By: Amy Grant
Looking for a juicy, redapple tree to plant? Try growing State Fair apple trees. Keep reading tolearn how to grow State Fair apples and other State Fair apple facts.
State Fair apple trees are semi-dwarf trees that grow toabout 20 feet (6 m.) in height. This hybrid was first introduced to the marketin 1977. The fruit is a bright red with subtle yellow-green blushing. The all-purposeapple has a semi-sweet to acidic taste and juicy, yellow flesh.
State Fair blooms with showy clusters of mildly scented pink-blushedwhite flowers in mid-spring. The red apples that follow are striped with atouch of light yellow green. In the fall, the forest-green foliage turns agolden yellow before dropping.
The tree itself has a fairly rounded habit with a generalclearance of about 4 feet (1.2 m.) from the ground that lends itself well as anaccent tree when combined with courser trees or shrubs.
State Fair apples are a cold hardy to -40 F. (-40 C.), all-purposeapple; however, once harvested, the fruit has a fairly short storage life ofabout 2-4 weeks. It is also susceptible to fireblight and, on occasion, prone to biennialbearing. State Fair is a medium growing tree that can be expected to livefor 50 years or longer.
State Fair does need a second pollinator for optimal fruitproduction. A good choice for a pollinator is a white blossom crabappleor another apple from flowering group 2 or 3, such as Granny Smith, Dolgo,Fameuse, Kid’s Orange Red, Pink Pearl or any of the other apples that reside inthese two groups.
State Fair apples can be grown in USDA zones 5-7. State Fairneeds full sun and average to moist soil that is well-drained. It is fairlytolerant of soil type, as well as pH, and also does well in areas of urbanpollution.
Expect to harvest fruit in late August to early September.
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After acquiring our first home and a healthy chunk of land, my husband and I were on a mission to have as many fruit trees as we could get to survive in this fickle Alaskan climate. The first step was to research, research, research. Once I dug into this task, I found there was little easily available for Alaskan growers as resource. I choose to share my research in a series of articles. The first is apples trees that grow well in Alaska.
I choose apples first, because apples are the fruit tree with the highest success rate in Alaska as a whole. As a result, the number of apple tree types capable of surviving here is much higher than many other fruit varieties. I spent a good deal of time combing the web to find forums, gardening groups, and fruit growth trials to sort out which apple varieties fared the best in Alaskan climates.
Apples good in zones 2-4 are plausible depending on your area. The time required for fruit to ripen must also be short enough to accommodate the shorter growing season Alaskan summer’s provide.
(determined by most commonly recommended by growers, being listed as a high survival rate, or being suggested by highly qualified sources. These six apple types fell under all three categories. Carrol and Parkland were the top runners.)
-Carrol: Carrol apples are a small to medium greenish-yellow to red apple with a tart, crisp flavor. They work well for desserts, cooking, and juicing.
-Parkland: Parkland apples are medium sized and red with a tart, crisp flavor. They work well for any apple application.
-Norland: Norland apples are a medium red apple with a tart, crisp flavor. They work well for pretty much everything, however do keep longer in storage if picked before ripe.
-Prairie Magic: Prairie Magic apples are a large yellow to red apple with a sweet, crisp flavor. They are great straight off the tree and in desserts.
-Rescue: Rescue is a type of crab apple that is red in color and has a tart, but sweet crisp flavor. They are great for jellies, but also work well for other apple uses. Rescue apple trees are often noted for being especially attractive trees.
-Zestar: Zestar is a medium, yellow to red apple with a crisp, sweet flavor. They are best for desserts and jams.
The second best apple tree varieties for Alaska included:
(These apples met a minimum of two categories)
-Adams Crabapple: Adams apples make a very attractive tree bearing crab-apple sized sweet, red fruit.
-Columbia Crabapple: While listed in two Alaskan fruit growing trials in the Fairbanks area with a high survival rate, nothing could be found on this apple’s appearance and taste.
-Heyer 12: Heyer 12 apples are crisp, small and yellow, but have a neutral flavor not tart or sweet. They work well as a texture-based cooking apple.
-September Rudy: September Rudy Apples are medium-sized, red apples with a sweet, crisp flavor many consider to be close to red delicious but better. They are excellent for desserts and jams, but also keep well in storage.
