A detailed description of the pear variety Prosto Maria


It's just that Maria is considered a new pear variety that ripens at the end of autumn. It's easy to look after her. Thanks to this, the variety is popular among gardeners.

Just Maria is a tree of medium height with a compact wide-pyramidal crown. It is capable of reaching 3 meters. The crown diameter is 2.5 meters.

The history of the appearance and description of the pear Just Maria

It's just that Maria is a pear variety that was bred in Belarus at the Institute of Fruit Growing by crossing a hybrid form 6 / 89-100 and a pear, not very well-known in Russia, Butter Ro.

The authors of the description of this variety and its predominant characteristics were the famous breeders M.G. Myalik, O. A. Yakimovich and G. Alekseeva. Initially, the tree was called "Maria", then it was renamed into "Just Maria"... In 2005, this pear variety was sent to the State variety testing.

Pear Just Maria is recognized as a late variety, as it bears fruit in October. And the pear variety Augustovskaya Rosa belongs to the summer. The yield of this variety is not bad, and severe frosts do not in any way affect the quantity and quality of the fruit. It's just that Maria is considered a winter-hardy variety that can withstand temperatures down to -38 ° C. After freezing, the trees quickly revive and bear a lot of fruit.

The fruits of the pear are quite large. The average weight of ripe fruits is 180 g, the largest is not more than 200 g, but in rare cases it reaches 230 g. Pear-shaped fruits. Their surface is clean, smooth and shiny. Fruit stalks are not particularly long and thick, slightly curved. Fruit color is greenish-yellow with pink blush. Planting pollinators next to a pear can seriously increase its yield.

The pulp of the fruit is creamy in color, their density is medium and oily. The fruit is sweet and juicy in taste, has a slight sourness.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

The advantages of the variety include:

  • fruit taste that prevails over the rest of the varieties;
  • the rapid onset of the fruiting period, that is, the harvest is harvested 3-4 years after planting;
  • frost resistance - this variety is able to withstand temperatures of -38 ° C;
  • It's just that Maria is characterized by increased resistance to most diseases.

Of the shortcomings, only average yield indicators are noted.

Planting pears

Pear Just Maria is thermophilic, so the landing is carried out in the sunniest areas of the earth.

The best place for planting seedlings is the windless southern side of the garden.

The pear is planted in the fall when the leaves fall before the onset of frost. Before planting, the seedlings are placed in water for 5–7 hours. When the groove in the ground is ready for planting, they take out the plant. A large hole is dug, its depth is 1–1.5 m. A cone of soil and peat is created in it. The seedling is placed in a hole and the roots are spread over a cone.

Fill the hole with fertile soil, tamping a little... A stake is driven in near the plant, which will act as a support for the future tree. The seedling is tied to the stake with strips of fabric. After planting, the future tree is immediately watered, and the soil around the root is loosened as soon as the soil absorbs water.

Growing conditions

It's just that Maria normally tolerates shady terrain. However, prolonged exposure of the pear to such conditions leads to unhealthy development. Because of this, this variety is grown in areas where there is no shade.

For a tree, a sunny place where the shadow partially falls on the tree is suitable.

Maria just needs moisture, especially in the summer. Therefore, it is necessary to create conditions for abundant and constant watering. Trees are watered not only in the first year after planting, but all subsequent time.... Watering is carried out 4 - 5 times per season. It is worth using about three buckets of water for each tree. After watering, it is necessary to loosen the soil so that air can penetrate to the roots.

If you do not follow the above recommendations, the level of frost resistance of the pear may decrease. Also, when watering a tree, you must not overdo it. If the roots of the plant are flooded with water, then the hairs of the root system will begin to die due to lack of air.

Care features

The variety Just Maria needs good care. Otherwise, the tree will get sick, it will grow poorly. In the fall, it can be harmed by rodents. In this regard, it is necessary to wrap the stems of the plant with thick paper after planting.

In winter, the root system of the pear may suffer. Therefore, in the autumn, the tree is prepared for frost. For this, an elevation from the earth is created around the pear Just Mary. In addition, for insulation, you can cover the ground with leaves near the plant stem.

