Hotbeds and greenhouses are an integral part of almost every summer cottage. As soon as the snow begins to melt, the owners of the backyards are already planting seedlings in greenhouses in order to grow early vegetables and greens. You can easily make a greenhouse with your own hands in just a few days from HDPE pipes, which are an excellent material for making arched, single-slope or gable structures.
HDPE pipes are made of low-pressure polyethylene, therefore, they have excellent performance characteristics, which allow them to be used not only for the installation of gas or water supply systems, but also for the construction of various lightweight structures. HDPE pipes practically do not boast of PVC pipes in terms of their strength characteristics, therefore, the construction of greenhouses and greenhouses follows the same principle.
Low pressure polyethylene pipes
HDPE pipes have a large number of advantages, which have become the main ones when choosing a material for the device of summer cottages.
|Service life over 40 years||Have some temperature limitations, which narrows the area of their use|
|Corrosion resistant||Are susceptible to sunlight|
|Low cost compared to metal pipes or timber||If the temperature is too low (less than 0 ° C), they may deform slightly|
|Have a low degree of heat transfer||Difficulty transporting long pipes|
|Do not burst when water freezes in them|
|Light weight and great flexibility|
|Do not contain toxic substances|
|Highly resistant to impact and deformation|
|Wide temperature range for operation from 0 to + 40 ° С|
|Easy to cut and assemble|
A greenhouse made of HDPE pipes will also have a large number of advantages such as:
We will build an arched greenhouse from HDPE pipes, since it is simple in design, it can be easily assembled in just one day, having all the necessary materials and tools. Also, the arched arcuate design has many advantages:
Before starting construction, it is necessary to carry out some preparatory work:
Drawing of a simple arched greenhouse made of HDPE pipes
When choosing HDPE pipes for the construction of a greenhouse, you need to pay attention that there are several types of them: PE80, PE100 and PE Prosafe.
In order for the structure to be strong and reliable, it is necessary to choose pipes of medium diameter. It can be HDPE PE pipes with a diameter of 63 to 80 mm and a wall thickness of about 5.8 millimeters or more.
HDPE PE80 pipes with a diameter of 63 mm
Usually they sell six-meter pipes, but for convenient transportation they can be cut into two parts. Since a greenhouse is usually built with a height of about 2 meters, and a width of 2 to 3.5 meters or more, this pipe size is quite suitable. If they need to be increased, then it will be possible to fasten them with special fittings or plastic pipes of a smaller diameter.
To build a greenhouse, we need:
Greenhouse wooden base
We drive in the reinforcement around the perimeter of the base
We make part of the frame of the greenhouse from pipes
Additional fastening of pipes to the base
We nail the timber to the frame pipes
We nail the wane crosswise for greater strength
We make the ends of the greenhouse from the timber with a place for doors and windows
Polyethylene upholstered wooden doors for greenhouses
Greenhouse frame under the film
We nail the film to the base of the greenhouse with slats
A ready-made greenhouse made of polyethylene pipes with a film stretched over it
Greenhouse ends made of chipboard sheets
Frame with attached chipboard elements on the sides
Foam rubber fixed to the chipboard from above
We can use polycarbonate instead of not very reliable plastic sheeting. This material is perfect as a greenhouse cover. Polycarbonate sheets bend perfectly, therefore they are suitable for an arched type structure.
Drawing for a greenhouse made of HDPE and polycarbonate pipes
The sides and ends can be covered with polycarbonate. To do this, you need to know some of the nuances:
Greenhouse made of HDPE pipes under polycarbonate
Sheets must be laid on the frame with a protective film upwards, otherwise the material will collapse faster than it is provided by the operational characteristics.
I would also like to note that a greenhouse made of HDPE pipes can be covered with agromaterial (spandbond), which is specially designed for such structures. It has excellent technical and quality characteristics, so many summer cottage owners prefer to use it as a cover for greenhouses instead of a not very reliable and durable plastic film.
Agrofibre (spunbond) for greenhouses and greenhouses
If you use spandbond for a greenhouse, then it is best to pay attention to the material with a density of 60 units, since it allows you to plant seedlings in the ground even at the end of winter.
Greenhouse made of HDPE pipes, covered with agrofibre (spunbond)
Agrofibre can not be nailed to HDPE pipes, but simply attached to the structure with special latches or clips.
Clips for fixing the covering material of the greenhouse
Advantages of spunbond:
A greenhouse made from inexpensive HDPE pipes will help you always have fresh vegetables and herbs. Its construction will not take much time, and the materials for construction are quite cheap. Such a structure can stand for more than a dozen years, since the service life of low-pressure polyethylene pipes reaches 40-50 years.
