Tomatoes are a demanding crop for fertilizing and fertilization, so it is worth paying special attention to this issue in order to obtain a rich harvest. Is it possible to fertilize them with bird (chicken) droppings and how justified this feeding is, let's talk in today's article.
Tomatoes and cucumbers require a sufficient amount of nitrogen in the soil for good growth and development. But with its overabundance, the opposite process is observed: the appearance of fruits slows down, the bushes grow into a green mass, the fruits become tasteless and deformed.
Another well-known fact is that tomatoes do not like planting in fresh manure, they begin to "fatten", that is, leaves and stems are actively growing, and the fruits are not tied, concentrated nutrients are poorly absorbed and the roots often "burn" because of this, the plants become susceptible to for many diseases. And pathogenic microorganisms, weed seeds and other undesirable components are often found in such manure.
For planting tomatoes, use only that manure that has managed to rot for at least a year. This natural fertilizer is ideal for creating warm beds. In the fall, the soil layer in the greenhouse is removed, the bottom is lined with natural insulation:
The next layer is laid with fresh manure of about 8-12 cm, and a cut layer of greenhouse soil is poured on top, the entire greenhouse is watered and covered with plastic wrap. Such insulated ridges will help plants cope with spring frosts, so you can plant tomatoes earlier.
Manure reduces the acidity of the soil due to its high content of calcium and magnesium, and potassium and magnesium are found in the most suitable simple form for tomatoes. A large amount of carbon dioxide is released from manure, which is necessary in the process of photosynthesis. Types of manure used for feeding tomatoes:
It is worth remembering that solutions based on chicken manure should be used only for application under the root of plants.
The beginning of feeding the crop is approximately 3 weeks after transplanting into a greenhouse or open ridge. Mullein is used for these purposes. 500 ml of mullein is combined with a bucket of water and 1 tablespoon of nitrophosphate. The resulting solution is poured over each bush, 500 ml each. The next feeding is done when another brush with flowers is formed, and the third - during the flowering of the third.
They don't like tomatoes:
Chicken manure surpasses cow manure several times in terms of the content of many substances: nitrogen, phosphorus, magnesium, sand, manganese and zinc. They are used only to feed after watering or rain, and the mixture cannot be poured into the hole.
The introduced droppings have a beneficial effect on the soil and 3 years after feeding, it is a "long-playing" fertilizer.
But do not forget that in no case should it be brought in pure fresh form! Especially in seedlings.
Pros of making chicken humus for tomatoes and cucumbers:
Chicken manure is used for tomatoes at all stages of the life cycle: before planting plants, it is possible to use granular and liquid. During the active growth of the plant, infusions are used.
The infusion is used twice per growing cycle:
Dry droppings are applied in the fall after harvesting all crops. It is moistened with water, evenly distributed over the entire surface of the soil, and then leveled with a rake and left until the spring thaws. Over the winter, such fertilizer will reprocess well, and from the beginning of spring you can start digging the site.
Having made the first feeding, it is imperative to observe its result. Tomato leaves are real indicators. If the plants grow too actively, the leaves and stems have become thicker, you should not apply more fertilizer, this threatens to get a lush green bush without ovaries and fruits.
Taking care of their health, more and more summer residents and plant breeders are choosing natural, organic fertilizers. Observing all agrotechnical requirements, norms and terms of feeding, you can get an excellent and tasty harvest every year!
Chicken manure is not suitable for fertilization for all crops.... It contains a high content of urea, which is not tolerated by all plants. But for cucumbers this is a good top dressing: it solves a number of problems in the process of growing and ripening fruits.
Reference. Chicken excrement is not inferior in quality to cow dung and purchased fertilizers.
Let's take a closer look at the pros and cons of feeding cucumbers with chicken droppings.
