Growing sweet Yalta onions in the middle lane


Yalta onion is a well-known southern variety of this plant, which has a reference taste and appearance. Growing such a crop in the middle lane is possible, but not justified, because the resulting bulbs are fundamentally different from those that were grown in the southern region.

Description of the Yalta onion

Yalta onion is a relative of the Mader flat variety, which was brought to the territory of Crimea in the 19th century. travelers, hence the second name of the species - the Crimean onion. The described plant belongs to salad varieties and has many positive qualities, the main of which is the low content of essential oils, due to which the bulbs do not irritate the mucous membranes, and their taste lacks bitterness and pungency.

The only place where Yalta onions are cultivated is the southern coast of Crimea. If you grow such a plant in other regions, then the taste becomes sharper and the variety will lose its originality.

Dry scales, which are a protective layer, can be colored purple or pink. Juicy scales, up to 7 millimeters thick, are painted white or pale pink, in one head there are no more than 7 such layers. The bulb has a slightly flattened rounded shape. The main advantage will be its taste, which lacks pronounced bitterness and pungency.

The growing season of the variety is within 140-150 days., from this we can conclude that the plant takes a long amount of time to fully ripen the fruit.

How to distinguish Crimean onions from other varieties?

Yalta salad onions are very often counterfeited. On store shelves, you can see red heads that do not have the main characteristics of the variety, but are called after its name. To avoid such situations and to distinguish the Yalta look from fakes, you need to pay attention to the following signs:

  1. If you cut the onion in half, you can see that it consists of several thick and juicy layers, the number of which does not exceed 7 pieces;
  2. Yalta onion does not cause lacrimation and other body reactions. There is no pronounced smell;
  3. To taste, such fruits are sweet and pleasant, there is no bitterness and pungency;
  4. Ripening occurs in July, and the shelf life of ripe heads does not exceed 4-5 months. If we take this factor into account, then we can conclude that it is impossible to purchase such a bow in late winter, spring and early summer.

Growing seedlings

In order to grow Yalta onions in a garden plot, you first need to reproduce seedlings. Seeds are sown in a greenhouse or greenhouse in late February and early March. In the event that the optimum temperature has not yet been established, containers with seedlings are placed at home on the windowsill.

As a fertile substrate for germinating seeds, a mixture consisting of equal parts of sod land and humus and 50 grams of mineral fertilizers is used. The earth is poured into the container so that the thickness of the soil layer does not exceed 15 centimeters.

Before planting, the seeds are soaked for 30-40 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, this tool will help to disinfect the planting material. At the next stage, the seeds are placed in a growth stimulator according to the instructions. This procedure will increase the chances of successful crop cultivation.

Growing seedlings begins with sowing seeds. They are placed in grooves at a distance of 5 centimeters from each other. The distance between individual seedlings will be equal to 1 centimeter. Seeds are spread on the surface, sprinkled with soil and sprayed with a spray bottle.

In order for as many shoots as possible to sprout, you should adhere to the following rules for growing plants:

  1. Initially, the container with seedlings is kept in a warm and well-lit place with an air temperature of at least 25 degrees;
  2. 2-3 weeks after sowing the seeds, the first shoots should hatch, in this case, the container is transferred to a cooler room with a temperature of 15-20 degrees, while the lighting remains at the same level. This is necessary in order to prevent the seedlings from pulling out;
  3. The topsoil should always be moist;
  4. 2 weeks after sowing, planting is fertilized with complex mineral and nitrogen fertilizers. After another week, add ammonium nitrate;
  5. As soon as the seedlings grow up, they are cut in such a way that the distance between the plants is at least 1 centimeter;
  6. Before planting seedlings, the amount of watering is gradually reduced.

Before planting plants in open ground, they must be hardened. To do this, the container with seedlings is taken out into the street for the whole day, with the onset of evening the container is brought back into the room. On average, plantings are hardened within 7 days.

Landing in open ground

Planting in open ground begins with the selection of a site for the crop. It must meet the following requirements:

  1. The place should be in the open sun, because it is this factor that affects the taste and quality of the bulbs;
  2. Under natural conditions, the Yalta onion grows in areas where Tauric schist acts as a soil. At home, you need to create conditions as close to natural as possible. The soil must be fertile;
  3. The plant is not recommended to be planted where other varieties grew before it. The best predecessors are potatoes, cabbage, tomatoes and greens.

