Gloriosa - Sow, multiply, plant, nurture


Gloriosa superba: Magnificent tuberous climber with scarlet flowers

Gloriosa superba is a bulbous or rather tuberous plant for spring planting that should not be deprived of in the garden. It is also called Malabar Lily, Glorious Lily, or simply "Glorious", but also Climbing Lily or Wavy Lily. Certainly not hardy, this fast-growing and exceptionally flowering flower will adorn fences where it will wind up very quickly. It is one of the flowers that can decorate the interiors of a protected veranda or pergola. The flowers, with wavy petals, curved towards the light revealing the reproductive organs, the pistils, which form a sort of inverted crown. Gloriosa flowers are scarlet red and yellow in color around the edges and to the core, and leave no one indifferent to their charm. It is a plant native to wooded areas and humid forests of tropical Africa, it is also found in India under the name of "Kalihari", 2 areas with very different climates from metropolitan France, hence the annual cultivation. .

Botanical name:

• Gloriosa Superba “Rothschildiana”

Plant info:

• Cycle: Perennial
• Foliage: Lapsed
• Hardiness: Non-hardy (+ 10 ° C)
• Family: Colchicaceae, colchicaceae
• Harbor : Vine
• Exhibition: Sun or partial shade
• Ground : Deep, fresh and humus
• Sowing:
• Plantation: Spring
• Flowering: June to October
• Rooting: tuber
• Cultivation area: Every year
• Origin : South America and India
• Honey plant:
• Edible plant: No
• Poisonous plant: the bulb is poisonous if swallowed

Special features of gloriosa:

• As the plant is non-hardy, it should be grown as an annual, digging up and tucking in bulbs or tubers in the fall before severe frosts.
• Gloriosa is a plant which, in India, has been used in pharmacopoeia for a very long time, in particular for its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. It is used in particular against arthritis, gout, rheumatism, as well as certain skin diseases or itching. It would also have muscle relaxant properties, which can be used in the treatment of muscle pain, such as lavender.

What advantages in the garden:

• Magnificent and original flowering.
• Rapid growth.

What exhibition for the gloriosa?

Sun in partial shade.

A word from the amateur gardener:

This is a plant that loves the sun. But the base of the plant must always remain cool during the growing season. A very sunny and hot exposure could make its cultivation difficult. In these cases, it will be advisable to protect the gloriosa base with a large tile or mulch, for example, as can be done for clematis which will reduce the evaporation of water from the soil.

What soil?

• Deep, cool and humus.

Propagation method of gloriosa superba?

• Sowing and division of tubers

When to sow gloriosa?

• In late winter or early spring under warm shelter.

How to do the seedlings?

• Gloriosa seedlings should be prepared hot, 20 to -25 ° C.
• Cultivate them in a mixture of soil for seedlings and peat (30%).
• Grow in a mini-greenhouse or under shelter heated to 20 - 25 ° C.
• Sow the seeds by driving them 0.5 to 1 cm deep.
• Keep the mixture moist until shoots appear.
• Subsequently the soil must remain moist, water on a dry surface.
• Transplant in a cup for easy replanting in the garden.
• The plants can be placed outdoors as soon as the risks of temperatures below + 10 ° C are eliminated.
• Young plants should be dug up quickly in the fall.

When to divide the bulbs or tubers?

• Divide in the spring, when the bulbs have already developed well in the garden for at least 2 to 3 years.

How to divide gloriosa?

• This is a fairly common method for all tuberous plants, and is more easily successful than seedlings.
• Usually dug up in October, then stored in a dry place between 10 and 15 ° C,
• It is in spring, when transplanting, that the lateral tubers must be separated from the main tuber,
• Then transplant them in pots, in a mixture of planting soil and peat at 30%.
• One tuber per pot.
• In mild regions, transplanting can be done directly in the ground.

When to plant gloriosa bulbs?

• In spring, when temperatures below 10 ° C are no longer to be feared.
• May or June.

How to plant them?

• Work the soil deeply.
• Add a draining material, such as sand.
• Also add planting soil.
• Place the bulbs or tubers between 5 and 10 cm deep.
• Cover with potting soil and tamp.
• Keep the soil cool.
• In very hot areas and full sun exposure, protect the bottom of the plant with a tile.
• And do not hesitate to mulch the soil to avoid too rapid evaporation.

A tip from Raymond passionate gardener:

The shape of the gloriosa tuber, “jumper”, is a bit special, in fact you sometimes wonder how to place it in the ground. Raymond advises us to simply lay the tuber flat. Thanks again to him.

