Many summer residents and gardeners allocate a site for planting sweet pepper. This delicious and healthy vegetable is an important ingredient in many dishes.... It is canned, frozen. Therefore, every grower wants to get a good harvest of vegetables. The Bogatyr variety fully corresponds to its name, the description and characteristics of which can be found below.
Bell pepper The hero is very popular among vegetable growers for his beautiful appearance., unpretentiousness and high productivity. Refers to mid-season varieties.
The Bogatyr variety appeared in the Russian State Register of Agricultural Crops in 1996. Its "parent" is the staff of the Moldavian Scientific Research Institute. The creator of Bogatyr is the Agrofirma Poisk society, located in the Moscow region. The employees of the agricultural firm clearly identified the regions that are the most successful for cultivating varieties:
All varieties of sweet vegetables were obtained by selection from bitter chili peppers.
Depending on the seed manufacturer, you can get fruits of a cuboid or cone-shaped shape weighing at least 150 grams... The bush is about 60 centimeters tall with many branches and branches. The crown blooms violently, an ovary is formed on almost every flower. With proper care, 7 kilograms of fleshy fruits can be obtained from one square meter of a summer cottage. With large-scale sowing, you can get 400 kilograms of fruit per hectare.
The weight of one fruit varies from 150 to 200 grams.
The first green fruits appear on the plant 130 days after the first shoot. Full ripening - staining red 15-30 days after technical ripeness.
The fruits are usually large in size, with a thick juicy peel of at least 0.5 centimeters, are saturated with amino acids and vitamin C.
Fresh pepper is most useful. Since after heat treatment, more than 60% of its useful composition is lost.
Summer residents love this variety for its unpretentiousness and high resistance to diseases. Seedlings are planted in mid-February., while there is a simultaneous germination of plants. As it grows, a strong stem and a branched root system are formed.
The first fruits are harvested in August. Bell pepper is frost-resistant, so it continues to bloom and bear fruit until the first frost.
The variety is suitable for growing outdoors and greenhouses.
This variety has many advantages:
This variety has practically no drawbacks. According to summer residents, there are only two of them:
Pepper has medicinal properties. Its use is especially useful for arthritis, heart disease, weakened immunity and anemia.
The fruiting period of a vegetable is quite long, therefore it can only be grown by seedlings. Seed material can be different: both own collection and purchased.
Do not use seeds with a shelf life of more than 5 years. You can get very weak shoots or even be left without a crop.
The available seeds should be sorted, selecting only large and undamaged ones - this is a visual stage. Then it is worth culling with a saline solution. Add 40 grams of table salt to 1000 ml of water, carefully resize and lower the previously selected seeds. Move the solution again. Raw materials suitable for sowing will be at the bottom of the container, unsuitable seeds will float up.
The selected seed is thoroughly washed with water and disinfected in a weak solution of manganese. Then we put it on germination, spreading it out on a thoroughly soaked cotton cloth. The fabric is folded in several layers at the top and bottom of the seeds. Germination is carried out within 7 days, the fabric should be constantly damp.
The room must be warm, in this case, the seedlings will appear in a week and they can be planted in containers prepared for this.
Pepper is very afraid of fungus, therefore seedling soil must be disinfected... Seeds are placed at a distance of 2 centimeters from each other, the top layer of earth is no more than one centimeter.
To create a greenhouse effect, containers with seedlings are covered with foil. As soon as the first shoots appear, the film is removed, and the containers are placed in a well-lit place at a room temperature of at least 17 degrees.
After about 30 days, a plant is obtained with 3-4 formed leaves and a good rhizome... It is at this moment that the seedlings should be transplanted into separate containers. You can choose peat cups or plastic ones. When transplanting, it is important not to touch the root system, otherwise the plant will hurt for a long time. It is not worth deepening the seedling strongly.
In order for the plant to form a strong root, it is necessary to pinch: using a scalpel or sharp scissors, cut off part of the sprout at the 5th internode.
You should not place the seedlings in the bright sun, they can outgrow. We do a little shading.
Pepper seedlings are fed two times:
If the indoor temperature drops below 13 degrees, the seedlings stop growing.
On a permanent place of growth, seedlings are planted at the age of 2-2.5 months after preliminary hardening. Hardening is carried out for two to three weeks. To do this, the cups with plants are taken out of the room into the open air from the beginning for 30 minutes, and then every day we increase the time to a whole day.
Planting in open ground is carried out according to the scheme - 40 centimeters between plants, 60 centimeters between rows... Some gardeners prefer to plant two plants in one hole. Directly during planting, fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium can be applied into the recess.
You can not plant seedlings in open ground if the air temperature is below 15 degrees.
Then the pepper needs to be watered every time the soil dries up and more often to loosen the ground. Pepper loves nitrogen fertilizers, therefore, you can feed him twice a month with diluted chicken droppings in a ratio of 1 to 10.