In the fall, the soil is carefully dug to a depth of 30-40 centimeters. At this time, the land is leveled and cleaned of debris and weeds. It is also necessary to add fertile and mineral compositions. In the spring, the soil is fed with ammonium nitrate and potassium salt.

In order for the soil to be looser, with the onset of spring it must be harrowed once every 7-10 days.

Seedlings are planted in open ground in early April, if you are late, then you can significantly reduce the yield.

For planting, shallow grooves are made, at least 40 centimeters wide. The same distance is left between the furrows. Seedlings are planted at a distance of 10 centimeters from each other. After the roots of the onions are covered, the soil is compacted and thoroughly watered.

Culture care

In order to get a rich harvest, you need to properly care for the plantings. The sweet and juicy taste of Yalta onions directly depends on the amount of watering. The soil should not be allowed to dry out, it should always be in a moist state. If you do not take this rule into account, then the heads will become sharp and bitter.

Watering of plants should be stopped 20 days before harvest. This will provide a longer shelf life.

For the full development of the bulbs, the soil is regularly weeded and loosened. This is necessary in order for the plant to receive as much sunlight, oxygen and moisture as possible.

Yalta onion is very responsive to fertilization, so until the end of July it fed every 10-12 days, alternating with the following compositions:

  • mullein diluted in water in a ratio of 1d5 or chicken droppings diluted with water in a ratio of 1d10;
  • 20 grams of potassium chloride and 40 grams of superphosphate, dissolved in 10 liters of water.

Diseases and their prevention

Yalta onion has good resistance to various diseases. The only threat will be the possibility of root rot when the soil is waterlogged, so watering the plants should be done abundantly, but moderately.

Other methods of disease prevention will consist in the timely implementation of all agrotechnical works. A properly nourished plant will do much better at dealing with problems.

Harvesting and storage

Harvesting falls at a later period, compared to other varieties, namely at the end of August and the beginning of September. It is at this time that Yalta onions reach their peak of maturity. It is worth remembering that the work on digging up the crop should not be delayed, because autumn rains can cause rotting of the fruit.

Subject to all storage conditions, onions can retain their freshness for 4-5 months:

  1. The air temperature should be within 10-15 degrees;
  2. The air must be dry, the crop is best stored at a humidity of 50 percent;
  3. The bulbs are tied together using long shoots. The original way of storage will be the manufacture of onion braids. In any case, the associated fruits are suspended from the ceiling to avoid touching each other.

Yalta onion is one of the most delicious and famous salad varieties, but it can only be grown in Crimea. In other areas, the fruits lose their attractive taste and other properties. The agrotechnology of cultivating a variety requires certain skills and a thorough approach to business.


Growing Yalta onions in the middle lane

Yalta red onion is one of the unofficial brands of Crimea. An amazing and unique product of its kind. Whoever has tried it knows what we are talking about. The most important thing about this onion is that it is ... sweet. Believe it or not, this onion is really sweet!

Surely, many of you brought home from the sunny peninsula such well-recognized bundles of flat onions of red-purple color.

If from childhood you have retained a dislike for such a product as onions, then by trying the sweet Crimean onion, you will have good chances to rehabilitate this healthy vegetable in your own eyes. Sweet Yalta onions can be eaten ... without anything, biting them like an apple or a pear! And also the Crimean onion is a storehouse of all kinds of vitamins and therefore it is irreplaceable in any salad.

In general, words cannot convey here, you need to try it yourself. If you are in Crimea, be sure to buy a couple of bundles of sweet Yalta onions. Just do not run into a fake - onions, it is advisable to buy in those settlements where it grows. This is the only way you get an almost one hundred percent guarantee to bring home a real Yalta onion. Where such places are located, we will tell you below.

Well, for those who have already tried this product and want to grow the same at home, in our today's article we will talk about the possibility of growing Yalta onions in central Russia.

