Cyperus


The plant Cyperus (Cyperus) or full is a representative of the Sedge family. This genus includes about 600 different species. Habitat - wetlands and zones along temperate or tropical climates.

The popularity of cyperus in home floriculture is due to its decorative appearance, as well as its ability to cleanse the air from dust. If you provide the cyperus with suitable conditions, this plant does not require careful care and practically does not get sick.

Description of Cyperus

Tsiperus is a herbaceous perennial plant. Close knots are located on the tops of its shoots. Leaf blades are formed on them, shaped like an umbrella. Depending on the variety, foliage can be colored in different shades of green, as well as be two-tone. Cyperus forms brownish spikelets in the leaf axils all year round.

The plant is very hygrophilous. Of its many species, only a few are suitable for indoor cultivation. Cyperus can grow in the shade and is often used to decorate aquariums, artificial reservoirs, or places that are too dark for most plants.

Cyperus. Reproduction, planting and care.

Brief rules for growing cyperus

The table shows brief rules for caring for cyperus at home.

Lighting levelBoth shading and scattered beams are acceptable.
Content temperatureUp to +22 degrees in the warm season, at least +12 degrees in winter.
Watering modeVery plentiful during the period of active growth, the soil must remain moist at all times. Bottom watering is most often used. In winter, the soil is moistened less often.
Air humidityConstant spraying is required.
The soilA mixture of humus with peat and an admixture of 1/6 of the bog silt is required. Upon completion of the transplant, the top of the soil is covered with a layer of sand. Sometimes cyperus is grown hydroponically.
Top dressingOnce every 3 weeks in spring and summer, using mineral formulations.
TransferIf necessary, you can transplant the flower at any time.
PruningOld yellowing and later dying stems are subject to pruning.
BloomNondescript, the plant is prized for its foliage.
Dormant periodThe dormant period is weak, the flower grows all year round.
ReproductionSeeds, rosettes, cuttings, dividing the bush.
PestsMealybug, whiteflies, thrips, and spider mites.
DiseasesDrying of the tips of the foliage due to excessive dryness of the air.

Cyperus home care

Lighting

Cyperus is considered a shade-tolerant plant, but still prefers bright light. It is able to tolerate even direct sun, although it is the diffused light that is considered optimal for growing. Wide window sills of the western or eastern direction are considered a good place. If cyperus grows on the south window, during hot hours the bushes can be shaded a little so that burns do not appear on the foliage.

Cyperus can also be grown under artificial lighting, trying to keep the daylight hours at least 15 hours. Excessive shading will lead to the fact that the bush will develop at a slower pace. In winter, the plant needs a little more light than usual. You can move it to a brighter place or use additional lighting.

Temperature

Cyperus prefers moderate warmth; in spring and summer, it grows best at temperatures around 20-22 degrees. Another important requirement is fresh air. In warm weather, you can take the container with the plant outside or into the garden by dropping the pot into the ground. If the flower remains at home, the room with the cyperus must be ventilated. In winter, the temperature in it should not be lower than 12 degrees. Cold drafts can damage the plant.

Watering mode

Tsiperus is a marsh plant that is not afraid of excessive soil moisture. The roots must be kept in moist soil at all times. In order for the flower to receive a sufficient amount of moisture, a container with it is often placed in a pots, about half filled with well-settled soft water. Cyperus should spend the winter in a cooler place. During this period, the volume of irrigation is reduced, but the soil in the container should not be overdried.

Humidity level

Cyperus needs constant and fairly abundant spraying. For this, cold settled water is used. In winter, the air near the plant is humidified less often, but they try to keep the pot away from batteries or heaters. Lack of air humidity leads to drying and blackening of the leaves.

The soil

A slightly acidic soil with a pH of about 5-6 is suitable for planting cyperus. It should include humus and peat soil. To make the substrate even more suitable, it is recommended to add 1/6 of the bog silt to it. You can also mix humus with peat, turf and sand.