The result is a sturdy, green bush that needs to be tied to a trellis.
Warm water is used for irrigation, otherwise the plant will slow down in growth and flowering.
The Bogatyr variety has resistance to the most common diseases, such as:
However, there are diseases and pests that can cause significant damage to the crop. Of the pests, this variety is most susceptible to the influence of pepper aphids.
The most dangerous diseases:
The most dangerous pests:
The best prevention of diseases and pests - timely weed control. They should not be on the site during plant fasting, as well as thorough cleaning and digging of the soil to prepare for the winter.
Pepper Bogatyr does not require much effort to grow. A little care and attention and each plant bush can bring at least 2.5 kilograms delicious and beautiful fruits.
The variety was obtained in 1996 thanks to the labor of breeders of the Moldavian Research Institute. The most suitable regions for growing Bogatyr sweet pepper are the North Caucasian and Nizhnevolzhsky regions.
Although it should be borne in mind that bell pepper seeds are sold by several agricultural firms and the characteristics of the culture are somewhat different (the height of the bushes, the weight of the fruits, the ripening period). The general advantage of the Bogatyr variety is resistance to low temperatures, so flowers and ovaries appear on the bushes before the first frost.
The specified variety, upon reaching biological maturity, becomes a deep red color. As the description of the variety by the manufacturer and reviews confirm, the Bogatyr pepper is quite fleshy. The thickness of the sweet pulp is 0.6-0.8 cm. The fruit has a well-pronounced aroma, they are characterized by excellent taste.
Farmers choose this variety because it tolerates transportation well, even over long distances. There are no problems with its implementation after transportation: it can maintain a good presentation for a long time. It can be stored for extended periods at home at low temperatures.
The following are photo of Bogatyr peppers.
The useful features of this type of sweet pepper include the following characteristics:
It is thanks to the rich vitamin composition of the fruits that this type of pepper is most useful for human health. Pepper fruits are most strongly manifested their medicinal properties in such diseases as anemia, increased human immune status, neuralgia, sciatica, arthritis, diseases of the cardiovascular system, violation of hair structure (fragility, oily, etc.). Eating this variety will help preserve the health of internal organs, skin and its derivatives (hair, nails), and will also contribute to their partial restoration. In addition, the components of pepper have a beneficial effect on the psychoemotional state of a person. Also, this vegetable stimulates appetite, since it has a positive effect on the pancreas and gastrointestinal tract.
The presence of this product in the daily diet, especially for the elderly, will help maintain mental clarity, good memory and performance. Doctors recommend eating this vegetable during pregnancy. Its frequent consumption by men has been proven to help prevent the appearance of receding hairline. These statements are relevant for fresh pepper, because during its heat treatment, up to 70% of nutrients are lost.
The main advantages of the Bogatyr bell pepper variety include:
the variety develops well and ripens in the shade
quickly adapts to temperature changes
this vegetable crop can be grown in garden beds in the open field, in greenhouses and film greenhouses
good presentation and excellent taste of ripe fruits
fruiting is extended in time
ripe peppers perfectly tolerate transportation and are notable for good keeping quality
Bogatyr pepper is resistant to many diseases that affect other varieties of bell peppers
ripe pepper is very useful for humans in any form
Of the shortcomings of the Bogatyr variety, the following should be noted:
When describing the Bogatyr pepper, other characteristics of the plant remain the same, regardless of who produced the seeds. It bears fruit stably, belongs to the mid-season.
Seeds sprout together, in large quantities. If you plant seedlings of Bogatyr pepper in the second half of February, then in May they will be ready for planting in the ground. How to sow sweet peppers correctly, watch the video:
The fruit of the Bogatyr variety has an average wall thickness of 6 mm, sometimes reaching 8 mm, and has excellent taste and aroma. Suitable for canning, freezing, heat treatment and fresh consumption. Retain presentation during transportation. An important characteristic for those gardeners who are engaged in the cultivation of crops for sale.
Bogatyr pepper grows powerful, spreading, up to 80 cm high. It is recommended to plant it with the following spacing: 50 cm between rows and 30 - 40 between plants.
For regular watering and loosening, weeding and fertilization, the variety responds with active growth and fruiting. 120 - 135 days pass from germination to green fruit. This is the technical maturity of the fruit for the most impatient. It will take about three more weeks for the onset of biological maturity, when the fruits acquire a rich red color. They contain the maximum amount of vitamin C. Not everyone knows that peppers are the leader among vegetables for vitamin C, which is a powerful antioxidant and a participant in the recovery processes in our body.
Sweet pepper Bogatyr is resistant to diseases. He is not affected by tobacco mosaic, late blight, verticillosis and other misfortunes. The variety tolerates temperature extremes and low illumination, gives a consistently high yield of up to 6 - 8 kg per 1 sq. M.