Interview :

• Maintain flowering: remove faded flowers.
• Sometimes aphids can attack the plant: treat with a mixture of water and black soap.
• In October, dig up the bulbs, clean and let dry, then place them in a dry place in blackout paper.

Flowering (period):

• From June to October

Varieties (Others):

• Gloriosa Lutea, Yellow malabar lily: plain yellow flowers, beautiful and bright, perfect in association with those of Gloriosa superba.

What to plant with Gloriosa?

• Plant gloriosa in a mixture of varieties, with cannas, dahlias, crinoles or crinum powellii, volubilis or ipomées…

Use :

ATa garden: isolated on a stake, on a fence, the pillar of a pergola ...
• Without garden:
In pot, planted in mixed soil from the garden, potting soil and peat.

Quick sheet:

summary

Item name

Gloriosa superba: Magnificent tuberous climber with scarlet flowers

Description

Gloriosa superba, gloriosa Lutea, a magnificent tuberous climbing plant with original flowers, red and yellow petals, slender towards the heavens, adorned by an inverted crown. Find out how to add it to the garden with Our website

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Editor's name

jaime-jardiner.com

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The plantations

  • Garlic, onion and shallot : If the winter is not too harsh, planting these bulbs now will bring the harvest forward. Plant on a mound to ensure good drainage and prevent rotting of cloves (for detailed guides, click on the following links planting garlic, planting onions, planting shallots)
  • Fruit shrubs : Small fruit trees (blackcurrant, raspberry, currant) ideally find their place in the vegetable garden in October. They thus have time to develop their roots before the big frosts and will be able to produce (in limited quantities) from next spring.
  • Strawberries : October is the ideal month to plant strawberries, take the opportunity to multiply them if you already have a variety that suits you (and thus rejuvenate your strawberry plantation) otherwise plant the strawberries in pots or bare roots. The strawberry plant is demanding, make it succeed a rewarding crop (beans, peas, ...) or a green manure sown in July-August
  • Hyssop : very undemanding, this medicinal can succeed any crop and will remain in place for several years, take the opportunity to make it succeed a crop that is exhausting for the soil (squash, tomatoes, cabbage, etc.). Plant 50 cm apart to make room for a small bush.
  • Rhubarb : Start planting root chips at the end of the month provided they have gone dormant. Avoid replanting roots with leaves that will hardly recover.

Species and Varieties ofAlpinia

There are about 250 species in the genus Alpinia, all from the Asian tropics.

Red ginger, purple alpine, galangal, red or pink lavender, opuhi (Alpinia purpurata)

Type species

  • Vegetation: Reaches 2-3В m high. Leaves thrown 30-50В cm long and 5-10В cm wide, with a pointed end.
  • Flowers and fruits: Spectacular erect inflorescence of 20-30В cm, in fleshy red waxy bracts 3-4В cm long persistent. Complex white flowers of 3В cm, not conspicuous and spherical. Seedlings are produced within bracts, capable of taking root. Fruits seldom formed in cultivation. Round black seeds.
  • Qualities: Native to Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, New Caledonia, Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands in the Pacific. Naturalized in Hawaii. Grown mostly for cut flower, especially in Hawaii. There are pink, orange, yellow and double flowered cultivars. Tolerates -1В В ° C.

'Anne Hironaka'

  • Vegetation: As a typical species.
  • Flowers and fruits: Slightly pinkish white inflorescence.
  • Qualities: Created by Paul Yoshioka in Puerto Rico.

Flower of my soul, tears of the virgin, shell ginger, longose ​​(Alpinia zerumbet, syn. A. nutans, A. speciosa)

Type species

  • Vegetation: Leafy stems 2-3В m high, 1В m indoor, about 1.50В to 3В m spread. Leaves 50-60В cm long and 10-15В cm wide.
  • Flowers and fruits: Hanging terminal clusters 30-40В cm long. Buttons formed by a large white or yellowish campanulate chalice with a purplish point reminiscent of porcelain. Clusters of fragrant flowers reminiscent of an orchid, opening in turn. Lip 4В cm long, with red throat and curled edges more or less trilobed, yellow streaked with red. Fruits of 3В cm, in the form of small fluted orange figs bearing the remains of floral parts at its apex.
  • Qualities: Native to India, Burma and South East Asia. Naturalized in Brazil and Florida. Ornamental, medicinal plant. Leaves used in cooking to flavor or wrap dumplings. Rhizome resistant to -7В or -10В В ° C.