Suburban real estate owners want to use the land for an early harvest. With the help of polypropylene pipes, you can make greenhouses on your own.
Such buildings are budgetary and pre-fabricated.
To assemble the frame, it is worth using a soldering iron for this type of pipes using branched fittings. This method allows you to get a flat design.
The longitudinal reinforcement line consists of plastic-based clamps. A feature of the material is its practicality and durability.
The frame built from such pipes is resistant to ultraviolet radiation and temperature extremes. Elasticity contributes to the formation of arcs to the required degree.
The material is moisture resistant and affordable. Disadvantages are considered insignificant weight, wind resistance.
Therefore, the frame needs reinforcement.
Using polypropylene pipes, you can build a small greenhouse in a matter of hours.
They are able to serve for ten years.
They are characterized by environmental friendliness and durability. Also, the material does not corrode.
Specially designed PP pipe fittings simplify the construction process of such a structure.
Experts recommend for a lightweight film greenhouse to stop on a foundation based on wood. It is created from boards or timber, which facilitates easy transportation.
When the structure will stand in the same place, concrete and brick should be used.
Most summer residents install an arched structure. It is characterized by simplicity; no significant costs are required. No construction skills are required for construction.
The single-slope design saves the area of the personal plot. Heating is provided by a building that has an adjacent wall.
The gable structure reinforces the lightweight polypropylene frame. A ridge cross member is used for this purpose. It is characterized by the automatic melting of snow masses in winter.
Combines the advantages of a gable and arched pointed shape of the structure. The service life is ten years.
The spherical design is chosen due to originality.With its installation, the aesthetic characteristics of the site are increased. Moreover, it is flexible.
A greenhouse identical to the house is covered with polycarbonate sheets. They are five times more durable than film. Sizing is an important point.
Professionals recommend taking 6 mm polycarbonate for work. It is good in winter.
The 4mm material is designed for four years and cannot handle the snow load.
When there is constant snowfall in the region, the frame is strengthened with crossbars.
This design will survive regardless of the weather.
In accordance with the perimeter of the frame, markings are made of wood, where propylene arches will be installed.
The gap should be sixty centimeters.
It should be based on calculations, a thin pipe determines a smaller step.
The total pipe flow will be 60 m.
In places that are outlined near the frame, reinforcing bars (depth 50-70 cm) are driven in.
Above the soil, their height should be 30-40 cm.
When the greenhouse is stationary, it is necessary to decide on which site the structure should be located.
The main requirement for the site is a flat surface.
In daylight, a criterion for the uniformity of sun illumination is put forward.
The distance from landings and buildings should be five meters. The best option is to place the structure from south to north.
Also, a place should be chosen outside the wind rose, so that the greenhouse does not fall when the wind gusts.
When creating a structure, an important aspect is the selection of materials.
The inner diameter of the pipes must be at least 16 mm.
The wall thickness should be 4.2 mm. These indicators are able to provide a reliability parameter.
They should be checked for deformation.
It is possible to connect pipes using fittings, the inner diameter should be determined by the outer diameter of the pipes. The primary details in these works are tees, crosses.
Reinforcing rods with a diameter of 10 mm are capable of strengthening the structure.
Particular care must be taken to ensure the presence of fixing components. There should be nails, screws and PVA glue.
The work will be done using thin slats. Fastening is carried out by strips, specially designed clamps.
You will also need steel wire to hold the parts in place.
The assembly of the greenhouse begins with the installation of the arched ends. They will need to be installed on the foundation and equip the end walls.
To do this, use racks based on wood with a thickness of 2 and a width of 4 centimeters.
Each corner has four posts. The door leaf defines the spacing of the B-pillars.
The box is strengthened with a bar. Wooden slats are installed from the inside of the end, which makes the frame more reliable.
Doors should be hung on the prepared frames.
You also need to prepare polypropylene pipes. Their number should be the same as the number of pins for pipe nozzles.
Fastening the perforated tape to self-tapping screws is allowed when there are no pins.
The rigidity of the structure allows the installation of a pipe that is larger in cross-section along the top of the arc.
At the joints, the pipes are fixed with wire or plastic clamps.
The greenhouse cover should start at the ends. For work, you will need fasteners, clamps and a construction stapler.
The remaining film is covered with earth and fixed with bricks. In the future, you need to start covering the longitudinal walls. The canvas is lengthened and held together with construction tape.
The film must be free of wrinkles. The material is fastened by means of fastening clips made of plastic.
