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August is a fertile time. However, it's too early to relax - it's time to water, loosen the soil, remove weeds, feed the plants and protect them from pests and diseases.
First of all, on the beds, they complete the third breakthrough (thinning) of the beets, removing the bundle products - roots with a diameter of 3-4 cm, leaving the plants at a distance of 6-8 cm from each other. After rain or watering, shoot root plants are removed. Parsley and celery are selectively harvested, using them for drying, salting, freezing, canning. Carrots are selectively harvested. At this time, gardeners finish sowing early daikons, re-sowing radishes, watercress, turnips, salads, onions for greens, spinach and other greens. Remove the bottom 4-5 leaves from the root parsley for better pouring.
On flowering cauliflower plants, the heads are shaded by breaking or tying the leaves; remove growth points from Brussels sprouts. Harvested early varieties of white cabbage, cauliflower and other types of cabbage; mid- and late-ripening varieties are fed and additionally hilled.
- at the beginning of August, growth points, stepsons and unblown tomato brushes are removed. As fruits ripen or take off, remove old leaves below the first cluster with fruits.
Continue to shake the plants 2-3 times a week for better pollination. Cleaning is completed before the onset of cold nights with temperatures below 8 ° C. Peppers, eggplants are removed, also removing unblown flowers and growth points.
- there is a massive harvest of cucumbers, zucchini, squash. The growth point is pinched at the pumpkin.
In the first half of August, onion sets (obtained by sowing nigella) are harvested after lodging and drying the leaves. With massive browning and lodging of the leaves, harvesting of the turnip begins. First of all, podzimny plantings are removed (especially winter varieties of onions, which are used mainly in blanks, for canning and short-term storage). Onions and garlic are pulled out (on heavy soils, they are dug in with a pitchfork) and kept in the sun for 4-5 days, dried with tops. In damp weather, the onions are laid out in one layer under a canopy in a ventilated room, under greenhouse frames, etc. 10 days after drying, the tops and roots are cut 3-5 cm from the shoulders. If the weather was damp during the harvesting period, then after drying, the onions are heated at 43 ° C for 8 hours.
Store onions and winter garlic at a temperature of 1-3 ° C in a dry place. You can store onions and spring garlic indoors in braids. Onion sets with a diameter of 1-1.5 cm are used after drying for winter planting, and more than 3 cm for food. The rest of the seedlings after drying are heated at a temperature of 35-40 ° C for 20-30 days.
For shooting varieties of onions, cut off arrows, covers, place in gauze bags and hang in a dry room for ripening. Until August 15, air bulbs of multi-tiered onions and arrowheads of garlic are planted.
- asparagus, sugar varieties are harvested with shovels, they are used fresh, in cooking for freezing and canning. Shelling varieties of beans and peas, beans are used as the seeds ripen.
Mid-August to mid-September is the best time to lay a lawn. So take care of the seeds and fertilizers. Mow, water and feed parterre, park, sports lawns regularly, and after mid-August, you can mow the meadow lawn.
- 7-10 days before the planned harvest, potato tops are mowed and burned. The potatoes are dug up, sorted and stored after drying. Seed potatoes selected from the best nests are laid out in the light, landscaped and then stored. In the vacant space, it is best to sow green manure - rye, wheat, vetch, rapeseed.
As the harvest ends or the onset of cold dews, plants are harvested and burned from greenhouses and greenhouses. The cultivation facilities and storage facilities themselves are disinfected with chalk solution, copper-containing fungicides and sulfur-based preparations, burning sulfur bombs.
Perennial vegetable, flower, fruit and berry plants are fed, loosened, watered. Old leaves are removed from strawberries without damaging the horns, the plantation is sprayed with a mixture of fungicides and soluble complex fertilizers. Berry and stone fruit crops are harvested as they ripen. Pome fruits (early apples) are usually harvested after the "Apple Savior". Berry and fruit crops are fed and watered; after harvesting, the mummified fruits are removed and protective measures are taken.
August is the time of budding (grafting) of fruit crops and cuttings of red and black currants.
At the beginning of August, the compost is "interrupted" for the last time (they shake it from a pile into a new one), they continue to harvest organic fertilizers, sod land, laying the sod in a pile. For compost, dug up weeds, vegetable residues of garden crops not affected by dangerous diseases and pests, fallen leaves, freshly cut grass, etc. are used. For better decomposition of organic residues, a "Composting accelerator", manure or slurry is added to the compost. In dry weather, water it.
If you did a good job in the previous year and in the first half of this year, then your bins have been significantly replenished, and if you are not lazy in August, then lay a good reserve for the future harvest.
General Director of Poisk-SPb LLC,
candidate of agricultural sciences
In August, they start harvesting potatoes of early varieties - they need to dig it up in a timely manner: the heat will lead to drying out of the tubers, and rainy weather is a direct path to premature germination.
The drying out of the potato tops signals the onset of the physiological maturity of the tubers - this means that the potato yield will be as large as possible, and the starch and dry matter content in the potatoes is optimal for winter storage.
Before harvesting, in a few days, it is recommended to mow the tops of the potatoes so that the tubers have time to prepare for digging. It is necessary to mow in dry, sunny weather. If there are signs of late blight on the tops, then it is necessary to mow one and a half to two weeks before harvesting, so that late blight spores with drops of rainwater do not pass to the tubers.
