Numerous studies by doctors that chemical fertilizers (especially nitrate fertilizers) and agents for protecting against diseases / pests can cause a lot of harm to health and the environment. Therefore, more and more gardeners frantically shoveled the Internet in search of folk remedies. Most often, such sources suggest using soda, salt, yeast, etc. But for some reason, few people think that even the most harmless substances can sometimes be harmful.
Since the realization of the harmfulness of chemicals in the cultivation of crops, there is a continuous search for folk remedies that would perform the same functions. But some of these substances can bring not only benefits, but also harm under certain conditions.
Salt is a popular ingredient in recipes for protecting cultivated plants from late blight, onion flies and many other misfortunes. However, this edible ingredient in many formulations is quite capable of spoiling the soil. So, salt is capable of:
It is clear that such consequences of “salting” impede the growth of any plants. To change the situation for the better, dig up the land and fertilize them with natural fertilizers - humus, rotted mullein, matured compost. The addition of a small amount of coarse sand will allow the soil to be loosened.
My mother set out to save strawberries from slugs with the help of salt, so that the granddaughters would not be poisoned with "chemistry". For two years in a row, she covered the ground around with a salty additive, but the parasites continued to eat the berries. True, she stopped salting the soil when all the plants in the garden began to wither. After that, for another two years, everything did not grow well in this section of the garden.
Inappropriate use of salt in the garden and in the garden can do much more harm than good.
Some farmers use baking soda and soda ash to take care of the garden and vegetable garden. But at the same time, you need to be careful, because the sodium included in their composition can cause serious harm to both plants and soil. Haze (all types of beets) and cruciferous (cabbage) families of agricultural crops need sodium in a very small amount, while the rest do not tolerate it at all. Soda is harmful to such plants in that:
Physiological thirst is the state of plants when they cannot absorb moisture in the required amount, even if there is a lot of it in the soil (violation of the water-salt balance). Most often, the process is due to the salinization of the earth.
When it comes to fighting disease, the benefits are also rather dubious. The myth of the use of soda ash for the prevention of diseases appeared after someone found out that it was used in the last century to protect against diseases of roses and other cut plants. The fact is that then this substance was included in the medicinal composition together with milk serum, the acid in which was supposed to neutralize. Over time, this nuance was lost, and many gardeners successfully burn the leaves of their plants with soda.
Previously, baking soda was used together with whey to treat roses for various diseases.
Sometimes soda ash is advised to be used to saturate the soil with calcium. But this method is justified only by the name of the substance, in fact, there is no calcium in it at all, and the name is explained by the method of production - calcination. In practice, however, such use is very harmful to plants and soil.
If you systematically use soda in the garden, the beds are salted. This is especially dangerous in protected ground, where there is no precipitation, which means that sodium is not even minimally washed out.
Excess sodium in the soil can lead to salinity, making it nearly impossible for plants to grow.
Yeast is very often used to feed plants. but Lyubov Orlova, the agronomist of the Kursk branch of the Oryol Reference Center of the Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, claims that in fact this is not feeding, but the activation of the growth of beneficial soil microorganisms. The expression "grow by leaps and bounds" in this case can be taken almost literally. The purpose of this product is to enhance growth and strengthen the condition of the root system.
The effect will indeed be there, but in order not to worsen the condition of the soil, you need to use the yeast correctly. So, you should follow two important rules:
If you add a fermenting agent to insufficiently fertilized soil, its rapid depletion occurs. It happens like this: at first you see an impressive growth of all planted crops, the harvest is simply stunning, but next year everything will grow extremely poorly and slowly in this place. This is explained by the fact that on unfertilized soil, yeast takes all available resources to stimulate growth.
Yeast is not a fertilizer, but a good stimulant for the rapid decomposition of organic matter. If yeast is used instead of fertilizers, then the result is very good at first, but later you will get poor organic matter, stony, difficult-to-develop soil.
Yeast, when used correctly, has a great effect on the growth of crops.
