A garden plot, a small flower garden or a flower bed is a great place to grow various types and varieties of herbaceous flowering plants. Urban residents use the space of a balcony, loggia or just window sills for these purposes, on which containers, boxes, pots and other containers are placed. Flowers that will become a wonderful decoration and a source of good mood in the warmer months (for example, pansies, petunias, snapdragons and marigolds) can be grown by everyone. This will require a little effort, patience, and quality seed.
Seedlings can be grown in winter (January-February) or early spring. The time of planting seeds depends on the variety and type of plant, as well as on the rate of its growth and development. For example, winter planting is recommended for slow-growing flowers - petunias, snapdragons, ageratum and purslane, and spring planting for sweet peas and morning glories. Growing seedlings of flowers can be guaranteed to get amazingly beautiful and decorative flower cultures that will delight you with their lush and fragrant flowering throughout the summer. The main thing is that the basic rules for planting seeds and further care for seedlings are observed.
The procedure recommended by experienced flower growers - seed soaking - is carried out using stimulating solutions "Kornevin" or "Heteroauxin" or ordinary cold water. Seeds with a hard hard shell must be soaked for about a day.
As a container, you can use plastic disposable cups, which are suitable for sowing large seeds, or shallow bowls with a large diameter for small seed material.
The soil mixture for growing seedlings should be light and well permeable to air and water. The specialty store has soil for seedlings, but you can also take ordinary soil from a park or garden. True, before using it, you need to carry out preventive measures that will disinfect it. It is enough to hold the soil in a hot frying pan for just a few minutes.
Each flower plant has individual requirements for planting seeds and must be studied and adhered to. But there are generalized rules that recommend sowing small seeds on the surface of wet soil and germinating in the light, and planting large seeds at a depth of at least 1 cm.
The place for growing seedlings should be in a bright, sunny room, but with diffused light.
The air temperature should be constant and not exceed the interval from 20 to 25 degrees Celsius. Temperatures below 18-20 degrees will delay germination. Direct sunlight will significantly raise the room temperature and reduce humidity levels. This can lead to the appearance of pathogenic bacteria and the onset of the disease.
Soil moisture is moderate, without excess moisture.
A shelter made of glass or dense plastic wrap will help create the necessary greenhouse conditions for seed germination and further development of seedlings. To obtain full-fledged young plants, you need stable air humidity and temperature, as well as daily ventilation and the absence of cold drafts. The number of airings should be increased gradually. The shelter can be removed after 3-4 full-fledged leaves appear.
Watering the seedlings is carried out regularly in moderate amounts.
Very bright lighting is recommended, but direct sunlight should not fall on the plants due to the danger of scalding delicate leaves.
The first transplant is recommended after the formation of 2-3 pairs of full-fledged leaves on the seedlings. So that young flower crops do not interfere with each other, thinning is carried out. This procedure is especially necessary for seedlings of those types of flowers in which the seeds are very small and are sown chaotically. The ideal distance between seedlings after thinning is at least 1-2 cm.
The second transplant of seedlings is carried out around the end of May. At this time, when the warm weather has already established, and the plants are not threatened by nighttime cold snaps with light frosts, the seedlings can be transferred to open flower beds. Strong healthy seedlings usually quickly take root in the open field and after a short time they begin to delight with their first blossoming buds, a bright unique floral aroma and a varied palette of colors and shades.
When and how to sow flower seeds
Author: Natalya Category: Garden Plants Published: 01 March 2019 Last edited: 03 November 2020
Spring has come. So far, however, only on a calendar sheet, but outside it is still cold and, at best, slush, and at worst, snow. However, in a week or two it will really smell in the spring, and you need to be ready to meet it. Responsible gardeners began harvesting by spring in February, sowing seeds of some flowers on seedlings. However, the main preparations for the opening of the spring-summer gardening season fall precisely in March.
Let's talk about what kind of seedlings you can start growing in the first month of spring.
When determining the timing of planting eggplants for seedlings, keep in mind that the seeds germinate in about two weeks, then the seedlings will need at least 60 days to develop. Subtract 75 days from the date of planting seedlings in open ground and start sowing on the next favorable day for the sowing calendar.
Strongly not recommended sow eggplants for seedlings on full moon or new moon days.
Each plant takes a certain time to develop: from the emergence of sprouts to the flowering of salvia, it takes about four months, therefore, planting salvia flowers on seedlings in order to bloom in early June, when it is already warm in central regions of Russia, should take place in February-March. Biennials are sown in the fall, before the first frosts come.