Top dressing

Fertilizers are required for cyperus only during the period of the most active growth - in spring and summer. Any complex mineral compositions are suitable for this. Old yellowed leaf blades can be removed to stimulate shoot growth. In winter, feeding is not carried out.

Transfer

Tsiperus is transplanted only when necessary, it can be done all year round, but spring is considered the best time. A plant growing for a long time in one container may begin to thin out. The cyperus transplant procedure also allows you to refresh the soil or divide a large bush.

A high and moderately wide container is suitable for placing a cyperus. The plant grows exactly in breadth, but too much volume will force the plant to grow roots. At least a quarter of the pot is filled with drainage. But there is also the opposite opinion: since the plant lives in swamps, it may not need a drainage layer at all. If the container with the plant is planned to be placed in water, the surface of the soil is additionally covered with sand. Another way to grow cyperus is hydroponics or pure hydrogel.

Tilt the pot slightly and gently pull the plant out of the pot, trying to keep the soil ball. If the roots were injured, these areas are removed, having previously cleared of the old soil.

Pruning

Variegated varieties of cyperus can form ordinary green shoots. They must be cut, otherwise the whole plant will soon turn a simple green color. Old yellowing and later dying stems are also subject to pruning. Removing them contributes to the renewal of the bush.

Pests and diseases

Thrips and whiteflies can settle on Cyperus, in addition, sometimes it is affected by mealybugs, and in dry heat and by a spider mite. You can get rid of pests using soapy water or an insecticide.

Cyperus foliage can begin to dry out at the edges due to too dry air. If the leaf blades began to lose their color and turn yellow, this indicates a lack of minerals in the soil. Such a plant must be fed.

Cyperus breeding methods

The main breeding method for cyperus is leaf rosettes, but there are other options for obtaining a new plant. This is using seeds and cuttings or dividing a large bush.

Growing from seeds

Cyperus seeds are sown in containers filled with leafy soil and peat with half of the sand added. After sowing, they are covered with glass or foil. For their germination, the room must keep at least +18 degrees. The soil is periodically moistened with settled warm water. After the sprouts appear, they dive, planting 3 pieces per 7 cm pot. The soil for replanting should consist of turf and leafy soil mixed with sand.

Young seedlings are sheltered from direct rays and moisturized abundantly. After a couple of months, they are moved into larger pots, 2 cm larger than the old ones. Three seedlings are again placed in each container at once, and a mixture of peat and sand with a double part of the sod is taken as the soil.

Reproduction using sockets

To propagate cyperus, you can take her leaf rosette. It should have a small part of the stem. For rooting, use a container with sand. For root formation, the soil temperature should be about +22 degrees. If the room is cold, it is advisable to use bottom heating, but the ground temperature should not rise above +24 degrees.

If possible, the outlet is not cut off, but used to form a layering. The stem is bent so that the outlet is immersed in a container of water. After some period, roots will begin to form on it, after which the new plant is separated from the mother plant and planted in its own container.

Cuttings

Spring is best for cutting cuttings. The top of the stem is cut under the lower knot. At the same time, the leaves on it are shortened, leaving only 1/3 of the length. These cuttings are planted in small 7 cm pots for rooting. The cutting itself dries up later, but fresh shoots begin to form next to it. One month after rooting, you can move such a seedling into a regular pot.

For rooting, you can also put the cuttings in water, dropping them down there with foliage.

Dividing the bush

Cyperus bushes older than 2 years grow, after which they can be divided into parts. Such divisions are quickly taken in a new place and turn into full-fledged bushes.

Planting rooted CIPERUS cuttings.

Useful properties of cyperus

One of the plant species - papyrus - has a number of medicinal properties. It improves cerebral circulation, is able to have a good effect on vision, and also help with insomnia and migraines. There are several signs associated with this type of plant. It is assumed that papyrus should not be kept in the house of aggressive or insecure people. According to the teachings of feng shui, cyperus helps to create a more sublime atmosphere and distract from everyday worries, as well as get rid of unpleasant meetings.

In ancient times, baskets and mats were made from cyperus, boats were built and even shoes were made. In addition, the plant was eaten.

Types and varieties of cyperus with photos and names

Cyperus umbrella (Cyperus alternifolius)

It lives along the swampy river banks of the island of Madagascar. Usually it reaches 1.5 m in height. Stems are straight, often rounded, with an umbrella of leaves at the top. The foliage is narrow, linear, about 24 cm long. Inflorescences that form in the axils of the leaf plates look like small panicles.

Such a cyperus is sometimes called the alternate-leaved. It is considered the most common in the culture. The species has a variegated form variegata, characterized by a white stripe in the middle of each leaf.

Cyperus papyrus

It was from this plant that the Egyptians obtained the famous papyrus. Another name is paper cane. It mainly lives in the African tropics, while today in Egypt, which glorified it, it is considered a rather rare plant. It is assumed that the Egyptians themselves in ancient times cultivated such cyperus artificially, after the plant came to them from more tropical regions of the mainland.

The average height of the papyrus reaches 3 meters. As it approaches the top, its stems take the shape of a trihedron. The rosette-forming leaves are long and slightly drooping. Inflorescences on a thin pedicel develop from the sinuses on them. They contain about a hundred small flowers. To grow such a cyperus at home, you will need warmth and high humidity. Most often it can be seen in greenhouses.

Cyperus spreading (Cyperus diffusus)

Another tropical species. Has a small number of stems. They reach a height of 90 cm. Numerous foliage also grows at the base of the stems, its width reaches 1.5 cm. At the tops there are thinner leaf blades in an amount of 6 to 12 pieces.


Site about a garden, a summer residence and houseplants.

Swamp or "amphibious" plants are rare guests in indoor collections.

As a rule, they require high air humidity throughout the year, and they are usually kept in florariums, they are used to decorate aquariums, terrariums, in "aquatic" compositions.


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1. Floriculture and ornamental gardening as a branch of agriculture.

2. Caring for indoor plants. Watering rules.

3. Practical work. Planting a cuttings of a houseplant.

1. Sanitary and hygienic requirements when working with land.

2. Caring for indoor plants. Methods for removing dust from leaves.

3. Practical work. Houseplant handling.

1. Rules for safe work in the garden.

2. Technology for transshipment of indoor plants.

3. Practical work. Sowing seeds of annual plants for seedlings.

1. Hand tools for gardening. Their name, application.

2. Chlorophytum. Features of the structure, cultivation.

3. Practical work. Seedling picking.

1. Plant organs. Structure and meaning.

2. The technology of sowing seeds of ornamental plants in protected ground to obtain seedlings.

3. Practical work. Planting seedlings of annual plants in open ground.

1. Vegetative propagation of plants. Ways.

2. Picking up seedlings of ornamental plants.

3. Practical work. Making a paper bag for storing seeds.

1. Seed propagation of plants. Seed preparation for sowing.

2. Violet. Features of the structure, cultivation.

3. Practical work. Planting a cuttings of a houseplant.

1. Soil. Soil types. Soil cultivation.

2. Planting annual ornamental plants in the ground. Planting stages.

3. Practical work. Houseplant handling.

1. Fertilizers. Fertilizers Their use in floriculture.

2. Care for ornamental plants in open ground.

3. Practical work. Sowing seeds of annual plants for seedlings.

1. Diseases of ornamental plants. Protection methods.

2. Technology of lawn creation.

3. Practical work. Seedling picking.

1. Pests of ornamental plants. Protection methods.

2. Cyperus. Features of the structure, cultivation.

3. Practical work. Planting seedlings of annual plants in open ground.

1. An assortment of flowering plants in open ground.

2. Calendula: structural features, application, cultivation.

3. Practical work. Making a paper bag for storing seeds.

1. Flower beds. The value of flower beds. Types of flower beds.

2. Marigolds: structural features, application, cultivation.

3. Practical work. Planting a cuttings of a houseplant.

1. Lawns, their meaning. Types of lawns.

2. Nasturtium: structural features, application, cultivation.

3. Practical work. Houseplant handling.

1. Trees and shrubs used in landscaping. Planting and leaving.

2. Tulip: structural features, application, cultivation.

3. Practical work. Sowing seeds of annual plants for seedlings.

1. Floriculture and ornamental horticulture as a branch of agriculture.

2. Houseplant care. Watering rules.

1. Floriculture is a branch of agricultural crop production.

Floriculture is engaged in the cultivation of ornamental plants for planting in gardens, parks, residential buildings, public buildings, as well as for indoor landscaping.

Flowers with their beauty attract the attention of a person, therefore, living ornamental plants are required throughout the year. They decorate everyday life, create a joyful mood. Plants also enrich the surrounding air with oxygen.

Distinguish between floriculture of open and closed ground. In the open field, flower crops are grown that are adapted to local conditions. For example, irises, daffodils, tulips, daylilies, peonies can be grown in gardens, parks, and home gardens in the open field.

On the contrary, plants such as violet, cyperus, chlorophytum and other indoor plants can only grow well in protected ground (greenhouses, greenhouses, indoor conditions).

People of the following professions work in greenhouses and flower-ornamental nurseries: florists - decorators, craftsmen - florists, gardeners.

2. An indoor plant cannot live without water. Water the plants with tap water at room temperature. It is better if the water stands overnight in an open vessel so that the chlorine evaporates.

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Determining when to water your plant is easy. You need to immerse your finger in the soil. If your fingertip remains dry, the plant needs to be watered.

There are several ways to water plants: watering from a watering can to a pot (geranium), a dipping method

(cyperus), watering in a tray (violet).

Plants requiring abundant watering: cyperus, azalea.

Plants requiring moderate watering: violet, ficus.

Plants requiring sparse watering: cactus.

Difficulties may arise when watering plants:

Water is immediately poured out of the pot without being sucked into the soil. Reason: The soil has dried out and moved away from the walls of the pot. Immerse the pot in a container of water.

Water does not pass through the topsoil. Reason: crust on the soil surface.

It is necessary to loosen the soil surface.

1. Sanitary and hygienic requirements when working with land.

2. Caring for indoor plants. Methods for removing dust from leaves.

Soil loosening rules.

1. Before working with the ground, you need to determine the condition of the skin of the hands (no wounds, scratches).

Use protective equipment for the skin of the hands from contact with the ground (rubber gloves, protective creams).

In case of contamination of the wound with earth, treat the minor injury with iodine and contact the first-aid post. When working with the ground, use protective clothing (apron, kerchief).

After working with the ground, take care of your hands. Wash with soap and a brush not only the skin of the hands, but also under the nails. Lubricate the skin of the hands with cream.

2. Dust is harmful to plants. It spoils the appearance of the plant. Clogs the stomata on the leaves, which interferes with respiration and photosynthesis.

Dust from leaves must be removed.

Medium, dense leaves of plants (ficus) are wiped, washed with a soft cloth:

While washing, the sheet is supported with one hand.

Large leaves (monstera) are washed with a sponge.

From cacti, leaves covered with hairs, dust is swept away with a brush.

From plants with small leaves, dust is removed with a spray gun.

You can also wash the leaves of plants from dust under the shower.

Rules for loosening the soil in a flower pot.

It is necessary to loosen the soil in a flower pot 30-40 minutes after watering.

Loosen the earth in the direction from the stem of the plant to the walls of the flower pot.

Loosening the soil promotes better respiration of the plant's root system.

1. Rules for safe work in the garden.

2. Technology for handling indoor plants

1. It is necessary to work in the garden in work clothes and shoes, gloves.

Use tools only for their intended purpose.

Carry pointed tools (shovels, rakes, pitchforks) only vertically.

position, with the working part down.

Transfer shovels, rakes and other tools to the comrades with the handle away from you (the working part to

When cleaning stones and glass fragments from a site, be sure to use a scoop, shovel.

When digging up the soil with a shovel, work alternately with the right and then with the left foot, so that the load

Weed plants only with rippers, on your lap or on a low bench.

Water the plants with watering cans up to 4 liters.

Do not leave the secateurs open.

Do not place any part of your body in the path of the blade.

At the end of the work, clean the tools, wash your hands with soap, and change clothes.

2... Transfer to a plant is necessary if:

roots grow through the drainage hole, the soil dries out quickly, so you have to

often water the plant stem and leaves grow slowly.

You need to take the pot a little larger in size.

Pour a layer of drainage material into a new pot.

Then you need to fill in a small layer of soil.

Then the pot with the plant must be turned upside down and the plant must be removed from

Place a plant with an earthen lump in the pot.

The gap between the walls and the earthen lump is filled with soil.

Slightly compact the soil.

Water the plant.

1. Hand tools for gardening. Their name, application.

2. Chlorophytum. Features of the structure, cultivation.

Shovel - digging the soil, moving the soil.

Rake - leveling the soil, incorporating mineral fertilizers into the soil.

Ripper - loosening the soil.

Scoop - planting seedlings, small plants.

Pruner - cutting small branches.

Saws - cutting off large branches.

Tyapka (hoe) - hilling plants, weed control.

2. Chlorophytum is an ornamental leafy plant for indoor use.

Features of the structure of the plant:

Leaves are elongated, green or green with white or yellow stripes.

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Air humidity: it is useful to spray the leaves in summer.

Transfer: as needed in the spring.

Reproduction: daughter rosettes, dividing the bush.

Growing Difficulties:

· Brown tips of leaves. Reason: dry air or lack of nutrition. Remember to spray and feed the plant.

· Leaves are pale and soft in winter, some turn yellow. Reason: too high temperature and insufficient lighting.

1. Plant organs. Structure and meaning.

2. The technology of sowing seeds of ornamental plants in protected ground for

The leaves of plants can be of different shapes - round, oval, elongated. With a smooth, fringed edge. Plants breathe with the help of leaves, they form

nutrients (starch). Plants can be propagated using a leaf cuttings.

Plant stems can be erect, curly, shortened, ground cover.

The stem bears leaves, flowers, fruits. Water and mineral, nutrients move along the stem. Plants can be propagated using stem cutting.

The root system of plants can be pivotal and fibrous. With the help of the root, the plant is strengthened in the soil, absorbs water and minerals from the soil.

A flower is the part of a plant in which the formation of seeds takes place, which are necessary for the plant to reproduce.

2... Seedlings are young plants grown in closed ground for subsequent planting in open ground. In order to grow seedlings, you need to sow seeds:

First you need to fill the box with potting soil.

Then level and compact the soil.

Then moisten the soil a little.

Sow seeds.

If the seeds are large, sprinkle them with soil.

Drizzle.

Cover the box with sown seeds with foil or glass until germination appears, from time to time open a little for ventilation.

1. Vegetative propagation of plants. Ways.

2. Picking up seedlings of ornamental plants.

1. Vegetative propagation is propagation by any part of a plant. Methods:

Mustache reproduction (chlorophytum)

Reproduction by layering (sansevieria)

Propagation by leaf cuttings (violet)

Propagation by stem cuttings (ivy, tradescantia)

Reproduction by dividing the bush (cyperus)

Bulb propagation (tulip, daffodil)

Reproduction by dividing root tubers (dahlia)

Reproduction by dividing rhizomes (iris)

Reproduction by dividing corms (gladiolus)

2. A pick is the planting of young seedlings. There are many plants in the seed box, and while they are small, they have enough light and nourishment. The larger the seedlings become, the tighter they are in the seed box. Each plant strives for light, so the stem is strongly stretched. The roots of one plant are intertwined with the roots of another. It is very important to make a dive in time. Before picking, you need to prepare containers for transplanting seedlings. Fill them with soil, make holes with a dive peg. Now you can start picking:

Remove the plant from the seed box. With a dive peg, dig in the plant and remove

Pinch off part of the main root. This stimulates the intensive development of lateral

roots, a powerful root system is formed.

Place the seedling in the prepared hole in a glass until the first leaves.

With a dive peg, move the soil to the seedling.

After picking, the seedlings are watered.