Let's say right away that nothing is impossible. It is possible to grow Crimean red onions in climatic conditions of middle latitudes. But, with a number of reservations, the most significant of which is as follows: it is impossible to grow a real Yalta onion, with exactly the same taste properties as in Crimea, in the middle lane. For example, a vegetable grown from Crimean seeds in the Moscow region will turn out to be quite good, but its taste will differ from the “original” and will become peninsular. The fact is that the true Yalta onion is very finicky and requires a special combination of soil and climatic conditions, which are available only on the South Coast. You will be surprised, but even in Crimea, the real Yalta onion grows only in certain areas, moreover, very limited in territory. These areas, first of all, include the village of Zaprudnoye near Alushta, as well as the village of Opolznevoe in the Simeiz area. Among other places with very favorable soil and climatic conditions for growing onions, we will name the villages of Maly Mayak, Lavrovoe, Kiparisnoe and Pushkino. All these settlements are located several kilometers west of Alushta. This area is generally considered the main area for growing Crimean onions on the entire peninsula.

Try to grow Yalta onions somewhere in the Sudak region or in Sevastopol - and the result will be different. And even if you live in a fertile climate, somewhere, in the Sochi region, and bring home a couple of KAMAZ soil from the village of Zaprudnoye, you still won't be able to grow a real Crimean onion. As if obeying some natural mysticism, the Yalta onion reveals its amazing properties only on the native slopes of the South Coast of Crimea.

Botanical scientists believe that the real Yalta onion gets its amazing taste properties thanks to the soil, which in these areas is rich in ash and lava from volcanic eruptions that happened here in time immemorial, when a man's foot had not yet set foot on this fertile land.

However, this does not mean at all that the idea of ​​growing Yalta onions in a temperate climate should be abandoned. Not at all. And even if the onions you have grown will not be as juicy and sweet as in the Crimea, it will still be a very worthy product that carries a piece of the sun from the South Coast of Crimea! Therefore, go for it!

Any varieties of sweet onions in central Russia are grown only by seedlings. It is best to start planting seeds closer to mid to late February. They must be planted in wooden or plastic containers, which are pre-filled with a special substrate consisting of equal amounts of sod land and humus, as well as about 80 grams of mineral fertilizers. Before planting the onions, the soil should be about 15 centimeters thick. It will not be superfluous to soak the seeds before sowing, for about one day, and then dry them.

After the soil is ready, it is necessary to moisten it, make grooves and plant seeds in them, keeping a distance of about 1 centimeter. Then sprinkle the seeds with humus, tamp and cover with clean sand on top. Cover the box with seedlings with polyethylene and place in a well-lit room with an air temperature of at least +20 degrees.

A week later, the first shoots of the future harvest should appear. After that, the film can be removed and further monitor the growth of the future crop, not forgetting about watering and weeding.

By the end of April (somewhere earlier, somewhere later, depending on climatic conditions), onion seedlings can be taken out in the fresh air for 3-5 hours during the day. Tentatively, by the May holidays, 3-4 leaves should appear on the onion, after which they can be safely planted in open ground.

In the future, not so much will be required from you - proper care for the ripening crop. The cultivation of Yalta onions in the middle lane involves its regular weeding, loosening of the soil and processing from pests. Of course, do not forget about watering the plants, which must be carried out so that the topsoil remains moist. The interval for watering the onions should be 5-6 days, the amount of moisture should be 15 to 30 liters per square meter. About 3 weeks before harvesting, watering of the plants should be stopped. This will give a good effect in the final stage of the ripening of the bulbs.

One of the main conditions for the ripening of Yalta onions is warmth. The warmer the summer in the region of your residence, the more chances you have to grow a vegetable close to the "original". If the climatic conditions in your area are very far from the Crimean ones, then it would be more expedient to grow Yalta onions in a greenhouse.

Rainy weather can have a very negative effect on the cultivation of Yalta onions. With constant prolonged rains, the bulbs are affected by downy mildew. It is necessary to deal with it with the help of special drugs such as Ridomil and the like.

The method of growing Crimean onions in the middle lane given in our article is not the only one and does not claim to be the ultimate truth. Perhaps the gardeners reading this article have their own, more successful recipes.