1. Collect fruits and berries. Early varieties of apples, pears, cherry plums, sea buckthorn and late cherries ripen in August. Rowan and chokeberry ripen, currants and gooseberries complete fruiting. Do not let apples and pears overripe, remove them 3-5 before ripening. At the same time, try not to spoil the skin so that the fruits are stored longer. Burn the carrion so that the moth does not multiply. Cherry plum varieties prone to shedding, for example, Lamu, shoot first.
Strengthen the branches strewn with fruits and berries propsto make it easier for trees and shrubs to survive until the end of the season. To do this, you can use wooden spears, long boards with a depression, or other materials at hand. Eat the harvested crop fresh or make delicious seaming. We recommend you interesting recipes for the winter from apples, pears, currants and sea buckthorn!
2. Check tree grafting and budding. Continue to monitor the survival rate of vaccinations and eyes given in July. Remove unsuccessful grafts immediately so that the tree does not waste energy on them. Finish budding apple, pear and mountain ash by the middle of the month.
3. Plant shrub cuttings. If last month you prepared a greenhouse with currant and gooseberry cuttings, at the end of August - September you can plant them in a permanent place. Be sure to add humus or rotted compost (1 bucket) to the planting hole and remove weeds. Plant the cuttings obliquely, cut off the tops to make it easier for the roots to feed the aerial part. Moisten the soil thoroughly and monitor watering throughout the month.
4. Prune the raspberries and plant the seedlings. Remove overgrowth and any stems that have matured. Towards the end of August, you can start planting seedlings - they take root well at this time. The main thing is to choose an area for them with fertile soil and moderate lighting. It is not recommended to plant a raspberry next to cherries and black currants, because plants will compete for nutrients.
5. Do not delay planting garden strawberries (strawberries). Take up the propagation of bushes so that young plants have time to take root and build up a green mass to cover the rhizome. This will help the strawberries to better endure the first frosts and survive the winter. Also take care of adult plants, loosen the soil and add 1 tsp under each bush. any complex autumn fertilizer. Remove excess whiskers so that they do not weaken the plant.
6. Tidy up the currant and gooseberry bushes. After picking berries from the bushes, cut off all diseased shoots, loosen the soil and remove weeds. Inspect the plants for pests and, if necessary, spray with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid or folk remedies. Feed the plants with potassium-phosphorus fertilizers (30-40 g of superphosphate and 15-20 g of potassium sulfate per 1 adult bush).
7. Water trees and bushes. Reduce watering of trees gradually, but do not stop completely if the weather is hot and dry. Berry bushes need moisture, because they form flower buds for next year's harvest. Pour warm water over them at the rate of:
8. Conduct sanitary pruning of trees. After harvesting, inspect the trees for pests. Also, cut out vertical shoots that thicken the crown and prevent the fruit from ripening well. In young plums and sweet cherries, remove the vertical shoots, and reject some of them to a horizontal position, tying them to strong branches. This will improve fruiting in the future.
9. Take time to grapes. Harvest early grapes by carefully cutting off the bunches with sharp pruners or scissors. Try not to damage the wax film so that the berries are better preserved. Remove rotten parts immediately. Feed the middle and late varieties with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers (according to the instructions). Shorten the tops of the vines by 20-25 cm. This procedure is called chasing, it allows you to accelerate the ripening of the grapes. Trim any excess leaves so that the bunches receive more sunlight.
10. Prepare holes for the autumn planting of seedlings. It's time to prepare the planting pits so that by autumn the soil will be compacted and its structure improved. Choose a place for planting taking into account the needs of the garden culture. The size of the hole should correspond to the size of the roots of the seedling.
Be sure to lay drainage on the bottom (expanded clay, broken brick, crushed stone, stones), add at least 2 buckets of compost or humus, and also add mineral fertilizers (superphosphate, potassium chloride, etc.). Produce acidic soil. Fill the hole with layers of nutrient mixture and soil, then drive in a tree pole. Soon the pit will be ready for the autumn planting of seedlings!
August is the time to start harvesting plant seeds for the next year. For example, from tomatoes, cucumbers, eggplant, pepper, some flower plants (marigolds, poppy, petunias, asters, calendula). The seeds are carefully collected and wrapped in paper bags, harvested until the next season. Each packet should be signed so as not to forget which seeds are stored in it. Seed collection is usually done at the end of August, although it may start earlier.
On a note! After extraction, it is important to dry the seeds from the fruits well and then pack them in bags so that they do not become moldy.
August is the harvest time for vegetables, fruits and berries. Apples, pears, plums ripen in August. Apricots and berries in the middle lane are harvested in the second half of July - early August. Sea buckthorn berries are also harvested in August. It is worth considering that sea buckthorn berries are finicky and the harvest time must be chosen so that the fruits do not become too soft.
Weeds, root growth are removed, old and diseased branches are cut out from fruit trees and shrubs. Fruit-bearing shoots are pruned, young branches are shortened so that the wood matures, and the trees are better prepared for winter. We form and thin out bushes of fruit crops and tree crowns: the thicker the branches, the lower the yield. Pruning prevents disease and promotes good growth of young, healthy shoots. For better preparation for winter, trees are fed with potash and organic fertilizers. During dry summers, trees need a little watering. However, abundant watering can cause the fruit to fall off.
In the vineyard, in addition to harvesting, fertilizing with organic fertilizers and pruning of the tops will be necessary: we leave 4-5 leaves over the last bunch.
In August we will take care of strawberries as well. We remove weeds, loosen the ground, feed, remove mustaches, diseased leaves and rosettes. At the beginning of the month, we prepare the beds for planting strawberry seedlings: we bring in humus and peat, we dig it up. After two to three weeks, we plant the strawberries without bending the roots or deepening the growth point.