The pluses include:
Cons of using chicken droppings:
Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Uzbekistan, Ukraine Armenia
Houseplants are my love. But at the beginning of this year, problems began with them: diseases appeared, the soil deteriorated. Mom recommended AgroUP. My parents are fond of organic farming at their dacha, so I was surprised: how can a tool for organic farming help me. It turned out that it is also suitable for home crop production. Fertilizers need very little. And what can I say: my plants are no longer sick with anything and have started to grow again. Unplanned fertilization of potatoes with urea is carried out in the presence of the following signs of nitrogen starvation. Influence of urea on potatoes. Urea is the best source of nitrogen for potatoes, which increases the quantity and quality of the crop. The tubers are healthy. Influence of urea on potatoes. Urea is the best source of nitrogen for potatoes, which increases the quantity and quality of the crop. Tubers are healthy, large, with increased taste. How to fertilize correctly. Before you start growing. Potatoes are practically the only vegetable crop, during the cultivation of which difficulties arise with the assimilation of the fertilizer introduced into the soil. In this regard, potatoes are considered a very picky vegetable. Potato urea as fertilizer. The use of urea. Fertilization with urea during planting makes it possible to protect young shoots from many diseases and almost all possible viruses. In order for the potato to give a rich harvest and tolerate long-term storage well, it must be fertilized. Top dressing is important for potatoes because of its weak root system and many bulky tubers. Fertilization with potato urea. Among the substances with a high nitrogen content, which are actively used in modern agriculture, urea is the most widespread and popular. Urea is an effective potato fertilizer that will allow you to get. Potatoes should be fed with carbamide when characteristic signs appear on the leaves, which clearly indicate nitrogen starvation: The color of the leaves turns pale. Potato bushes become depressed. When does potato need fertilization? Urea is used for tuber crops. Urea - application features for potatoes. White (less often yellow) granules are used in solid or liquid form. The applied fertilizer solutions with urea can be used. Urea grade B, - 18,900 rubles. tn. packing bag, big-bag, storage, delivery is possible. Seller: LLC UTS - CCM. Address: Russia, Nevinn Needless to say, but it is nitrates that block the flow of oxygen into red blood cells, body cells. This means that they cause disorders of the central nervous system and metabolism.
Various components of yeast fertilizer have a positive effect on vegetable crops. Structural changes in the soil at the level of microorganism activity allow the roots to more actively absorb nitrogen and microelements. Yeast, as a fertilizer for cucumbers and tomatoes, contributes to:
Already after a week, the bush of cucumbers or tomatoes becomes much more luxuriant, a rich green color of leaves and stems is noted. The effect of yeast feeding on seedlings is also effective:
Various fertilizers are used to feed cucumbers. Some of them are in great demand due to their high efficiency.
The best fertilizer for cucumbers
Among the popular specialized fertilizers for cucumbers, which are in great demand, one should also name "Agricola", "Sudarushka", "Kristalon".
It may surprise you, but chicken manure is 3 times more useful than the same manure or mullein. It contains a considerable amount of nutrients and is used to fertilize all kinds of vegetable crops. The effectiveness of this organic feed has been proven by many years of experience of many gardeners. This fertilizer is especially valuable for organic lovers who have completely abandoned the use of chemicals. In this article, we will take a closer look at how to feed a tomato with chicken droppings. We will also learn more about the beneficial properties of this fertilizer.
It is safe to say that chicken manure contains almost all the substances necessary for the growth and formation of fruits. Among the most important mineral components are:
In addition, this organic fertilizer contains a sufficient amount of cobalt, copper, manganese and zinc. Thanks to such a rich composition, chicken manure improves the quality of the soil, even if it is applied every 2 years. The results of plant feeding can be seen already a couple of weeks after application.
Of the positive aspects of using chicken manure, the following can be distinguished:
You can start fertilizing the soil even before planting the seedlings. The droppings are evenly distributed over the garden bed, and I dig up the soil, deepening it inward. For 1 square meter, you will need about 3.5 kg of chicken. Also, chicken manure can be applied in liquid form. Such dressings are carried out throughout the vegetative period of tomatoes. In this case, at least 6 liters of solution is required per square meter.
When deciding how and when to fertilize, you should pay attention to the condition of the leaves. They, as an indicator, always show what is lacking in tomato seedlings. If the green mass grows too quickly, and the stems become thick and fleshy, this is a clear sign of an overabundance of fertilizer. If you continue to feed the plants in the same spirit, then you can get a very lush bush without ovaries and fruits, since the plant will devote all its strength to the formation of green mass.
A week after the feeding of the tomatoes was stopped, it is necessary to feed the ground part of the plants with a solution of wood ash. She should spray the bushes in order to stop the process of nitrogen absorption. It is this element that is responsible for the growth of stems and foliage. Ash also saturates tomato seedlings with potassium.
Do not forget that chicken manure itself is toxic. Peat, straw or sawdust will help neutralize such an effect on tomato seedlings. Compost should be made from these components. For this, a site for fertilization is prepared on a hill. The first step is to lay out a layer of sawdust. After that, it is necessary to lay out a thick layer of chicken droppings on them (up to 20 cm). Then the sawdust is laid out again, and again a layer of droppings. The compost should stand for a month and a half, after which it is used to fertilize tomatoes.
Important! Of course, there can be an unpleasant odor from the compost. In order to muffle it, the pile is covered with a layer of earth and straw.
For the preparation of the solution, both dry and fresh bird manure are used. In this case, it is necessary to accurately follow the proportions. If you exceed the amount of droppings in the solution, you can burn the plant roots. So, 1.5 kg of chicken manure is dissolved in 10 liters of liquid. Immediately after this, you can water the tomatoes with this nutrient mixture. For watering 1 bush, 0.7-1 liter of liquid will be enough. It is best to water the tomatoes with diluted droppings during rain or immediately after watering with plain water.