Summing up our conversation, I would like to state that you will hardly be able to grow a real Yalta onion in the middle lane, in Siberia, the Volga region or any other region of Russia. No matter how hard you try, nature cannot be fooled. But, as practice shows, the experience and diligence of our gardeners allow them to grow a pretty good product that will pleasantly diversify your daily menu!


Description of the variety

Yalta onion has characteristic features that make it possible to distinguish it from other varieties of such vegetables:

  • flattened onion
  • average fruit size
  • bright red color of scales
  • lack of a pungent odor (onions do not bake eyes while slicing)
  • the sweet taste of a vegetable without bitterness.

Other varieties of red onion are presented in this material.

Please note that Yalta onion scales are very difficult to separate from each other. If you notice that they are easily separated from a vegetable you have purchased, it means that you have a fake - an ordinary onion tinted with ink.


How a culture is grown in central Russia

Crimean onions, the cultivation of which in the middle lane is possible with the creation of special conditions, easily tolerates drought, but requires a long daylight hours. This variety will grow on plains, but in mountainous areas where daylight hours are short, this variety will not be able to grow.

2 late varieties of flat onions of red and white color can be grown in some areas of central Russia as a two-year crop, obtaining full-fledged harvests of semi-sharp onions for salad purposes.

Having decided to grow Yalta onions in central Russia, you need to take into account the characteristics of this variety, which may prevent it from being cultivated by the inhabitants of the East European and West Siberian Plains:

  1. The growing season from sowing seeds to full maturation of the turnip takes 150 days, which is too long for the Russian short summer.
  2. Onions are prone to bacterial infections.
  3. Due to the high humidity in the greenhouse, seedlings can be affected by rot of the root collar, and all seedlings will die.
  4. Growing seedlings on a window will be unsuccessful due to the short daylight hours. For active growth, backlighting is needed.

It will take 2 seasons to overcome obstacles and grow a full-fledged bulb. In the first year, nigella is densely sown in open ground in May and with traditional care they receive sets and samples. The crop must be well dried. Then in winter it will be possible both to store the Yalta onion sets at room temperature and low humidity for planting, and to use the samples for raw food.

The grown crop of bulbs is stored for about 4 months, after which they germinate and deteriorate. To keep the onion in the apartment until spring, it should be placed in a dry, warm place. The best place for long-term storage is near the heater. In the second year, the seedlings are planted in the ground and after 90 days, a full-fledged turnip crop is obtained.

How to prepare the seed for sowing

Before planting and growing, the Crimean onion sevok must be treated with a fungicide or Fitosporin, which will prevent the development of bacterial infections that affect the unzoned seed fund.

Since the set was stored all winter near the heater, it will quickly wake up when the humidity rises. This will happen when it is in the disinfectant solution.

After the end of processing, the seedlings are cut by 1/3 the upper part of the turnip in order to increase the access of oxygen and are planted in the finished bed in a checkerboard pattern at a distance of 6 cm from each other.

How to equip a garden

Since the varieties of Crimean onions grow on slate lands, which tend to warm up strongly, the garden bed is made on the south side, artificially creating the desired microclimate for the onion.

For a 1 m2 garden bed you will need:

  • 1 kg of dry slaked lime
  • 15 kg of sand
  • 10 kg of black soil
  • turf bucket
  • ash or slag bucket
  • 1 tbsp. l. urea and superphosphate
  • an armful of hay or corn.

When preparing the bed, they work like this:

  1. They remove the fertile layer of the earth and put it aside.
  2. Dry grass is placed in the finished pit, which is covered with removed earth and watered abundantly.
  3. Mix dry ingredients well.
  4. The finished mixture is poured onto the prepared bed.
  5. The mixture is evenly leveled with a rake so that a thick layer of carbonate soil of at least 10 cm is obtained.
  6. The finished bed is watered from a watering can.

On a moistened pillow, the bulbs that have passed the pre-planting treatment are placed so that only the root system is in the soil.

The garden bed is lined with bricks, large stones, which will accumulate heat and give it to a thermophilic plant.

Yalta onions, which are grown in the subtropics, will appreciate such care and will grow well. With this arrangement of the beds, the plant will receive heat, which is not enough for the Crimean onion in middle latitudes during the ripening period.