Young trees need:

  • Have oxygen access to the root system. Therefore, the pear must be loosened and weeded often.
  • Frequent fertilization.
  • Continuous application of potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen. Nitrogen is mixed with soil and poured into the groove before the pear blossoms.
  • For normal fruit ripening at the end of pear flowering, you need to add a 0.4% urea solution.

Harvesting

By the timing of the harvest Just Maria belongs to the autumn varieties. The consumer period of ripeness of this pear lasts from October to November. In the refrigerator compartment, fruits remain fresh until January.

The tree brings its first harvest already in the third year from the moment of its planting. It is possible to collect up to 40 kg of pears from one tree.

Fruit of the Just Maria variety is picked unripe. Pear fruits ripen in a slightly cold and dark room for three months. Then they will be soft, juicy and sweet.

Features of the

The fruits are greenish-yellow in color and have a shiny skin. One pear fruit weighs approximately 200 grams. Fruits have greenish subcutaneous dots. The fruit contains small dark brown seeds.

Reproduction

Pear Just Maria propagates by cuttings, layering and grafting. Propagation by cuttings is an effective method, which consists of the following steps:

  • Take a green stalk from a ripe pear and placed in a temperature of 20-25 ° C. Thus, the cutting will have roots in a short period of time.
  • The selected pear stalk must be with leaves... It is necessary to watch how it will take root.
  • A film coating is used to maintain the desired temperature. But here such conditions are created for the cutting so that the air does not overheat.
  • To save the cutting from overheating, a damp cloth is stretched over it, which does not shade the pear. Otherwise, the plant will weaken and cannot develop properly.
  • In the heat, the cuttings are sprayed with water 5-6 times a day, but only when the sun is shining. On cloudy days, this procedure is carried out 2-3 times a day. Sprinkle the pears until the leaves are completely wet.
  • Cuttings in the greenhouse are placed so that they slightly exceed ground level.

For the early emergence of roots, pear cuttings are treated with growth stimulants.

For this, heteroauxin tablets can be used. These tablets dissolve in water in which the cuttings are placed.

Reproduction by layering Is the simplest method. While the pear will take root, there will be no need to observe the natural conditions. For layering, you need to choose the right shoots from a mature plant.

First, the land is prepared in which the shoots can take root. This requires the landing site to receive water and oxygenate. Also, it should not be exposed to light.

When propagating pears, ordinary shoots are used:

  • Almost no harm is done to the parent plant when using this method;
  • The branch of the plant is covered with soil, only its top remains;
  • Roots are formed in a place where the shoot is covered with earth;
  • When the roots appear on the layer in the right amount, it is disconnected from the parent plant.
  • For effective root engraftment, it is worth taking shoots with a developed ability to form roots. To do this, branches from the tree are cut one year before laying the roots.

Reproduction by grafting - a complex and lengthy procedure. Its essence is to cut off a branch from one plant and graft it to another. The tree on which the grafting is done is called the stock.

You can propagate a pear in a similar way before the onset of sap flow or when it ends.

For vaccination you need:

  • From the middle of the crown of a pear, Just Maria, cut off several one-year-old cuttings of such length that three or four buds can fit. This action is carried out at the beginning of December, since the first frost hardens the wood.
  • The growths are tied in bunches and placed in the basement. There they will spend the winter.
  • The stalk is grafted onto a thin branch.
  • The rootstock and the scion must be the same in diameter.
  • The rootstock cut is made three centimeters.
  • For good survival, the scion and stock are cut at an acute angle.
  • After fastening the scion and rootstock, they are wrapped in stretch film and fixed with electrical tape.

Diseases and pests

It's just that Maria is resistant to various damage, but the likelihood of infection is still present. In this regard, it is necessary to take measures to prevent septoria, scab and bacterial cancer.

