Lilies in the fall: how and when to plant, how to care


Garden plants

When asked when it is better to plant lily bulbs in the ground, there are many reasoned answers. On one site, readers are trying to convince that the best time for planting lilies is early spring, another source suggests taking their time and waiting until May. The third claims that the autumn planting of lilies is more reliable than the spring one. And from our point of view, this is an absolutely fair statement. During the fall, the bulbs have time to take root, hibernate under cover, and in the spring they grow quickly and bloom earlier than the lilies planted in the ground in spring
It remains only to decide when to plant lilies before winter and how to do it correctly. In this article, we will tell you about when to transplant lilies in the fall to a new place.

When to plant lilies in the fall in the ground

Landing dates

Lilies are planted in the fall with such a margin of time so that before the frost begins, their root system has time to develop and get stronger, then the sprouts that appear in the spring will withstand the spring frosts without any problems. First, the bulbs of white lilies are planted - they have the shortest dormant period. After the white ones, you can start planting the Caucasian and North American species of lilies, and lastly, plant tubular, oriental and Asian hybrids, as well as tiger and Tibetan lilies, which, in fact, are best planted in early spring.

When exactly to plant lilies in the fall in open ground, in what month is it best to plant lilies? The timing of planting lilies in the ground primarily depends on the climatic and weather conditions of the region. The main requirement of agricultural technology is to plant the bulbs when the air temperature drops to 10 ºC and no longer rises, but in different regions this happens at different times.

When to plant in the suburbs

For example, when asked when to plant lilies in the fall in the Moscow region, we can answer that in the middle lane it is better to plant bulbs in the ground from the beginning of October to the beginning of November, so amateur gardeners of the central regions of Russia and the Leningrad region can start preparing the site already in mid-September. When to plant lilies before winter in Ukraine, Moldova and southern regions of Russia? In warm climates, planting bulbs is carried out until mid-November.

When to plant lilies in the Urals

When to plant lilies in the fall in the Urals? In the Ural climate, planting of lilies is possible from early September to early October. But if suddenly a cold snap begins immediately after planting, you need to cover the area with bulbs for the winter.

In the photo: Sprouted lily bulb

When to plant in Siberia

You should be aware that only domestic varieties adapted to the climate of the area are planted in the fall, and Dutch planting material should be planted in the spring. Moreover, when it comes to planting flowers in the harsh Siberian climate. When to plant lilies in autumn in Siberia? Planting lilies in August or September in the Siberian climate will be absolutely justified.

Planting lilies in the ground before winter

Soil for lilies

The choice of the site on which you will grow lilies must be taken responsibly, because in this place they will grow from 3 to 5 years. The site should be sheltered from the wind, well warmed up, sunny, but light shading is acceptable.

Under natural conditions, lilies usually grow in neutral loose soil, covered with a layer of organic matter, therefore, in the garden, it is necessary to provide them with conditions close to natural. Flowers need soil that is well-drained, sandy loam or loamy - in heavy soils, lilies do not develop well, and stagnant water can lead to rotting of the bulbs. Some types of lilies tolerate a small amount of lime in the soil, while others are harmful.

Before planting the lilies, the site should be dug up to a depth of 40 cm. A bucket of sand and peat is added to the heavy soil for digging for 1 m², and only peat is added to the light soil. It is also necessary to add 5-10 kg of humus or compost, 100 g of superphosphate and 50 g of potassium sulfate for each square meter of flower beds. If you are going to grow white lily, martagon or tubular hybrids in acidic soil, add wood ash, limestone or chalk to the soil at the rate of 200-500 g per m².

In the photo: Cut lilies after flowering

What depth to plant

The planting depth of lilies depends not only on the composition of the soil and the size of the bulbs, but also on the type of lily. For example, stem-root lilies need to be planted to a depth of at least 25 cm, lilies with roots - to a depth of 12-15 cm.On average, bulb varieties are divided into:

  • undersized: large bulbs of these varieties are planted to a depth of 10-12 cm, small ones - by 7-8 cm, the distance between bulbs in a row is observed from 15 to 20 cm;
  • medium-sized: large bulbs are buried by 12-15 cm, small ones - by 10 cm, the distance between bulbs in a row is 20-25 cm;
  • tall: large bulbs are immersed in the soil by 15-20 cm, small ones - by 12 cm, the gap between plants is 25-30 cm.