This substance is most commonly used as a nitrogen source. According to the assurances of gardeners, it is impossible to oversaturate the soil with ammonia, but ready-made nitrogen fertilizers, if used incorrectly, can seriously harm plants. In addition, ammonia repels various pests. But still, ammonia has its drawbacks:
Since ammonia is a caustic, toxic substance, it can cause severe chemical burns if it comes into contact with leaves and stems. Therefore, solutions based on it must be poured onto the ground around the plant and only after abundant watering;
Most often, ammonia is used in the garden and vegetable garden to repel pests.
Quite often, it is advised to use liquid and solid soap solutions for pest control. Note that the second soap is made on the basis of sodium salts, so the soil deteriorates in the same way as from the addition of soda (baking soda and soda ash). As mentioned above, the soil becomes sticky and does not allow the plants to absorb water. As a result, crops grow very poorly.
But still, many gardeners note that the effect of a soap solution will be positive if the soil is highly acidic. In this case, it is important that the dosage is no more than half a piece of solid soap per 10 liters of water. If you are treating the ground part of the plant with a solution of solid soap, cover the ground around it with plastic.
Soapy water is an alkali solution, which in itself does not contain substances useful for the plant. If you pour soapy water on the soil, and even in large quantities, you can burn the roots and destroy the plants. That is, soapy water is not only unnecessary for garden crops, but also harmful.
But liquid soap is created on the basis of potassium, which is useful for all vegetables, so solutions with it can be used, but without fanaticism, because it contains many harmful synthetic additives.
Most often, summer residents make a solution from pests based on laundry or tar soap.
Water after washing with synthetic powders is categorically unsuitable for adding to the soil, because it is not decomposed by microorganisms, and toxins accumulate. As a result, we get long-term poisoning of soils and groundwater.
Potassium permanganate is a popular means for disinfecting tubers, seeds and agricultural implements. In addition, it is sometimes used as an additional source of plant nutrition with potassium and manganese. However, not everyone knows that this substance cannot be used on acidic soils, because it is a strong oxidizing agent. There is no point in fertilizing plants with them at all, because the dose of potassium assimilated in this case is simply microscopic, and manganese in this form is almost not assimilated (manganese chelates are more suitable).
If you use potassium permanganate for watering and disinfecting the soil itself, the consequences can be even sadder:
Manganese is an excellent disinfectant, but it's best not to overuse it.
Of course, in many cases, folk remedies in the garden and in the garden can be an excellent alternative to chemicals. But do not blindly trust all Internet sources when looking for appropriate recipes. It is better to give preference to authoritative Internet resources that have their own agronomist consultants and specialize in agriculture. And then you will be delighted with the wonderful harvest grown using environmentally friendly methods!
Hello everyone! Today I want to touch on a sentimental topic for summer residents, gardeners and truck farmers - ants. Whoever faced them will understand. If you notice these individuals on your plantations, you need to help them pack their bags as soon as possible and send them home from your territory. But before you deport, take a closer look at them. They are divided into two types - forest and garden.
Forest ones are beneficial, so if you have a red goosebump, you should not worry. It feeds on insects and will not harm. If black or yellow ones are walking around the site, it is worth sounding the alarm, these are garden ones and they bring significant damage. This does not in the best way affect the quality of the crop, as well as its quantity.
Therefore, you need to get rid of such insects when they first appear on the site. Which method should you choose? Everyone decides individually. We have only collected the most effective of them and we hope that they will help you get rid of these insects. Or maybe you have your own proven method of struggle, please share it with us in the comments below.
On personal plots in Russia, 2 species of ants settle:
Often ants settle in the root system of a tree, which can lead to its complete death within 2-3 years.
Every gardener knows that the appearance of such shrubs as currants and gooseberries on the leaves and berries of a gray-white bloom is a sure sign of their infection with powdery mildew.
This dangerous fungal infection can seriously harm adults and young shrubs and spoil the entire crop. The development of powdery mildew (ash, leucorrhoea) is provoked by microscopic ectoparasitic fungi that can live in the soil for a long time.
This "uninvited guest" from distant America came to our land. The adaptation of the fungus to severe winters was very successful, since it is highly survivable. The fungal infection waits out frosts on bushes damaged in summer and autumn. With the arrival of heat, the fungus begins to actively multiply by spores on the growing rows of the plant.
