The herbaceous perennial plant, the buttercup, or ranunculus (Ranunculus), is part of the Buttercup family. The name of the genus comes from the word rana, which translates as "frog". This is due to the fact that buttercups prefer to grow near bodies of water or even in water. All species included in this genus have one distinguishing feature - poisonous sap. Because of this, any part of such a flower is poisonous.
This genus unites approximately 360 species, they can be found in natural conditions in the Northern Hemisphere in regions with cold and temperate climates. The most widespread in the culture is the garden buttercup, or the Asiatic. Such a plant has many varieties and varieties that look very impressive in the garden during flowering. The bushes bloom in mid-July, and their flowering lasts about four weeks. The garden buttercup bears little resemblance to the field buttercup or creeping, growing in the wild. It has large bright flowers and blooms magnificently, and this is the result of the work of breeders. In culture, buttercup began to be grown in the second half of the 16th century. And already in the last years of the 17th century, he and his hybrids have become very popular among gardeners, just like carnations or tulips.
The garden buttercup is a herbaceous perennial, the average height of which is about 0.65 meters. The fleshy rhizome has a tuberous shape. The branching leafy stem is decorated with leaves of a tripartite shape, somewhat reminiscent of the foliage of a dahlia. In diameter, the flowers can reach from 80 to 100 millimeters, depending on the variety, they are double, simple and densely double. The color of the flowers is diverse, they can have such color shades as: salmon, red, cream, white, purple, pink, orange, yellow, etc. There are flowers of a two-color color, but there are still no blue and blue varieties. The flowers are great for cutting because they retain their freshness for a long time (at least 7 days).
If you decide to decorate your garden with buttercups, then remember that there is poison in all parts of this plant. That is why pets and small children should be kept away from him.
Garden buttercups are grown from seeds or propagated by tubers. Experienced gardeners advise buying seeds in flower shops. The fact is that self-collected seed material has a low germination rate. And collecting seed from such a plant is not at all easy.
This flower is grown through seedlings. Seed material is sown at the end of the winter period or the beginning of the spring. Fill the box with a light, loose soil mixture made up of sand, leafy and peaty soil (1: 2: 2). Spread the seeds evenly over the surface of the substrate, and then sprinkle them on top with a thin layer of earth. Moisten crops with a sprayer.
The seedling box should be covered with foil or glass on top, after which it is removed to a cool place (from 10 to 12 degrees). Do not forget to arrange regular ventilation, and also remove condensation that appears on the surface of the shelter. The first seedlings should appear 15–20 days after sowing. As soon as this happens, transfer the crops to a well-lit and warm (about 20 degrees) place. A southern window sill is perfect for this, only crops should be shaded from direct sunlight. Be prepared, if necessary, to provide additional lighting for the plants.
When the plants have 4 or 5 true leaves, they are subjected to a pick. For this, peat-humus pots are used.
How to grow buttercups (ranunculus)
The grown and matured seedlings of the garden buttercup are transplanted into the garden at the end of the spring period. Remember that they can be harmed by return frosts, so planting is carried out only after it finally gets warmer.
These spectacular flowers grow normally in both light shaded and well-lit areas, with reliable protection from strong gusts of wind and drafts. The soil should be light, fertile and water permeable, as well as slightly acidic or neutral (pH 5.5-6.6). It should also be moderately moist, because rot appears on the roots of the plant in excessively moist soil.
Dig up the soil on the site and make holes, while the distance between them should be from 15 to 20 centimeters. At the bottom of each hole, a thin layer of drainage is made; for this you can use expanded clay or sand. Place the plant in the hole along with the peat-humus pot. In the event that you dived the seedlings into plastic cups, they are planted in the ground by transshipment. Take a seedling along with a lump of earth and set it in a hole. All voids in the hole are filled with garden soil, after which its surface is lightly tamped. Be sure to water the planted buttercups well. Bushes grown from seeds usually bloom for the first time in the second year of growth.