Septoria Is a fungal disease. The spores of the fungus are found in fallen leaves. The appearance of this disease can be determined by the appearance of grayish-brown spots on the leaves. For pear treatment, three garden treatments are carried out. Initially, the plant is treated with a nitrophene solution until the buds open. Then the pear is sprayed at the end of flowering with a solution of Bordeaux liquid. And the last time the tree is sprayed 15–20 days after flowering, also with Bordeaux liquid.

Scab is a fungal disease. The spores are stored in the kidneys. Such a disease can be detected when brown spots are detected on the leaves of a pear and on its fruits. The methods of dealing with scab are the same as for septoria.

Bacterial cancer - the disease is also of fungal origin. Signs of this disease: cracked and blackened bark, brown spots are visible on the leaves, the fruit has turned black. In order to prevent a similar pear disease, damage to the bark should be excluded.

Gardeners reviews

Klimenko Irina: It's just that Maria is an incredibly tasty fruit. She can easily compete with southern varieties of pears. At the tasting Prosto Maria is 100% in the first place, because she has such qualities as yield, frost resistance, resistance to diseases and pests.

Lebedev Anton: I didn't really like the taste of the fruit. It seemed sugary to me. Also, of the shortcomings, I can note the shedding of the ovary during the onset of severe cold weather when the pear blossoms.

Volodonskaya Natalia: I have a pear growing on my site Just Maria. I am pleased that it ripens in the fall and is stored for a long time. Taking care of her is not difficult. The fruit itself is sweet and juicy.


Belarusian breeders have developed a truly unique pear variety. It's just that Maria is adapted to cold winters, and this does not affect the quality and quantity of the crop, she is resistant to tree diseases.

And also from it it is possible to regularly receive fruits with high taste characteristics. Plant a Just Maria pear in your garden and enjoy the aromatic fruits!


Growing rules and taste of pears Prosto Maria

Pear variety Prosto Maria is a development of the Belarusian Institute of Fruit Growing. For more than 30 years, a group of breeders led by Maria Myalik, after whom the pear is probably named, has been working on its breeding. For breeding were used not very popular in our country variety "Oil Ro" and a hybrid form under the number 6 / 89-100. In 2005, the result of many years of work was sent to state variety testing, and 5 years later a new variety called "Maria" was registered and presented to the world. Later it was renamed to “Just Maria”.


The tree grows quickly, not tall. By the age of 10, the growth of the plant is only three meters. Pear Prosto Maria is characterized by a wide-pyramidal crown, up to 2.5 m in diameter, with an average density.

The fruits are pear-shaped, weigh up to 180 g, sometimes 220 g, there are also larger specimens. When the fruit is picked, its peel is light yellow. There is a slight pink tan on one side of the fruit. Numerous subcutaneous dots of a green tint are clearly visible. The peel is loose, smooth, tender. Fruits with a glossy surface and medium-dense, juicy, fine-grained yellowish-white pulp. No roughness or rustiness. The taste is sweet and sour, the aroma is pronounced.

The variety is valued for its good yields - from 40 to 70 kg of ripe fruits are harvested from 1 tree. Fruiting occurs 3-4 years after planting.

Many gardeners believe that the taste of the fruit is superior to many well-known European varieties. Due to the fact that the variety is considered dessert, it is used to make jams, compotes, juices, fruit salads. When removed from a tree, slightly unripe fruits are transportable, characterized by good keeping quality. Can be stored in the refrigerator until January.


Fruiting

The early maturity of this variety is average. The tree bears its first fruits 5 years after planting. The pear yield is high. Fruiting is regular.

Pollination and reproduction

The cultivar is partially self-fertile and in order to obtain a good harvest, it is necessary to plant it on a plot of a cultivar with a similar flowering period.

  • In memory of Yakovlev
  • Duchess
  • Koschia.

Reproduction


What are the disadvantages of the Just Maria pear?

Despite the abundance of the advantages of the variety, one should not forget about the shortcomings that the Just Maria pear may have. Breeders attribute it to almost the ideal type, but there are also "pitfalls" here.