It is important to know that a bulb deeply buried in the ground will germinate longer, but subsequently it will give more babies than with a shallower planting.

How to plant bulbs

Coarse sand is poured at the bottom of the dug holes, an onion is placed at the required depth, its roots are straightened, sand is poured around it from all sides, and soil is on top. The surface of the plot with the planted bulbs is compacted and watered abundantly. A flower bed with oriental, Asian and LA hybrids is mulched with a layer of peat or sawdust 5 cm thick, thus increasing the acidity of the soil. The planting of the lily marchagon, snow-white and tubular hybrids is mulched with humus with wood ash.

In the photo: Lilia Carbonero

We are often asked how beautifully to plant lilies on the site. Given the limited area, it is advisable to place lilies in group plantings, growing several lilies of the same variety next to each other - if you plant bulbs of different varieties next to each other, they will grow over time, and it will be difficult to separate one variety from another with a mandatory transplant. Tall lilies are very effective as a background strip along the fence.

In mixborders, species and varieties of lilies are planted, which bloom at different times, so the flower bed does not lose its attractiveness from early summer to autumn. A flower bed with lilies growing literally from a green carpet, which is covered with ground cover or low-growing plants - stonecrop, saxifrage, violets or daisies, looks very impressive. In addition to the decorative effect, such an arrangement of plants on the site creates protection of lily stems and soil from overheating.

Lily care after planting

Lily care in autumn

Lilies in the fall will not require much attention from you. If you have applied all the necessary fertilizers before planting in the ground, there is no need to make additional fertilizing. There is still nothing to treat against pests and diseases - seedlings will appear only in spring. You will have to water the lilies, but only if the autumn is abnormally dry, and remove weeds from the site. Towards the end of autumn, you need to prepare a site with lilies for wintering.

In the photo: Yellow lilies

Caring for lilies in winter

The condition of lilies in the cold season depends on their variety and the region in which they are grown. Under a layer of snow 10 cm thick, lilies feel great in the ground in winter, but if there is no snow cover yet, and the frosts are already cracking, you need to cover the area with dry peat, needles or fallen leaves. Needles are preferable to other mulching materials, since they do not allow slugs to get under the cover, which will begin to destroy lily shoots in the spring.

But keep in mind that you need to remove the mulch on time - as the snow melts. If you remove the mulch too early, the quickly emerging lily sprouts can destroy the frost, and if it is too late, the seedlings that have not received the necessary lighting due to the coverage will be thin and weak.

Transplanting lilies in the fall to another place

Lilies are transplanted once every 4-5 years. If you do this less often, the bulbs form nests - they are heavily overgrown with children, which are cramped and lacking in nutrition. Asian and LA hybrids are planted once every three years.

When to replant lilies - in spring or autumn? Lilies are transplanted after the end of the growing season, after waiting a month for the bulbs to recover after flowering. In the north of Russia, the best time to divide the bulbs and transplant them to a new place is early autumn - late August and early September. In the middle lane, it is better to do this in mid-autumn - all September and early October, in the south of Russia, in Ukraine and Moldova - in October-November. Actually, the timing of dividing the bulbs and transplanting them to a new place coincide with the timing of the primary autumn planting of lilies.

In the photo: How a lily blooms in a flower bed

Lily bulbs are dug out of the ground, divided, processed, stored until the right moment, and then planted in the ground in the way we have already described.

How to store lilies before planting

After flowering, remove the seed pods from the lilies, but do not cut the leaves and stems - they continue to feed the bulb and are still needed by the plant for photosynthesis. When it is time to dig up and transplant the lily, cut off its ground part and remove the bulb with children from the ground, clean it from soil, inspect for mechanical damage, insect gnawing, rotten roots, dry scales and other defects, rinse under running water, carefully separate those children who are ready to leave, place the planting material for half an hour in a 1% solution of Karbofos or in a strong solution of potassium permanganate, then dry it in the shade and plant it in the ground in a new place or put it in storage.

