Characteristics of grape varieties for unheated greenhouses


Read the previous part. ← How to choose the right grape variety

All varieties, which I will name below, winter under cover of spruce branches or dry foliage, on top of which a small layer of earth is poured (about 5 cm).

The ripening dates of the crops and vines given below were observed in an unheated glass greenhouse during 1977-1986. The main requirement for varieties for film greenhouses is not very strong growth of shoots and the absence of cracking of berries in greenhouse conditions, where the humidity, as you know, is much higher than outside.


Homestead

European-Asian variety, bred at the All-Russian Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking. Leaves are medium, dissected, five-lobed. The bunches are medium, branched, conical, loose. The berries are medium, round, green. The pulp is fleshy and juicy, sweet, without aroma. The berries do not crack or rot. The variety is prone to overload. Ripens at the end of August. The vines ripen well.

Malengr early

French variety. The bushes are medium-sized. Leaves are medium-sized, dark green, shiny, three- and five-lobed. The flowers are bisexual. The clusters are small to medium-sized, conical and dense. The berries are small, oval, light green, do not crack. The skin is quite dense. The pulp is tender, juicy, without aroma. Ripens by early September. The vines ripen satisfactorily.

Pearl Saba

Hungarian high quality white table nutmeg of European origin. Bushes are medium and low growing. Leaves are medium, almost whole, dark green. The clusters are medium, conical or cylindro-conical, loose or medium-dense. The berries are medium, round, greenish-white with a golden hue. The skin is thin. The pulp is tender, sweet with a nutmeg aroma. Ripens in late August - early September. The vines ripen well.

Reward

Obtained by A.Ya. Kuzmin from crossing the varieties Russian Concord and Ezandari white. The bushes are vigorous. The leaves are large, rounded, three- and five-lobed, green above, pubescent below. The clusters are medium, cylindrical, cylindrical, rather dense. The berries are medium, round, dark red with a waxy coating. The skin is thin, delicate. The pulp is slimy with a strawberry aroma. The seeds are large. Ripens in mid - late September. When overripe, the berries crack.

Festival

Received at the All-Russian Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking (Novocherkassk) as a result of crossing the North and Muscat Hamburg varieties. Leaves are medium, five-lobed, deeply cut, reticulate above - wrinkled, glabrous below. The clusters are medium, cylindrical, of medium density. The berries are slightly oval, black. The skin is firm, the pulp is juicy with a delicate nutmeg aroma. Ripens in early September. The vines ripen well.

Alpha

Far Eastern variety, a hybrid of V.labrusca and V.riparia, isolated in the collection of the Far Eastern Experimental Station VIR. Very vigorous. The leaves are large, three-lobed with long, sharp teeth. The leaf blade is weakly reticulate, glabrous above, covered with bristly pubescence below, the upper side is darker than the lower one. Bunches are cylindrical, sometimes with a small wing, 10–15 cm, loose and medium dense. The berries are small, round, black. The flesh is slimy with an "isable" aftertaste. Ripens in mid - late September.

Dviet pink

Latvian variety. The bush is very vigorous with long, thin shoots that ripen well. A characteristic feature of the variety is the pink tops of young, actively growing shoots. Leaves are medium and large, three- and five-lobed, medium and slightly dissected, pubescent on the underside. The bunches are dense and medium-dense, 7–18 cm. The berries are pink, red on the sunny side (15–20 mm). The pulp is fleshy, but juicy. The taste is sweet and sour with an "isable aftertaste". Berries crack strongly with excess moisture. The variety rooted perfectly by cuttings. Ripens in mid-September. It grows well in the city and outdoors, but it does not ripen every year.

Kievsky? 58

A variety of European-Asian origin. The growth of the bush is average. The leaves are small, three-lobed and whole, slightly dissected, the surface of the leaf is smooth. A characteristic feature of the variety is the brownish crowns of young shoots. Medium bunches 12–15 cm. Yellow berries with tender pulp and small seeds. The berries do not rot or crack. Ripens in late August - early September.

Kuibyshev early maturing

European-Asian variety, bred in the city of Kuibyshev (now Samara). Bushes of medium and low vigor. Shoots are thin. The leaves are five-lobed, deeply dissected, small. The bunches are medium and small (7-10 cm), dense. The berries are medium (10-15 mm), green, yellow from the sunny side. The taste of the berries is sweet, simple, the seeds are sweet. The berries do not crack. The vines ripen well. Ripens in early September.

