Orchids are the most varied in their colors compared to other flowers. Through the efforts of nature and breeders, orchids of almost all colors of the rainbow and not only have appeared. There are even green and black orchids. But for some reason, the breeders have not yet been able to breed a blue orchid. And the attempts of Carl Linnaeus to describe the huge family of orchids prompted the great Charles Darwin to the idea of universal evolution.
The very name of the flower - "orchid" - comes from the Greek word "orchis". Translated, it means "testicle" (meaning a person or any mammal). The fact is that the shape of the roots of some orchid species resembles this organ. And the most expensive orchid (its cost is $ 5000) is the Golden Orchid. It grows in Malaysia on Mount Kinabalu and blooms for the first time at the age of 15.
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As many flower growers note, at home it is very difficult to provide conditions for an orchid, which will be close to its natural - tropical all year round. It is this climate that most favorably affects its development and flowering. But very often orchid owners do not know what to do and complain that all attempts to make this flower bloom are unsuccessful. Therefore, in order to find out why the orchid does not bloom, it is important to understand the intricacies of growing this flower.
If the arrow remains strong and green for a long time, but you do not like the appearance of an empty peduncle, it can be partially cut off, retaining several flower buds. It is possible that new shoots or flowers will form from these buds, this will lead to the continuation of the flowering of the orchid. First you need to inspect the arrow for the presence of small growths (kidneys).
It is worth knowing that not all types of cultivated orchids have buds on the arrows, so in most cases, partial pruning does not make sense. However, this does not apply to the Phalaenopsis genus, most common in room culture. After flowering, these orchids are able to release flowers again or new shoots (children), delighting with their continuous flowering.
The arrow should be cut off 1.5–2 cm above the kidney. In Phalaenopsis, as a rule, one arrow contains 3-4 such kidneys, but the decision over which kidney to cut off is individual - it can be above the lowest one, or it can be above the top one. You need to know that the new shoot from the bud will be less powerful than the first one. In most cases, instead of a shoot, only one flower is formed, and then a small one, so before you engage in partial pruning, think about whether such a bloom suits you.
Not every florist knows how to feed an orchid at home, but if you choose the right top dressing, the plant will delight you with abundant flowering, and this can be done with yeast, sugar or sweet water, fertilizers such as cytokinin paste, Epin, Tsitovit, Agricola are suitable ...
Golden rules for feeding orchids
An orchid is a self-sufficient plant capable of extracting nutrients from the surrounding space, but in order to accelerate growth, increase flowering time and the number of buds, it must be regularly fed with top dressing. How to feed an orchid at home - for foliar and root feeding are organic fertilizers that can be prepared with your own hands, and ready-made compounds sold in stores, and in order for the nutrients to be effective, simple rules should be followed:
It is impossible to feed the plant after transplanting for at least two weeks until the epiphyte adapts to the new place of residence, it is better to use substances that stimulate root growth - Epin, Kornevin, sweet water or diluted honey - a wonderful growth stimulator for orchids
Sick and weakened flowers must first be treated, and then fertilized
Root dressing is carried out after abundant watering to avoid root burns
In spring, autumn, the plant is fertilized twice a month, in summer, in winter - one
Is it possible to fertilize a blooming orchid - no, this can lead to the fall of the flower and buds, and when foliar feeding is still necessary, try not to fall on the buds.
How to feed an orchid at home - the best trade drugs
For epiphytes, individual compositions or dressings for indoor flowers are used, but in a proportion that is half as much. The orchid does not like the salinity of the soil, and the mixtures specialized for the flower have fewer macronutrients and a standard amount of trace elements. The basis of any composition is nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (NPK), their proportions are written in the information. The product, which has the code NPK 4-6-6 on the label, is a stimulant for orchid flowering, NPK 4-3-3 is a stimulant for the growth of greenery.
Fertilizer for orchids Agricola is one of the most popular dressings, it is a concentrated complex product, produced in the form of a gel, intended for root feeding, it dissolves perfectly in water, promotes abundant flowering, improves the health of the epiphyte and promotes growth. It is used once every two weeks - for 1 liter of water, you need to dissolve 5 ml of the substance and water it by soaking. As a foliar fertilizer, Agricola is used in a proportion of 5 ml per 2 liters of water, and is also available in the form of powder, sticks.