State Fair- State Fair is a medium, red apple with a tart flavor. These apples keep well and are good for desserts.
-Trailman Crabapple: The Trailman crabapple is typical size for a crab-apple variety. They are yellow to red in color with a tart flavor and are good in preserves, jams and desserts. Trailman apples are noted for growing rapidly in Alaska.
-Yellow Transparent: Yellow transparent apples are a medium to large, yellow variety with a crisp texture. They excellent for apple sauce but also work well in jams and desserts.
Acceptable apple varieties for Alaska:
(These apples met one category. Descriptions will be skipped for time’s sake, this is simply a list of varieties.)
18-10-32, 8919, Adamic, Altaiski Sweet, Anderson, Arctic Red, Ariole, Beacon, Brookland, Centennial Crabapple, Chinese Golden Early, Dawn, Gertrude, Ginger Gold, Golden Uralian, Goodland, Gravenstein, Heyer 14, Heyer 20, Jacques Crabapple, Lee 17, Lodi, Nova Novisibirski, Osmond, Patterson, Prairie Sun, Paula Sun, Red Dolphin, Red Heart, Rosthern 8, Simonet, Summer Red, Sylvia Crabapple, Tydeman’s Early, Ukalskojoe Nalivnoje, Westland, and William’s Pride.
Other apple varieties mentioned as capable of survival and fruit production in Alaska:
(These species were simply mentioned, had lower survival rates, or weren’t recommended but could survive and grow fruit.)
9.22, Adanac Sask, Advance, Alexander, Alma Sweet, Almata, Antonovka, Ardor Dale, Avernarius, Battleford, Breakey, Chestnut Crab, Collet, Crimson Beauty, Dakota Gold, Dakota, Dauphin, Dearborn, Diebel, Discovery, Dolgo Crab, Duchess, Duchess Red, Dudley, Early Harvest Harvest, Early Joe, Edith Smith, Erickson, Fameuse(snow),Francis, Garland, Geneva, Early Geneva, Golden Egg, Gravenstein Red, Harcourt, Hazen, Heyer, Heyer 6, Hibernal Russia, Iowa Beauty, Irish Peach, Jerseymac, Joyce, Julyred, Kelsey Crab Crab, Kerr Mani, Lee 21, Lindel, Livland Rasberry, Lobo, Lubsk Queen, Malinda, Mantet, Mclean, Melba, Morden 347, Morden 359, Morden 363, Norcue, Norda, Noret, Norhey, Norjuice, Norkent, Norlove, Norson, Nova Easy Grow, Oriole, Osman, PF 21, Quinte, Red Astrachan, Red June, Rosthern 15, Rosthern, Rosybrook, Shafer, Sofstaholm, Sunnybrook, Sweet Sixteen, Tetovsky, Valentine, Viking, Vista Bella, Wellington, Whitney, Winekist, Yellow Jay, and Yellow Sweet.
Apple varieties which are hardy enough for Alaska, but require too long of a growing season:
(These may be possible in unheated greenhouses to lengthen the ripening time allowed.)
Haralred, Haralson, Honey Crisp, Noran, Wealthy, and Wolf River
Malus domestica, commonly known as apple, are grown all over the world and come in 7500 varieties with 2500 of those varieties being grown in the US. However, only 100 varieties are commercially cultivated in the United States. Apples come in all shades of red, green, and yellow and are a member of the Rose family. The fruits are fat free, sodium free, and cholesterol free, making them an excellent and healthy snack choice. One medium sized apple contains around 5 grams of fiber with only 80 calories. They also contain a fair amount of malic acid, which is used in teeth whitening products to remove stains. When left at room temperature, apples can ripen up to 10 times faster than if they were refrigerated. Be sure that you do not peel your apple as two thirds of the fiber and most of the antioxidants are found in the skin. Over half of the apples produced in the United States, from green apples to red, are found in the state of Washington. The average person consumes around 65 apples a year. Apples are the United States' second most valuable fruit crop grown in the United States. The first apple nursery was opened in Flushing, New York in 1730.
The following page shows our stunning collection of apple trees for sale- including apple specialty trees, southern apple trees and standard apple trees. We offer a huge selection to suit a whole range of climates and environments for customers who buy fruit trees online. We make the possibility of having a home orchard a reality. Think of the many uses of delicious, healthy and flavorful apple fruit that your new trees will provide every year. The apple fruit from your tree can be stored for later and used in cooking all kinds of delicious dishes and desserts.