Campbell

American variety of medium ripening. The growth is strong. The leaves are large and medium, oval, three-, less often five-lobed. The bunches are medium, conical, dense. The berries are round, medium and large, black, with a strong waxy bloom. The skin is thick and easily separates from the pulp. The pulp is juicy, sweet and sour taste with a weak "isabel" aftertaste. Ripens in mid-September.

Palmyra

European-Asian variety obtained at the Kuibyshev Experimental Station. Young shoots are reddish, leaves are of medium size, deeply dissected, five-lobed. The bunches are medium. Berries are black with juicy and sweet pulp. Ripens in early September.

Russian corinka

Seedless variety obtained in Michurinsk by IM Filippenko and LT Shtin. The growth of the bushes is strong. The leaves are large, five-lobed, medium dissected. The flowers are bisexual, the clusters are medium, conical, loose. The berries are small, round, yellow-green without seeds. The pulp is very sweet, fleshy and juicy with a pleasant taste. When overripe, berries are damaged by insects. The variety is valuable because in cold years the berries have a sweet taste due to the low acid content. The vines ripen satisfactorily. This variety is quite popular in the Leningrad Region thanks to its popularization by the active wine enthusiast Mikhail Soloviev.

Early Magaracha (no. 372)

A wonderful variety, bred in Yalta (All-Union Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking "Magarach") by crossing the French Madeleine Angevin and Central Asian Black Kishmish. Despite its southern origin, the variety successfully grows and bears fruit in unheated greenhouses in St. Petersburg (Pushkin), and in a warm, sheltered place - even in open ground. The leaves are five-lobed, deeply dissected with red petioles. Bunches of medium density, medium and large, berries are medium, black, round. The pulp is crispy, juicy and sweet in rainy seasons. Ripens in early September.

Jubilee of Udmurtia (No. 201 TsGL)

The variety was obtained by A.Ya. Kuzmin by crossing the varieties Tambovsky Early and Nagrada. The bush is medium-sized. Leaves are medium, round, five-lobed, dark green above with pubescence above and below. The clusters are medium, cylindrical, cylindrical, dense. The berries are medium, round, red. The taste is simple and sweet. The berries crack from excess moisture. Ripens by early September.

Read the next part. Promising varieties and forms of grapes →

Evgeny Kislin,
researcher at VIR, curator of the grape collection,
candidate of biological sciences
https://sites.google.com/site/vitisamurensis

Read all parts of the article "Grow, vine, for the joy of people"
- Part 1. Formation and pruning of a grape bush
- Part 2. How to disinfect grape planting material
- Part 3. How to choose the right grape variety
- Part 4. Characteristics of grape varieties for unheated greenhouses
- Part 5. Prospective varieties and forms of grapes

Which sweet varieties are versatile?

There are also sweet varieties of universal growing tomatoes. They grow well both in the greenhouse and in the open field and give approximately the same, high-quality yield.

  • "Honey drop" - a variety of tomatoes of Russian selection. Bushes can grow up to 2 meters, so pinching is necessary, and cultivation is possible exclusively on a trellis. Fruiting lasts from early July to October. Fruits of 30 grams, collected in a brush of 10-15 pieces. The color is yellow, the taste is sweet, with hints of honey, contains a lot of juice and few seeds. Differs in good germination, resistance to some bacterial and fungal diseases. The main disadvantage is that yield depends on care.
  • "Chocolate striped" - sweet tomato variety, grows up to 1.5 meters. Mid-season tomato variety, ripens 95 days after germination. Fruits up to 500 g. Flat-round shape. The color is burgundy with dark greenish stripes. It has good disease resistance, good keeping quality, transportability. The pulp also has red and green hues. The fruits are sugary sweet.
  • Hazel May Is a mid-season American sweet tomato. The bush grows up to 1.6 meters, requires a garter and pinching. Formed into 2 stems. Fruits are orange with a slight pinkish blush, weigh up to 500 grams, but more often 300-400 g, do not crack. Used for sauces, juice, fresh consumption.
  • "Chocolate bunny" - indeterminate, mid-season tomato variety - ripens in 100-120 days and bears fruit before the first frost. It grows up to 1.2 m in greenhouses and in the open field, gives many brushes with fruits, each with 10 tomatoes. Not afraid of diseases. Fruits are plum-shaped, small, up to 50 g. Color is red-brown. The taste is sweet, full-bodied.
  • German Orange Strawberry - a sweet variety of tomatoes, can grow up to 3 meters, therefore it is always grown on a trellis. Fruits up to 600 grams, orange or yellow, heart-shaped or cone-shaped, like strawberries, which is where the name comes from. The taste is very sweet with fruity notes. There are practically no seeds. With good care, up to 6-8 kg of fruits are harvested from the bush. Of the shortcomings, the difficulty in leaving is noted.