Protected plants from direct sunlight

1. Seed propagation of plants. Seed preparation for sowing.

2. Violet. Features of the structure, cultivation.

1. Seeds are propagated by many annuals (petunia), biennials (pansies), perennial

So that the seeds germinate faster when sowing, so that the seedlings do not get sick, the seeds need to be prepared.

There are several ways to do this:

Soaking. Place the seeds in water for 2-4 days, then dry slightly.

This method accelerates seed germination.

Etching. Dip the seeds in a potassium permanganate solution for 15 minutes, then

dry. This method protects seedlings from diseases.

Treatment of seeds with hot water. Scald the seeds with hot water (50-55 degrees).

This method speeds up germination.

Scarification. The destruction of the shells of thick-skinned seeds by grinding with a large

river sand or emery cloth. This method speeds up the flow of water.

2... Violet is an ornamental indoor plant.

Features of the structure of the plant:

Leaves are rounded, oval with a smooth or wavy edge, covered with hairs.

Flowers - pink, white, blue, lilac, crimson, can be double-colored double

Temperature: violet grows well at moderate temperatures (+ 18-20 degrees).

Lighting: bright, diffused light. Needs shading from strong direct sun.

Watering: moderate in a sump or by immersion.

Air humidity: requires high air humidity, spray the air around the plant.

Transfer: as needed in the spring.

Reproduction: leaf cuttings, dividing the bush, seeds.

Growing Difficulties:

· Brown spots on the leaves. Watered with cold water or drops of water hit the leaves.

· Yellowing leaves. The plant stands in bright sun, excessive fertilization.


Choosing a suitable reservoir for cyperus

In our garden there are several reservoirs and reservoirs of different sizes. They are located in the shade, and in partial shade, and in the sun. Therefore, it was not difficult for me to check under what lighting conditions the cyperus will feel better.

I will say right away: my Cyperus grew beautifully in all our garden ponds!
True, the specimen that we placed in the solar reservoir was shaded for the first week.

Observing the cyperuses growing in our ponds during the gardening season, what was most admired and pleased was that no winds and rains could bend and break this "unyielding" plant.


Flowering and reproduction of calla lilies in the house

My garden calla, hibernating in a pot on the windowsill, pleases with flowering from being brought from the dacha to the next shipment to the dacha. At the same time, in the cold season, calla produces one peduncle, but it is very strong and powerful.

So at the end of November this year (2011), the calla lilies began another flowering in the apartment. By the beginning of December, she had bloomed for more than a week. Therefore, by the time I photographed the plant, the calla inflorescence turned out to be "not the first freshness" - the edges of the bedspread began to curl. And when flowering is just beginning, the snow-white coverlet of calla lilies looks like a large graceful bowl, and a thick yellow ear crowns its middle - beauty!

During the winter, calla lilies are formed around the mother plant, which can and should be transplanted in the spring.


Insect pests

Houseplants are often attacked by pests or suddenly get sick. Cyperus can be attacked by thrips, green aphids, spider mites, root or mealybugs. Feeding on the sap of a flower, insects reproduce very quickly. Yellow curled leaves are the main sign of pest activity.

Small colonies of pests are handled manually - they are simply washed off with clean water or folk remedies are used. You can make a solution based on laundry soap, water. The components are taken in equal proportions. All parts of the flower are treated with soapy water. For the prevention of diseases, re-treatment is carried out after 7 days. The advantage of this method is efficiency and safety.

Slow growth or absence of new stems, yellow or wilted leaves, slow development, white spots on the foliage are signs that may indicate the development of a disease. Insects, which are carriers of dangerous infections, bacteria, fungi, become the culprits of diseases. Therefore, measures are being taken to eliminate the pest.

The cyperus flower is an evergreen exotic plant that will decorate any interior in a residential or non-residential premises. Despite the fact that the flower is quite tall, it will not overlap other indoor plants and will not create a massive effect. Cyperus is appreciated for its unpretentious cultivation, fast growth and beautiful juicy-bright green foliage.


Watch the video: 15 Things You Didnt Know About Cyprus


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