A tall bed, made on a bed of dry grass, is good in that when watering, moisture goes down and remains for a long time at the bottom of the pillow, which allows the roots to receive the necessary nutrition and the bulb to grow.


Crimean (Yalta) onion: growing in the middle lane with a photo

Almost all tourists who have been to Crimea have brought home the famous sweet Yalta onion at least once. Many even tried to grow a sweet vegetable in their garden, but they failed to achieve the characteristic taste that the Crimean onion possesses.

Today we will consider why at home it is not possible to achieve the ideal taste of Crimean Yalta onions, how to grow from seeds in the middle lane in order to bring the harvest as close as possible to the famous vegetable in terms of taste.

So many varieties of annual and perennial onion have been bred that gardeners have a problem with choosing the right variety.

If you want to grow a sweet variety, pay attention to the Yalta onion, which is preferable to grow in the south of Russia, but it is also possible in the middle lane. We will find out what conditions this plant needs for the formation of large sweet bulbs, and how to grow it from seeds through seedlings.

We sow onion for seedlings in early March in order to get a rich harvest of large bulbs in one summer.

For disinfection, we soak the seeds in a pale manganese solution for 25 minutes. We wash it, keep it according to the instructions in a growth stimulator and dry it.

We fill the containers with fertile soil, spill it with water and make grooves 1 cm deep at a distance of 6 cm from each other. We sow seeds every centimeter.

We fill the seeds with soil and water from a spray bottle. Subsequently, we make sure that the topsoil is always moist. We remove the boxes in a bright place with a temperature of 20 degrees.

After the seeds germinate, we put the containers on cool windowsills and provide a daytime temperature of up to 16 degrees, a nighttime temperature of up to 10, so that the seedlings do not stretch out.

We feed the seedlings with fertilizers twice. After half a month, we introduce mineral fertilizers into the soil by dissolving 5 liters of water superphosphate (10 g), urea (5 g) and potassium chloride (3 g). After another 20 days, we fertilize the earth with an aqueous solution of nitrate (1 g per liter).

When they grow up a bit, we thin out the crops: there should be at least 1 cm between the plants. For normal lighting on short daylight hours, we use phytolamps or other lamps, otherwise the plants will stretch out and weaken.

10 days before disembarking in the beds, we temper the onion, taking it out into the fresh air until the evening, if the weather permits, and we reduce the watering - for easy survival.

Yalta onions, planting and caring for which are not very different from the cultivation of other similar varieties, are planted in the ground after the formation of three normal leaves and a false stem at least 0.5 cm high (about 2 months after sowing).

  • We make grooves in the prepared ridge at a distance of 30 cm from each other (the bulbs grow in breadth, and they need more space) and plant an onion every 15 cm, trying to capture them with an earthen lump in order to avoid damage to the roots.
  • Weeding and loosening
  • We remove weeds in time and loosen the soil in the aisles and around the bulbs.

The technology for growing Yalta onions includes timely watering: with a lack of water, the bulbs will not be juicy and sweet. In addition, onions that do not receive moisture become very spicy.

We stop watering the plants 20 days before harvesting the bulbs: this way they will last longer.

Obtaining Yalta onions by growing from seeds implies regular feeding - once every 10 days, until the end of July.

First, we fertilize with mullein with water (1: 5) or chicken droppings (1:10), next times we use potassium-phosphorus fertilizers, diluting potassium chloride (20 g) and superphosphate (40 g) in a ten-liter bucket of water.

On this, the cultivation of Yalta onions from seedlings stops, and soon we start harvesting.

Now you know how easy it is to get Yalta onions, the cultivation of which does not differ much from the cultivation of other varieties. The main thing is to follow the above recommendations and monitor the condition of the seedlings, and you will get a rich harvest of onions with a sweetish spicy taste for use in salads and other dishes.

The cultivation process of the variety has spread throughout the territory of the former CIS, but Crimean vegetable growers are convinced that it is almost impossible to grow high-quality onions in other climatic conditions.

In fact, the taste of a bulb always depends on the soil and climatic conditions in which it grows. A varietal vegetable needs a lot of heat and light.