Before planting, salvia seeds need to be processed to protect the plant from disease. To do this, take a 0.1% solution of potassium permanganate ("potassium permanganate"), keep the seeds in it, then wash them under running water and dry them on a cloth or paper napkin.
Gardening stores sell granulated salvia seeds. The shell in which they are enclosed protects the planting material from damage, so they do not need to be processed before planting.
Granular salvia seeds are recommended to be sown on seedlings one to two weeks earlier than usual, because they take longer to germinate.
The main requirements for the soil for planting salvia flowers:
It is best to buy ready-made soil mixture in the store, if this is not possible, you can prepare the nutrient mixture yourself. To do this, take:
Before planting salvia flowers, in about a week, the soil must be prepared: sift it through a sieve, first through a coarse mesh, then through a fine one. So the soil will be saturated with oxygen, it will become light and loose.
Place drainage about 1 centimeter high at the bottom of the seedling box. Expanded clay, broken brick fragments, vermiculite can be used as drainage. Pour coarse soil mixture on top of about half the height of the box, to the very top, leaving about 2 centimeters from the top of the box free, finely sifted soil. Spill the soil with a hot potassium permanganate solution.
Planting salvia flowers on seedlings is carried out as follows:
For sowing granular salvia seeds, not grooves are made in the soil, but pits 0.2-0.3 centimeters deep and with a distance of 3 centimeters between them. The granules are slightly deepened into the soil, then sprayed to moisten it. After planting salvia seeds, the boxes should be covered with glass or transparent plastic wrap, creating a greenhouse effect. The first shoots will appear in 10-14 days, until this time you do not need to open the box.
In February, seedlings of flower crops are sown with a long growing season so that they can bloom in the open field as early as possible. These crops include both annual flowers and perennials, for example:
Some of them require preliminary stratification:
Among the flowers sown in February for seedlings, there are those that feel great both in the garden and on the windowsill, for example, balsam, fuchsia and pelargonium. We will tell you about sowing the most popular flowers in more detail.
This is a favorite flower of many gardeners, hardy and unpretentious, represented by a colossal number of varieties of all kinds of colors. The only drawback of these amazing and fragrant flowers is their intolerance to rain and wind - their petals lose their attractiveness from bad weather. Although recently hybrids have appeared that are resistant to adverse events. Petunias look great in a flower bed, in balcony containers and suspended structures.
A coated food container is often used as a container for growing petunia seedlings, which makes an excellent greenhouse for seedlings. This container is easy to ventilate, its transparent lid allows light to pass through. In the container, seedlings can grow up to the very pick. Or you can sow flower seeds in seedling boxes and cover them with foil or glass to create a greenhouse effect.
The soil for seedlings of petunias must be moisture-absorbing and fertile. You can buy ready-made soil and add 1 part of sand to it by 5-6 parts. If you prefer to prepare soil for petunia yourself, then mix sand, peat and garden soil in a 2: 1: 1 ratio, then sift and steam the resulting soil mixture for an hour for disinfection. The optimal soil composition for petunia seedlings is a mixture of soil with a hydrogel, previously soaked in Kemira's solution. In such a soil, seedlings receive both the necessary moisture and additional nutrition.
Petunia seeds are sown in late February or early March over the ground, without deepening, otherwise they will not germinate. Small seeds are laid out on the surface using toothpicks: with one they mark the place where the seed should be placed, and the other, wet, pick up this seed and transfer it to the intended place. Using this technique, you will be able to sow petunia seeds at equal distances from each other. It is convenient to sow them on a layer of snow, where the seeds are clearly visible. The seeds spread out on the surface are sprayed with water from a sprayer, after which the container is covered with a lid or film.
If you are sowing seeds in the snow, you do not need to moisten them. Petunia seedlings are germinated at a temperature of 20-25 ºC, daily removing the cover to ventilate and remove condensation.
Seedlings can be expected to appear 10-14 days after sowing. If after two weeks they have not appeared, resell the petunia. After seed germination, the seedlings are kept in a well-lit place, but protected from direct sunlight. For growth and development, seedlings need a long daylight hours: if there is not enough light, the seedlings will stretch out, grow weak, so be prepared to arrange additional lighting for the seedlings.