Also, in this category of sweet tomato varieties include "Persimmon", "Red target", "Heart of Ashgabat", "Babushkino", "De Barao Gold", "Pink banana".


Prevention of diseases and pests

Diseases of cherry tomatoes are usually the same as those of other tomatoes. Here are the most common ones.

Name of the disease Signs Causes of occurrence Treatment
Late blight
Most often affects tomatoes in the open field.
Subcutaneous spots on fruits, leaves and stem. A white bloom forms on the underside of the leaf. Large temperature drops and high humidity. In 20 days after planting in a permanent place, the tomatoes are treated with the "Zaslon" preparation, and after another 20 - with the "Barrier".
Brown spot

Pests

The greatest the following pests are dangerous to tomatoes:

  • bear. Lives in the soil, gnaws at the roots of plants. It is recommended to use the drug "Thunder" against her.
  • wireworm. It also damages the roots, but also penetrates into the stems. To get rid of it, lime the soil and use the drug "Bazudin".

All tomatoes are good - choose the taste

Low and tall cherry tomatoes for open ground and greenhouses are presented on the market in a wide range... Here is a photo and description of some varieties of small tomatoes.

Cherry red tomato - indeterminate, early ripening variety up to 1.8 m high.Up to 2.5 kg of fruit can be harvested from one bush. The weight of a tomato is 15-20 grams. Fruits are red, sweet, collected in a brush up to 30 pieces. Suitable for both fresh consumption and canning (you can use a whole brush).

Black Cherry Tomato - an indeterminate variety. In the greenhouse, the plant reaches a height of 2-3 m, in the open field - 1.3-1.6 m. The stem looks like a vine of grapes. The yield reaches 6-7 kg per 1 sq. m. The peculiarity of the fruits in their unusual color and sweet taste.

Strawberry Cherry Tomato - determinant variety, grows up to 1-1.2 m in height. Productivity up to 1-2 kg per bush. It has excellent gustatory qualities, the taste is sweet, the skin is dense, does not crack. Suitable for canning, but, for example, juice will not work out of them - high solids content.

Cherry tomato fingers - a determinant variety intended for unheated greenhouses, balconies and open field cultivation. Height - up to 75 cm. The weight of the fruits is 10-20 g, and the yield is 2.5-3 kg per 1 sq. m. Tomatoes can be canned or eaten raw.

Tomato Octopus Cherry - indeterminate variety, height - up to 5.5 m, is able to grow and bear fruit in one place for several years. Fruits reach 50 g, 50 kg of fruits can be removed from one plant. Suitable for consumption raw, in canned form, for making juices.

There is an opinion

Here we give reviews of some gardeners about the varieties described above.

Ivan, 45 years old: For several years I have been cultivating different varieties of cherry, all have their own pros and cons. Among the strengths of the Krasnaya Cherry variety is disease resistance. It ripens quickly. Very tasty and lovely view. The only drawback, in my opinion, is very tall bushes and a lot of stepchildren.

Anna, 35 years old, N. Novgorod: Black cherry was planted in the open field. Grew up beautiful. The fruits are delicious. The harvest was significant. I liked it. I'll plant it again.

Oksana, Belarus, Orsha: This year I planted a strawberry cherry. Bushes are a direct decoration of the site. Of all the Cherries that I have grown, they are one of the strongest, so the conservation of this cherry variety is wonderful. It doesn't taste like strawberries at all, only in shape.

Lyudmila, Novosibirsk region: For many years I have been growing the variety Cherry-fingers, a bush of about 50 cm. Suitable for both preservation and salads. Children generally like to eat them just like that.