Therefore, when growing this type of onion, it is necessary to create all conditions for its active growth. It is no secret that there are gardeners whose Yalta bulbs grew on the windowsill.

To grow onions in an apartment, you need to have a great desire and basic knowledge of growing a spicy vegetable.

The rules of agricultural cultivation are as follows:

  1. Cultivation of Crimean onions is possible only by seedling.
  2. Before sowing seeds for seedlings, they must be properly prepared - soaked in a weak solution of manganese for disinfection. The seeds are kept in liquid for no more than 2 hours. Then they must be dried well.
  3. Growth stimulants are used to activate the planting material. The seeds are soaked in solutions for a certain time, then dried.
  4. Before planting, the seed must be tested for germination; for this, a saline solution is used.
  5. Further, special containers are filled with nutritious and loose soil. The soil consists of equal parts of turf and humus.
  6. Furrows are made in the soil with a depth of no more than 1-1.5 cm, and 2-3 cm are left between the rows. The seeds are laid out in holes, then sprinkled with soil and lightly tamped.
  7. Watering should be done immediately after planting.
  8. The container with seedlings is covered with foil and placed in a warm place. With the appearance of the first hinges, the box is transferred to a cool room. This will avoid pulling out the sprouts.
  9. Seedlings need some care. It needs to be watered constantly. For irrigation, warm and settled water is used.
  10. Once a week, young shoots can be fertilized with a special complex mineral preparation.
  11. At the end of April, the seedlings are taken out into fresh air for hardening.
  12. Planting in open ground is possible only 50-60 days after sowing the seeds. A small onion by this time should start up 3-4 feathers.

In order to get a real high-quality Yalta onion, cultivation must be organized correctly. It is the first stage that plays an important role - sowing and caring for seedlings.

If you chew a piece, it shouldn't taste bitter and you don't want to cry from it. In appearance, the bulbs should be medium-sized and not necessarily, as in the picture.

And do not forget about the main drawback of Yalta onions - they are poorly stored - no more than two months. Then it begins to germinate and eject a seed arrow. They harvest in August-September and it is necessary to shop in such a way as to eat the presents before winter.

  1. If you start eating onions, it has a sweetish taste and juicy, and the aftertaste is not bitter - this is a real Yalta onion.
  2. The same thing, but the aftertaste is a bit bitter - almost Yalta onion, apparently the technology has not been followed.
  3. If the onion is unleavened and bitter - a field onion grown somewhere, it has only color and shape to do with Yalta.

The best predecessors are potatoes, tomatoes, cabbage, green crops - lettuce, spinach, dill, radish, that is, those after which the fields are clean of weeds.

Onions should not be placed in other crops of the onion family, as this leads to significant damage to plants by pests and diseases and to a decrease in yield. The soil for onions should be treated especially carefully, because its seeds are small and stagnant. The main (autumn) stage of processing begins with the harvesting of plant residues, which are used for composting.

They plow or dig the soil to a depth of 22 - 30 cm. Then the surface is carefully leveled, and when soil crust and weeds appear, they are harrowed with a rake or harrows. The main cultivation is completed no later than the end of October.

If it is not possible to meet such deadlines, it is better to carry out the main tillage in late autumn or even winter, but not in spring. In the latter case, the land is very dry, which leads to a decrease in the natural reserves of soil moisture, and, consequently, to a worse survival rate of onion seedlings. In the spring, they are repeatedly harrowed with rakes or harrows with an interval of 6-7 days.

This allows the soil to be kept clean and loose before the seedlings are planted. Onion seedlings are grown in greenhouses or greenhouses. If the percentage of seed germination is unknown, it must be checked.

For this, 100 seeds are counted and placed on a moistened filter paper, which is lined with the bottom of a saucer or plate. The paper should be constantly damp.

The optimum temperature for seed germination is 18-20 ° C. On the 12th day, the number of germinated seeds is counted - this will be the percentage of germination (1st class - 80% or more).

Before sowing, the seeds are soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate at a temperature of 18-20 ° C. When 5-10% of the seeds have seedlings, they are dried until flowable and sown.

They are sown on February 5-15 with row spacing of 6 cm, the seeding rate of class I seeds is 15-20 g (if the quality is lower, the seeding rate is increased accordingly).