Epin for orchids - an ambulance, a root stimulator and a vitamin cocktail in one bottle, is used for soaking roots during transplantation, for spraying phalaenopsis foliage. The drug is absorbed within 14 days, after which re-treatment is required. The drug is an excellent antistress, it is used to resuscitate and stimulate the growth of lateral shoots, and in order to spray an Epin orchid, it is necessary to dilute 5 drops in 200 ml of water (one glass). For one plant, this amount is quite enough.
If you don't know how to make a phalaenopsis orchid bloom, use Zircon, this powerful tool is used as a root former, immunomodulator, stimulant and more. It is used as a root feed and during transplantation - the orchid is soaked in vitamins for flowering for 30 minutes, diluting 1 ml of the drug in 10 liters of water (4 drops per liter), and the agent is completely absorbed by the plant in 18 hours.
Cytovit is capable of making an orchid bloom all year round - this is a vitamin supplement for orchids that can revive even a dried arrow. In addition to stimulating flowering, Cytovite prevents ovaries from falling off, wakes up dormant buds, and is used to prevent diseases. A greater effect can be achieved by mixing in equal proportions Cytovit and Zircon in a dosage of 4 drops per 1 liter of water.
Fertilizer for orchids Bona Forte (BonaForte) - a liquid complex product that stimulates root growth, healthy, fleshy greens and abundant re-flowering - for root feeding, dilute 10 ml per 1.5 liters of water, for spraying - half as much.
Brexil Combi is a proven vitamin cocktail for orchids suffering from iron deficiency - it contains nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, various vitamins for phalaenopsis, the low acidity of the drug is perfect for epiphytes. The flower is sprayed every 15-20 days, diluting 0.5-1 g per 1 liter of water.
Fertilizer for orchids Pokon (Pokon for orchids) is used as a balanced, complex plant nutrition - a liquid agent can be applied once a week in spring and once every 14 days in winter. Cytokinin paste for orchids is used as a stimulator of cell division, therefore, promotes reproduction and rapid growth. In order for the orchid to bloom and the peduncle to grow, apply quite a bit of the substance to the kidney, a larger amount of paste will help to provoke the birth of babies.
Fertilizing orchids with folk remedies
Feeding orchids with sugar, honey, glucose is used as a wonderful tool for growth and resuscitation, and to dilute glucose or other substances, you will need 1 teaspoon per liter of water. With the resulting composition, wipe the foliage on both sides. You can completely immerse the epiphyte in the resulting solution for 15 minutes. The procedure is carried out once a week, and to enhance the result, add to the resulting mixture:
Kornevin - for soaking during transplantation for no more than 6 hours at a dosage of 1 g per 1 liter of water or for root feeding once every two weeks
Potash, phosphorus fertilizers - for rooting and feeding the orchid to bloom, every 15-20 days
Complex fertilizers of organic origin for epiphyte resuscitation.
Feeding orchids with yeast is an effective, proven method - 1 gram of dry yeast is mixed with a liter of water and used for watering and spraying, and to enhance the effect, you can add a teaspoon of sugar, a couple of drops of valerian, and a decoction of hops to the mixture. The mixture is infused for 24 hours. The additives provoke the fermentation process, which has a positive effect on the growth of the flower.
Horse manure is mixed into the substrate to replenish the nitrogen supply, but you must be extremely careful with it so as not to burn the roots. An original, but effective replenishment will be the water in which fresh meat was washed - the blood contains useful substances that are useful for the epiphyte.
There are many fertilizers for an exotic flower. How to feed an orchid at home is the choice of a florist. To make the beauty bloom, to reanimate after an illness or to help adapt to a new place, the necessary preparations are always at hand, and if the flower shop is closed, go to the kitchen.
How to choose an orchid. Orchid after purchase - your actions
Today I will tell you how to choose the right healthy orchid and what to do with an orchid after purchasebringing home. Buy orchid not a problem, the main thing is to be able to choose right, so to speak, approach this task wisely, because orchid pleasure is not from the budget. Therefore, approach choice when buying, you need to competently.