The seedlings of petunia develop very slowly, at least at first. When the seedlings grow up and begin to touch the lid, the cover is removed. Petunia is very demanding for watering, it reacts painfully to dry soil. Seedlings are watered at the root, and even better - in a tray so that drops of water do not fall on the delicate leaves.
During the seedling period, petunia seedlings are transplanted into larger pots 2-3 times before planting in the ground. The first time the seedlings dive when their stems can be held with your fingers. Seedlings are transplanted into small disposable cups. After the pick, the daytime temperature is lowered to 18-20 ºC, and the nighttime temperature to 15 ºC. The root system of petunias is branched, and until the time when the weather allows them to be planted in the ground, you will have to transplant them again or twice in a large bowl.
For normal development, seedlings are fed with complex flower fertilizer. But if you grow them in soil with hydrogel, then you can do without top dressing. When petunias reach a height of 5-7 cm, they are pinched over 4-5 leaves.
It is a perennial African plant of the Asteraceae family with a height of 25-30 cm. In our climate, gatsania is grown as an annual. Gatsania takes 3-3.5 months from sowing to flowering, this process can be accelerated by planting seeds in February for seedlings, but be prepared for the fact that you will have to arrange additional lighting for the seedlings - seedlings need 14-16-hour daylight hours for normal development ...
Seeds are sown in light, loose soil with a hydrogen index of 5.5-6.5 units, laid out in seedling cassettes with a cell volume of 25 ml. Small gatsania seeds are buried 1 cm in the ground.You can use the same method as when planting petunias - spread the seeds over the surface in a checkerboard pattern at a distance of 3 cm using a damp toothpick, and sprinkle them with a layer of soil on top.
But it is even better to use peat tablets for seedlings, and you will not have to deal with picking gatsania in the future. Before sowing, the tablets are soaked in water so that they swell, then the excess water is allowed to drain from them, after which the tablets are made into a cuvette in which they will be located throughout the seedling period, and with tweezers, if the seeds are pubescent, immerse one seed per the required depth. Slippery seeds are best transferred to the tablet with a wet toothpick.
Whichever container you prefer, after sowing, the seeds are sprayed from a spray bottle, covered with foil or glass and placed in a bright place where the temperature will be in the range of 21-24 ºC. The cover must be removed daily to ventilate and remove condensation from it. For seeds to germinate, the top layer of the soil must be slightly damp all the time, however, excess moisture leads to infection of the seedlings with a black leg.
In one to two weeks, shoots will appear, and as soon as this happens, the film is removed, the temperature of the content is lowered to 18-20 ºC, and the top layer of the soil is allowed to dry out slightly between waterings. If you grow gatsania seedlings in tablets or a deep container, then you can not dive the seedlings, but if the container is shallow, in the phase of development of four true leaves, cut the seedlings into 0.5 l peat pots and grow the seedlings at a temperature of 12-16 ºC, for example, on an unheated veranda or loggia.
One week after picking, feed the plant with a low concentration of fertilizer for flowering plants.
When this charming plant blooms, its foliage is almost invisible due to the mass of small flowers of surprisingly bright and pure shades. Lobelia is grown as a ground cover and ampelous plant, filling empty spaces with it and decorating unsightly balcony structures.
We sow lobelia seedlings in early or mid-February - it will take 8-10 weeks before flowering. A layer of expanded clay or crushed bark is poured into a container for seedlings 5 cm deep, a light neutral soil is laid on top, consisting of two parts of sod land, two parts of humus or compost, two parts of non-acidic peat and one part of river sand. The soil is well moistened, then the seeds are sown by mixing them with dry sand and not embedded in the soil. The container is covered with foil or glass and placed under bright diffused light. The germination temperature of lobelia seeds is 20-22 ºC.
Make sure that the soil in the seedling box never dries out, and do not leave crops without film for a long time if the temperature in the room is above 22 ºC - both dry soil and dry, too warm air are destructive for lobelia.
Lobelia seedlings will emerge about a week or two after sowing and are immediately moved to cooler conditions of 16-18 ° C. The seedlings need bright, diffused light for 12-14 hours to grow, and since the day is still short at this time of year, you will need to arrange artificial lighting for the seedlings. Watering seedlings at this age should be very careful, through a tray or pouring water under each seedling with a teaspoon. But even if you create royal conditions for the lobelia seedlings, the first month they will grow very slowly.
