How to grow a palm tree from seeds. Reproduction of a palm tree dividing a bush


Houseplants

Prices for indoor palm trees on the Internet are striking in their variety. Once I looked at one of the online auctions, and there they sell a wonderful Date Palm for 400 hryvnia. But Hamedorea is much cheaper. But the problem is that you want, as in the famous cartoon - everything and more. Therefore, such a decision would be quite logical: what you can grow with your own hands - we will independently propagate and grow. Not all palms are easy to grow, especially from seeds. They hatch for a long time, and also do not give the first shoots soon. But flower growers are not looking for easy ways. Growing palm trees - the process, although not simple, but interesting. There are two options: from seeds and by dividing the bush.

How to grow a palm tree from seeds

Growing a palm tree from seeds - this is probably the most curious and gambling activity that a florist may be interested in. For example, I was very curious: if it germinates, it will not germinate. And since you need to wait for an answer more than six months, the further the interest, the stronger.

I will use the example of the seeds of Hamedorea. But, in principle, other types of palms can be grown in this way. Especially we love to grow Date palms.

When buying seeds, you need to immediately pay attention to the packaging time and shelf life. Because old palm seeds have very low germination. If they were packed a year ago - don't buy - they won't come up.

For sowing palm seeds, you can take plastic disposable cups (100-200 ml) and make holes for drainage at the bottom. We fill them with soil, consisting of sheet earth (1 part), perlite (1 part) and vermiculite (1 part). The mixture should be 1-2 cm below the edge of the glass.

Pre-soak a palm seed in water for 5 days. We clean it from the remnants of the dartos. And we file the hard surface a little with the help of an abrasive stone or a file. All this speeds up the germination process.

We water the soil in a glass and bury the seeds of Hamedorea (or another palm tree) in the soil, one at a time in each glass, with the sawn part down. You do not need to sprinkle it with earth.

Then we arrange a greenhouse for the seeds - we put a plastic bag on the glass. This will prevent moisture from evaporating from the soil. We put the cups with seeds in a warm (at least 25-27 ° С) and well-lit (at least 10-12 hours) place.

Now we are waiting for the seeds to germinate. We water constantly. We ventilate once a day. And we are waiting. Long. Some palm seeds germinate from six months to 9 months.

When the shoots are 2-4 cm long, transplant each into an individual permanent pot using palm soil. The first year a young palm tree needs to be well shaded from direct sunlight.

Reproduction of a palm tree by dividing a bush

Not many palms reproduce by branching or dividing the bush. Of the widespread ones, this is, for example, Hamedoreya. Other types of palms are either impossible to propagate in this way, or too troublesome.

But in the case of Hamedorea, palm propagation in this way it is preferable to seeds. This will help you get results faster. If you have to wait about six months for a sprout from the seeds, then it will take 4-6 weeks for rooting by dividing the bush. And after 4 months you will receive a young plant.

The separation of a young bush from the main one should be carried out during the growing season - best in May. At this time, the transplantation of already mature palms is usually carried out. So, during the transplant, you need to separate the young branch, which is on the side. It is better to take a shoot no higher than 25 cm, so that it takes root more easily. Also, a young Hamedorea bush should have flexible stems, a fully formed small branch and its own roots.

We release the roots of an adult palm tree and the shoot from the ground (so that you can see where to cut). Carefully separate the young bush with a knife, while cutting the connecting roots as close as possible to the main part of the palm tree. Sprinkle the slices with charcoal, crushed into powder.

Pour soil for palm trees or a mixture of leaf humus (2 parts), turf soil (1 part) and perlite (2 parts) into a pot (small size). We place a shoot there, water it and sprinkle it with soil. We also plant an adult plant, but already in fresh soil.

We put a young Hamedorea for rooting in a warm place (temperature about 30-35 ° C). If possible, you can make a frame over the pot from a thin wire and pull a transparent bag over it to make a greenhouse. This is especially recommended if the house is not very warm even in May. If without a greenhouse, then the required humidity can be provided by constant spraying.

Watering also needs frequent, but as the topsoil dries out. This is important, as over-watering can cause root rot. This watering the branch differs from watering the seeds - it needs a lot of soil moisture.

If you did everything correctly, then the new Hamedorea palm tree will take root in a month. But for another 3 months she needs to grow in a temporary pot to gain strength. Then it can be transplanted into a permanent flowerpot.

And, as they say, as an alaverda. Although growing a palm tree from seeds is a longer process on time, but quite feasible. In addition, almost all types of palms can be germinated in this way. So if you have enough patience, I recommend stopping at the method of growing a palm tree from seed.

