Rebutia - Cactaceae - How to care for and grow Rebutia plants


HOW TO GROW AND CARE FOR OUR PLANTS

REBUTIA

We are talking about a small succulent plant that is very popular for its simplicity of cultivation and for its splendid blooms.

BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom

:

Plantae

Clado

: Angiosperms

Clado

: Eudicotyledons

Order

:

Caryophyllales

Family

:

Cactaceae

Kind

:

Rebutia

Species

: see the paragraph on "Main species"

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS

The genre Rebutia, belongs to the family ofCactaceae and includes a large number of species native to the mountainous areas up to 4000 m of altitude of Bolivia and Argentina.

These are so-called succulent or succulent plants whose cylindrical or globose stem, more or less densely covered with thorns (the transformed leaves), concostolature divided into tubercles, emits, in most species, suckers (shoots) in the basal part. They are plants without branches and the diurnal flowers bloom during the summer period and are variable in color from red, to orange, yellow, to white depending on the species and variety and grow directly from the stem from an areola of thorns.

MAIN SPECIES

The genus includes about forty species among which we remember:

LOWER CASE REBUTIA

There Lowercase R. (Rebutia violaciflora), native to northern Argentina, is the most widespread and known species.

It is characterized by a globular stem densely covered with thorns, light green in color not wider than 7 cm. The flowers appear from spring at the base of the plant and are orange-red, very large. It is a fast growing plant.

REBUTIA HELIOSA

It is a plant that does not exceed 2.5 cm in height with roundish, smooth stems covered with srure areoles with numerous white thorns.

The flowers are orange in color and begin to appear from spring and throughout autumn.

The species has numerous hybrids and cultivars among which we remember: Rebutia heliosa xalbiflora (photo below).

REBUTIA SENILIS

Native to the mountainous areas of northern Argentina, it is characterized by densely covered stems of thorns no wider than 8 cm. the flowers are bright red, funnel-shaped reaching up to 4 cm in width.

There are numerous varieties that differ in the color of the flowers that can vary from yellow (photo on the side), to pink, to lilac.

REBUTIA MARSONERI

Originally from Argentina too, it has intense yellow flowers.

REBUTIA ALBIFLORA

There Rebutia albiflora (synonymous Aylostera albiflora) is originally from Bolivia.

The stems are very small, globular, 2.5 cm in diameter and have the particularity of forming numerous suckers characterized by long very thin thorns. The flowers are variously mottled white.

REBUTIA ALBOPECTINATA

Species native to Bolivia, it has a globular stem from which very large, very intense orange-colored flowers grow. It blooms during the summer period.

REBUTIA ARENACEA

Plant native to northern Argentina and Bolivia, it is characterized by a globular stem densely covered with thorns. The flowers are very bright yellow.

CULTURAL TECHNIQUE

They are plants that are easy to grow and very adaptable to different situations. They have no problems with maximum temperatures while the minimum must not drop below 7-10 ° C.

The optimal exposure is to the south as they love the light and the sun which must be abundant but it is preferable to protect it from the direct rays of the sun in the hottest hours of the day if the plant receives the light filtered by the glass which, working as a lens, makes it too much concentrated. The environment must be dry and well-ventilated.

WATERING

They are watered abundantly only when the soil dries up.

TYPE OF SOIL - REPOT

The plant is repotted in early spring only if the pot has become too small to contain the roots and if the stem presses against the walls of the pot.

A slightly larger pot is used than the previous one using a compost made up of soil for cactaceae to which a little fine sand is added or a mixture made up of two parts of fertile soil and one of fine sand.

FERTILIZATION

During the spring-summer period a good liquid fertilizer is diluted in the irrigation water every two to three weeks, slightly decreasing the doses compared to what is reported in the package.

Use a complete fertilizer that is to say that in addition to containing the macroelements qualiazoto (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) it also has microelements such as magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), molybdenum (Mo), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), boron (B), copper (Cu), all essential for the development of the plant.

FLOWERING

They are plants that bloom during the summer and often flowering also continues in the autumn period.

PRUNING

They are plants that cannot be pruned. Only the parts that get damaged or dry should be eliminated to prevent them from becoming a vehicle for parasitic diseases.

MULTIPLICATION

The multiplication can take place by seed or by division of the suckers that form at the base of the plant. Keep in mind that if you use seed multiplication it is likely that the plants that will be born could be different from the mother plant as genetic variability takes over. Therefore, if you want to have a plant that is accurate to the mother plant, multiply by cuttings.

DIVISION OF POLLONS

The multiplication by suckers is certainly the fastest multiplication technique and consists in taking the lateral shoots that form at the base of the plant fustodella.

With a sharp, clean and disinfected knife, remove the suckers very gently and sprinkle the cut surface with sulfur-based powder and wait a few days for the wound to heal. After that, in a compost as indicated in the repotting paragraph, arrange the suckers and moisten the soil with a spray that will allow for uniform humidity. Place the pot in an area of ​​the house where the temperature is around 16-18 ° C and in full light (not in direct sun). Root release occurs very quickly.

MULTIPLICATION BY SEEDS

At the end of winter-early spring in a box or in a pot the seeds are planted in a mixture formed by two parts of soil for cactaceae and one of sand coarse completely moistened. Cover the seeds with a thin layer of fine sand.Close the tray or jar with a transparent plastic sheet, or place a glass plate on top and place the tray in a place where the temperature is high enough, around 21-27 ° C, in a place in light shade.

Check the soil every day, which must be kept constantly moist and remove any condensation that has formed on the plastic or glass.

