How to make a greenhouse from HDPE pipes with your own hands


Hotbeds and greenhouses are an integral part of almost every summer cottage. As soon as the snow begins to melt, the owners of the backyards are already planting seedlings in greenhouses in order to grow early vegetables and greens. You can easily make a greenhouse with your own hands in just a few days from HDPE pipes, which are an excellent material for making arched, single-slope or gable structures.

HDPE pipes as a material for a greenhouse - pros and cons

HDPE pipes are made of low-pressure polyethylene, therefore, they have excellent performance characteristics, which allow them to be used not only for the installation of gas or water supply systems, but also for the construction of various lightweight structures. HDPE pipes practically do not boast of PVC pipes in terms of their strength characteristics, therefore, the construction of greenhouses and greenhouses follows the same principle.

Low pressure polyethylene pipes

HDPE pipes have a large number of advantages, which have become the main ones when choosing a material for the device of summer cottages.

Benefits disadvantages
Service life over 40 yearsHave some temperature limitations, which narrows the area of ​​their use
Corrosion resistantAre susceptible to sunlight
Low cost compared to metal pipes or timberIf the temperature is too low (less than 0 ° C), they may deform slightly
Have a low degree of heat transferDifficulty transporting long pipes
Do not burst when water freezes in them
Light weight and great flexibility
Do not contain toxic substances
Highly resistant to impact and deformation
Wide temperature range for operation from 0 to + 40 ° С
Easy to cut and assemble

A greenhouse made of HDPE pipes will also have a large number of advantages such as:

  • The possibility of constructing a structure of any shape: arched, single-slope, dual-slope.
  • Low cost of pipes.
  • For construction, you do not need complex devices and work experience.
  • The greenhouse is easy and quick to assemble and also disassembled if necessary.
  • The frame is quite strong and reliable.
  • Long service life of HDPE pipes.
  • Any material can be used as a covering material for a greenhouse: polycarbonate, agrofibre, polyethylene film, etc.

Preparation for the construction of a greenhouse: construction drawing

We will build an arched greenhouse from HDPE pipes, since it is simple in design, it can be easily assembled in just one day, having all the necessary materials and tools. Also, the arched arcuate design has many advantages:

  • Snow does not accumulate on it if it is left for the winter period of time;
  • It scatters the sun's rays well over the surface, providing excellent illumination indoors;

Before starting construction, it is necessary to carry out some preparatory work:

  • Choose and equip a place for the base of the structure. Clean it from debris, excess plants and, if necessary, fertilize with organic fertilizers.
  • It is best to equip the greenhouse in the west-east direction, so that the ends are in the north and south, respectively.
  • The place should be well lit and sheltered from cold winds by residential buildings whenever possible.
  • Groundwater should not flow close to the surface of the earth.

    Drawing of a simple arched greenhouse made of HDPE pipes

The choice of HDPE pipes: advice to the masters

When choosing HDPE pipes for the construction of a greenhouse, you need to pay attention that there are several types of them: PE80, PE100 and PE Prosafe.

In order for the structure to be strong and reliable, it is necessary to choose pipes of medium diameter. It can be HDPE PE pipes with a diameter of 63 to 80 mm and a wall thickness of about 5.8 millimeters or more.

HDPE PE80 pipes with a diameter of 63 mm

Usually they sell six-meter pipes, but for convenient transportation they can be cut into two parts. Since a greenhouse is usually built with a height of about 2 meters, and a width of 2 to 3.5 meters or more, this pipe size is quite suitable. If they need to be increased, then it will be possible to fasten them with special fittings or plastic pipes of a smaller diameter.

Calculation of the amount of material and tools for work

To build a greenhouse, we need:

  • HDPE pipes - 6 pieces (length 6 meters).
  • Wooden beams - section 40x50 mm, length 6 meters (20-25 pieces depending on the strapping).
  • Wooden boards - 4 pieces (size 5.5 and 3.5 meters, 2 pieces).
  • Wooden wane - 8 pieces.
  • Armature - length 60–70 cm (12 pieces).
  • Nails and hammer (screws and screwdriver).
  • Drill.
  • Polyethylene film - 6 mm.
  • Door hinges - 4 pieces.
  • Building level and corner.
  • Construction tape.

Step-by-step instructions for building a greenhouse from HDPE pipes

  1. We make a base from the boards, which we install on the prepared plot of land. To do this, we knock down a rectangle measuring 5.5x3.5 meters. We check the evenness of its corners with a rule or a building corner. This is necessary so that our base does not turn out to be diamond-shaped. Our greenhouse made of HDPE pipes will not stand on a foundation, therefore, if necessary, it can be moved to another place on the site or dismantled for the winter.

    Greenhouse wooden base

  2. We also reinforce the corners of the base with bars.
  3. Then, on both sides of the base, we drive in the reinforcement at the same distance from each other. The depth of entry of the rods into the ground is about 30-40 cm. The step between the reinforcement is about 90 cm.

    We drive in the reinforcement around the perimeter of the base

  4. After that, we bend the pipes and insert them into the rods. In order for the fastening to be strong, it is necessary to pick up rods of a smaller diameter than the pipes, but so that they fit tightly into them.

    We make part of the frame of the greenhouse from pipes

  5. If necessary, you can additionally fix the pipes with metal plates by nailing them to the base.

    Additional fastening of pipes to the base

  6. Next, we take a bar and nail it to the frame with ordinary nails 12 cm. We do it as shown in the photo. In the very center of the frame, we nail one beam, which will hold the structure in a stable position and serve as a stiffener.

    We nail the timber to the frame pipes

  7. On the sides of the walls, we nail the wane crosswise as shown in the photo below. Such fastening is also necessary for greater strength of the frame.

    We nail the wane crosswise for greater strength

  8. At the ends, we make a special structure for the further installation of doors and a small window for airing the greenhouse.

    We make the ends of the greenhouse from the timber with a place for doors and windows

  9. For the manufacture of doors, we take four rectangular beams that correspond to the size of the doorway at the end of the greenhouse frame. To do this, we take 4 bars with a length of one and a half meters and 4 bars with a length of 1.2 meters. We knock them together and make additional fastening. This can be done using two crossbars, which we nail crosswise to future doors. You can make a stiffener in the middle of the door frame.

    Polyethylene upholstered wooden doors for greenhouses

  10. We also make a small window for ventilation. We nail a plastic wrap to the door frame, securing it with small wooden slats. We do the same with the window. We fasten the hinges to the doors and the window, and then to the loot and the window opening.
  11. We cover the frame of the greenhouse with a film, making large overlaps on the side and in length.

    Greenhouse frame under the film

  12. On one side of the frame, we nail the film with strips.

    We nail the film to the base of the greenhouse with slats

  13. Then we stretch it well and transfer it to the other side of the greenhouse. In the same way, we fix the film on the other side of the greenhouse. We start attaching the polyethylene from the middle, gradually moving to the side parts.
  14. For the ends, we cut out an arched film, leaving room for doors and windows. We pull it on all sides and fix it well. It can be simply nailed using wooden battens. Everyone chooses a convenient mounting method.

    A ready-made greenhouse made of polyethylene pipes with a film stretched over it

Video: how to build a greenhouse with your own hands from polyethylene pipes

Tips for masters

  • It is best to fix the film at a positive temperature, so it will stretch less in the future during its operation.
  • If desired, you can make the ends of the greenhouse from chipboard, fiberboard or OSB.

    Greenhouse ends made of chipboard sheets

  • To do this, you just need to cut out the necessary elements from the sheets and then attach them to the side parts.

    Frame with attached chipboard elements on the sides

  • From below, we attach the sheets to the base of the frame and on the sides with self-tapping screws. From above, for greater strength, you can take long pieces of foam rubber and fasten the end pipe of the greenhouse and wooden sheets together with them.

    Foam rubber fixed to the chipboard from above

Using polycarbonate

We can use polycarbonate instead of not very reliable plastic sheeting. This material is perfect as a greenhouse cover. Polycarbonate sheets bend perfectly, therefore they are suitable for an arched type structure.

Drawing for a greenhouse made of HDPE and polycarbonate pipes

The sides and ends can be covered with polycarbonate. To do this, you need to know some of the nuances:

  • The sheets are mounted end-to-end and connected by a fastener - a strap.
  • Can be overlapped with a few millimeters of allowance.
  • The holes in the sheets must be drilled 1 mm larger than the diameter of the screws.
  • Polycarbonate sheets must be laid in such a way that the cells are vertical.
  • When fixing the sheets, it is necessary to put special thermal washers under the self-tapping screws, which will prevent water from penetrating into the room.
  • The protective film is removed from the polycarbonate only after its final fixing.
  • Corner lines can be fastened with a special profile.
  • Before laying polycarbonate on the greenhouse, it is necessary to close its ends with punched tape and a side profile, with the help of which drainage and air exchange inside the sheets will take place. It is also necessary for the water to flow freely from the polycarbonate cells.

    Greenhouse made of HDPE pipes under polycarbonate

Sheets must be laid on the frame with a protective film upwards, otherwise the material will collapse faster than it is provided by the operational characteristics.

Using agrofibre (spunbond) as a greenhouse cover

I would also like to note that a greenhouse made of HDPE pipes can be covered with agromaterial (spandbond), which is specially designed for such structures. It has excellent technical and quality characteristics, so many summer cottage owners prefer to use it as a cover for greenhouses instead of a not very reliable and durable plastic film.

Agrofibre (spunbond) for greenhouses and greenhouses

If you use spandbond for a greenhouse, then it is best to pay attention to the material with a density of 60 units, since it allows you to plant seedlings in the ground even at the end of winter.

Greenhouse made of HDPE pipes, covered with agrofibre (spunbond)

Agrofibre can not be nailed to HDPE pipes, but simply attached to the structure with special latches or clips.

Clips for fixing the covering material of the greenhouse

Advantages of spunbond:

  • Protects plants from harmful UV rays.
  • Transmits the necessary amount of soft diffused light needed by plants.
  • Does not allow moisture to pass through and can keep seedlings inside the greenhouse at -5 ° C.
  • Resistant to moderate wind and hail.
  • Easy to wash.
  • Agrofibre is a strong, reliable and hygroscopic material.
  • Suitable for use in the regions of the middle zone of the Russian Federation, as well as in the Urals and Siberia.

Video: how to build a greenhouse from HDPE or PVC pipes

A greenhouse made from inexpensive HDPE pipes will help you always have fresh vegetables and herbs. Its construction will not take much time, and the materials for construction are quite cheap. Such a structure can stand for more than a dozen years, since the service life of low-pressure polyethylene pipes reaches 40-50 years.


Do-it-yourself greenhouse made of polypropylene pipes: a greenhouse made of HDPE and polypropylene, propylene, drawings and photos

Suburban real estate owners want to use the land for an early harvest. With the help of polypropylene pipes, you can make greenhouses on your own.

Such buildings are budgetary and pre-fabricated.


Features of the greenhouse frame made of polypropylene pipes: pros and cons

To assemble the frame, it is worth using a soldering iron for this type of pipes using branched fittings. This method allows you to get a flat design.

  • The greenhouse is characterized by straight lines and angles.
  • Significant costs make this type of assembly unprofitable.
  • A budget option is a bundle of transverse elements.

The longitudinal reinforcement line consists of plastic-based clamps. A feature of the material is its practicality and durability.

The frame built from such pipes is resistant to ultraviolet radiation and temperature extremes. Elasticity contributes to the formation of arcs to the required degree.

The material is moisture resistant and affordable. Disadvantages are considered insignificant weight, wind resistance.

Therefore, the frame needs reinforcement.

Differences between the material and others

Using polypropylene pipes, you can build a small greenhouse in a matter of hours.

They are able to serve for ten years.

They are characterized by environmental friendliness and durability. Also, the material does not corrode.

Specially designed PP pipe fittings simplify the construction process of such a structure.

Do you need a foundation and which is better

Experts recommend for a lightweight film greenhouse to stop on a foundation based on wood. It is created from boards or timber, which facilitates easy transportation.

When the structure will stand in the same place, concrete and brick should be used.

Reviews on the use of greenhouses made of polypropylene pipes: pros and cons

  • A greenhouse built from this material is the best choice for a garden plot.
  • Summer residents note that the design does not require significant investments and efforts.
  • It is characterized by its durability due to its resistance to mechanical stress.
  • Ease of use is due to the fact that the structure can be disassembled at the end of the season.
  • In use, greenhouses are characterized by practicality.
  • The structures do not have to be painted and processed.

  • The lightness of the pipes does not make it possible to make the structure larger in size.
  • A spacious greenhouse necessarily requires a heavier structure. This measure also applies to long structures.

Overview of structural views

Most summer residents install an arched structure. It is characterized by simplicity; no significant costs are required. No construction skills are required for construction.

The single-slope design saves the area of ​​the personal plot. Heating is provided by a building that has an adjacent wall.

The gable structure reinforces the lightweight polypropylene frame. A ridge cross member is used for this purpose. It is characterized by the automatic melting of snow masses in winter.

Combines the advantages of a gable and arched pointed shape of the structure. The service life is ten years.

The spherical design is chosen due to originality.With its installation, the aesthetic characteristics of the site are increased. Moreover, it is flexible.

A greenhouse identical to the house is covered with polycarbonate sheets. They are five times more durable than film. Sizing is an important point.

What covering material to choose

Polyethylene

  1. The films on the market are presented in various types and densities.
  2. It is more correct to use a material that concentrates water vapor into flat droplets with a thickness of at least 200 microns.
  3. In a specialty store, you should buy such types of films as heat-retaining, light-stabilized and PVC.

Polycarbonate

Professionals recommend taking 6 mm polycarbonate for work. It is good in winter.

The 4mm material is designed for four years and cannot handle the snow load.

When there is constant snowfall in the region, the frame is strengthened with crossbars.

This design will survive regardless of the weather.

Instructions on how to build a greenhouse from polypropylene pipes

In accordance with the perimeter of the frame, markings are made of wood, where propylene arches will be installed.

The gap should be sixty centimeters.

It should be based on calculations, a thin pipe determines a smaller step.

    Half of the other is soldered to the whole pipe (4 m). The result is 10 arches, each 6 m long.

The total pipe flow will be 60 m.

In places that are outlined near the frame, reinforcing bars (depth 50-70 cm) are driven in.

Above the soil, their height should be 30-40 cm.

  • A propylene arch is put on each interval.
  • It is attached to the tree with metal-based clamps.
  • Gables (40x40 cm) are knocked out of the timber, which will serve as a frame for doors and ventilation transoms.
  • Installed front walls are secured with jibs.
  • The arches are screwed to the pediment with self-tapping screws.
  • A ridge pipe is attached to the structure by soldering.
  • It is required to make a horizontal tie in the middle on each side.
  • The film is stretched (total consumption 10 m), which is fixed with wooden strips on self-tapping screws.
  • Then the doors are hung at both ends of the greenhouse and the vents.
  • The choice of location, size, layout of the greenhouse

    When the greenhouse is stationary, it is necessary to decide on which site the structure should be located.

    The main requirement for the site is a flat surface.

    In daylight, a criterion for the uniformity of sun illumination is put forward.

    The distance from landings and buildings should be five meters. The best option is to place the structure from south to north.

    Also, a place should be chosen outside the wind rose, so that the greenhouse does not fall when the wind gusts.

    Drawings: how to make yourself

    • The drawing should take into account all the design features that are selected.
    • All details can be found in the information on thematic portals.
    • The performed calculations allow you to purchase the required amount of material at no additional cost.

    Selection and preparation of materials, equipment

    When creating a structure, an important aspect is the selection of materials.

    The inner diameter of the pipes must be at least 16 mm.

    The wall thickness should be 4.2 mm. These indicators are able to provide a reliability parameter.

    They should be checked for deformation.

    It is possible to connect pipes using fittings, the inner diameter should be determined by the outer diameter of the pipes. The primary details in these works are tees, crosses.

    Reinforcing rods with a diameter of 10 mm are capable of strengthening the structure.

    Particular care must be taken to ensure the presence of fixing components. There should be nails, screws and PVA glue.

    The work will be done using thin slats. Fastening is carried out by strips, specially designed clamps.

    You will also need steel wire to hold the parts in place.

    Installation of the frame and installation of the covering material

    The assembly of the greenhouse begins with the installation of the arched ends. They will need to be installed on the foundation and equip the end walls.

    To do this, use racks based on wood with a thickness of 2 and a width of 4 centimeters.

    Each corner has four posts. The door leaf defines the spacing of the B-pillars.

    The box is strengthened with a bar. Wooden slats are installed from the inside of the end, which makes the frame more reliable.

    Doors should be hung on the prepared frames.

    You also need to prepare polypropylene pipes. Their number should be the same as the number of pins for pipe nozzles.

    Fastening the perforated tape to self-tapping screws is allowed when there are no pins.

    The rigidity of the structure allows the installation of a pipe that is larger in cross-section along the top of the arc.

    At the joints, the pipes are fixed with wire or plastic clamps.

    The greenhouse cover should start at the ends. For work, you will need fasteners, clamps and a construction stapler.

    The remaining film is covered with earth and fixed with bricks. In the future, you need to start covering the longitudinal walls. The canvas is lengthened and held together with construction tape.

    The film must be free of wrinkles. The material is fastened by means of fastening clips made of plastic.

    The film is attached to the wooden base with staples from five to seven centimeters using a construction stapler. Above is provided for fastening with a bar made of wood within three centimeters. On longitudinal and transverse pipes, the film can be fixed with clips. The film is poured onto the frame and reinforced with a stapler.

    Additionally, the covering material to the arches is also fixed with staples.

    Helpful hints: operating rules

    When creating drawings for a greenhouse, you should be guided by an economical calculation of the required material.

    Consideration should be given to their ability to withstand the load under various climatic factors. Decide on the necessary components.

    As for the operating rules, everything is simple here:

    • It is necessary to monitor the integrity of the greenhouse cover, check for possible damage.
    • Ventilate the greenhouse according to the temperature regime and the characteristics of growing crops.

    How much will a greenhouse made of polypropylene pipes cost

    The costs of assembling such a greenhouse are small.

    The cost of one meter of pipe is approximately 15 rubles. It takes only 60 m.

    The estimate for consumables should include 5% for rejects and losses during installation. In addition, the required tools are provided.

    High-quality work when creating a greenhouse made of propylene pipes will delight you during its long-term operation. This will testify to you as a zealous owner, a jack of all trades, and the family will enjoy fresh vegetables.


    Greenhouse from window frames. How to build with your own hands?

    Greetings to all. If there is no money to buy materials for building a greenhouse on your own, then you can use old window frames. Today, in almost all apartments, windows are changed for plastic counterparts, so there will be no problems with the search for such material.

    In most cases, old frames are simply thrown away, so you can negotiate with institutions that massively insert plastic windows or with their neighbors.

    It remains only to find out the nuances of construction, and then proceed to the creative process. If not all frames are suitable in size, then you can use small sheets of polycarbonate, foam or plastic wrap.

    Despite the fact that this option for building a greenhouse is economical, you can create a beautiful and functional structure for growing plants and fruits all year round.

    Before construction work, all fittings must be dismantled. For convenient fastening, the glass must be removed for a while. In order not to get confused, it is recommended to mark them with a regular marker. Plus, in this way, cracks on the glass can be avoided.

    Paint and varnish from wooden frames must be cleaned off, and then treated with a special antiseptic to increase the service life of the future greenhouse.

    How to make (build) a greenhouse from window frames with your own hands?

    Before starting the construction of a greenhouse with a large area, it is recommended to start with making a mini-greenhouse, this will allow you to understand the whole process of building a structure.

    As a roof, frames are used, which are fixed to a wooden base. In order to ventilate the greenhouse, its width must match the width of the old frame. In this case, the roof can be opened during the day. The length can be 2-3 frames.

    To make the frame, you need to prepare 4 beams and boards. Bars are dug in at the corners, after which boards are nailed. To make the slope for the slope of natural precipitation, the front shield should consist of three boards, and the side and rear ones of four. The top board will need to be cut at the desired angle. After that, the shields are attached with self-tapping screws to the dug-in beams.

    Since the future structure will be small, it is not necessary to remove the glasses.

    • Old frames must be laid across the frame and attached to the high (back) wall with hinges.
    • There is no need to fasten the frames to each other, this will allow you to open them at any time for ventilation.
    • For reliability, you can install a hook on one side.

    Stationary greenhouse

    It will take more time and effort to build a solid structure. Such a greenhouse has a large mass, so it is imperative to prepare the foundation.

    Experts recommend making a strip foundation:

    • First you need to drive in the pegs in all corners, and then pull the twine. It is important that the structure is facing south so that the sun's rays always fall on the plants.
    • Make a trench no more than 0.5 m deep and 20 cm wide. In the northern regions, the depth can be 0.7 m. As a result, the greenhouse will not freeze through.
    • The base is covered with gravel and sand in a layer of 10 cm.
    • Concrete is poured from above.
    • To slightly raise the foundation, you need to make the formwork the next day.
    • Leave to dry.

    Approximately two weeks after pouring the strip foundation, you can start installing the frame (rack with straps). For this, beams and boards or metal corners are used. In the latter case, the strapping must be done during the pouring of the foundation. The side posts are connected at the bottom with bolts.

    If wooden materials are used for strapping, then you need to prepare a 10X10 beam, for strapping 8 boards, 4 5X5 beams for side and intermediate racks. Self-tapping screws and metal corners are used as fasteners.

    • Fasten the timber 10X10 with anchor bolts.
    • Using a vertical building level, position the side posts.
    • The lower harness is attached with nails. For reliability, you can use the furniture corners.
    • The distance between the intermediate posts must match the width of the frame.
    • Fasten the top harness.

    If it is supposed to make a gable roof, then the frame is recommended to be made on the ground, and then put on the structure. The central risers are made of thick wood, and the rafter legs and ridge are made of 5X5 bar.

    Since the structure of old windows is quite heavy, it is recommended to sheathe the roof with polycarbonate or foil. In this case, the roof can be removed during winter to avoid stress on the roof. Both materials are easy and simple to attach.

    • From the outside, the material is attached with self-tapping screws.
    • To ensure tightness, close the gaps with polyurethane foam and a strip.
    • In the next step, insert the glass into the frame, grease the edges with sealant.
    • Check the structure at the building level.
    • Fix the hooks on the vents.

    A door is mounted from the end part of the greenhouse structure. The box is made of high quality timber. Any available material can be used as a door leaf.

    Now you can fill the floor with earth and start gardening.

    Are there old window frames? DIY a greenhouse (video)

    If you do not understand all the nuances of building a greenhouse from old frames, then you can read one more instruction.

    As noted above, the construction of window frames is quite heavy, so you need to prepare a strip foundation. You can use one of the possible options:

    • A rock. One of the most expensive materials. However, this allows you to build a reliable and solid foundation.
    • Brick. Also not a budget option. With proper installation, it can last a long time. Supports timber construction.
    • Concrete. Such a foundation is the most durable and reliable. The service life can be several tens of years.
    • Wood. It is a tough material, but not durable. Replacement will be required in a few years.

    A structure made of old frames is already a reliable frame. The main thing is to adhere to simple installation rules. To ensure stability, you need to fix the old frames on the base, and then fasten them together, for this you can use one of the mounting options:

    • Self-tapping screws and metal corners. This method is the simplest one. During installation, the level must be observed. The corner is attached from the inside and outside of the corner with self-tapping screws. This mount is very reliable.
    • Nails and timber. A simpler method. The frame from the inside is knocked down by small bars.
    • Wire and clamp. The most budgetary option. In this case, in the attachment points, you need to make turns with wire. Clamps are used whenever possible.

    Before work, it is advisable to develop a step-by-step plan to make a greenhouse with your own hands in a short time. A crucial step is the installation of the structure on the base. It is necessary to fix all the components on the foundation with fasteners.

    The metal corner must be fixed to the foundation with anchor bolts or using a welding machine. Then fix the old frames to it. In addition, the frames must be connected together. Work must be done without haste and consistently.

    Since a greenhouse made of window frames is heavy, it is not recommended to cover it with glass. But if the structure has a small area, then an exception can be made.

    It is best to use plastic wrap. To do this, make a simple lathing of battens or steel wire. Then the film is covered. It is attached with clamps or clamps.

    Video 1. An example of a homemade greenhouse from window frames (glass)

    Video 2. Greenhouse 5 meters by 3 meters with an oval roof (frames + polycarbonate). The most budgetary option

    Despite the fact that the greenhouse was made on its own, it must be checked for tightness, reliability, stability, light transmission, ventilation and other parameters.

    Now you know how old window frames can be used. After the construction of the structure, you can proceed directly to planting crops.


    DIY greenhouse from frames

    Step by step guide

    If you plan to install a greenhouse with your own hands from window frames, and how to build it is unclear, we recommend that you follow the step-by-step instructions. The construction of the structure takes place in several stages:

    1. creating a sketch of the future structure
    2. preparatory activities
    3. base device for the object
    4. arrangement of the floor
    5. frame construction
    6. roofing works.

    Preparation of drawings

    When figuring out how to make a greenhouse out of window frames, you definitely need to understand that you first need to sketch a sketch of the future object. You can use ready-made projects, of which there are many on the Internet and they are described in detail. When composing your own drawing, pay close attention to individual parameters:

    • Correspondence between the dimensions of the window frames and the required height of the structure. The walls are certainly made higher than the parameter 180 cm. When it is not possible to grow together along the height of the frame, then it is required to build up the walls below with other materials.
    • Roof. Often, a timber or a metal frame is used for the construction of this structure. This choice is due to the fact that these materials are quite reliable and dense, capable of withstanding the loads from snow in winter.

    • Also, when developing a drawing of this structure, it is important to work out the question of the roof ridge. It is desirable to place it along the north-south axis. This approach will ensure proper lighting in the greenhouse.

    Preparatory stage

    Starting to implement the plan, you need to choose the right site for the object. For the installation of the structure, it is required to choose the most even surface, perfectly illuminated from each side by the sun. The site must be reliably protected from constant winds. Near the proposed structure, buildings or trees should not be placed in any way, which will shade the space, which will negatively affect the growth of plants.

    If there is vegetation, then it is better to choose another place, or donate plantings.

    The soil under the object must be clean and dry. Experts recommend that a sand cushion be located under the chernozem. The soil under the structure must be compacted, since the glass in the frames is heavy. This is especially important when building a greenhouse without pouring a foundation.

    When choosing a site for a greenhouse, it is also important to consider the location of groundwater. It is necessary to find a place where they are located at a depth exceeding 1.5 m. When the soil on the site is too wet, it is not recommended to build a heavy greenhouse.

    The preparatory stage also includes the preparation of window frames for further use:

    • need to be cleaned of nails, hinges, hooks and latches
    • sand the wood by removing the facing material (old wallpaper, self-adhesive paper)
    • it is advisable to cover the bare tree with an antiseptic repeatedly, then paint or varnish in order to protect the products from further destruction.

    Foundation

    Investigating the problem of how to make a greenhouse from window frames with your own hands at home, it is worth emphasizing that you will have to start work with arranging the foundation. It all depends on the landscape of the site, the type of soil and the design features of the structure, the basis is performed by choosing one of the following options:

    • Concrete tape version. First, they dig a trench to a depth corresponding to the freezing of the soil. Its width is about 20 cm. Next, formwork is built from boards. Sand is poured at the bottom, making a "pillow". Then the concrete solution is kneaded and poured, completely filling the formwork with it. If you pour everything at once, cracks will not develop later.

    • Dense timber. For the foundation, dry material is suitable, pre-treated with a special solution that resists decay. Remove the top ball of soil, dig a trench, keeping the size of the bar. Its bottom with walls is covered with roofing material to protect the wood from moisture. Bars are laid in the trench, fastened together to make a rectangle.
    • Columnar option. This is the simplest base option. It requires minimal costs and little time. First, they dig narrow holes in the corners, about half a meter deep. Between them (if the greenhouse is long), they additionally make holes every 3 m. The cells are fenced with formwork, sand is poured inside, rubble is laid on it, rammed, sprinkled with water. After that, it remains only to pour the concrete mixture into the formwork.

    Floor arrangement

    Considering the question further, how to make a greenhouse from old window frames, we will study the topic of floor arrangement. Drainage must first be ensured, as stagnant water will cause wooden frames to rot.

    To ensure good drainage, you need to dig a trench to the depth of a shovel bayonet. Its bottom is covered with fine gravel. Sand is poured on top, scrupulously tamping it.


    How to make a gazebo out of wood with your own hands

    For almost every person, a dacha is a second home or a favorite vacation spot. Caring for a garden and a vegetable garden, as well as performing construction work in a house are labor-intensive processes that require investment of finance and physical labor.

    The gazebo is not only a beautiful addition to the site, but also serves as a great place to relax. When choosing materials for building a gazebo, most people prefer wood.

    Self-production of the gazebo will significantly save money.

    Advantages and disadvantages

    The main advantages of wooden arbors:

    1. Beauty. Undoubtedly, the creativity of ordinary people sometimes pleasantly surprises.
    2. Environmental friendliness. The wood does not contain harmful substances.
    3. Adequate price. Wood can be easily purchased from hardware stores at an affordable price.
    4. Easy to use. Wood is quite comfortable to work with and does not require any special professional skills.
    5. At high temperatures, especially in summer, wooden gazebos do not heat up.

    The disadvantages include:

    • Fragility. The tree can rot and the likelihood of damage by carpenter beetles is high. To extend the service life, it is necessary at the end of the summer cottage to remove the fallen leaves from the floor in order to avoid rotting. It is also necessary to treat wood surfaces with special antiseptic compounds, this is done immediately after construction is completed, but before painting / varnishing wooden structures. Cracks that have appeared over time need to be putty. In winter, for the safety of the gazebo, the roof should be covered with stretch film and it is advisable to transfer all unnecessary items to a closed room.
    • High flammability. Due to the high risk of fire, it is unsafe to install barbecues and braziers in the gazebo. The likelihood of a fire is reduced when wood is treated with special compounds that minimize the risks of such a disaster.

    Seat selection

    At the preparatory stage, it is necessary to choose the location, size and type of structure, style of construction and building materials. The choice of the size of the gazebo depends on the main purpose of the construction of the structure. For family or friendly gatherings, a large gazebo is needed, for personal needs a small one is enough.

    Site selection is a responsible process. The durability of the structure depends on this factor. If a structure is built in a lowland, then due to frequent rainfall, it can rot. The wind protection factor is also important.

    Endless drafts are unlikely to give pleasure from sitting in the gazebo. In terms of landscape design, the view from the intended gazebo should be good.

    The ideal option is to build a structure deep in the garden.

    Varieties

    Gazebos can be classified according to the following criteria:

    • by type of construction
    • in shape.

    Common shapes are rectangular, hexagonal and round.

    By type, arbors can be divided into open, semi-closed and closed. Closed canopies are universal for use at any time of the year. Semi-closed gazebos resemble a small house.

    Style selection

    An important nuance is taking into account the style of construction in accordance with the landscape design. The most common gazebo styles include classic, Victorian, rustic, oriental, and custom.

    The classic style of construction is characterized by clear lines. The design is based on hexagonal and quadrangular bases.

    Ornamental and ordinary plants are inherent in the Victorian style, therefore, when building with this nuance in mind, the base of the gazebo is built along with a special lattice.

    The oriental style differs from others in the shape of the roof and extraordinary ornaments.

    Features of wooden arbors

    Drawings and diagrams

    Having decided on the style and type of the proposed gazebo, it is necessary to draw up drawings. Thanks to them, you will be able to understand how to make the necessary building. A correctly drawn up project will help save time during the construction of a structure, calculate the exact amount of required building materials, take into account all the nuances before starting construction in order to obtain a high-quality and durable structure.

    The project diagram should include a view of the proposed structure from all sides with an indication of the dimensions.

    Preparation of materials / tools

    In accordance with the planned project of a wooden structure, the construction process involves the presence of the following materials:

    • wooden blocks
    • piles
    • boards
    • cement
    • rubble
    • sand
    • nails or screws
    • metal corners
    • roof covering materials
    • fittings
    • brick
    • roofing material.

    Spruce, birch, pine, larch or cedar are the most common types of wood used to build these structures. Before starting work, the wood must be dried and treated with special means that will protect the building from parasites and rotting.

    The required tools are:

    • a hammer
    • chisel
    • drill / screwdriver
    • spanners
    • electric planer
    • Circular Saw.

    Stages of work

    After the preparatory stage, the construction work process follows, which includes the sequential execution of the steps:

    1. Clearing and leveling the construction site. At this stage, you need to clear the area of ​​debris, cut trees and bushes if necessary, level the area.
    2. The choice of the foundation. A well-laid foundation is the basis for the success and longevity of a building. There are such base options - tape, slab and columnar. The simplest and not requiring large financial investments is columnar. To do this, it is necessary to mark the territory of the future gazebo with wooden posts and ropes stretched between them. Then, remove the top soil layer at the allocated area with a depth of at least 0.5 m. After that, lay sand (10 cm), crushed stone (10 cm), concrete mortar (30 cm) in succession. Such a solution is made from sand, gravel and cement. Next, lay a layer of roofing material on the concrete layer. Then you need to make posts of brick in three or four rows in order to create space between the ground and the gazebo in order to avoid rotting wood. At the final stage of creating the foundation, you need to re-lay the layer of roofing material.
    3. Floor installation. To accomplish this task, you must choose the option of installing the floor: on the basis of the structure or taking into account the emphasis on the floor of the walls. The second option is quite simple. For the arrangement of the floor, wooden beams are used, treated with layers of copper sulfate in order to prevent them from rotting and eating by insects.
    4. Building the frame and roof. When performing such work, it is important to focus on the supporting beams, because they are responsible for the stability of the gazebo. When assembling the frame, wooden boards and beams are used. The bearing supports are assembled from wooden blocks. The basis of the frame is made up of special beams that are placed on concrete blocks. Floor joists and vertical posts are attached to the base of the structure. To the frame - vertical posts using metal corners and self-tapping screws. For the vertical arrangement of the base, it is necessary to use special props. When building the frame, the so-called upper straps (special horizontal beams) are used. The easiest way to build a roof is to use timber logs to create geometric outlines for the building.
    5. Wall cladding. At this construction stage, the choice of material is important: sheet metal, boards, slate and others. The main disadvantage when choosing sheet material is the lack of sound insulation, especially in rainy weather. The easiest option is to use wall cladding with wooden planks. Depending on the style and design of the planned structure, solid or lattice walls can be made.
    6. Improvement of the gazebo. The final stage is filling in and creating the necessary interior of the resulting structure.

    Video


    How to build a greenhouse from polypropylene pipes with your own hands - step by step instructions with photos, videos and drawings

    Many land owners dream of their own greenhouse. Not everyone can afford to buy a greenhouse in the market or in a specialized store. But you can always independently build a similar structure on the site, spending several hours and a minimum amount of money on work.

    Greenhouse made of polypropylene pipes

    A small greenhouse will help to grow seedlings or harvest an early harvest. Modern stores offer many different designs, but not every one of them is affordable for the average man in the street.

    In fact, everyone can build a small greenhouse on the site.

    This does not require special knowledge or extensive experience in construction, because lightweight polypropylene pipes will be used as a building material.