Orchids are susceptible to many diseases and it is easy to get an unhealthy plant. You often run the risk of losing the plant quickly enough. Without knowing the basic rules after the purchase, due to inexperience, you can harm even a healthy orchid.
Orchid is becoming more and more popular these days. There is no flower shop that is not available for sale orchids... She has become a very welcome gift for every woman, and many men have already become real fans of orchids. It is enough to go online, and you will find a lot of videos where not only women, but also many men talk about caring for orchids. It is enough to buy or receive one pot of an orchid as a gift and it will be simply impossible to stop you, believe me, you will get sick with them.
Now we will consider all the nuances of buying an orchid: how to choose it and where to buy it.
It seems to many that the answer to this question is one - in the store. But this is not at all the case, these days selling orchids is a common business that many are engaged in. Now you can buy an orchid even in the next house, even on the Internet. Now let's figure out where to buy.
Let's start by selling at home. Now many are looking for additional income and orchids are very helpful to those who want to earn money. There are many who buy them in bulk from a warehouse and sell them at home.
A huge plus of such a purchase is, of course, the price. Such sellers do not throw a lot on the wholesale price and the price difference between the store and such a seller is very significant. I personally chose this method of acquisition for myself, eventually trying everything.
The only thing that needs to be done before such a purchase is to make sure the seller's reputation. Be sure to find at least a couple of people who bought flowers from this seller and check his reputation among buyers. The choice of a product usually occurs according to the photo on the page in the social. networks. Ask the seller for additional photos of your choice, or rather the roots, a conscientious seller will never refuse you. Also, a reliable seller always agrees to sell directly at his home, this suggests that a person is not hiding and is open to communication. Also, the seller is obliged to allow you to inspect the goods before you pay for it. Another big plus of buying in this way is that such a seller will always agree to advise you on growing.
I chose this method of buying my favorites precisely because the price is much lower than in the store and you can always inspect the product before buying and get recommendations. You can also ask such people to bring you exactly what you want.
When choosing a store to buy an orchid, it is also advisable to know its reputation. When choosing an orchid in a store, be sure to carefully examine the plant.
The orchid must be in a transparent pot. Stores are often tricky so as not to be at a loss by replanting an orchid with bad roots in an opaque pot so that you don't see it. But if it so happens that you really like the orchid, and it is not planted in a transparent pot, ask the seller to get it out of the pot. If everything is in perfect order with the flower, you will never be denied. It is very easy to get the orchid out of the pot without damage to the plant, and just as well it can be put back. The orchid wraps around the substrate with its roots, and the roots always take the shape of a pot, which is why it is easy to take it out and put it back.
The roots should be green and dense, if you see rot, do not purchase the plant. The shops usually have a fairly large selection of orchids and a bona fide reputable store always sells only healthy plants.
Minus the store in the price of orchids. Due to the popularity of orchids, shops are trying to earn as much as possible from them. Also, the store will not give you further advice.
Now the Internet is just replete with shops selling plants and orchids in them are far from uncommon. Prices in such stores are the most reasonable and usually this way you can buy an orchid as cheaply as possible.
The biggest downside to shopping online is that you simply cannot inspect the plant. But if you really want to purchase in this way, then the first thing you need to do is read reviews about it on the Internet. Although there is also a double-edged sword. Many online stores simply buy reviews, so it's better to find real people who have made purchases there. Also, bona fide sellers will definitely agree to cash on delivery and preliminary inspection. If the seller requires payment only on the card and denies you the possibility of inspection, refuse such a purchase, no matter how it tempts you. In general, when buying over the Internet, there is only one plus - the price.
Of course, the first thing worth looking at is of course the root system, the roots must be healthy. Also inspect the foliage, pay special attention to the back side, where the parasites always lay the clutch. Also look at the base of the leaves there should be clean. Examine the flowers, there should not be even tiny spots, if they are, it means that the plant is sick.