When the seeds begin to sprout, remove the plastic permanently and as the seedlings emerge, the light is increased (never direct sun) and ensures good ventilation. Leave them in their box until they have reached a height of at least 2, 5 cm. At that point you can transplant the young seedlings into the defined pot or place and treat them as if they were adults.

Plants born from seed take two to three years to flower.

PARASITES AND DISEASES

The stem becomes soft

This symptom may be due to either an excess of water or too low temperatures.
Remedies: analyze how you raised the plant and adjust accordingly and in both cases remove the plant from the pot and remove the damaged stems, if necessary, allow the soil to dry well and then repot. For the future, better regulate watering, remembering that the soil must be dry before proceeding with further irrigation or move the plant to a warmer position.

Presence of cochineal

Lacocciniglia, and in particular the mealybug, can infest the plant. It is very easily recognized as it resembles a tuft of cotton and if you try to remove it, it detaches from the tissues of the plant very easily.

Remedies: given the small size of the plant it can be easily removed using a cotton swab soaked in denatured alcohol.


Plant care Rebutia krainziana or Rebutia marsoneri

The genre Rebutia belongs to the family of the Cactaceae and is made up of about 40 species of cacti originating from Bolivia, Peru and Argentina. Some species and cultivars are: Rebutia krainziana, Rebutia canigueralii, Rebutia muscula, Rebutia minuscula, Rebutia albiflora, Rebutia deminuta, Rebutia perplexa, Rebutia heliosa, Rebutia cv Sunrise.

The Rebutia krainziana species is native to Bolivia.

They are small cactus with globular body and light green color that do not exceed 5 cm in height and tend to produce many children in their base. Their tubers are small and in their areolas white appear from 8 to 12 thin, short (up to 2 mm), white spines. The flowers are very showy due to their large size in relation to the plant (4 cm in diameter) and their red-orange color. They bloom in spring and can do it in 2 years. They are self-sterile and therefore need other specimens to produce fruit.

Normally they are used in pots and planters due to their small size and ease of cultivation.

Rebutia senilis can live in full sun but prefers a light shade. Although they can withstand some frosts if the soil is very dry, it is preferable not to expose them to less than 3 ºC.

It can be used as ground a commercial cactus substrate or a mixture of 50% leaf litter and 50% coarse sand. The transplant it is preferably carried out in early spring.

water moderately at the rate of one irrigation per week in summer, every 12 days in spring, every 15-18 days in autumn and at most once a month in winter.

No special subscription is required or of pruning .

They are generally not attacked by parasites , but it is important not to water them for too long, as this can cause the plant to rot.

The simplest way is to multiply them from the offspring produced by the mother plant.


A succulent plant without thorns

Rebutia is a globular plant with a hemispherical shape and one of its most surprising characteristics is the lack of thorns which make it easy to manipulate.

Instead of the thorns there are some filamentous bristles very soft which give it a very wooly look.

The stem is completely covered by these whitish filaments which make Rebutia a fat, funny and ornamental plant.

Furthermore, most of the species are very prolific and bloom several times even in a voluminous way. Initially the plant is single stem during its growth it branches both at the base and in the upper part. Its flowers are large and voluminous and range from red to orange and yellow to white.

The flowers begin to bloom in early summer and can repeat flowering several times throughout the year. Flowering is facilitated by the abundant presence of sun. The buds swell and blossom into a single large flower of about 3 centimeters.


Rebutia Muscula Succulent Plant can be found in the Categories:

Plants sale online on Mondo Piante: Nursery specialized in the online sale of Mediterranean plants for repotting for the home and plants for the garden. We have all the items offered in the catalog ready for delivery, even within 24 hours from the order. Our online plant shop (e-commerce) offers enthusiasts a wide choice of plants without neglecting a telephone and in-store assistance service to help you in your choice.

In our shop you will also find a section dedicated to beautiful ceramics handmade by skilled local master craftsmen, all fully customizable in the headings. Great gift ideas that we wanted to complement with beautiful artificial flower arrangements.

The Vivaio Mondo Piante is located in Terlizzi (Bari), also known as the City of Flowers, customers from the neighboring areas can visit us in the shop and collect them on site, saving on shipping costs. However, we recommend that you consult our online catalog, comfortably and in complete freedom, being able to make the purchase directly from your home, also paying by credit card, in complete safety.


Adenium

The names by which evergreen succulent plants of the genus are known Adenium are very evocative: "desert Rose" is "Madagascar oleander".

All thanks to the suggestive flowering of these plants of the family of Apocynaceae, which lasts from spring until the end of summer.

The flowers white, pink, or red in color of this succulent plant, they have darker outer margins, and are reminiscent of those of the oleander, they are very delicate but can even reach 15 cm in diameter.

This shrub-like succulent plant is very popular as a houseplant, where it does not exceed half a meter in height, but it takes about 5 years for it to start flowering in all its glory.


Potted cacti

If he was asking you if it is possible to cultivate gods potted cactus, the answer is certainly yes. Just remember to use a soil for succulents that it is draining, precisely in order to avoid deadly water stagnation.

© stock.adobe

THE cactus, thanks to their various shapes, they are able to be very decorative elements for both exterior and interior. Ours is to indulge and create compositions with fat plants that can attract attention in any context they are.

© stock.adobe

According to legend, i cactus they are a symbol of fidelity and lasting love. For this reason, it is an excellent gift to put at home, in any corner. THE cactus, moreover, they do not need to be watered constantly and survive even in very dry climates.

© stock.adobe


Video: Rebutia cacti in flower early June 2018


Previous Article

Bellis perennis - Asteraceae - How to care for and grow your daisy or daisy

Next Article

Delphinium Companion Plants – What Are Good Companions For Delphinium