Irina, Chita: Out of interest, I planted several Cherry bushes Octopus in the open field. Now I think I should have planted more! Of course the Octopus is not a tree, but the tomatoes are excellent plump, clean, of the same size. And the taste pleased. Our weather in summer is often damp and on other varieties there was rot, and on this one - not a single spoiled fruit.

Marina, Altai: In general, there is no arguing about the benefits and taste of cherry tomatoes. Of all the variety of varieties, it will not be difficult for any gardener to choose the one that suits the climate.


Why do hybrid varieties have F1 in the name?

Everyone who has bought hybrid varieties of cucumbers for cultivation probably knows that the F1 label is on the package next to the name. This indicates that the seeds that were taken for crossing belong to the first generation. It must be remembered that you cannot independently harvest the seeds of hybrid cucumbers for planting. They will not have the same properties as their predecessors. Most often, these seeds do not bear fruit at all.

How Do I Pick Good Hybrid Seeds?

Now there are a large number of hybrids that differ in taste, color, shape and other characteristics. In order to purchase the best hybrid varieties of cucumbers, it is necessary when buying to pay attention to whether this variety has passed the appropriate tests and is included in the state register. At the same time, the packaging should contain recommendations for growing a plant in a specific region.

According to the method of pollination, hybrids are divided into 3 groups:

  • Self-pollinated.
  • Parthenocarpic varieties of cucumbers.
  • Insect pollinated.

For good fruiting of insect pollinated cucumbers, bees or other insects are needed. They take a direct part in the pollination process. These varieties are well suited for open beds.

The cultivation of self-pollinated and parthenocarpic varieties of cucumbers can be carried out both in a greenhouse and in open soil. In hybrid self-pollinating cucumbers, the female and male flower is combined into a single flower (there is both a pistil and a stamen), so they can successfully self-pollinate.

What does parthenocarpic cucumber hybrid mean? Such a plant has only female flowers that do not require pollination at all. They bear fruit successfully and, accordingly, do not have seeds inside.

When buying hybrid seeds, consider where they will be grown. There are hybrid varieties of cucumbers for open ground, for the greenhouse, as well as universal ones. They are divided into several types:

  • Winter ... Such hybrids are grown year-round in heated greenhouses. They are characterized by large leaves and fruits (up to 35 cm), have a green tint and large tubercles. Used to prepare fresh salads. The best hybrid varieties of cucumbers that are grown in winter: F1 Courage, F1 Relay. Cucumbers "F1 Ladoga" are especially popular.
  • Cold resistant ... Suitable for open ground, they are harvested from mid-summer to autumn. In the first place, according to the reviews of summer residents, is the F1 Masha variety. Popular also "F1 Prestige", "F1 Farmer".
  • Photophilous ... Their ovaries are formed in a kind of bunches. These include: "F1 Arina", "F1 Hit of the Season".
  • Early ripening ... Such varieties give an excellent harvest within a month after germination. The common rooted varieties include "F1 Herman". F1 Alphabet is also very popular.
  • For canning and salting ... The fruits have a sweetish taste and hard skin. This group is represented by the widest assortment of varieties. Housewives celebrate the cucumbers "F1 Merengue", and "F1 Acorn" also enjoys positive reviews.

Thanks to the hard work of breeders, new hybrid cucumber varieties appear on the market every year, which allows you to choose the ideal option for yourself and get a good harvest.


Greenhouse for grapes: types and their features

By no means in all regions climatic conditions allow growing grapes on a personal plot. However, this crop can be grown in specially equipped greenhouses.


Types, characteristics

There are several types of spunbond, depending on the following categories:

  1. Color: white, black, black and white. To prevent frost damage to grapes, only light covering material is used.
  2. Density. For frost-resistant varieties, it is permissible to use any agrofibre, for more delicate ones - with a thickness of 50 g / m2.
  3. Geometric parameters: length, width. Can be ordered in rolls or per meter, depending on the size and number of bushes.

The use of medium-density canvas is justified if you need to harden young shoots in the spring before planting from the nursery to a permanent place in the ground.


Watch the video: 100 Cheap u0026 Easy DIY Greenhouse Ideas. Garden Ideas


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