If signs of powdery mildew infection are found, urgent action is needed. The disease can spread rapidly throughout the plant and can easily spread to neighboring bushes. The white color on the leaves and fruits turns gray or even brown over time. Mycelium affects not only plant leaves and fruits, but also aerial shoots.
The spread of the disease is facilitated by cloudy and humid weather, as well as abundant watering and the growth of plants in the shade. In greenhouses, powdery mildew is often caused by poor and irregular ventilation and stagnant air.
The most popular and very effective remedy for this fungal disease is regular baking soda, but there are a number of things you need to do before using it:
You can pour the healing solution into a large basin and dip the plant branches into it. The soil under the plants must be abundantly moistened with a solution.
Powdery mildew soda can be used both baking (kitchen) and soda ash (household). In the first case, to prepare the solution, you will need 4 liters of water, in which you need to dissolve 1 tablespoon of baking soda and 1 teaspoon of liquid soap.The resulting solution should be sprayed on the plants two to three times every 7-8 days.
Using soda ash, a medicinal solution should be prepared in the following proportions: for 5 liters of water, you need to take 25 g of soda ash and 5 g of soap. It is necessary to process the bushes with a chilled solution 3 times with an interval of 10 days.
In addition, like any gardening infection, powdery mildew is afraid of modern fungicides. These funds have a detrimental effect on the fungus, stop the harmful processes in plant cells, protect it and treat it.
Depending on the degree of damage, plants are sprayed with fungicides 1-4 times every 10 days. The most effective drugs are Fundazol, Skor, Amistar extra and Topaz.
Any garden or vegetable garden is a small ecological system in balance. All living beings of this system, both plants and animals, represent, as it were, a single organism, each member of which participates in many interrelated processes. And if some component is completely removed from this chain, then the ecological balance will be violated.
Seedlings often suffer from black leg, root collar rot. The disease can destroy all plants, but hydrogen peroxide will help to defeat it. Having found a diseased seedling, immediately remove it, and cut the rest of the seedlings by spraying the roots with this solution: 1 tbsp. peroxide per 1 liter of water. Then water the seedlings under the root every 1-2 weeks before planting.
Before planting seedlings in a greenhouse or open ground, it is also recommended to water or spray with peroxide - 4-5 tbsp. for 1 liter of water. The hydrogen peroxide solution can be poured directly into the wells. Tomatoes will especially like this procedure - there will be fewer cracks on the fruits later.
If the seedling has dried out roots, soak it in hydrogen peroxide and the plant will come to life.
Despite its small size, you can see this pest without any problems if you examine the bushes specially. Aphids take a fancy to young leaves on the tops of shoots; by the nature of the damage, you can even determine the type of pest. If the leaves go down and curl into a tube, the petioles bend, and the shoots stop growing, then this is the work of the shoot aphid.
Damage to the red-gall aphid looks different: reddish spots appear on the leaves, they swell, and then the leaves dry out. It looks as if the plant has been damaged by some kind of disease, but in fact these are traces of aphid activity. The fact that insects prefer red currant is explained by the fact that its leaves are softer and thinner than those of black-fruited.
Basically, insects are located on the lower plates of leaves, mainly young ones, where they form whole clusters. Ants usually run on the plant nearby, graze their wards, so it is possible to determine that there are aphids on the currants by the unusual activity of ants.
The harm from aphids is expressed in the fact that it weakens the plant by drawing out juice from it, as a result of which it bears worse fruit, loses its frost resistance and can freeze out in winter. Due to poor development of leaves and shoots, the buds do not develop well enough, which means that the yield of the plant will be reduced in the next season. Aphids not only suck out juice from currants, but also carry infections - viruses, as a result of which a weakened plant easily becomes ill. That is why, at the first signs of damage, urgent measures must be taken to eliminate insects.
In addition to feeding and pest control, you can find many uses in your summer cottage:
As you can see from the article, there are a large number of ways to use it on your site. She becomes an indispensable assistant for the summer resident. Moreover, it is safe for humans. It is also worth noting the low cost and availability.