Where and how best to store lily bulbs? Put a layer of peat in a plastic bag or box, put a layer of onions on it, cover it with a layer of peat, on which again put a layer of onions, the last layer in the container should be made of peat. Now consider the options for storing containers with bulbs.

The basic requirements for storing lilies are as follows:

  • the storage should not be too dry so that the bulbs do not dehydrate and shrivel;
  • it is also impossible to store bulbs in a room with high humidity - the bulbs can become moldy and rot;
  • the temperature of the content should be such that the bulbs do not freeze and at the same time do not start growing;
  • there must be good ventilation in the storage, otherwise there may be a risk of damage to the planting material by rot or mold.

Based on these recommendations, you can put the lily bulbs in a plastic bag filled with peat and place them in the vegetable drawer of the refrigerator at a stable temperature (0 to 5 ºC), which allows the bulbs to be dormant. But the disadvantage of a refrigerator as a storage is that fruits can be stored there simultaneously with the bulbs, which release ethylene into the air, which makes it difficult for lily bulbs to breathe.

In the photo: Beautiful flowering lily

You can put the bulbs in the cellar or basement until spring if the temperature and humidity are suitable for them. Or place the planting material in cardboard boxes, heat chambers or other containers with good thermal insulation and keep them on a balcony, loggia or garage. Just do not forget that in a room with large windows on sunny days, the temperature even in winter rises to the "plus" mark, from which the lilies can sprout.

It is advisable to store the bulbs so that in the middle of winter you can check several times in what condition they are. If you find dry roots or scales on them, spray the bulbs with water, and if you find mold, rotten roots or areas, place the planting material for half an hour in a potassium permanganate solution, dry it and put it in storage in another place where the air humidity is not so high. ...

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Liliaceae family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Information about Garden Plants
  6. Information on Perennial Plants
  7. Information about Herbaceous plants

Sections: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Blooming Bulbous flowers Liliaceae Plants on L


Garden lily flowers - planting and care, reproduction

Lilies are among the most popular flowers, second only to roses. Various types and varieties of these plants are found in almost all parts of the world. They have various shapes, sizes, colors. This is a royal flower - many royal families place it on their coats of arms. How to grow lilies - planting and care in the open field, reproduction - this will be discussed in this article.

  1. Description of the plant
  2. Types and varieties
  3. Optimal position in the garden
  4. Planting in the garden
  5. Landing dates
  6. Planting scheme and depth
  7. Planting bulbs
  8. Growing and care
  9. Soil, watering
  10. Fertilizers
  11. Preparing for winter
  12. How to trim?
  13. Reproduction
  14. Generative reproduction - by seeds
  15. Vegetative reproduction - by division
  16. Diseases and pests
  17. Flower in landscape design
  18. Conclusion

How to plant lilies correctly?

The purchased bulbs should be stored in the refrigerator before being planted in the garden. But the temperature must be provided slightly above zero so that the plant does not freeze. It is best to store the bulbs in a plastic bag with holes on the lower shelves, in the fruit and vegetable compartments. Lily bags should be filled with sphagnum or dry high-moor peat.

This storage method is necessary so that the lilies do not germinate before planting.

The refrigerator is certainly a good option, but you can also plant flower bulbs in pots or cut plastic bottles. So they also winter not bad. And in the spring it will be possible to plant in open ground along with the land in which the lilies germinated on the windowsill.

Lilies are planted in early autumn. If there are four-year or five-year-old bulbs on the site that have been growing in one place for the entire period of their life, they must be transplanted. The transplant of such plants is carried out in August.

Sometimes caring gardeners change their place of planting and more often, once every three, or even two years. All this is done only so that the lily receives all the nutrients necessary for its growth and development. After all, the soil under the plant after four to five years is greatly depleted. The lack of territory for the development of propagated bulbs is also gradually revealed.

Transplanting also means saving the bulbs from the pests that feed on them.

In general, the timing of transplantation also depends on the condition of the bulbs.