Home gardeners can successfully grow apples in most areas of Iowa. However, before selecting and planting apple trees, gardeners should carefully consider the time and money required to produce high quality fruit. For many individuals, commercial apple orchards may be the best source of fresh, high quality apples.
There are dozens of apple varieties available to dedicated home gardeners. Gardeners should base their selection on the variety's adaptability (hardiness), fruit and storage qualities and intended use of the fruit. Suggested apple varieties for home gardens in Iowa are presented below. (Since most apple varieties are self-infertile, plant at least two different apple varieties to provide for cross-pollination and fruit set.)
|Variety||Adaptability to Iowa*||Maturity||Remarks|
|Earliblaze||N,C,S||Mid to late August||Red fruit, fresh and cooking are principle uses, short storage life prone to alternate bearing.|
|State Fair||N,C,S||Mid to late August||Red fruit, fresh and cooking, short storage life introduced by the University of Minnesota.|
|Summer Treat||N,C,S||Mid to late August||Red fruit, fresh and cooking, short storage life.|
|Wealthy||N,C,S||Late August to early September||Yellow fruit striped with red, cooking and fresh, short storage life.|
|Gala||C,S||Late August to early September||Orange red fruit, sweet early-season apple, fresh and cooking originated in New Zealand.|
|McIntosh||N,C,S||Early to mid September||Red fruit, fresh and cooking, susceptible to apple scab fruit have a tendency to drop before mature.|
|Cortland||N,C,S||Mid to late September||Red fruit, fresh and cooking, flesh is slow to darken when cut, susceptible to apple scab.|
|Freedom||N,C,S||Mid to late September||Red fruit, fresh and cooking, immune to apple scab.|
|Honeygold||N||Mid to late September||Yellow fruit, fresh and cooking hardy substitute for Golden Delicious in northern Iowa introduced by the University of Minnesota.|
|Jonafree||N,C,S||Mid to late September||Red fruit, fresh and cooking, immune to apple scab.|
|Jonathan||N,C,S||Mid to late September||Red fruit, fresh and cooking popular variety for many years.|
|Haralson||N,C||Mid to late September||Red fruit, fresh and cooking, extremely hardy developed by the University of Minnesota.|
|Jonalicious||N,C,S||Mid to late September||Red fruit, fresh and cooking, resistant to apple scab.|
|Spartan||N,C,S||Mid to late September||Red fruit, fresh and cooking.|
|Sweet Sixteen||N,C,S||Mid to late September||Red fruit, fresh and cooking, very good flavor.|
|Empire||N,C,S||Late September to early October||Red fruit, fresh and cooking.|
|Honeycrisp||N,C,S||Late September to early October||Red fruit, fresh and cooking, hardy variety.|
|Liberty||N,C,S||Late September to early October||Red fruit, fresh and cooking, immune to apple scab.|
|Red Delicious||N,C,S||Late September to early October||Red fruit, fresh, not a good cooking apple, excellent keeper most widely grown apple in the U.S. originated as a chance seedling on the farm of Jesse Hiatt in Peru, Iowa.|
|Golden Delicious||C,S||Late September to early October||Yellow fruit, fresh and cooking, excellent all-purpose apple, flesh is slow to darken when cut self-fruitful.|
|Jonagold||S||Late September to early October||Yellow fruit, fresh and cooking produces sterile pollen -- plant Jonagold and 2 additional varieties to insure pollination relatively large trees.|
|Blushing Golden||S||Early to mid October||Yellow fruit, fresh and cooking.|
|Regent||N,C,S||Early to mid October||Red fruit, fresh and cooking.|
|Keepsake||N,C,S||Mid to late October||Red fruit, fresh and cooking, long storage life.|
|Mutsu||S||Mid to late October||Yellow-green fruit, fresh and cooking produces sterile pollen -- plant Mutsu and 2 additional varieties to insure pollination relatively large trees developed in Japan and introduced into the U.S. in 1948.|
*Best adapted to northern (N), central (C), or southern (S) Iowa.
This article originally appeared in the April 8, 1992 issue, pp. 1992 issue, pp. 47-49.