  • Vegetation: Foliage streaked with lemon yellow bands.
  • Flowers and fruits: As a typical species.
  • Qualities: As a typical species.

'Variegata Dwarf'

  • Vegetation: Plant 30В cm high. Foliage variegated with yellow and green.
  • Flowers and fruits: As a typical species.
  • Qualities: As a typical species.

'Variegata Chinese Beauty'

  • Vegetation: Plant of 2.40В m. Dark green foliage mottled with bright green.
  • Flowers and fruits: Pink and white flowers.
  • Qualities: As a typical species.

Alpinia vittata (syn. A. sanderae)

Type species

  • Vegetation: Tuft of 0.50В m (in pot) 1.50В m high. Leaf blade parallel to sunlight, launching oleander, dark green finely striped with cream or white, 20В cm long.
  • Flowers and fruits: Rare flowering in cultivation. Loose, drooping 18-25В cm udders, consisting of white flowers with reddish bracts.
  • Qualities: Native to the Bismarck archipelago and the Solomon Islands. Used mainly as a green plant and for its foliage in bouquetterie, because it rarely flowers indoors. Rhizome resistant to -7В В ° C.

Greater galangal, major galangal (Alpinia galanga, syn. Languas g.)

Type species

  • Vegetation: Thick rhizome with edible white flesh providing galangal. Plant reaching 1-2В m high and 0.60-1.20В m wide. Leaves 30-40В cm long by 6-10В cm wide with a 5В mm ligule carried by a 6В mm petiole.
  • Flowers and fruits: Panicle of 20-30В cm of white flowers spotted with pink with a lip more than 1В cm long and provided with a bract, without much ornamental interest. Fruits retaining bracts and bracts. Oblong capsule.
  • Qualities: Native of Southeast Asia. The rhizome of a galangal is one of the main Malaysian, Thai and Javanese spices. Ingredient of curry.

True jalap, lesser galangal, minor galangal, Chinese galangal, purgative volubilis (Alpinia officinarum)

Type species

  • Vegetation: Plant of 1В rhizome rich in essential oils and resins. Narrow dark green leaves 12-25В mm wide with a 2-5В cm membranous ligule. Rhizome brownish, bright yellow inside.
  • Flowers and fruits: Small, fragrant flowers of 2В cm, in a whitish yellow spike 6-10В cm long with a tomentose rachis. Corolla shorter than the calyx. Bracts less than 1В cm and bracts absent.
  • Qualities: Native of southern China and Hai-nan Island. Remedy for the stomach, also serving to make curry and digestive liquors. Less common than the great galangal although its taste is finer. Also used as a fresh vegetable.


Evergreen honeysuckle on wire mesh: a rustic profile

Since your fence looks too moody and you want to give it a romantic touch, Evergreen Honeysuckle on Wire Mesh is a wonderful solution. Whether you want to conceal stone or wooden planks, crown an archway or your front porch, this Chinese twin vine grows vigorously. Due to its overhanging shoots, the maximum height reaches 12 meters depending on the location.

An ornamental plant for porches, fences and house bays

If you want to conceal the stone or the wooden planks

How to plant, propagate and care for evergreen honeysuckle on wire mesh

Despite a weak trunk, the plant is evergreen most of the year, especially in a mild microclimate and a sheltered location. For its part, the foliage curls up in harsh winters when the roots can no longer draw water from the frozen soil and eventually falls off before regrowing in early spring. Thanks to their hardiness, the leaves are not too susceptible to downy mildew or prone to disease. For you to enjoy splendid blooms all summer long, the evergreen honeysuckle on wire mesh should be pruned occasionally in the spring and thinned out to promote branching.

Crowning an archway or your front porch, this Chinese twin vine grows vigorously

Due to its overhanging shoots, the maximum height reaches 12 meters depending on the location

How to create a honeysuckle hedge?

While honeysuckle is a climbing plant that produces fragrant, evergreen, or deciduous flowers, it can instill a must-have romantic vibe and privacy anywhere it is planted.

If you want to create a hedge or a facade, opt for the evergreen honeysuckle on wire mesh, using a climbing system.

Adorn a porch or the front door

Despite a weak trunk, the plant is evergreen

First, the supporting grid should be vertical or fan or net shaped. As for the horizontal elements, they give the plant a better grip and promote the density of the foliage. Compatible rope systems are ideal for this purpose. Still, choose a basic or basic simple trellis or a mid-range trellis. For trellises longer than 6 meters, choose a heavy or massive type.