It's not a secret for anyone that the orchid not only looks luxurious, but also costs appropriate. And what to do if such a purchase is not at all affordable, but you really want an orchid. It is not uncommon to save discounted plants here. First, let's take a look at what kind of orchids are sold as markdowns.
The discounted orchid is not a dying plant as many people think.
Orchids are being discounted, for example, they are already finishing their flowering, but there is no new peduncle on it yet. You can safely buy such a plant. She is usually completely healthy with a good root system. The only thing wrong with her is that she does not look very beautiful, due to the fact that there are few flowers and they are already starting to fade. But such an orchid may well, with good care, give a new peduncle very quickly or start off the layers from the existing one and begin to bloom profusely again.
If the top of the peduncle breaks off during transportation of the orchid, it will also be discounted, because this spoils the appearance and the flowering will end much earlier. But again, it is always a healthy plant, and it can give the cuttings of a peduncle and a new peduncle.
Rotten roots greatly reduce the price of an orchid. But if you know how to care for orchids, then you can easily restore it. Can grow new orchid roots You can read how to do this on our website. I bought such orchids, and they recovered well and bloom beautifully.
Mechanical damage to leaves is perhaps the least significant damage that lowers the price of a plant. It happens that during transportation, the plants are so dense that the foliage breaks down a lot. But this is not a problem at all and does not affect flowering at all. Feel free to buy such an orchid even if you are still a beginner in breeding.
Remember that any discounted orchid can always be restored to a beautiful plant for a very low price. Therefore, you can safely buy such an orchid if there is a need for savings.
An orchid is called a flower that has completely finished its flowering, and it has not yet started a flower stalk. It is quite possible to buy such an orchid, one drawback is that you cannot be sure of the color of the flowers themselves, but if this does not scare you, then buy it boldly. With proper care, you can stimulate its flowering, so you just get an orchid for mere pennies. How stimulate orchid bloom you will also read it here. I'll tell you how to do this in another article. Follow the link and you will be able to achieve flowering at home yourself.
By the way, try to get an otzetashka on which there is still a peduncle. If you are lucky enough to find her with a not shriveled peduncle, then believe me, you are very lucky. You will be able to achieve flowering earlier, because the peduncle, if it has not died yet, can produce layers that will bloom.
Now they began to sell a lot of teenage orchids - for the most part, these are rare varieties that are simply not really expensive in a blooming state. Such varieties, even adolescents, stand like an ordinary already blooming orchid. They usually take root well with proper care.
But there is one caveat: taking very small ones is still risky. I would recommend taking teenagers 3-5 cm in size, no less. Very small ones often die, but these sizes grow perfectly without any problems. Teenagers of standard and common varieties of orchids do not cost much at all, and can be purchased very cheaply. Therefore, it is better to take them at once in pieces of 2-3 in order for a couple to give you a strong good plant. If your goal is to grow a rare variety, then this is just a great option. It is also a great option for those who want to save a little.
The only rule after buying teens is to never put them next to mature plants. Young teenage orchids can contract any disease from a strong adult plant, which it does not affect or harm, but a teenager can die from the same disease.
It would seem that everything is very simple: I bought it, brought it home, set it up and the whole thing is done, sit and admire. But this is not about orchids. The first thing that will stress her is a sharp change in the temperature of the content, if you bought it in the store. If at home, then she has already experienced this stress before you bought it, but still, even in houses, the temperature is different and she needs to get used to.
When bringing an orchid into your home, first place it in the coolest room in the house, so it adapts more easily to temperatures and does not shed flowers or buds, which can happen if it gets in the heat.
Never put just a purchased orchid in a sunny place trying to please her. This is strictly prohibited. Put it in a bright, but at the same time shaded place, the farthest part of the room in relation to the window will do. Let her stand there for three days.
Do not water the orchid just after bringing it in. Believe me, suppliers flood orchids heavily before shipping and they need to dry well afterwards. Watch for condensation on the walls of the pot and the weight of the pot, watering should be done only when it becomes necessary.
Be sure to wipe the orchid leaves three days after purchase. This will give them the moisture they need and so you can prevent pests and parasites. Pay special attention to the base of the leaves, they can hide "tenants" that can harm your beauty.