After the flowering period and before moving to a new site, at least one month should pass. During this period, the plant is restored, absorbs the nutrients it needs so much.

Lilies, like all other plants in summer cottages, need to comply with three factors:

  1. presence of heat
  2. the presence of nutrients in the soil
  3. providing vital moisture (watering).

If lilies are not transplanted for a long time, a hole, called a "nest", forms under them. After digging, it will disintegrate itself or it will have to be crushed.

Dig up the lilies very carefully so as not to damage them. In this case, as a rule, a garden pitchfork is used. After this process, the bulb is cleaned of soil and lesions, washed under running water, and then placed in a solution of karbofos for about twenty minutes. It is prepared very simply - one spoon of the drug is diluted with ten liters of water. And if the bulb is healthy and clean, just rinse it with water and place it in a solution of potassium permanganate.


Reproduction methods. How to plant lilies?

Lilies can be propagated by seeds, dividing the nest of bulbs, and baby bulbs.Species are grown from seeds, some varieties. They are usually sown in greenhouse conditions in late winter - early spring (if they sprout quickly) or in autumn (if they germinate slowly).

Dividing the nest of bulbs - the easiest way to breed varieties. Nests are dug by August - early September, when the aboveground part turns brown. Moreover, it is formed 3-5 years after the planting of the mother bulb. Divide by the number of stems (4-6 pcs.).

When propagating with baby bulbs, we separate them, carefully unpacking the ground without digging the bulbs. In order for them to form more, the plant must be spud up to 10 cm.

You can also separate the air bulbs located on the stem. They are planted in rows in open ground or in boxes. In the last two cases, the plant blooms only in the 2-3rd year.

Modern breeding method - rooting of bulbous scales. They can be separated at any time (beginning of the growing season, during the flowering period or during transplantation). They are disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate, dried, mixed with a light substrate (sand, perlite, sphagnum).

Placed in plastic bags, tied and kept warm at room temperature for 2-3 months. As a result, baby bulbs are formed, which are planted in the ground or grown in a greenhouse.

It is necessary to plant lilies in places protected from the wind., sunny or slightly shaded. The soil is loose, nutritious, permeable, with a neutral reaction. Bulbous roots penetrate to a depth of 60 cm, live for several years, therefore, before planting, it is necessary to treat the soil well, and regularly feed.

Before planting, 10 kg are applied per 1 sq. m of rotted organic matter, add lime (0.5 kg) and complex fertilizers (100 g per 1 sq. m).

The site is dug up and treated with copper sulfate from fungal infections. Large bulbs are planted at a distance of 20-25 cm, small, undersized ones - 10-15 cm.

It is advisable to add a handful of washed coarse sand to the landing hole. The planting depth is equal to three diameters of the bulb, and if there are also supra-bulbous roots, then up to 4 diameters.


When to plant lilies in the ground

Any season is suitable for placing a flower in the ground, except for the winter period. Often, each gardener determines the period of planting for himself independently, using the experience and recommendations of manufacturers for a particular variety. However, the difference between spring and fall plantings is significant. It should be borne in mind that at high temperatures, the aerial part of the bush is actively developing, and at low temperatures, the root system is formed.

Dates of planting lilies in autumn

If the onions are planted too early, the seedling will begin to grow vigorously, which is unacceptable. With later planting operations, the planted heads will not have time to take root.

Specific dates initially depend on the weather and climatic conditions of a particular region. An important rule of agricultural technology is to plant when the temperature indicator reaches + 10-12 degrees, without further increasing it. In different regions, these conditions are met at different times.

Informative! White bulbs should be planted first, as they have the shortest dormant period. Then you can plant Caucasian and North American varieties. Further, tubular, Asian, oriental hybrids, Tibetan and tiger lilies are planted. The latter varieties are still recommended to be planted with the onset of early spring.

Best time

The best time to plant a plant is autumn - from early September to mid-October. During this period, the bulbs are in a dormant period, therefore they react painlessly to digging out of the ground and the loss of rhizomes. And during the wintering period, the heads have time to take root, gain strength and nutrients to ensure good growth and abundant flowering.