    A greenhouse made of polypropylene pipes is lightweight and easy to install

    Advantages of a greenhouse made of polypropylene pipes

    The frame of the future greenhouse consists of pipes used in the installation of plumbing in apartments and houses. The products have a low cost, but this is far from their only advantage. Greenhouse made of polypropylene pipes:

    • it is lightweight, which makes the structure more mobile
    • reliably protects plants from moisture and temperature extremes, regardless of the coating material (film, polycarbonate)
    • able to serve up to ten - fifteen years in any external conditions
    • mounted in a matter of hours
    • does not require foundation pouring
    • differs in a variety of designs (gable roof, arch, wall installation).

    A greenhouse made of polypropylene pipes can have various configurations

    Elimination of design flaws

    Among the shortcomings, only one can be distinguished - vulnerability. The film is torn from heavy rainfall and strong wind, and the polyethylene pipes themselves are defenseless against ultraviolet light. But experienced gardeners quickly eliminate these shortcomings.

    For coating, there are a huge number of types of films that differ in their density. You can choose an acrylic film reinforced with fiberglass or with an additional seal with a cellophane mesh, or use cellular polycarbonate.

    Naturally, the cost of the greenhouse will be higher, but you don't have to worry about breaking the surface.

    The pipes themselves can last for several decades, but sunlight gradually destroys them. Experienced gardeners recommend doing the following: polypropylene pipes are simply wrapped with opaque tape. This simple method increases the service life several times.

    If there is a lot of rainfall in the region, this can lead to deformations of the roof. Therefore, it is imperative to reinforce the arch with a pipe running along the entire length of the greenhouse, and install an additional "column" in the center (inside). For the winter, such a support must be installed so that the roof does not sag under the weight of the snow that has fallen.

    In winter, the greenhouse will need additional reinforcement.

    Preparatory work

    First you need to decide on the location of the greenhouse and its size. The place of installation is a flat area, on which shadows from trees and buildings do not fall. If the wall-mounted installation method is used to the house, then the greenhouse is installed only on the south side, since it is here that more light gets in.

    As for the size, it all depends on the number of plants, the usability of the greenhouse and the budget.For example, it can be a structure just a meter high for growing seedlings, or it can be a structure taller than human height, where you can fully grow fruits and vegetables. It is the second method that is chosen most often when building a greenhouse from polypropylene pipes.

    A greenhouse with a height of 1 m is used for growing seedlings

    What polypropylene pipes to take for construction

    In the absence of any experience, it is better to trust the advice of experienced gardeners. For construction, thick-walled pipes for hot water supply, connected by plastic crosses, are best suited. The optimal outer diameter is 25 millimeters, and the inner diameter is 16.6 mm.

    The wall thickness of such a pipe is 4.2 mm. If we are talking about the construction of a greenhouse with a gable roof, then you should also worry about a sufficient number of connecting crosses. The optimal solution is thermosetting elements with a wall thickness of 3 mm.

    Additionally, they can be "grabbed" with self-tapping screws.

    Hot water pipes are best suited for building a greenhouse

    Materials and tools

    To start building a greenhouse with dimensions of 3.5 by 6 meters, you will need the following materials:

    • boards for a solid foundation (two 6 meters and two 3.5 meters)
    • bars and hinges for the door frame 10 pieces
    • polypropylene pipes - 19 pieces
    • steel rods 1 meter long - 18 pieces (the diameter must correspond to the inner diameter of the pipe)
    • 24 running meters of film
    • plastic and aluminum clamps (to strengthen the structure), screws, nails, small strips for fixing the film.

    Of the tools you will need:

    • a hammer
    • screwdriver
    • knife
    • pliers
    • level.

    For the construction of a large greenhouse, a door is installed on one of the walls. It should be light. The easiest way is to make a frame for a door from small wooden slats or the same scraps of pipes.

    Phased greenhouse construction

    1. Since the weight of the structure is small, the base of the boards plays the role of the foundation: a rectangular frame is assembled from them.

    The foundation for the greenhouse can be made from timber or planks

    Metal rods are driven into the ground along long boards to a sufficient depth (the strength of the structure depends on this). There should be 20-30 cm above the ground.

    For strength, the frame is mounted on metal rods

    Pipes are put on the fittings.

    Ready-made arched frames can be purchased in specialized stores.

    The pipe frame is fixed to the base with aluminum clamps.

    The pipe is fixed with an aluminum clamp and self-tapping screws

    Spacers and door frame are installed.

    Spacers are installed at the corners for strength

    The arch vault is strengthened with a pipe (plastic clamps are used).

    The pipe is fixed with a plastic clamp

    The film is mounted on the finished frame.

    Everything is ready for the installation of the film

    The film is fixed with nails (self-tapping screws) and small strips.

    It is recommended to fasten polyethylene at a temperature of 16-18 ° C to avoid sagging of the film

    The door can be made of wood and polyethylene

    The object is ready for operation.

    The assembly of a greenhouse from plastic pipes can be carried out within one to two days.

    Video: do-it-yourself greenhouse made of polypropylene pipes

    If you have free time and desire, everyone can build a greenhouse on their own site. Usually, all stages of construction take only one day. To work, you need minimal knowledge and skills in using the tool. But now even heat-loving crops can be grown in cold climates.


    Watch the video: My DIY Geothermal - Fusion Welding 2 HDPE pipe with a $59 Amazon Unit


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