  • Despite the resistance of the variety to diseases of the fungal type, treatment in spring and autumn from pests and diseases should still be carried out. The tree can only partially resist the fungus, but if spores begin to literally flood it, it will not survive.
  • Pruning is carried out regularly, since, despite the compactness of the culture, the branches can grow strongly and in 2-3 years the tree will not be recognized, the collection of pears will become more difficult.
  • The yield is not very high. The variety benefits from the fact that the formation of fruits is not affected by the weather, but 35-40 kg of pears / tree is not a lot, especially if the fruits are sold.
  • Ovaries may crumble.

Photo of pear variety Just Maria


Variety reviews

Just Maria Sort breeding BelNIIP. Autumn ripening, winter-hardy, fruitful. The tree is medium-sized, the crown is of medium density, wide-pyramidal. It is relatively resistant to scab, septoria and bacterial cancer. Begins fruiting in the 3rd year, mixed, regular fruiting. The fruits are large (180-190 g), pear-shaped. The main color is light yellow, the integumentary pink in the form of a slight tan. The skin is smooth and shiny. The pulp is yellowish, tender, buttery. Tasting taste assessment - 4.8 points. Frost resistance -38 degrees. Consumption period - October-November.

vine, Togliatti

http://forum.vinograd.info/showthread.php?t=9657

It's just that I've had Maria for 7 years now, I can't say anything good, almost all the ovary is shed by a separate tree every year, the flowers are very sensitive to spring frosts, for example, this year it is full 0, although next to it is red Williams grafted into the Yurate crown with a harvest. Nothing special to taste, loses to conferences and Williams, in my opinion sugary-sweet, the fruits are large, beautiful, yes, but they lie very little, quickly overripe, in general I will re-graft, the variety is not for everyone

Roman83, Belarus

http://forum.vinograd.info/showthread.php?t=9657

Re: Just Maria I have 5 years now. And two years that the harvest should have been (flower buds were clearly different from the usual ones) solid zero. In the past year, the fruit that has set has cracked and rotted. This is very strange.This year, only one swollen kidney survived (in March +8, at the beginning of April frosts -7), and that frost made it crumble. But that crazy is growing. Let's look at next year.

Doctor-KKZ, Belarus

http://forum.vinograd.info/showthread.php?t=9657

I have a growing variety called Maria. Vaccinated on quince. The tree is weak, with a compact crown, the fruits are stored for quite a long time. I like the taste too. He is not particularly sick with anything. Standard treatments. Late winter pear. Variety Prosto Maria - this is the autumn ripening period, Belarusian selection.

ptichka, Kiev

http://www.sadiba.com.ua/forum/showthread.php?p=747534

The pear variety Just Maria has many advantages and practically no disadvantages. It can be grown both in home gardening and in farm gardens. Is of commercial interest. The taste competes with European reference varieties. It can definitely be recommended for cultivation in many areas of the Middle Lane.


Growing features

When buying pear seedlings, especially those with an open root system, give preference to those that have a large number of small suction roots. It is better if the surface of the roots is protected with a special clay mash, which does not allow the roots to dry out for a period of up to 7 days. In the southern regions, it is optimal to plant the Santa Maria pear in the fall. If you live to the north, then it is better to plan the planting of a seedling in the spring, so that it has time to acclimatize well in a new place during the warm season.

When planting a pear seedling, make sure that the root collar is at ground level, in no case do not deepen it. Pears do not tolerate strong moisture in the area of ​​the root collar. On the other hand, in order for a seedling to root well, it needs constant moisture maintenance, not only from the surface, but also at the depth of all the tips of its roots. To do this, a small groove is dug around the trunk in a circle, departing from the trunk about 70-80 cm and during the first month after planting, about one bucket of water is poured several times a week for each seedling.

In addition, make sure that no weeds grow in the near-trunk circle in the first year, for which the surface of the earth in it must be regularly loosened or mulched with a layer of organic matter 7-10 cm thick.

Top dressing, especially mineral fertilizing, should not be applied earlier than the pear sapling is two years old. Trees are fed either by spraying the branches or by watering in the same groove around the perimeter of the seedling crown.


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