The film is attached to the wooden base with staples from five to seven centimeters using a construction stapler. Above is provided for fastening with a bar made of wood within three centimeters. On longitudinal and transverse pipes, the film can be fixed with clips. The film is poured onto the frame and reinforced with a stapler.
Additionally, the covering material to the arches is also fixed with staples.
When creating drawings for a greenhouse, you should be guided by an economical calculation of the required material.
Consideration should be given to their ability to withstand the load under various climatic factors. Decide on the necessary components.
As for the operating rules, everything is simple here:
The costs of assembling such a greenhouse are small.
The cost of one meter of pipe is approximately 15 rubles. It takes only 60 m.
The estimate for consumables should include 5% for rejects and losses during installation. In addition, the required tools are provided.
High-quality work when creating a greenhouse made of propylene pipes will delight you during its long-term operation. This will testify to you as a zealous owner, a jack of all trades, and the family will enjoy fresh vegetables.
Greetings to all. If there is no money to buy materials for building a greenhouse on your own, then you can use old window frames. Today, in almost all apartments, windows are changed for plastic counterparts, so there will be no problems with the search for such material.
In most cases, old frames are simply thrown away, so you can negotiate with institutions that massively insert plastic windows or with their neighbors.
It remains only to find out the nuances of construction, and then proceed to the creative process. If not all frames are suitable in size, then you can use small sheets of polycarbonate, foam or plastic wrap.
Despite the fact that this option for building a greenhouse is economical, you can create a beautiful and functional structure for growing plants and fruits all year round.
Before construction work, all fittings must be dismantled. For convenient fastening, the glass must be removed for a while. In order not to get confused, it is recommended to mark them with a regular marker. Plus, in this way, cracks on the glass can be avoided.
Paint and varnish from wooden frames must be cleaned off, and then treated with a special antiseptic to increase the service life of the future greenhouse.
Before starting the construction of a greenhouse with a large area, it is recommended to start with making a mini-greenhouse, this will allow you to understand the whole process of building a structure.
As a roof, frames are used, which are fixed to a wooden base. In order to ventilate the greenhouse, its width must match the width of the old frame. In this case, the roof can be opened during the day. The length can be 2-3 frames.
To make the frame, you need to prepare 4 beams and boards. Bars are dug in at the corners, after which boards are nailed. To make the slope for the slope of natural precipitation, the front shield should consist of three boards, and the side and rear ones of four. The top board will need to be cut at the desired angle. After that, the shields are attached with self-tapping screws to the dug-in beams.
Since the future structure will be small, it is not necessary to remove the glasses.
It will take more time and effort to build a solid structure. Such a greenhouse has a large mass, so it is imperative to prepare the foundation.
Experts recommend making a strip foundation:
Approximately two weeks after pouring the strip foundation, you can start installing the frame (rack with straps). For this, beams and boards or metal corners are used. In the latter case, the strapping must be done during the pouring of the foundation. The side posts are connected at the bottom with bolts.
If wooden materials are used for strapping, then you need to prepare a 10X10 beam, for strapping 8 boards, 4 5X5 beams for side and intermediate racks. Self-tapping screws and metal corners are used as fasteners.
If it is supposed to make a gable roof, then the frame is recommended to be made on the ground, and then put on the structure. The central risers are made of thick wood, and the rafter legs and ridge are made of 5X5 bar.
Since the structure of old windows is quite heavy, it is recommended to sheathe the roof with polycarbonate or foil. In this case, the roof can be removed during winter to avoid stress on the roof. Both materials are easy and simple to attach.
A door is mounted from the end part of the greenhouse structure. The box is made of high quality timber. Any available material can be used as a door leaf.
Now you can fill the floor with earth and start gardening.
If you do not understand all the nuances of building a greenhouse from old frames, then you can read one more instruction.
As noted above, the construction of window frames is quite heavy, so you need to prepare a strip foundation. You can use one of the possible options:
A structure made of old frames is already a reliable frame. The main thing is to adhere to simple installation rules. To ensure stability, you need to fix the old frames on the base, and then fasten them together, for this you can use one of the mounting options:
Before work, it is advisable to develop a step-by-step plan to make a greenhouse with your own hands in a short time. A crucial step is the installation of the structure on the base. It is necessary to fix all the components on the foundation with fasteners.
The metal corner must be fixed to the foundation with anchor bolts or using a welding machine. Then fix the old frames to it. In addition, the frames must be connected together. Work must be done without haste and consistently.
Since a greenhouse made of window frames is heavy, it is not recommended to cover it with glass. But if the structure has a small area, then an exception can be made.