You need to take care of garden buttercups in almost the same way as for other flowers grown in the garden. Systematic watering and loosening of the soil surface, removing weeds, feeding, protecting the plant from diseases and pests - this is the main care of buttercups. Remember that this is a rather aggressive crop, so it is able to displace other plants that are next to it and occupy territories that are not intended for it. Therefore, you will have to systematically control the lush growth of the buttercup.
When growing this crop, special attention should be paid to watering. They should be systematic, while remember that such flowers react negatively to both slight drought and stagnation of liquid in the root system.
During the active growth of foliage, buttercups require systematic feeding with nitrogen-containing fertilizers, for example, you can use Kemiru-universal. From the moment bud formation begins, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are used for dressing. Any feeding is carried out at intervals of 2 times a month.
Buttercups are very resistant to both pests and various diseases. But this is only if you water the bushes correctly. If, due to excessively frequent watering, water stagnates in the roots, this can lead to the development of root rot. That is why do not forget about good drainage when planting seedlings in the soil. If the summer is rainy, then because of this, the flowers may suffer from powdery mildew. Also, the rhizome of buttercups is sometimes damaged by nematodes, and foliage - by cabbage butterflies. To get rid of pests, it is recommended to use bioinsecticides.
After flowering is over, you should begin to gradually reduce the abundance and frequency of watering. And after all the foliage turns yellow, the bushes stop watering altogether.
The tubers are excavated in August or September. Then they are thoroughly dried and the remaining soil is carefully removed. Put the tubers in small boxes in one layer, after which they are removed to dry in a well-ventilated room, where the air temperature should be about 20 degrees. Dried tubers are laid out in perforated paper bags and stored until spring. Buttercup tubers need to be worked very carefully, as they are quite fragile.
RANUNCULUS (LUTIC). LANDING AND CARE
Gardeners are often cultivated garden buttercup (Ranunculus asiaticus), which is also called Asian buttercup, hybrid buttercup or Asian ranunculus. This species has become so popular due to the fact that it has a huge number of forms, as well as varieties that are distinguished by a rich selection of attractive flower colors. There are also many hybrids. And the flowers of this plant are used for cutting. The forms and varieties of Asiatic buttercup are divided into 4 groups according to the shape of the flowers:
The most popular among gardeners are varieties such as:
The following types of buttercup are also cultivated:
Also cultivated are such species that are found in the wild, such as: Kamchatka buttercup, Illyrian buttercup, sulfur-yellow buttercup, Haast buttercup, Alpine buttercup, Altai buttercup, Pyrenean buttercup and Gray buttercup.
Ranunculus flower - care and planting; growing ranunculus at home
Marigolds look great on a flower bed, like a monoculture, and will effectively complement multi-floral compositions. Experts recommend combining them with the following plants, preferably in different shades:
Photo. Marigolds as curb plants
Marigolds will become a fantastic decoration for terraces, balconies, tightly filling pots, containers, flower baskets. The consistency of flowering fully compensates for the work involved in planting.
Tagetis are recommended for creating flowering borders of flower beds, and the flower beds themselves. They can fill the empty spaces left in flower beds after bulbous plants that have faded in spring.
Marigolds are allelopathic plants. People sometimes call marigolds "smelly", and this is a somewhat deserved epithet. However, the unpleasant smell of flowers has positive aspects - essential oils are used in gardening, they effectively repel many pests (aphids, nematodes, ants). Therefore, farmers often plant them to protect plants from the nightshade family:
It is a very good neighbor for strawberries, strawberries. After four months of cultivation of marigolds, the population of pathogenic nematodes decreases by 90%.
The specific smell of marigolds repels even rodents, restricts the development of weeds.
Marigold flowers are used for the production of natural dyes, for example, in the production of pasta, margarine, dairy products, vegetable oils. Marigold extract is listed as E161b on the ingredient list.
It is an edible plant, recommended for salads, decorating dishes.
When planning the cultivation of marigolds, it is worthwhile to select and adapt the variety to the desired goal in advance:
Marigolds are beautiful, useful and unpretentious. By combining different varieties, you can design your garden or terrace in a new way every year. It is easy to grow them, the plant is extremely decorative, but has a rather strong pungent odor.