If this is not the first orchid, then be sure to place it away from the rest. You do not know where and how it was kept and there is always a risk of viruses, parasitic insects and other problems that a new orchid may have. Therefore, it should stand separately from the rest and it is desirable even to isolate it from other plants.
There is still one such moment after the purchase - this is an exotic animal. It's hard to imagine, but there are a lot of chances to bring a huge cockroach and similar insect into the house along with the orchid. My salesperson, from whom I regularly buy flowers for my home, has repeatedly told how, after the next delivery, she found new living creatures in her warehouse.
I would advise you to check. To do this, take a large bowl or bucket, pour water into it, put a dais in the center on which you can put a pot with an orchid so that the water does not reach the bottom of the pot and let it stand for a day. If someone lives there, then he will definitely come out and fall into the water, especially often such animals come out of the shelter at night.
It is very foolish to wait until you see a clear presence of parasites or pests, by then they can damage the plant. To check, put a slice of apple, potato or fresh cucumber under the orchid and near the pot overnight. If the orchid has "neighbors", then they will surely shake themselves on this delicacy, and you will find them there. Be sure to do this immediately after purchase while the orchid is quarantined away from the rest.
Pay close attention to the recommendations and successful acquisitions!
How to save an orchid? Treatment of orchid diseases. Care problems
Today I will share with you all secrets of saving orchids from disease and teachhow to solve some problems with orchid care... Despite its delicate and fragile appearance, orchids incredibly hardy. To rescue orchid you can almost always if you know what to do.
Many breeders unknowingly make mistakes. Sometimes the joy of waiting for the beautiful is replaced by disappointment. The reason for this may be withered leaves and buds, lack of flowering, spots on leaves and flowersas well as more serious orchid diseases.
Agree orchid - an incredibly beautiful flower that came to us from Asia. Every flower lover most often gets himself a few of these wonderful plants. Their beauty and alluring aroma are simply mesmerizing and we, having brought this beauty into the house, begin to diligently take care of her.
Of course, having acquired such beauty, I really want the orchid to bloom as often as possible, but sometimes such disappointment happens as a long absence of flowering.
This problem can arise for several reasons:
Having brought the orchid into the house in a few days, everyone notices that such beautiful and desirable buds began to wither, and then dry and fall off. All of course never fall off, but the other pair always withers and dries. Many people start to panic and it seems to them that the plant is spoiled or sick, or it may urgently need to be watered or put in the sun, or it may be removed. All this panic is completely useless.
It's just that your orchid is adapting. She came a long way to you from Asia or came from a special greenhouse. But, one way or another, the orchid lived in completely different conditions, where there was an ideal climate, temperature and air humidity - there were ideal for her. It's like sending a resident of Siberia to live in Africa with year-round heat. The same thing happens with the orchid. It simply begins to adapt, and so that the entire plant as a whole does not suffer damage, the orchid gets rid of several buds so as not to waste valuable nutrients on them that are needed for adaptation. When the orchid fully adapts, it will no longer shed its buds.
But if the orchid has been living in your house for a long time, and suddenly the buds began to fall off, then you should start looking for the reason for this plant behavior. Perhaps she has acquired a neighbor in the form of parasites or, again, the root system is not in order.
Spots on orchid flowers rarely appear due to a disease, the main reason for their appearance is mechanical damage. They usually dry out and the edges of these spots are always uneven.
They can appear even during transportation, if condensation has formed inside the package and the flowers were in a very high humidity.
Such spots also appear due to the fact that the flower was in the sun and at the same time there were drops of water on the flowers. In this case, the drop works like a water lens and the flower gets burned, which you see on the flower in the form of spots.
Quite rarely, but still it is possible, this is the defeat of the plant by the fungus. In this case, the spots appear very quickly. Within just one day, all flowers can become stained. Further, the whole plant will be affected by the fungus, the stems and foliage will become watery and mold will not slow down on them. In this case, it is urgently necessary to treat the entire plant with an antifungal agent, which can be purchased at any specialized store. Also, such a plant must be placed separately from the rest, otherwise all plants standing nearby, especially orchids, will be infected.