When the seedlings grow up to 3-4 cm in height, the seedlings dive with bushes of 3-4 pieces in disposable cups with a diameter of 5 cm. A week after the dive, the seedlings are fed with a solution of complex mineral fertilizer. When the seedlings reach a height of 6-7 cm, they need to be pinched to stimulate branching.
Begonia is sown in January or early February. For her, soil is most suitable from two parts of humus, one part of leafy earth and one part of sand, spilled for disinfection with a 1% solution of foundation or potassium permanganate. The soil is placed in a box or cassette, slightly compacted, and begonia seeds are sown on top, without embedding them in the ground. The inoculated container is covered with foil or glass and kept in a bright place at a temperature of 20-22 ºС. Crops are sprayed with water from a spray bottle every morning, after which they are left uncovered for 1-1.5 hours for airing. Condensation is removed from the film or glass.
Shoots will appear in 10-15 days, but it is too early to remove the glass - this is done only after 2-3 weeks, but for now, you need to air the seedlings daily, removing condensation so that not a drop falls on the seedlings. The temperature of the content after the emergence of shoots is lowered to 17-19 ºС. Seedlings grow slowly, so they dive a month or a month and a half after germination, when they develop 2 leaves.
If you dive seedlings into a box, then a month after the first dive you will have to do a second one, and to avoid this, plant them in personal pots in the soil of the same composition as when sowing. After a month and a half, top dressing is introduced into the soil from a solution of bird droppings (1:20) or a complex mineral fertilizer.
It will not be possible to grow this flower in a seedless way - from the moment of sowing to the beginning of flowering, it takes almost six months, and you cannot throw seeds into the frozen ground. Sowing carnations for seedlings is carried out until mid-February in the soil, consisting of sod land, sand, humus and peat. The seeds are soaked for several hours in a solution of a growth stimulant, after which they are laid out on the surface of a well-moistened soil, sprinkled with a layer of calcined sand 3-4 mm thick, covered with glass and kept at a temperature of 23-25 ºС. The glass is regularly lifted to ventilate crops and remove condensation.
Mass germination of seeds begins in about a week, although some shoots appear on days 4-5. With the appearance of sprouts, the container with the inoculation is transferred under bright diffused light in a cool place - 16-18 ºC during the day and 14-15 ºC at night. The film is removed for the day, and the crops are again covered at night. When the seedlings start to come into contact with the film or glass, build a transparent dome - you can use a transparent cake lid or a plastic cake box. If the seedlings are too thick, thin the seedlings five days after they emerge.
Watering is carried out as the top layer of the soil dries up so that the water jet does not damage fragile seedlings, so it is better to use a spray bottle. Do not water the seedlings too often and abundantly - this causes the seedlings to stretch out and get sick with a black leg. Arrange artificial supplementary lighting for the seedlings so that the daylight hours are at least 12-14 ºС.
The Shabo carnation dives twice: in the development phase of the first two true leaves and in the second half of March. A picking is a strong stimulus for the seedlings of this culture. The first time the seedlings are transplanted into a more spacious container according to the 4x4 cm scheme, the second time you can plant them in separate pots without deepening the root collar. The seedlings are kept in cool conditions, and around the middle of April, when the seedlings develop five leaves, their tops are pinched.
Lavender is a charming, aromatic plant that is easy to grow both in the garden and on the balcony. Those who once saw delicate leaves and globular, lilac-purple lavender bushes will definitely want to grow them in their garden. In addition to all the obvious advantages of the plant, lavender is a wonderful honey plant that attracts bees to your garden.
Before sowing lavender seeds for seedlings in February, they are stratified within one and a half to two months in the vegetable section of the refrigerator, after mixing with wet sand or peat and wrapping the container with this mixture in polyethylene. A few hours before sowing, the seeds are soaked in a warm solution of a biostimulant. Soil for lavender is made up of three parts of garden soil, one part of sand and two parts of humus, it is thoroughly kneaded, sieved, calcined at a temperature of 110-130 ºC or spilled with a pink solution of potassium permanganate.
A layer of drainage is placed in the seedling box, a moist soil on which the seeds are laid out, and on top they are sprinkled with a layer of sand 3-5 mm thick, sprayed with water from a spray bottle and covered with a transparent material. Contain lavender crops in a bright place at a temperature of 18-22 ºC. Crops are sprayed and ventilated from time to time, getting rid of the condensation that has come out.