In the heads planted during the specified period, the root system has time to form well and fully strengthen, respectively, in the spring such a plant, having begun its growth, will painlessly endure spring cold snaps. If the weather fails, and the thermometer readings are rapidly dropping, then the plantings should be covered in advance for the winter.

Good days according to the lunar calendar

Each florist in his practice uses information from the Lunar calendar, indicating favorable and unfavorable dates for planting indoor plants, flowers for the winter garden, garden and greenhouse ornamental crops. Experts studying the influence of the moon phase on the growth and development of green spaces note that the plant's nutritious nectar rises to the growing moon, nourishing the stems, foliage and buds. On the waning moon, on the contrary, all nutrients go down to the root system of the culture.

Important! Flowers and ornamental plants should not be planted on full moon days. During this period, the process of juice movement slows down, all nutrient components go to the root.


What to plant with

Answering this question, I will unequivocally say - next to those plants that, firstly, bloom with lilies at the same time, and secondly, where flowers grow with similar environmental requirements for lighting conditions and soil type. And thirdly, in the company of those plants that will favorably emphasize the regal beauty of these flowers. Lilies are known to have a lush, spectacular blooming "top" and a slightly leafy "bottom", so they need companions to compensate for this deficiency.


Bright phlox are good with white lily varieties

Phloxes, which bloom with lilies at about the same time, are good as such companions. The modern choice of phloxes allows you to pick up neighbors among them for almost any, even complexly colored lilies.


Blue phlox go well with yellow, orange, and purple varieties of lilies. Photo by the author

Echinacea purpurea or yarrow will become a wonderful neighbor, hybrid varieties of which have different colors, you can choose a tone to match or by the principle of contrast.


A wonderful companion for lilies is Echinacea purpurea. Photo by the author

Good in company with lilies and astilbe with their delicate panicles.


Openwork panicles of astilbe create a haze effect next to the lilies. Photo by the author

Garden geraniums are also extremely appropriate next to royal flowers. Their bushes, covered with small unassuming flowers of pink, purple, blue or white color, like "foam", will cover the "legs" of the lilies.


Garden Geranium 'Rose Clair'. Photo by the author

Other ornamental plants with small flowers are also combined well with lilies: yarrow Ptarmika, which is popularly called pearl mussel, perennial and annual gypsophila, umbilicus, veronica spikelet.


White Veronica spikelet is used as a partner and neighbor of lilies. Photo by the author

Yellow and white varieties of lilies look great on the background blue delphiniums, and purple and pink - next to white varieties.


Lilies and delphiniums are good neighbors

It is good to plant white bells, cornflowers, even a banal village space together with lilies. "Legs" will be covered with cuffs or some annual flowering plants - ageratum, snapdragon, mignonette.


The "legs" of the lilies will be covered by some annual flowering plants

You should not plant lilies next to daylilies, which will certainly lose this competition. And, of course, with roses, despite the opinion that this is a classic neighborhood. The fertile soil of the rose garden and the opportunity to overwinter with roses in a shelter is certainly suitable for lilies (this is especially true for oriental and OT hybrids). But they are harmed by the presence of manure, which is usually mulched roses. And in decorative terms, these cultures will argue. In addition, the strong, suffocating scent of many varieties of lilies completely obscures the delicate scent of roses.

It is also inappropriate to plant several fragrant varieties of lilies next to each other, which will compete with each other, creating sometimes unbearable perfume combinations. Not the best neighbors for lilies and peonies for the same reason as roses. They are also usually fed with mullein, which is categorically contraindicated for lilies.


Martagons in a natural style flower garden. Photo by the author

Excessive decorativeness of lilies is contraindicated in flower beds in a natural style. It is better to use martagons there, where they will look more organic than in a regular mixborder or in a flower bed.

Having answered 4 important questions, you will have a clear idea of ​​where lilies can be grown on your site, what will need to be prepared before the planting process, when exactly in your case this wonderful plant should be planted and which neighbors to choose for it. By doing everything right, you will get rid of frustration and get wonderful healthy flowers.


How to transplant lilies correctly in summer and autumn: step-by-step instructions with video

Transplanting lilies in August and September after flowering to another place is a responsible business. The quality of flowering in the future directly depends on the correct choice of the site, soil preparation, depth and scheme of planting bulbs.

Where is it better to make a flower bed

The new lily spot should be:

  • sunny
  • without stagnation in the ground water
  • sheltered from the wind
  • with soil of neutral acidity.

In partial shade, flowers will bloom poorly and not very luxuriantly. From a lack of lighting, the color of the petals will turn out pale. It is desirable that the lower part of the plant be in partial shade, for which low perennials can be planted in the flower bed around the lilies.

In the area where there is stagnant water, it will be necessary to make drainage, and the flower bed itself will be on a hill.

Soil preparation

When preparing a flower garden, adhere to the following recommendations:

  1. Dig up the bed to the length of the shovel bayonet.
  2. When digging the soil, add half a bucket of humus or rotted compost and 100 g of ash for each square meter. Add a tablespoon of potassium sulfate and superphosphate to the humus.
  3. Dilute heavy soil with peat (1 bucket per 1 sq. M) and river sand.
  4. If the soil is acidic, deoxidize it with wood ash (200 g per 1 sq. M), chalk (per 1 sq. M - 400 g) or dolomite flour according to the instructions.

Hole preparation

You can see the scheme and depth of planting bulbs in the photo. You can find out the planting depth yourself. Measure the diameter of the bulbs and dig a hole three times this diameter.

If you plant lilies in rows, then maintain a distance of 25 cm between them. You can plant flowers with ribbons in 2-3 rows. In this case, the distance between the ribbons should be 70 cm.

To create one beautiful and lush bush, place three lilies in one hole. To do this, dig a wide hole with a depth on the bayonet of a shovel and plant large onions at a distance of 10-12 cm from each other.

If during the digging the bed was fertilized, then add only a little sand to the hole when planting lilies.

Digging, dividing and processing bulbs

How to properly dig up and separate the lilies:

  1. Cut the stems a few centimeters above the ground.
  2. Armed with a pitchfork, stick them at some distance from the plants, carefully dig up the onions and shake them off the ground. Be careful not to damage the roots when digging and cleaning.
  3. Rinse the onion and divide into smaller onions. The rest of the stem should be easily detached from it.
  4. Peel off dried and damaged scales.
  5. Shorten very long and cut broken roots.

Planting material ready for transplantation for disinfection is preliminarily recommended to be processed. Can be placed in a pink solution of potassium permanganate for 20-30 minutes. But a more effective remedy is Maxim or any other fungicide.

In a 0.4% solution of the drug Maxim, you can soak lily bulbs that seemed sick to you for several hours. After such processing, they can also be planted, but not on the same flower bed with healthy, clean onions.

How to plant correctly

The soil in the flowerbed is fertilized, the bulbs are dug up, separated and disinfected. Now it remains to find out how to properly plant the lily bulbs dug out for transplanting to another place:

  1. Pour sand into the hole.
  2. Place the onion on the slide and straighten the roots.
  3. Cover with fertile soil that was dug out of the hole.
  4. Water slowly and abundantly to fill any voids between the soil and the bulb.

After the autumn transplant, you do not need to care for the plantings.

In the Moscow region, the Leningrad region, Siberia and the Urals, it is recommended to cover planted lilies for the winter. It should be covered after the ground freezes. You can use spruce branches or dry foliage. The shelter should be a layer of 10-15 cm. So that the leaves are not blown away by the wind, press them down with pieces of slate, boards or other improvised material.

VIDEO OF TRANSFERRING AND LANDING OF LILIES AFTER FLOWERING TO ANOTHER PLACE

In the spring, remove the shelter, loosen the soil and water the plantings with complex fertilizers, which contain more nitrogen.

A decrease in the size and number of flowers is a sign that it is time to start transplanting lilies to another place after flowering. Timely rejuvenation of plants is a guarantee of a beautiful flower bed with your favorite flowers.


Watch the video: Flower u0026 Plant Garden Care: Taking Care of Potted Lily Flowers


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