Rot is one of the most terrible enemies of the orchid, which has killed quite a few representatives of this beautiful plant. There are several types of it. Now we will consider each type of rot separately and learn how to save our beauties from it.
Brown rot not to notice is simply not realistic. She appears on the leaves. It is a watery, brown spot on the leaf. If allowed to grow and develop, the entire plant will eventually rot. Brown rot appears if watering the orchid is incorrect, or if you start to spray it abundantly. Then water will fall into the base of the leaf, and it will begin to rot.
Of course, you can save the plant, but only if you start the fight immediately. But if the rot develops strongly, then, alas, the orchid will be lost. In order to get rid of it, you need to take a sharp instrument: a knife or a scalpel, and treat it with alcohol. Then cut off all the rot by grabbing some healthy tissue. The cut areas must be sprinkled with crushed activated carbon or ground cinnamon.
Root rot one of the most common causes of orchid death. It hits the roots.
If you do not notice it in time, then very quickly rot will destroy the entire root system of the orchid. It occurs due to the flooding of the plant. If there is too much moisture, then rot will occur immediately. It is quite possible to save the plant, if, of course, you start resuscitation in time.
First you need to get the orchid out of the pot. Shake off all soil. Then it is necessary to remove the upper shell, which has rotted, from the rotten roots. The root shell is called veloman, it surrounds the central pivot. Rub your hands with rubbing alcohol and gently pull off any rotten veloman... Usually the stem remains intact, but if the stem has already rotted, then cut this root with scissors treated with alcohol.
1) It looks like root rot in a pot. 2) Orchid root rot. 3) Velomen. 4) Orchid roots after removing the velomen
Then, when you have removed all the rot, treat all the roots with activated charcoal powder or ground cinnamon.
Then plant the orchid in a new pot and orchid substrate. Place the orchid pot in partial shade and do not water for 3-4 days.
Then take 1 tablet of succinic acid and dissolve it in 1 liter of boiled water. Buy a little orchid in this solution. Also moisten a cotton pad with it and wipe the leaves. After that, do not bathe it for 10-14 days, or even longer if there is still moisture in the bark (substrate).
It is simply not realistic to miss this kind of rot. It initially appears on orchid leaves and looks like a gray spot with a fluffy bloom. If it is not treated, then it will very quickly go to the ground, and then hit the entire plant as a whole.
This rot occurs when the humidity is very high, but the room temperature is low.
As soon as you see the appearance gray rot, immediately cut off all foci of rot. Change the substrate, treat the entire plant with fungicides. In the event that after this rot occurs again, then your drug is not effective and must be changed to another.
Be sure to move a diseased plant away from healthy ones.
Orchids with white flowers are most susceptible to gray rot.
Black rot it is very easy to recognize, because it is exactly black. Basically, it appears when the plant is too cold, much less often insect pests become the cause.
To combat it, it is necessary to cut off all the affected areas with a sharp, sterile object. Sections should be treated with wood ash powder or Bordeaux liquid solution.
It is also necessary to transplant the orchid into a new substrate and not water or moisturize for three days.
When affected by this type of rot, the foliage becomes soft, it begins to curl and first acquires a yellow and then pinkish tint.
This disease is caused by high humidity in the room and lack of air ventilation.
It is quite possible to save the plant; it is necessary again to remove the affected areas with a sharp, sterile object. Then it is necessary to treat with a solution "Fundazola»Three times in 1 day. Naturally, transplantation into a new substrate is necessary. Place the plant in a drier area.
Powdery mildew not uncommon in the practice of breeding orchids. This disease is very often faced by those who are just starting to grow orchids and still do not know everything about caring for them.
Powdery mildew on an orchid
Such a disease arises due to the fact that the plants were susceptible to the greenhouse effect, in other words, there was a lot of moisture and very hot. Often this happens when the orchid is well watered and it is standing near a heat source. As a result, there was a lot of fumes and hence the plant was exposed to powdery mildew.