It is best to use plastic wrap. To do this, make a simple lathing of battens or steel wire. Then the film is covered. It is attached with clamps or clamps.
Despite the fact that the greenhouse was made on its own, it must be checked for tightness, reliability, stability, light transmission, ventilation and other parameters.
Now you know how old window frames can be used. After the construction of the structure, you can proceed directly to planting crops.
If you plan to install a greenhouse with your own hands from window frames, and how to build it is unclear, we recommend that you follow the step-by-step instructions. The construction of the structure takes place in several stages:
When figuring out how to make a greenhouse out of window frames, you definitely need to understand that you first need to sketch a sketch of the future object. You can use ready-made projects, of which there are many on the Internet and they are described in detail. When composing your own drawing, pay close attention to individual parameters:
Starting to implement the plan, you need to choose the right site for the object. For the installation of the structure, it is required to choose the most even surface, perfectly illuminated from each side by the sun. The site must be reliably protected from constant winds. Near the proposed structure, buildings or trees should not be placed in any way, which will shade the space, which will negatively affect the growth of plants.
If there is vegetation, then it is better to choose another place, or donate plantings.
The soil under the object must be clean and dry. Experts recommend that a sand cushion be located under the chernozem. The soil under the structure must be compacted, since the glass in the frames is heavy. This is especially important when building a greenhouse without pouring a foundation.
When choosing a site for a greenhouse, it is also important to consider the location of groundwater. It is necessary to find a place where they are located at a depth exceeding 1.5 m. When the soil on the site is too wet, it is not recommended to build a heavy greenhouse.
The preparatory stage also includes the preparation of window frames for further use:
Investigating the problem of how to make a greenhouse from window frames with your own hands at home, it is worth emphasizing that you will have to start work with arranging the foundation. It all depends on the landscape of the site, the type of soil and the design features of the structure, the basis is performed by choosing one of the following options:
Considering the question further, how to make a greenhouse from old window frames, we will study the topic of floor arrangement. Drainage must first be ensured, as stagnant water will cause wooden frames to rot.
To ensure good drainage, you need to dig a trench to the depth of a shovel bayonet. Its bottom is covered with fine gravel. Sand is poured on top, scrupulously tamping it.
For almost every person, a dacha is a second home or a favorite vacation spot. Caring for a garden and a vegetable garden, as well as performing construction work in a house are labor-intensive processes that require investment of finance and physical labor.
The gazebo is not only a beautiful addition to the site, but also serves as a great place to relax. When choosing materials for building a gazebo, most people prefer wood.
Self-production of the gazebo will significantly save money.
The main advantages of wooden arbors:
The disadvantages include:
At the preparatory stage, it is necessary to choose the location, size and type of structure, style of construction and building materials. The choice of the size of the gazebo depends on the main purpose of the construction of the structure. For family or friendly gatherings, a large gazebo is needed, for personal needs a small one is enough.
Site selection is a responsible process. The durability of the structure depends on this factor. If a structure is built in a lowland, then due to frequent rainfall, it can rot. The wind protection factor is also important.
Endless drafts are unlikely to give pleasure from sitting in the gazebo. In terms of landscape design, the view from the intended gazebo should be good.
The ideal option is to build a structure deep in the garden.
Gazebos can be classified according to the following criteria:
Common shapes are rectangular, hexagonal and round.
By type, arbors can be divided into open, semi-closed and closed. Closed canopies are universal for use at any time of the year. Semi-closed gazebos resemble a small house.
An important nuance is taking into account the style of construction in accordance with the landscape design. The most common gazebo styles include classic, Victorian, rustic, oriental, and custom.
The classic style of construction is characterized by clear lines. The design is based on hexagonal and quadrangular bases.
Ornamental and ordinary plants are inherent in the Victorian style, therefore, when building with this nuance in mind, the base of the gazebo is built along with a special lattice.
The oriental style differs from others in the shape of the roof and extraordinary ornaments.
Features of wooden arbors
Having decided on the style and type of the proposed gazebo, it is necessary to draw up drawings. Thanks to them, you will be able to understand how to make the necessary building. A correctly drawn up project will help save time during the construction of a structure, calculate the exact amount of required building materials, take into account all the nuances before starting construction in order to obtain a high-quality and durable structure.
The project diagram should include a view of the proposed structure from all sides with an indication of the dimensions.
In accordance with the planned project of a wooden structure, the construction process involves the presence of the following materials:
Spruce, birch, pine, larch or cedar are the most common types of wood used to build these structures. Before starting work, the wood must be dried and treated with special means that will protect the building from parasites and rotting.
