in vinegar (a taste that resembles garlic or onions), and also as a medicine, for which the plant is cut off just before flowering and then dried ...

Celery

Celery (Apium) - a genus of plants of the family Umbrella (Apiaceae), vegetable culture. There are about 20 species in total, common on all continents. A biennial vegetable herb with a thick, spindle-shaped yellow-white and brownish root vegetable with a porous flesh. The leaves are shiny, dark green, the petioles of the basal leaves are long and fleshy.

All parts of this spicy herb are added to the first and second courses, salads, drinks, sauces, seasonings. The rhizome is also used in a dried form. The stems are recommended to be used instead of salt for diseases of the gallbladder, osteoporosis, kidney disease. In medicine, it is used as a diuretic. It is an aphrodisiac.

Root celery has a diuretic and tonic effect and is widely used in kidney and bladder diseases. In homeopathy, extracts from seeds, roots and leaves are used as a diuretic and cardiac remedy, as well as for diseases of the genital organs.

Cultured celery. © Rasbak

Thyme

Thyme, Thyme, Thyme, Bogorodskaya grass, cloth (Thymus) Is a genus of dwarf shrubs of the family Lamb (Lamiaceae). Perennial shrub up to 35 cm tall with woody recumbent or ascending stem and erect or ascending herbaceous branches. Taproot, woody. Stems are woody at the base, spread over the soil, branched, with covered hairs bent down or erect.

The leaves are varied in size, venation and shape (from round or ovoid to linear-oblong), rigid, almost leathery, short-petiolate, less often sessile, entire or sometimes serrated (a constant feature in some Far Eastern species).

Young shoots of thyme have a strong, pleasant lemon aroma and a slightly bitter pungent taste. It is recommended to add thyme to fatty lamb and pork dishes. This spicy herb contains an essential oil with a strong scent. Thyme works well with peppers to enhance the flavor. It is used in the manufacture of many medicines, as well as an ornamental plant for landscaping the site.

Thyme, or Thyme. © Fritz Geller-Grimm

Cumin (Carum) - genus of perennial or biennial plants of the family Umbrella (Apiaceae), of which the most famous species is Common caraway (Carum carvi). Leaves are double or triple feathery. The flowers are bisexual or partially staminate. Petals are white, pink or red, round obovate. Fruitlets are oblong, somewhat laterally compressed, ribs are obtuse.

The roots are used in cooking as a spice. Leaves and young shoots are used in salads. Seeds - for flavoring homemade baked goods, for pickling cabbage, pickling cucumbers.

Savory

Savory (Satureja) - annual plants, semi-shrubs or shrubs, a genus of plants of the family Lamb (Lamiaceae). Leaves are whole-edged or almost whole-edged, short-petiolized. The flowers are 4-9 mm or 10-15 mm long, bluish-white, light purple or pinkish, collected in 3-7-flowered whorls in the leaf axils. The calyx is bell-shaped, two-lipped or almost regular, five-toothed. Corolla two-lipped stamens; four anthers two-celled, separated by a stigma not very wide connected, with diverging lobes. Fruits are nuts, from round to ovoid, obtuse.

The medicinal effect of savory is antispasmodic, bactericidal, astringent. You can pick young leaves as a seasoning, but dried savory is also an excellent strong spice. Savory greens are very fragrant and reminiscent of thyme, but with pungent undertones.

Ramson

Ramson, Bear Onion, Wild Garlic, Flask (Allium ursinum) Is a perennial herbaceous plant species of the genus Onion (Allium) of the Onion family (Alliaceae). The bulb is elongated, about 1 cm thick. The stem is triangular, there are two leaves, shorter than the stem, with a lanceolate or oblong sharp blade 3-5 cm wide and a narrow petiole, twice as long as the blade or equal to it.

It is used as a green culture, it is included in salads and other dishes.Ramson has an antihelminthic and antimicrobial effect. It is recommended to use it for scurvy and atherosclerosis, in folk medicine it has been used for thousands of years, including for fever, as an antihelminthic and antimicrobial agent, as an external agent for rheumatism, for various intestinal infectious diseases. In ancient Rome and in the Middle Ages, wild garlic was considered a good remedy for cleansing the stomach and blood.

Sage

Sage, Salvia (Salvia) Is a large genus of perennial herbaceous plants and shrubs of the Lamb family (Lamiaceae). Leaves are simple or feathery. The calyx is bell-shaped, tubular-bell-shaped, conical or tubular; the upper lip, which does not change or slightly increases during fruiting, is tridentate. The corolla is always two-lipped upper lip, helmet-shaped, crescent or straight middle lobe of the lower lip is much larger than the lateral ones, very rarely equal to the lateral ones. Stamens - 2 column filiform stigma bilobate.

Fresh and dried, the spice is used to add a piquant taste and aroma to dishes from meat, game, fish, salads, pies, and when preparing tea. It has anti-inflammatory and disinfectant effects, is used as a medicine for rinsing, compresses. All species of this genus are essential oil, many of them entered the culture as medicinal, for example Salvia officinalis (Salvia officinalis). The different properties of essential oils in different types of sage and the possibilities of their use have not yet been studied. The most famous is Clary sage.

Sage medicinal. © H. Zell

Tarragon, tarragon

Tarragon wormwood, Tarragon, Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus) Is a perennial herb, a species of the genus Wormwood of the Astrovye family. Stems are not numerous, 40-150 cm high, erect, glabrous, yellowish-brown. Stem leaves are whole, oblong or linear-lanceolate, pointed lower leaves incised at the apex. The flowers are pale yellowish. Inflorescence paniculate, narrow, dense leaflets of the envelope are short-elliptic or almost spherical. The envelope is glabrous, greenish-yellowish, shiny, membranous along the edge.

Tarragon wormwood has a low-spicy aroma and a pungent, spicy and piquant taste. There are known varieties of salad direction, common in the Caucasus and Central Asia, and spicy-aromatic forms (Ukraine, Moldova).

The green mass of the plant is widely used in fresh cooking as a spicy-aromatic seasoning for pickling cucumbers, tomatoes, making pickles, for pickling cabbage, soaking apples and pears.

It is used as a spice in the preparation of rice dishes, boiled fish, mayonnaise, fried game, lamb. Finely chopped fresh leaves are added as a spice to poultry, eggs, light sauces, meat dishes, and all types of salads. They can be used to make green butter.

A refreshing drink "Tarhun" is prepared from the plant and used to flavor wines and liqueurs. Especially popular in France is the manufacture of a special aromatic-spicy vinegar from the aerial part of tarragon wormwood, which is used for dressing salted fish. A bunch of tarragon branches - green or dried, put in a bottle of vodka for several weeks, gives vodka a special taste and aroma. Depending on whether you took green or dry branches, the taste is different.

Tarragon, or Tarhun. © KENPEI

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