The seeding depth is 0.5-1 cm. Before sowing, the bottom of the groove is compacted. Seeds from above are covered with a nutrient mixture (two parts of soil and one part of humus) and slightly compacted (a board with a handle in the center).

If the soil is dry, it is watered immediately after sowing. Subsequently, the moisture of the topsoil is kept constant by regular watering. To prevent the seeds from being washed out, this is done through a fine strainer. The irrigation rate is 8-10 liters of water per square meter.

Before the emergence of seedlings, the air temperature should be in the range of 18-20 ° C, after which it is reduced for 5-8 days to 10-12 ° C, and then maintained at a level of 16-18 ° C. If the root system of plants is exposed, add nutritious mixture. Seedlings are hardened 7-10 days before planting.

To do this, reduce the amount of watering, ventilate more intensively, leaving the plants for 3-4 days without shelter. Ready-to-plant onion seedlings should be 50-60 days old and in the phase of three to four leaves.

Growing sweet Yalta onions in the middle lane

In order for the plants to take root better and faster, the upper part of the leaf is cut off or cut off by a third of the length before planting. Seedlings are planted in the first half of April. If you do this later, the yield decreases.

The planting method is wide-row with row spacing 35-40 cm or tape (two-line) according to the scheme 20 50 cm (20 cm - distance between lines, 50 cm - between belts). Leave 8-10 cm between the plants in a row. In this case, 30-35 plants are placed per square meter.

Pull the cord, make a groove on it with a hoe, water it and lay the seedlings on the bottom, the roots of which are immediately sprinkled with earth, slightly compacted and watered. Plants are buried in the ground to the point of exit from the sheath of the first leaf. Care for onions - weeding, loosening the soil around the plants, watering and treating with fungicides.

Watered in such a way that the topsoil is constantly moistened. Depending on the type of soil and weather conditions, it is watered with an interval of 6 days, 15-30 liters of water per square meter.

Irrigation is stopped 20-25 days before harvesting, which contributes to good ripening of the bulbs and increases their keeping quality. Furrow irrigation is more effective than sprinkling because the plants are less affected by fungal diseases. If the weather is rainy, downy mildew is very harmful to onions.

Systemic (ridomil and arcerid) and contact (Bordeaux liquid and its substitutes) fungicides are used against it.

As soon as the plants take root, they are treated with contact fungicides (1% in Bordeaux liquid, 0.4% cineb, copper oxychloride, cuprozan, etc.).

After 15 - 20 days, systemic fungicides are introduced: 1 kg of Ridomil mixed with 2 kg of zineb or some other contact fungicide or 0.4% arceride.

Systemic fungicides are used with an interval of 15 - 20 days, contact - 7-10. With mechanized processing, the flow rate of the working fluid is 600 l / ha, manual - 1 liter per 10 sq. meters. When the bulbs are massively formed, they shovel the soil into the aisles so that their upper part is better illuminated. The onion is ready for harvesting when the leaves lie in 60-80% of the plants. Then they are dug up and laid on the ground with ribbons.


Culture care

In order to get a rich harvest, you need to properly care for the plantings. The sweet and juicy taste of Yalta onions directly depends on the amount of watering. The soil should not be allowed to dry out, it should always be in a moist state. If you do not take this rule into account, then the heads will become sharp and bitter.

Yalta onion seedlings

For the full development of the bulbs, the soil is regularly weeded and loosened. This is necessary in order for the plant to receive as much sunlight, oxygen and moisture as possible.

Yalta onion is very responsive to fertilization, so until the end of July it fed every 10-12 days, alternating with the following compositions:

  • mullein diluted in water in a ratio of 1k5 or chicken droppings diluted in water in a ratio of 1k10
  • 20 grams of potassium chloride and 40 grams of superphosphate, dissolved in 10 liters of water.


Yalta onion: growing from seeds

So many varieties of annual and perennial onion have been bred that gardeners have a problem with choosing the right variety.

If you want to grow a sweet variety, pay attention to the Yalta onion, which is preferable to grow in the south of Russia, but it is also possible in the middle lane. We will find out what conditions this plant needs for the formation of large sweet bulbs, and how to grow it from seeds through seedlings.