The required tools are:
After the preparatory stage, the construction work process follows, which includes the sequential execution of the steps:
Many land owners dream of their own greenhouse. Not everyone can afford to buy a greenhouse in the market or in a specialized store. But you can always independently build a similar structure on the site, spending several hours and a minimum amount of money on work.
A small greenhouse will help to grow seedlings or harvest an early harvest. Modern stores offer many different designs, but not every one of them is affordable for the average man in the street.
In fact, everyone can build a small greenhouse on the site.
This does not require special knowledge or extensive experience in construction, because lightweight polypropylene pipes will be used as a building material.
A greenhouse made of polypropylene pipes is lightweight and easy to install
The frame of the future greenhouse consists of pipes used in the installation of plumbing in apartments and houses. The products have a low cost, but this is far from their only advantage. Greenhouse made of polypropylene pipes:
A greenhouse made of polypropylene pipes can have various configurations
Among the shortcomings, only one can be distinguished - vulnerability. The film is torn from heavy rainfall and strong wind, and the polyethylene pipes themselves are defenseless against ultraviolet light. But experienced gardeners quickly eliminate these shortcomings.
For coating, there are a huge number of types of films that differ in their density. You can choose an acrylic film reinforced with fiberglass or with an additional seal with a cellophane mesh, or use cellular polycarbonate.
Naturally, the cost of the greenhouse will be higher, but you don't have to worry about breaking the surface.
The pipes themselves can last for several decades, but sunlight gradually destroys them. Experienced gardeners recommend doing the following: polypropylene pipes are simply wrapped with opaque tape. This simple method increases the service life several times.
If there is a lot of rainfall in the region, this can lead to deformations of the roof. Therefore, it is imperative to reinforce the arch with a pipe running along the entire length of the greenhouse, and install an additional "column" in the center (inside). For the winter, such a support must be installed so that the roof does not sag under the weight of the snow that has fallen.
In winter, the greenhouse will need additional reinforcement.
First you need to decide on the location of the greenhouse and its size. The place of installation is a flat area, on which shadows from trees and buildings do not fall. If the wall-mounted installation method is used to the house, then the greenhouse is installed only on the south side, since it is here that more light gets in.
As for the size, it all depends on the number of plants, the usability of the greenhouse and the budget.For example, it can be a structure just a meter high for growing seedlings, or it can be a structure taller than human height, where you can fully grow fruits and vegetables. It is the second method that is chosen most often when building a greenhouse from polypropylene pipes.
A greenhouse with a height of 1 m is used for growing seedlings
In the absence of any experience, it is better to trust the advice of experienced gardeners. For construction, thick-walled pipes for hot water supply, connected by plastic crosses, are best suited. The optimal outer diameter is 25 millimeters, and the inner diameter is 16.6 mm.
The wall thickness of such a pipe is 4.2 mm. If we are talking about the construction of a greenhouse with a gable roof, then you should also worry about a sufficient number of connecting crosses. The optimal solution is thermosetting elements with a wall thickness of 3 mm.
Additionally, they can be "grabbed" with self-tapping screws.
Hot water pipes are best suited for building a greenhouse
To start building a greenhouse with dimensions of 3.5 by 6 meters, you will need the following materials:
Of the tools you will need:
For the construction of a large greenhouse, a door is installed on one of the walls. It should be light. The easiest way is to make a frame for a door from small wooden slats or the same scraps of pipes.
The foundation for the greenhouse can be made from timber or planks
Metal rods are driven into the ground along long boards to a sufficient depth (the strength of the structure depends on this). There should be 20-30 cm above the ground.
For strength, the frame is mounted on metal rods
Pipes are put on the fittings.
Ready-made arched frames can be purchased in specialized stores.
The pipe frame is fixed to the base with aluminum clamps.
The pipe is fixed with an aluminum clamp and self-tapping screws
Spacers and door frame are installed.
Spacers are installed at the corners for strength
The arch vault is strengthened with a pipe (plastic clamps are used).
The pipe is fixed with a plastic clamp
The film is mounted on the finished frame.
Everything is ready for the installation of the film
The film is fixed with nails (self-tapping screws) and small strips.
It is recommended to fasten polyethylene at a temperature of 16-18 ° C to avoid sagging of the film
The door can be made of wood and polyethylene
The object is ready for operation.
The assembly of a greenhouse from plastic pipes can be carried out within one to two days.
If you have free time and desire, everyone can build a greenhouse on their own site. Usually, all stages of construction take only one day. To work, you need minimal knowledge and skills in using the tool. But now even heat-loving crops can be grown in cold climates.