When shoots appear in two weeks, the cover is removed, and the temperature of the content is lowered by 15-18 ºC. Seedlings are moderately watered in the morning or in the evening, it responds well to spraying with warm, settled water. Daylight hours for the normal growth of seedlings should be at least 10 hours, so you will have to arrange additional lighting for them.
In the development phase of seedlings, 2-3 pairs of true leaves, they are dived in 5-6 pieces in separate pots, deepening the seedlings by cotyledon leaves, and a week after the dive they are fed with a solution of mullein or complex mineral fertilizer. When the seedlings develop 5-6 pairs of leaves, the top of the seedlings is pinched to stimulate tillering.
Salvia, or sparkling sage, is grown in our gardens as an annual plant. From the moment of sowing to the beginning of flowering of salvia, it takes from 100 to 120 days. Seedlings at home ripen much faster than if you sowed salvia seeds in open ground, so we recommend you exactly the seedling method of growing salvia.
Salvia seeds are sown in mid-February in loose moist soil to a depth of 2-3 mm, sprayed with water, covered with paper or glass and kept until emergence at a temperature of about 25 ºC, watering in a pan as needed. For germination, the seeds need from a week to a month, and as soon as the shoots appear, the cover is removed, the container with the sprouts is moved to the southern windowsill under bright diffused light and artificial lighting lamps are installed near them in order to increase the daylight hours for seedlings up to 12 hours a day ...
The temperature of the content is 18-20 ºC. Seedlings are watered moderately and regularly with warm water, adhering to the principle of the golden mean: the soil should not dry out, but at the same time, the seedlings should not suffer from waterlogging. The seedlings are fed two weeks after the emergence of seedlings with full flower fertilizer.
When 2-3 leaves appear, the seedlings dive at a distance of 5-7 cm between seedlings, deepening them along the cotyledonous leaves. A week after the first pick, the seedlings are fed a second time, and after three weeks the second pick is carried out into separate pots with a diameter of 10 or 12 cm. In the development phase of two pairs of leaves, the top of the seedlings is pinched.
Today heliotrope is becoming popular again, and it has a right to it: the wonderful vanilla aroma is not the only advantage of the flower. It looks great both in balcony containers and in flower arrangements in a flower bed. From the moment of sowing heliotrope seeds to the beginning of its flowering, 12-16 weeks pass, therefore, it is necessary to sow heliotrope seeds for seedlings at the end of February.
The best soil for heliotrope seedlings is a steam-disinfected soil mixture of one part sand and four parts peat, although commercial flower soil can also be used. Seeds of heliotrope germinate only in the light, therefore, when sowing, they are not sealed, but only slightly pressed against the surface of the soil compacted with a board. The container with the sown seeds is covered with glass and kept in the light at a temperature of 18-20 ºC. Seedlings may appear in a week, or in twenty days, but as soon as the seeds germinate, the cover is removed.
If the windowsill is not northern, then additional lighting for the seedlings will not be required. The temperature required for the normal growth of seedlings is 20-22 ºC. Remember to protect your seedlings from direct sunlight. Watering is carried out with settled warm water as the soil dries up.
When two true leaves appear, the seedlings dive one at a time into pots with a diameter of 10 cm, filled with the same mixture in which you sowed the seeds. After picking, the seedlings are watered, and after two weeks they are fed with fertilizer for seedlings.
If you want a two-year-old violet to bloom this year, sow it on seedlings in February, especially since it blooms for a long time, grows well and is completely undemanding to care for.
Viola seeds, pre-soaked for 24 hours in a solution of Zircon or Epin, are sown in a wide container with drainage holes filled with a substrate for violets steamed at 180-200 ºC and well moistened with a small layer of soil rubbed between the palms, after which the surface is sprayed with water. Contain crops at a temperature of 15-18 ºC.
After emergence, and the viola seeds germinate in a week and a half, the cover is removed from the container, the plants are transferred closer to the light, shaded from direct sunlight, and kept at a temperature of 10 ºC. After a week, the seedlings are fed with a weak solution of complete mineral fertilizer and continue feeding once every two weeks. When the first leaves appear on the seedlings, the moistening of the soil from above is stopped and transferred to watering in the pan.
Viola dive in the phase of development of two true leaves, and it is better to transplant it into separate pots - you do not have to dive a second time. If you dive the seedlings into a box, then after 2-3 weeks you will have to dive them again, according to the 6x6 scheme. At the first pick, the seedlings are buried in the ground by cotyledon leaves.