Under the window, next to the front door

In a mild microclimate and a protected place

Particularities to consider before planting

That is, the climbing honeysuckle produces fragrant flowers, followed by red berries that are very attractive to birds but poisonous to humans.

If you have trouble with downy mildew, the Lonicera nitida variety makes a sensible alternative. For winter flowers and scents, winter deciduous honeysuckle, Lonicera fragrantissima, is unbeatable.

The foliage curls up in harsh winters when the roots can no longer draw water from the frozen soil and eventually falls off before regrowing in early spring.

In the garden, several metal trellises

Love to be caressed by the sun

Orientation

Keep in mind when you have decided to plant that the roots do best in the shade and the branches prefer the caress of the sun. For this reason, the wall or fence should face west.

Thanks to their hardiness, the leaves are not too susceptible to mildew or prone to disease

There are both evergreen and deciduous varieties

Ground

Even though the plant can be grown in containers, it will never grow as well as it does in garden soil. Indeed, all types of soil are favorable but the one that is well drained and rich in humus is to be preferred.

Alternating roses and honeysuckle

Occasionally prune in the spring and thin out to promote branching

Distance

When planting the evergreen shrub, Lonicera nitida, consider purchasing bare rooted plants in the fall or winter. To keep the hedge dense, arrange five small plants per meter, digging into well-rotten organic matter.

All types of soil are favorable but the one that is well drained and rich in humus is to be preferred

A distance of 5 m is preferable

Being self-gripping, still young, the honeysuckle needs a helping hand. If growing against a wall, use galvanized wires and secure the plant to them by guiding the stems with a bamboo cane. Water well and fertilize with a general purpose fertilizer in the spring.

Since there are several varieties of Lonicera, you need to know the pruning period for each.

The horizontal elements give the plant a better grip and promote the density of the foliage

A honeysuckle hedge for privacy

Disease prevention

Provided that the honeysuckle's greatest enemy is the aphid, prune the infested shoots and apply an insecticide. When a plant is unhealthy, the leaves become deformed and curl which prevents climbing.

It is necessary to prune the infested parts and to use an insecticide against the aphids

Spread

First, extract the seeds from the berries and immediately sow them in pots of garden soil. Then let the seeds germinate in a cold atmosphere or in the refrigerator during the winter. In the spring, before the seeds do not germinate, be sure to keep them at a temperature of 15 .C.

You can sow the seeds in pots or leave in the fridge during the winter

Health benefits

As we have already mentioned, the berries are toxic to humans, but an oiled extract has anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties in arthritis and joint pain.

Herbal tea from the flowers can relieve asthma, coughs, and other respiratory infections. Thanks to the element aromadendrene, the plant has antibacterial activity. Its aroma is favorable against stress, irritated skin is relieved by the oil and the hair becomes strong and soft if you use two drops of honeysuckle oil in combination with coconut oil.

Recommend essential oil for irritated skin and exhausted hair

Against coughs, flu, asthma


Newsletter

The rhythm of blooming wonders of Peru continues to fascinate due to its very ephemeral character. They open their flowers at the end of the day, depending on humidity and temperature, but in general when a decrease in brightness occurs. From this moment, it opens quickly and therefore grows in an accelerated manner over a very short time. This growth is also achieved with flower cell walls that are more frail, which explains why it fades the next morning, its cells dying in stride: we speak of programmed cell death or programmed senescence.


How to grow primroses?

These garden flowers come in many species and varieties. Their cultivation can be very simple or on the contrary downright difficult because the climate in the garden and the intensity of the light strongly influence these plants. To put it simply, they like rich soils, tend to slightly acidic, but many also support a little limestone. They mainly claim land that remains fresh during their growing season, in any case which are never too dry.

  • In the ground, space the primroses 30 to 50 cm apart.
  • Multiplication by division of tufts is easy for all those which spread naturally by their rhizomes, for example for the ear of the bear.
  • Sowing also gives good results and seeds are fairly easy to find.
  • Sow May to July, in a half-shaded nursery, on light soil, burying the seeds very little
  • Water to maintain a light and moist soil.
  • Transplant in the nursery (or thin out) and set up in the fall, preferably with the root ball.


Video: Believe It Or Not, This Tower Can Grow Tons Of Strawberries At Home


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