Some gardeners prefer to use chicken manure infusion to fertilize tomatoes. For this, the following components are mixed in such proportions:
To prepare this infusion, you should choose a container that is closed with a lid. The closed solution should be kept in a warm place for several days. During this time, the fermentation process will take place. Immediately before use, the infusion is diluted with water in a ratio of 1/10. Such an infusion can be stored for a long time, so having prepared it once, you can not worry about fertilizers for tomatoes all summer.
Bird droppings are often used dry for feeding. In this case, fertilizer is applied to the soil during digging. It is best to do this in the fall, immediately after cleaning the beds. Gardeners with experience, before feeding, slightly moisten the droppings, and then scatter it over the entire surface of the soil. To distribute the fertilizer more evenly over the ground, it can be leveled with a rake. You can add some ash, sand or compost to your droppings. In this form, the fertilizer is left until spring. Under the snow, it will thoroughly grind, and already in March you can start digging the beds.
Not everyone has natural chicken droppings. In this case, you can purchase granular fertilizer at a specialized store. Such a litter is much more convenient to use, and it also has a number of the following advantages:
This fertilizer is applied at 100–250 grams per 1 square meter. The granules should be sprinkled with soil or dug up the bed after application. Of course, chicken droppings won't replace all the micronutrients you need. Therefore, in some cases, it will be necessary to additionally add potassium to the soil.
Important! Granular droppings can also cause plant burns. In no case should it be introduced into the seedling planting holes.
Some gardeners soak their chicken to obtain nutritious fertilizer. To do this, you need to fill the chicken manure with water and leave it for a couple of days. At the end of the period, the water is drained from the container and replaced with a new one. Now you will again need to leave the droppings to soak for a few days. This procedure is repeated a couple more times. Thanks to soaking, all toxins and acids are released from the droppings. It becomes completely safe. But even after that, it is not recommended to use chicken manure to fertilize plants at the root. It can be placed in prepared furrows next to vegetable crops.
Chicken manure is the most affordable fertilizer for gardeners. Of course, no one keeps chickens in cities, but this can often be found in summer cottages. Bird droppings are even healthier than mullein. It contains phosphorus and nitrogen, which are responsible for the growth and health of vegetable crops. These minerals are easily absorbed by tomatoes. The first reason for this is that chicken manure is a completely organic and natural fertilizer. It is much more "alive" than mineral chemical additives, so it easily affects plants.
The benefits of this fertilizer are also indicated by the presence of boron, copper, cobalt and zinc. It also contains bioactive substances. For example, chicken contains auxin, which has a direct effect on the growth of tomatoes and other crops. The acidity level of chicken manure is 6.6. Thanks to this, it not only increases the yield of crops, but also transforms the composition of the soil. The presence of calcium in the chicken helps to deoxidize the soil. Also, this organic fertilizer promotes the process of photosynthesis. Because of what the plants are actively growing and developing, and in the future they form beautiful fruits.
Attention! It doesn't matter which way to fertilize. It retains its effectiveness in any form.
Not everyone knows how often the soil should be fed with chicken manure. Experienced gardeners say that fertilizer should be applied no more than 3 times during the entire season. The first feeding is done together with planting seedlings in the ground. To take root and gain strength, tomatoes simply need nutrients. The next feeding is necessary during the period of flowering and ovary formation. And the third time, chicken droppings are introduced during active fruiting. Thanks to this, you can get larger fruits, as well as extend the period of their formation.
Chicken droppings make an excellent nutritional mix. To do this, in a large container, the manure is mixed with a liquid in a ratio of 1/3. Further, the resulting solution is infused for 3-4 days. It must be constantly stirred. To speed up the process of dropping decomposition, you can add the preparation "Baikal M" or "Tamir" to the solution. Add one tablespoon of the drug to 1 bucket of liquid. After the done, the solution must be diluted with water in a ratio of 1/3. Then the prepared nutrient mixture is poured over the beds with tomatoes or other vegetables. For 1m2 of a garden, you will need 1.5 liters of solution.
These methods of feeding tomatoes with chicken manure have been tested. Many gardeners have been using just such fertilizer for years on their plots. They note that the results can be seen as early as 10-14 days after the application of the supplementary feed. Plants immediately gain strength and begin to actively grow and bear fruit. Based on these data, it follows that feeding that includes chicken manure can give plants an excellent impetus for active development. Moreover, it is used not only for seedlings of tomatoes and other vegetables, but also for various fruit trees and shrubs. All plants just before our eyes become strong and powerful.
Important! The use of chicken manure can significantly increase the yield of crops, as well as improve the quality of fruits.
Also, many gardeners use dry chicken manure. This method is the easiest to use, since you do not need to mix and insist anything. Although some summer residents soak their droppings before use, this step can be dispensed with. Fertilize the soil with dry droppings in spring or autumn. Fertilizer can be crushed or left intact before use. They are simply sprinkled on the soil before digging the soil.
This natural organic fertilizer has excellent nutritional properties. It contains a number of trace elements necessary for the growth of cultures. They are easily absorbed by plants. Chicken droppings are very easy to use.
Chicken is one of the most popular organic fertilizers. He is able to activate biological processes in the soil. Thanks to it, plants receive one of the most important substances - carbon dioxide. By using chicken manure correctly, you can achieve the best results. How to properly use a chicken for feeding tomatoes, and in what proportions to mix it, you could see in detail in this article. This organic fertilizer is in no way inferior to purchased mineral complexes. It contains a huge amount of nutrients that together can only benefit your plants. Experienced agronomists argue that feeding vegetable crops with chicken manure can completely replace the use of other fertilizers.
Organic matter is washed out of the soil much more slowly, thanks to which the plants will be able to obtain the necessary minerals for a long time. The quality of the crop and its taste will definitely delight you. And most importantly, the grown vegetables will not contain nitrates and other chemicals.
Top dressing. 7-10 days after planting in the ground, feed the plants with a solution of nitroammofoska (1 tbsp. Spoon per 10 l of water). 3 weeks after planting in the ground, dilute 0.5 kg of mullein and 1 tbsp in 10 liters of water. spoon of nitroammofoska, for each plant - 0.5 liters of solution. At the beginning of the blooming of the second brush: dilute 0.2 liters of liquid chicken droppings in 10 liters of water, 1 tbsp. spoon of double superphosphate, 1 teaspoon of potassium sulfate. Under the root - 1 liter. The next top dressing is during the blooming of the third flower brush: dilute 1 tbsp in 10 liters of water. spoon of working solution of sodium humate and 1 tbsp. spoon of nitroammophoska. For 1 m2 - 5 liters. After 12 days: dilute 1 tbsp in 10 liters of water. a spoonful of superphosphate. Top dressing bucket - per 1 m2. The last feeding is at the end of July. In 10 liters of water, dilute 1 tbsp. spoon of nitroammophoska, superphosphate and potassium sulfate. For 1 plant - 0.5 l. They are fed when the fruit is poured. To make the fruits sweet: dissolve 1 tbsp in 10 liters of water. a spoonful of table salt and 1 tbsp. a spoonful of potassium sulfate. For 1 plant - 0.5 l. When shedding flowers: dissolve 1 teaspoon of boric acid in 10 liters of water; when spraying, 10 liters of solution are consumed per 10 m2. When rolling the leaves: dissolve 2 g of boric acid in 10 liters of water, pour 1 liter of solution under each plant. Exclude superphosphate from dressings, and increase the dose of potassium and nitrogen fertilizers to 30 g per 10 liters of water. From viral diseases: dissolve in 10 liters of water 5 g of potassium permanganate, 10-15 g of boric acid. For each plant - 1 liter. If plants are damaged by viral diseases, you can try the following remedy: sand the copper wire, sharpened on one side, insert it into the plant stem (the length of the wire is 3-4 cm, 2-3 things are inserted into the stem). It is necessary to monitor the condition of the plants and timely add the necessary nutrients to the soil. If the plants are stunted and pale in color, the tomato plants must be fed with a 1:10 mullein solution. If the plants "fatten", they intensively increase the green mass to the detriment of fruit formation, exclude nitrogen fertilizers from fertilizing. If the leaves on the lower side acquire a purple hue, the plants lack phosphorus. Excess phosphorus causes yellowing of the leaves. Plants dry up, and the fruits become variegated with a lack of potassium. With its excess, dull spots appear on the leaves. SALT AND SUGAR IN THE GARDEN Sometimes it does not even occur to us that fertilizers and pesticides can replace the most common products - salt, sugar, garlic, kefir, mustard. For example, the first signs appeared on tomatoes late blight. To save the fruits, it is necessary to accelerate their ripening. For these purposes, it is usually recommended to feed the tomatoes with potassium and phosphorus. But there is an easier way. Take 100 g of sodium chloride per liter of water and sprinkle diseased plants with this solution. After such a Jesuit operation, the leaves will turn yellow and fall off, the growth of plants will stop and all their strength will go to the ripening of the fruits. In addition, the thin salt film formed on the fruits will protect them from further development of infection. But you don't have to wait for the thunder to strike. As a preventive measure, sprinkle the plants with fresh infusion of garlic (50 g per bucket of water) or a solution of fermented kefir (1 liter per bucket of water).