Verbena is picky and charming, and if properly cared for, it retains its beauty until early fall. Verbena seeds are sown on the surface of the soil, after which the container is covered with glass, and if the crops are kept at a temperature of 25 ºC, the seeds germinate within 3-4 days, and at a normal room temperature of 18-20 ºC, the seedlings will appear in a week. As soon as this happens, the container is moved to cooler conditions under bright, diffused light. Ventilate crops daily and remove condensation from glass.
Care should be taken when watering, as excess moisture can lead to disease and even death of seedlings.
In the phase of development of two pairs of leaves, the seedlings are dived in separate pots, and a week after the dive, the seedlings are fed with complex mineral fertilizer. To stimulate branching, they are pinched over 5-6 leaves.
We told you about growing seedlings of flowers, the most popular among gardeners. We offer you summarized information on how plant seedlings are grown, and we hope that this information will be useful to you.
The first month of summer is the hottest time in the garden. In June, all grown flower seedlings are planted in flower beds and seeds of annuals, biennials and perennials are sown.
It will be possible to transplant and plant seedlings of flowers on June 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22.
Favorable days for sowing seeds are 11, 12, 13, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22.
Roots, tubers and flower bulbs can be planted on June 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 25, 26, 29, 30.
Unfavorable days in June are - 10, 24, 27, 28.
Now you know what flowers and when you can plant by months and according to the lunar calendar 2021. Focusing on him, you can do a pleasant job of growing seedlings of beautiful flowering plants that will decorate a summer cottage or a garden plot from spring to autumn.
The only purpose for which the seedling cultivation of ornamental plants is necessary is early flowering of heat-loving crops.
Thanks to this technique, it is possible to make your site beautiful in early or mid-spring, having received a lush flowering of annual crops 1.5-2 months earlier than when they were planted with seeds.
Seeds are planted in early March in large seed boxes, filled with a light and loose substrate (a mixture of garden soil and perlite). The seed is simply poured onto the surface of the substrate, and 5 mm of humus is sprinkled on top.
Then they are watered with a spray bottle and the box is covered with a film. Watering is regularly sprayed, then covered with foil again and kept in a warm place until shoots appear.
After the first shoots appear, the film is removed, and the box is transferred to a sunny, cool place. A pick into a separate container is made when 3 true leaves appear. Landing in open ground is carried out at stable temperatures not lower than + 15 ° C.
Seeds are planted in a substrate consisting of the following components: humus, peat, garden soil - 2 parts each, sand - 1 part. Grooves are made in the substrate 10 mm deep. Then watering is carried out and covered with an opaque lid. Seedlings appear in about a week.
The cover is removed and the seedlings are transferred to a sunny place. A pick into a separate container is carried out when 2 leaves appear. Landing in open ground is carried out at the end of May.
Annual dahlias are planted in mid-March. In this case, you can use a universal substrate for flower indoor plants. Planting is carried out in grooves with a distance between them up to 5 cm. After planting the seeds, the container can be left uncovered. Watering with a spray bottle is carried out daily.
A pick is made when 3 real leaves appear. Landing in open ground is possible at a stable temperature of at least + 20 ° C. Usually, it is done in early June.
Landing - in the first half of March. It is recommended to use a universal potting soil for indoor flowers. The seeds are placed at a depth of 5 mm and lightly sprinkled with sand on top.
A box with seedlings is covered with a film on top. Watering is carried out as the sand layer dries up with a spray bottle. Condensation is regularly removed from the film.
A pick for the plant is not needed. Landing in open ground is carried out in mid-May.
Sow in early March in a substrate consisting of peat, humus and garden soil, taken in equal proportions. The seeds are placed on the surface, not sprinkling, but slightly pressing them into the ground. Then the container is covered with a film and transferred to a place with a temperature not higher than + 20 ° C.
Watering is carried out daily with a spray bottle and the seedlings are aired for 30 minutes. After the sprouts appear, the film is removed, but the temperature regime is not changed.
At this stage, after each watering, the soil is loosened. As soon as 2-3 leaves appear on the plants, they are seated in separate containers. After picking, I pinch the top to achieve the splendor of the bushes. Planted in open ground in mid-May.
In addition to the considered crops, others are planted in March, less popular plants.
The table shows the optimal timing for planting flowers for seedlings, which are recommended to be done in March: