White cabbage is an incredibly healthy vegetable with a rich vitamin and mineral composition. This explains its popularity among gardeners. The cultivation rules are not complicated, but the basis for the yield depends on the choice of the variety.
In the old days, there was really a shortage of seed material due to limited supplies from the near and far abroad, therefore, the seeds were often harvested from the usual varieties.
For more than 20 years, the situation has radically changed, and the varietal assortment of many gardeners continues to consist of 2-3 items. And in vain, because new developments have no less valuable qualities, which consist in resistance of cabbage to diseases and pests.
This is especially important when you consider that the moisture-loving plant literally attracts insects and fungi.
This article discusses early, mid-season and late-ripening varieties of a popular vegetable with a description that will expand the variety of crops grown in your garden and in the Urals and in the middle lane.
The variety of cabbage is selected not only taking into account the winter and climatic characteristics of the region, but also by appointment... The mineral and vitamin composition of each plant is different, but it is also influenced by the conditions of agricultural technology and the type of soil.
In order to choose the appropriate option it was easier, the varietal assortment is divided into groups, united by a common feature.
Aggressor Is a mid-late hybrid developed by breeders from Holland. Differs in minimal care and resistance to fusarium, thrips damage.
Vegetation lasts up to 120 days, you can sow seeds directly on an open bed. A ripe vegetable weighs 3-5 kg. Shelf life and processing - up to 5 months.
Amager - late cabbage with a ripening period 120-147 days... The heads are round-flat green, sometimes with a bluish tinge, weight about 3-4 kg.
When planting, the scheme is used: 3-4 plants per 1 m2. For six months, the nutritional value and presentation are preserved. Weather cataclysms and violation of the watering regime do not violate the density of the structure and the integrity of the head.
Valentine - growing season 155-180 days after transferring seedlings to open beds. The gray-green heads have a slight waxy coating, the weight tightens up to 4 kg.
Cabbage retains its taste and presentation until the beginning of the next season (June). The hybrid is tolerant to fusarium, gray rot. The head of cabbage does not crack due to violations of the moisture regime.
When planting, the scheme is used: 2-4 plants per 1 m2.
Gingerbread man - hybrid forms heads later 115-125 days after planting seedlings. Round fruits have a dense structure, the average weight is 2-3 kg. Planting scheme: 3-4 plants per 1 m2.
Due to its good immunity, it exhibits tolerance to punctate necrosis and thrips. For 8-10 months, cabbage retains its nutritional value and presentation.
Mara - very dense heads are not susceptible to cracking, the average weight is 3 kg. The variety is distinguished by good taste, transportability and long shelf life (more than 7 months).
The main advantage is resistance to the accumulation of nitrates and radionuclides. Vegetables are collected through 160-175 days after transplanting seedlings.
Moscow - a variety developed by domestic breeders, who took into account the climatic features and possible problems with pests when growing.
Harvesting begins later 130-140 days after disembarking seedlings. Gray-green rounded heads of cabbage weigh 4-7 kg on average. When planting, the scheme is used: 2-3 plants per 1 m2.
Cabbage is resistant to cracking, has a delicate juicy pulp. Without loss of taste and presentation, the vegetable is stored for 6-8 months.
Megaton - the hybrid matures in 102 days after planting seedlings. The great need for moisture and fertilizers strengthens the immune system, which resists many diseases and insect infestations.
The round-flattened gray-green head weighs up to 15 kg. The location of the holes when planting: 3 plants per 1 m2. Duration of storage without loss of nutritional qualities and presentable appearance is 4-6 months.
Merchant's wife - a disease-resistant high-yielding variety, distinguished by simple agricultural technology. About 500 centners are removed from a hectare (head weight up to 3 kg). When planting, the scheme is used: 3-4 plants per 1 m2.
Harvesting begins later 130-150 days after transferring seedlings to the beds.
Atria - the fruit of the works of Dutch breeders with the growing season 110-120 days... The head of cabbage has a round-flat head of blue-green color, the average weight of which reaches 5-7 kg. Often there are specimens of 8-8.5 kg. When planting, the scheme is used: 3 plants per 1 m2.
Thanks to its good immunity, it resists pests (in particular thrips) and fusarium. The commercial and taste qualities are preserved for 4-6 months.
Glory - the fruit of the work of Russian breeders, the growing season is 120-130 day after planting seedlings.
Round heads have a light green color with a grayish tinge, the weight tightens up to 3-5 kg. When planting, the holes are arranged according to the scheme: 3-4 plants per 1 m2.
The advantage of the variety is its taste, the disadvantage is short storage (about 2 months). Glory is one of the best pickling options.
Sugar queen - the hybrid ripens after planting seedlings through 120-140 days... Dense rounded heads have a slightly greenish tint, weighing up to 4 kg.
When planting, the scheme is used: 3 plants per 1 m2. A universal variety, used fresh and for salting. The shelf life without loss of valuable qualities is 3-4 months.
Rinda - the ripening period of the hybrid is 75-80 days after disembarking seedlings. Round heads weighing up to 7 kg have a green color and a dense structure. Hole layout: plant 3-5 plants per 1 m2. Differs in unpretentiousness to weather conditions.
The shelf life without loss of taste and presentation does not exceed 4 months.
Kazachok - an early hybrid is distinguished by early maturity, you can harvest through 45-55 days after disembarking seedlings. The weight of the medium-sized light green head is 1.5 kg.
The scheme used for planting: 5-6 plants per 1 m2. Recommended for cultivation under any kind of film and in the open field. Cabbage resists the causative agents of mucous bacteriosis and black leg.
June - the variety is ready for planting in open ground already at the beginning of May, after 45-50 days you can harvest. The structure of the head is of medium density, the weight reaches 1.4-1.7 kg. When grown on highly fertile soils, the weight of the head of cabbage reaches 5 kg.
The layout of the holes when planting: 3-5 plants per 1 m2. Cabbage is distinguished by the amicability of the emergence of seedlings and excellent taste.
Tobia Is a Dutch hybrid characterized by resistance to fusarium wilt. The layout of the holes when planting: 2-3 plants per 1 m2. Dark green round-flat heads weigh up to 7 kg. Fruit ripening occurs later 85-90 days after disembarking seedlings.
It has a strong root system, if the irrigation regime is violated, the head of cabbage does not crack. It retains its taste and marketability for 5-6 months.
Varietal variety will ensure yields even in difficult weather conditions, because each plant has its own immunity to diseases and pests. The taste qualities of the varieties stimulate new experiments, which continue already in the kitchen.
Cabbage is one of the most ancient vegetables, but many gardeners are not even aware of the diversity of this culture. Consider what types of cabbage exist, photos, names and descriptions of the characteristics of which will help you choose the most suitable one for your garden.
A shrub of the Kizilov family, reaching a height of eight meters, although sometimes it is three meters. It has red juicy fruits. Do not raise the root collar above the soil, but do not deepen it either. Optimally at surface level.
There are many types of cabbage, some of them have subspecies, while the varietal diversity of the culture is in the hundreds.
For lovers of healthy food, the vegetable is indispensable, as well as for baby feeding.
An important quality is hypoallergenic. An excellent supplier of vegetable fibers, therefore, it is recommended to include cauliflower in the diet of people with gastrointestinal disorders.
Distributed everywhere, however, it is necessary to strictly approach the choice of varieties. Cabbages are divided into three groups according to the timing of the formation of the head: early ripening, mid-ripening and late. There are also ultra-early representatives.
When planning to grow white heads of cabbage on your site, remember: all three groups of varieties are successful only in regions with a warm climate. And early and middle varieties, with proper care, can yield crops at the end of the growing season even in the cooler conditions of central Russia, as well as in the central and southern regions of the Khabarovsk Territory.
The main task is the correct selection of varieties. More than 150 varieties of this vegetable are registered in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation. I will introduce you to the most popular and outstanding representatives.
If in a warm climate, when choosing a successful variety, you do not spend a lot of time due to the large assortment, then for the conditions of a short rainy summer in the Leningrad Region, Perm Territory, Siberia and the Urals, you should work hard to select the right specimens. But even here, thanks to modern achievements in breeding, there is something to pay attention to! According to the characteristics of the varieties, the early ripening varieties will be most suitable: Lilac ball with bright purple heads, Color Express, Amphora hybrid.
Summer residents of the middle lane start sowing cauliflower at different times, depending on the ripeness of the varieties.
|Early varieties||From the first decade to the end of March|
|Mid-season varieties||All April to early May|
|Late varieties||Second half of May. Owners of vegetable gardens and summer cottages in the southern territories tend to carry out sowing work earlier.|
Here cabbage seeds , which are used for seedlings.
1. June ... Early variety. Heads of cabbage up to 3 kg. Formed 3 months after sowing the seeds. It will go for a salad, it even has a sweetish taste, without bitterness. Resistant to disease.
2. Overture ... Hybrid F1. Ultra early. Heads of cabbage are round, excellent taste, the leaf is very juicy.
3. Snow White ... Late maturing. Excellent taste characteristics, suitable for fermentation, eaten fresh.
4. Stone head ... Late, the head of cabbage has a flat shape, rather dense and firm. The growing season is approximately 150 days. Practically not susceptible to disease. Recommend.
5. Menza F1 is a hybrid. Refers to mid-season. The shape is flat. Can be stored until spring, canned and consumed fresh.
6. Moscow late 9. One of the late-ripening varieties. The heads are large enough, dense, 6-8 kg. Shelf life up to six months. Fermented, canned, consumed fresh.
1. Vinson F1. An early hybrid, it takes 2 months to ripen. Weighs 4-5 kilograms.
2. Malibma F1. The hybrid is early ripe, 1.5 kilograms in size. It is used fresh, for freezing.
1 . Green Magic F1. Early harvest after 70 days of sowing.
2 . Marathon F1. The hybrid is mid-season. The weight of the heads is about 1 kg. Stores well. Freeze, eat fresh, shelf life until March.
1. Vienna White 1350 ... The variety is early ripening, ripens within 65-70 days. The shape is round. White, tender flesh.
2. Violetta. Late grade. Dark purple in color. Excellent taste. Stalk fruit 1.5-2kg. Suitable for storage.
3. Delicacy blue. The variety is early maturing. The stem crop is large, violet, weighs up to 0.5 kg. The harvest is high.
1. Nagaoka. Ultra early. Juicy. Heads of cabbage appear in 50 days.
2. Spring Jade F1. Early ripe. The crop is harvested after planting seedlings in 1.5 months. Resistant to arrow formation.
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Good luck and rich harvests, my readers!
For pickling and pickling, not only old, time-tested varieties are suitable, but also new ones that have proven themselves well.
Dutch late-ripening hybrid. It has taken root in many Russian regions, with the exception of the territories of the Northern, Central, North Caucasian and Lower Volga regions. The head of cabbage has a rounded or flat-round shape, does not crack.
Leaves are dark gray-green with a strong waxy bloom. There is no tear and waviness of the sheet at the edges of the leaf plate. The weight of the plug is 1.5-3.7 kg. Cabbage is resistant to fusarium wilt and gray rot. From pests - to thrips.
It is undemanding to soil and does not need mineral fertilizing.
Mid-season Dutch hybrid with a high sugar and juice content. A round head of cabbage does not crack, weighing up to 4.5 kg. It is very juicy and sweet.
Leaves are green, even along the edge. The hybrid is very productive, tolerates adverse weather conditions, does not need additional shelter, and is not affected by numerous diseases.
Mid-season variety - it will take no more than 134 days before technical ripening. A head of cabbage is round, dense, weighing 3.6 kg and with a high content of ascorbic acid, does not crack.
Green leaves with fan-like venation, slightly wavy along the edge. They fit tightly to each other, do not form voids. Cabbage is cold-resistant and resistant to the vagaries of the weather.
Czech variety, which is cultivated mainly by vegetable growers in the Central region, that is, Bryansk, Vladimir, Moscow, Tula, Ryazan, Smolensk, Ivanovo and Kaluga regions. Cabbage is a medium-late type, suitable for short-term storage (no more than 5 months).
The head of cabbage has a rounded flat shape and medium density. In the context of white and yellow. The leaves are very wrinkled, large. They are painted green with a grayish tint, covered with a wax coating of medium intensity.
The variety is resistant to diseases, can withstand long distance transportation.
Glory It is considered a medium-late ripening cabbage variety - 125 days pass from germination to harvest. This cabbage will give you large round heads of cabbage that can be used for cooking all kinds of dishes and fermenting for the winter.
The harvested crop is stored all winter, but only on condition that you make sure that the cabbage does not rot due to high humidity.