Literature

  1. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Houseplants Ornamental Deciduous Palms


Platicodon

Platycodon (Platycodon) is a flowering herbaceous perennial from the Kolokolchikov family, which is widespread in Japan and China, Korea and the Far East. The culture can be found on forest edges and clearings, as well as on rocky rocky slopes. In floriculture, only one of its species is known - platycodon grandiflorus. Translated from Greek, the name of the flower is translated as "wide bell". The unopened buds are shaped like small lanterns. Popular varieties are Snowflakes, Shell Pink, Fairy Snow, Epoiema, Album and Marisil Blue.


Types of hovea

In indoor cultivation, Hove Forster and Hoveya Belmore are found.

    Hovea Forster (Howea Forsteriana) reaches a height of 12 m, has an unexpanded trunk at the base, feathery leaves up to 2.5 m long, petioles elongated up to 1.5 m. Can bloom and bear fruit in a greenhouse. The species is the most resistant to coolness.

Hovei Belmora leaf plate.


Diseases and pests

Areca palm is rarely sick. The only disease that threatens her is root rot. It appears due to too frequent watering. Signs of the disease: Areca begins to fade, and brown spots appear on the leaves, increasing in size. If similar symptoms appear, the tree should be treated with a fungicide solution, for example, discor. A week later, repeated processing is carried out, if such a need arose.

Important! During the treatment period, do not spray the plants, and also wipe with a damp sponge.

Mealy worms, spider mites, scale insects, whiteflies can start from harmful insects on a palm tree. If a white waxy coating appears on the leaves, this is a sign that the areca has been attacked by a mealybug. The pest sucks the juice from the leaves, weakening the plant. They fight it by hand, removing insects with cotton swabs moistened with alcohol or soapy water.

If you take care of an exotic beauty correctly and in a timely manner, she will delight everyone present with her appearance for many years. And the fact that palm leaves purify the air undoubtedly suggests that the flower is only beneficial.


Which palms are suitable for growing from seed?

There are many varieties of palm trees. The main task of a person is to choose the most suitable type for the interior of the home, taking into account the difficulties of planting and care. If the plant is planned to be grown in a small room, then it will do:

  1. Hamedorea Elegant.
  2. Chrysalidocarpus.
  3. Date palm.

The date option is the most economical. Planting material can be independently removed from fresh fruit and planted after several preparatory measures. The advantage of such a palm tree is that it has an attractive appearance without growing more than 3 m in height.

Growing a date palm from seeds is the most economical option

If the height of the ceilings in the room allows you to place taller trees, then palm seeds are suitable for planting:

  1. Chinese Livistons.
  2. Hamerops.
  3. Washington String.

The main thing is that the planting material is fresh. Those seeds that have been stored for more than 3 years are not subject to sowing. It is important to try to find as fresh material as possible, since the speed of its germination depends on this.


Date palm pests and diseases

A date palm that spends the summer outdoors may acquire a spider mite, scale insect, or mealybug. But even if the plant is constantly kept indoors, pests still appear. Insecticides, for example, Actellik, will help to cope with them. It is only advisable to process the plant with it in the open air. As a preventive measure, a monthly warm shower with washing the leaves with soapy water is good. But the soil in the pot must be protected from it.

The main diseases of the palm are pink rot and mottling. Plants weakened by poor care usually get sick. Control measures - fungicides, but not containing copper: Mancozeb, Ridomil.


Alstroemeria in landscape design

In landscape design, alstroemeria are planted next to noble roses, since these flowers are opposite to each other, the grace and elegance of the Peruvian lily favorably sets off the captivating and powerful enchantress with thorns.

Alstroemeria varieties with low stems are wonderful for decorating garden paths and flower beds. Low-growing charmers are sometimes grown in pots and placed on terraces and loggias. Alstroemeria varieties with high stems can be planted in the background of flower beds or placed in a group against the background of the lawn.

The meaning of the flower of alstroemeria in combination with scarlet roses in the language of flowers: "I give you my hand and heart!" The presented bouquet indicates that the girl is unique and extraordinary, means genuine admiration and sadness without a beautiful darling.

These flowers are also good in bouquets because they do not have a scent, which means they are suitable for allergy sufferers.

How to use the flower?

Alstroemeria is a magnificent plant that is used both for decorating the site and for cutting into bouquets.

Combination

The combination of alstroemeria with chrysanthemums looks brilliant. Either chrysanthemums and alstroemeria that match in color are planted, or pastel colors of some colors become the backdrop for bright inflorescences of others. They go well with gerberas, irises - the union looks very decorative, especially if you use blue, pink, orange and scarlet shades.

Alstroemeria and eustoma combine and harmonize with each other: their buds slowly bloom, giving their beauty.

Undoubtedly, the cultivation of alstroemeria causes some difficulties, but with a little effort, everyone can admire the overseas miracle at their site.


Watch the video: How to Save a Dying Areca Palm


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