Yalta onion: features of the variety

The main feature of this onion is that it turns out to be really sweet if it grows in its homeland, in the shale soil warmed by the sun's rays. Elsewhere, it also grows sweet, but has a semi-sharp flavor.

The cultivar forms beautiful flat bulbs of violet color with a red tint and large dark green feathers with a bloom of wax. Inside, the bulbs are composed of juicy layers of white with a pinkish tinge.

The arrows of the Yalta bow reach 120 cm in height.

On average, the weight of a bulb is about 150 grams, but some farmers manage to get half a kilogram of copies.

  • Onions grow green mass for a long time (within 4-5 months), so they are more suitable for warm regions.
  • The Yalta onion variety is not stored for long, as it contains a lot of sugar and water.

Even in the southern lands, the technology of growing Yalta onions is based on the seedling method. We will learn how to grow Yalta onions from seeds through seedlings.

Yalta onion: growing from seeds

We sow onion for seedlings in early March in order to get a rich harvest of large bulbs in one summer.

Sowing seeds for seedlings

The process of sowing onion seeds for seedlings is as follows:

Seed preparation

For disinfection, we soak the seeds in a pale manganese solution for 25 minutes. We wash it, keep it according to the instructions in a growth stimulator and dry it.

Sowing seeds

We fill the containers with fertile soil, spill it with water and make grooves 1 cm deep at a distance of 6 cm from each other. We sow seeds every centimeter.

We fill the seeds with soil and water from a spray bottle. Subsequently, we make sure that the topsoil is always moist. We remove the boxes in a bright place with a temperature of 20 degrees.

After the seeds germinate, we put the containers on cool windowsills and provide a daytime temperature of up to 16 degrees, a nighttime temperature of up to 10, so that the seedlings do not stretch out.

Top dressing of seedlings

We feed the seedlings with fertilizers twice. After half a month, we introduce mineral fertilizers into the soil by dissolving 5 liters of water superphosphate (10 g), urea (5 g) and potassium chloride (3 g). After another 20 days, we fertilize the earth with an aqueous solution of nitrate (1 g per liter).

When they grow up a bit, we thin out the crops: there should be at least 1 cm between the plants. For normal lighting on short daylight hours, we use phytolamps or other lamps, otherwise the plants will stretch out and weaken.

10 days before disembarking in the beds, we temper the onion, taking it out into the fresh air until the evening, if the weather permits, and we reduce the watering - for easy survival.

Growing Yalta onions from seedlings: planting and caring for seedlings

Yalta onions, planting and caring for which are not very different from the cultivation of other similar varieties, are planted in the ground after the formation of three normal leaves and a false stem at least 0.5 cm high (about 2 months after sowing).

We make grooves in the prepared ridge at a distance of 30 cm from each other (the bulbs grow in breadth, and they need more space) and plant an onion every 15 cm, trying to capture them with an earthen lump in order to avoid damage to the roots.

Planting Yalta onions: caring for seedlings

How to grow Yalta onions after planting seedlings? Like other varieties, sweet onions need the following care:

Weeding and loosening

We remove weeds in time and loosen the soil in the aisles and around the bulbs.

The technology for growing Yalta onions includes timely watering: with a lack of water, the bulbs will not be juicy and sweet. In addition, onions that do not receive moisture become very spicy.

We stop watering the plants 20 days before harvesting the bulbs: this way they will last longer.

Obtaining Yalta onions by growing from seeds implies regular feeding - once every 10 days, until the end of July.

First, we fertilize with mullein with water (1: 5) or chicken droppings (1:10), next times we use potassium-phosphorus fertilizers, diluting potassium chloride (20 g) and superphosphate (40 g) in a ten-liter bucket of water.

On this, the cultivation of Yalta onions from seedlings stops, and soon we start harvesting.

Now you know how easy it is to get Yalta onions, the cultivation of which does not differ much from the cultivation of other varieties. The main thing is to follow the above recommendations and monitor the condition of the seedlings, and you will get a rich harvest of onions with a sweetish spicy taste for use in salads and other dishes.


Watch the video: How To Plant Onions For A Big Harvest


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