It is simply not realistic not to notice it. Powdery mildew appears as a white bloom on orchid foliage and flowers. It is necessary to start treatment immediately, as soon as you see its manifestation, otherwise it will simply not be realistic to save the plant.
The first thing to do is remove all plaque. If, as a result of the occurrence of powdery mildew, rotting has not yet occurred, then rubbing off will be enough, and if rot has already appeared under the bloom, then it is necessary to cut off the damaged areas with a sharp, sterile object. Treat the entire plant with "Topsin-M».
After the events, be sure to normalize the conditions for keeping your orchid.
The orchid, like all indoor plants, is quite often subject to a disease called Rust. This disease is fungal. The disease got its name because of its appearance, it really looks like the formation of rust.
The most susceptible to it are weak plants. It primarily appears on orchid foliage. The lower part of the leaves is affected first, first light spots appear on them, which many do not notice. As the disease progresses, the spots develop brown bumps, which are very similar to the formation of rust. After the lower part, rust passes to the upper surface of the leaves and, in an advanced stage, affects the entire plant completely.
As a treatment, it is necessary to remove all foci of the disease by cutting out these spots with a sharp object treated with alcohol. Be sure to sprinkle the cut sites with activated carbon powder. After that, treat the whole plant with preparations “Rodomil Gold».
Sooty fungus or as it is also called The black or Black, named directly for its color, namely soot black.
Sooty mushroom or rabble on Orchdea
This fungal disease does not occur on its own or due to improper care. If you notice black spots on your orchid, it means that you are seeing the consequences of the orchid having neighbors. White scale insects, mealybugs or aphids have certainly settled with your beauty. They leave their secretions on the plant, on which this fungus begins to grow.
This fungus completely clogs the stomata of orchid leaves, blocking their access to light. If you do not start a quick treatment, then the fungus very quickly attacks the entire plant, and it will die, saving such a plant will simply not be realistic.
As a treatment, urgently treat the orchid with one of these drugs: “Rodomil Gold», «Mikosan», «Speed», «Topsin-M».
Move the diseased plant as far away from other plants as possible, especially orchids. Be sure to change the soil. When transplanting, be sure to rinse the roots and sprinkle them with activated charcoal powder or cinnamon.
Oddly enough, but the orchid can be sick with viral diseases. Of course, this does not mean that you are forbidden to sneeze and cough next to her. An orchid is exposed to viruses mainly if you manipulated the cutting of roots or other parts with a non-sterile object and then did not process the plant either.
The virus manifests itself in the wilting of the plant, the orchid begins to change color, it turns pale and slowly withers away. If you have the slightest suspicion of a virus, be sure to remove it away from the rest and watch the plant. The infected plant is treated with an antibiotic solution. It can be diluted in water "Bitsilin"Or another antibiotic. The roots are dipped into the solution, and the whole plant is wiped off.
For prevention, it is recommended to treat all orchids in your home with fungicides once a month.
Orchid leaves are the most susceptible to disease part of the plant. And in order not to ruin your beauty, you should familiarize yourself with them.
A very common fungal disease.
Anthracnose on orchid leaves
It is impossible to overlook it, you will see tiny brown spots on the leaves, although they are very small, but you can see them very clearly. If left untreated, they will turn into very large, blackened and form dips in the leaves.
This fungus is caused by water trapped in the base of the leaf, high humidity.
In order to get rid of it, it is necessary to cut out the affected areas with a sterile sharp object and treat the plant with a product containing copper. Processing must be carried out three times after 10 days.
To avoid such a problem, carefully monitor the axils of the leaves, moisture should not accumulate in them. If it gets there, immediately remove it with a napkin.
This disease is much less common than the previous one, but it still happens.
Bacterial spots on orchid leaves
When a disease occurs, first the leaves become yellow, then they darken, and then become soft. Sores appear on the foliage, in which liquid accumulates and stains form.
As a treatment, it is necessary to cut out the formed ulcers with a sharp sterile object, since they are very small, it is better to do this with the corner of the blade in order to damage the sheet as little as possible. All places where you made a cut must be treated with iodine with a cotton swab.
If the treatment has not been effective, you will see signs of the disease again within 10 days.
Such a disease can occur if the plant has received a sunburn or you overdid it in fertilizing it.
Sometimes you can see how the foliage begins to deform.
Mechanical damage to orchid leaves
The reason may be the usual mechanical damage during transportation or careless handling of the plant. But this can also happen due to insufficient watering, as well as if after watering the orchid gets into the cold. Another reason is a fertilizer with a high nitrogen content.
If you fertilize your orchid with such fertilizer, you will have to abandon it for a while, but it is better to completely replace it with a new one with less nitrogen, in order to avoid a repetition of the situation.
Also, adjust the watering, carefully monitor the drying out of the substrate in your orchid.
If this does not help, then remove the orchid from the pot, rinse the roots. Then plant it in a new substrate. If after such a procedure your orchid stops growing, do not be alarmed, this is quite normal, it will recover and then grow well.
Leaf burn is a very common problem, which is always caused by the owner of the orchid himself. In their desire to give the beauty the sun, inexperienced orchid owners put it in the sun's rays so that it warms up after a long winter.
The main time for burns to occur is spring and summer. Often not even direct sunlight in summer can cause a burn if there are even the slightest droplets of water on the foliage. A drop of water will act as a lens, enhancing the effect of the sun. Therefore, be careful if your orchid is standing even in non-direct sunlight.
A burn appears with a spot on the sheet. At first, it is just a yellowish spot, then it acquires a dry crust, then this place dries up completely, and forms a hole in the leaf.
The affected areas are always cut off with a sharp, sterile object, then the edges must be treated with activated carbon powder.
The plant must be removed from the sun and watering adjusted. If a burn occurs, it means that there was either too much watering (therefore, evaporation on the foliage formed) or too little. It is better if your orchid, after receiving a burn, stands in the shade until it is fully restored.
Attentive orchid owners can very often notice white dots on the bark. After that, if you follow their development, you will clearly see mushrooms that will grow all on the same bark, they will remind you of the well-known toadstools. Many are frightened, begin to panic and immediately change the soil and process the plant by all possible means, fearing that the orchid will become infected and get sick and die.
But here everything is much simpler. These mushrooms simply lived in this bark even before it got into the pot of your orchid. And having received moisture, the mushroom began to grow and develop. These mushrooms do not pose any threat to your beauty. Even if it grows, you simply remove it, but most often the mushrooms die on their own and even benefit, decomposing they provide healthy nutrition to your plant.
The oncidium orchid is the most obvious representative of the tropical orchid. Among the species belonging to the genus, there are both terrestrial plants and epiphytes. Oncidium is very popular with flower growers, not only because of the beauty of the flowers, but also because it is a relatively unpretentious orchid. This is despite the fact that the flower comes from Central and South America.
Oncidium is so named because of the large outgrowth on the lip, which is considered a characteristic feature of most species of this orchid. Translated from Latin "oncos" means "pillow".
Benefits. Oncidium species, which have the largest pseudobulbs, can do without water for a long time. However, this feature should not be overused. The rule for watering oncidium is very simple: if you want flowering, water in a timely manner.
Disadvantages. Compared to many other orchids, oncidium cannot boast such a wide variety of colors. As a rule, the flowers of the orchid are yellow with brown or red spots. Another drawback is that oncidium does not always bloom regularly at home.
Among the most common problems that growers most often face when growing oncidium is its susceptibility to gray rot, as well as the frequent attack of aphids.
Feature. Oncidium is also called the "dancing doll". This is not without reason, because the flower of this orchid really resembles the figure of a girl in a wide skirt, who froze, spinning in a dance.
Which orchid to choose? Recently, oncidium and its hybrids are gaining more and more popularity. Most often, curly oncidium and Lanza oncidium are grown in home floriculture.
We have reviewed the most popular orchids with which you can decorate your home or winter garden. But there are other types of orchids available for cultivation: brassavola, brassia, vilestekeara, cambria, encyclia, epidendrum, doritis, lelia, miltonia, vanda. If you are a novice florist, we recommend choosing not natural types of orchids, but hybrids - they are easier to care for and quite viable.