The onset of autumn does not mean that there is no more work for you in the garden - the life of plants, although it finishes its development this season, does not stop at all. In addition to caring for the flowers that still decorate the garden, it is time for gardeners to prepare the site for the next growing season and implement winter planting flowersthat will bloom next year.
Autumn planting has undeniable advantages:
As you can see, there is enough reason to start planting and sowing flowers in the fall.
What flowers are planted in the fall? In autumn, they planted, as well as divide and plant such bulbous plants - Pushkinia, Muscari, Scylla, crocuses, Chionodox, daffodils, hyacinths, tulips and lilies. With autumn approaching, it is time to divide and transplant astilbe bushes, peonies and host. Will grow well if planted in the fall, clematis, adonis, aconite, as well as large-leaved brunner, paniculata phlox, rudbeckia, bells, sedum, lupine, evening primrose, autumn helenium, echinacea.
Planting annuals in the fall is preferable because their seeds, having passed natural stratification in the soil in the winter months, will give flowers next year that will both grow better and bloom longer. Among the flowers that are best sown in the fall are annual asters and chrysanthemums, mattiola, calendula, marigolds, blue cornflower, godetia, delphinium, iberis, lavatera, mignonette, malcolmia, scabiosa, eschsholzia.
At the beginning of the month, the bushes are divided and astilba, phlox, rudbeckia and solidago are transplanted. From the end of August and during the first week of September, small-bulbous plants such as Pushkinia, Scylla, Muscari, Crocuses and Chionodox are planted. At the beginning of the second decade of the month, it is the turn of planting daffodil bulbs, and a week later - hyacinths. Tulips are planted at the very end of September.
Do not plant all bulbs at the same time, because planting times for bulbs of different colors are indicated for good reason. For example, if daffodils are planted not in the second, but in the third decade of September, the bulbs will not have time to develop the number of roots necessary for normal wintering before the frost begins, and the bulbs will die.
The planting depth of all bulbous plants usually corresponds to three bulb diameters, but the composition of the soil should also be taken into account when planting. If the weather is dry, be sure to water the plantings abundantly. After watering, the soil must be compacted and then mulched.
Hyacinths and tulips can be planted until mid-October. Hyacinths are planted at a depth of 17-18 cm from the bottom, and especially large ones even at a depth of 20 cm. In a rainy autumn, it is better to cover the planting site with polyethylene to avoid waterlogging of the soil. Tulips, on the other hand, are not afraid of dampness and take root quickly, the planting depth of tulip bulbs is 15-18 cm, depending on their size. Tulips planted in mid-October are less affected by variegation viruses.
So late you can risk planting the bulbs of the same tulips if you got them too late. However, they will be able to take root only if the weather is warm for a month, not colder than 5 ºC, otherwise the bulbs will stop growing and freeze. In order not to risk it, drop them off at home in a distillation container.
In the first decade of September, seedlings of biennial and perennial plants, such as, for example, daisies, viola, Turkish carnations and forget-me-nots, are planted on flower beds. By the end of the growing season, the seedlings will have time to take root and overwinter normally.
At the beginning of September, you can start dividing and planting lupines, astilba, hosts, brunners, rhizome irises, daylilies, remembering to sprinkle crushed charcoal or ash on the cut sections after dividing. At the same time, periwinkle is propagated by cuttings and roses are planted. In the second half of the month, the bush is divided and the phlox paniculata, aquilegia and rudbeckia are planted.
If you doubt whether the plant will have time to take root before the beginning of winter, then you do not have to worry: everything that is planted at the time of massive leaf fall, or at least a month before the soil freezes, has time to take root before winter.
In the first half of October, you can plant and transplant the same flowers as in September, if for some reason you did not have time to do this. At the end of October, you can plant lilies of the valley, as well as divide and plant overgrown peony bushes.
In November, as a rule, flowers are no longer planted, but only covered and mulched for the winter.
The seeds of some perennial flowers need stratification for germination - the activation of vital forces by the cold. That is why planting perennial flowers in the fall is much more justified than the spring one. Perennials whose seeds need stratification include gentian, aquilegia, lavender, primrose, delphinium, hellebore, and winter-hardy cyclamen varieties.
And sowing seeds for the winter of those flowers that do not need stratification is also quite justified - seedlings germinate strong, strong in spring, they are much less likely to be infected with diseases and attacked by pests. From annual plants, you can sow alissum, calendula, cosmea, lavater, gypsophila, godetia, iberis, cornflower, escholzia, nigella before winter. Planting of autumn flowers, or rather, sowing of annual asters and chrysanthemums is also carried out in the fall.
The best time for winter sowing is late October or early November, when cool autumn weather sets in, although seeds that need stratification can be sown even when the first snow falls, but in this case, the sowing bed must be made in advance, until the soil is frozen ... Sowing of flowers in autumn is made somewhat denser and shallower than in spring, since cold winters reduce the germination of plants. If the seeds sprout too thickly in the spring, they can always be thinned out.
In winter, the choice of seeds in flower shops is much wider than at any other time. You can also purchase seeds through a specialized online store, having previously found out how many years it has existed and inquired about its reputation. Give preference to the store with more experience and experience in the market.
Do not buy seeds from those traders for whom they are only an accompanying product - in such a place you will not receive the information you need, or a reliable guarantee. But the main thing is not where and when you buy a bag of seeds, but what is the shelf life of these seeds and the availability of recommendations for growing flowers on the bag.
It is best to purchase planting material just before planting it, but this is not always possible. Summer bulbs and tubers are usually sold at the end of winter, so consider where and how you will store them before planting. It is best to place them in peat or sand and keep them at or below 7 ºC in a basement or refrigerator. Better yet, plant the bulbs in a container in order to transfer them into the open ground when planting time comes.
Never buy bulbs of spring-flowering crops in the spring - daffodils, hyacinths, crocuses and tulips, as there is a high probability that they have been stored in the warehouse since autumn, which means that their shelf life has already expired, although by the appearance of the bulbs this may not define.
Rose seedlings usually go on sale in February and should be stored in a cellar or refrigerator at freezing temperatures until planting. On occasion, the purchased rhizome perennials are best placed for storage in the refrigerator. It is preferable to buy peony planting material in late summer - early autumn, but it goes on sale, as a rule, in late winter or spring. Before buying such material, carefully examine it for the presence of mold or rot on the roots, since it could be stored incorrectly before sale, and if you nevertheless decided to buy peony seedlings, then pickle their roots for half an hour in a fungicide solution or in a very strong one, an almost black solution of potassium permanganate. Then store the seedlings at about 0 ºC.
As you understand, it is far from always possible to acquire the necessary seeds or seedlings immediately before planting, so it is very important to know how to properly store the planting material.
Sections: Garden plants Perennials Bulb flowers Gardening
Planting perennial flowers in autumn can only be a concern for gardeners with little experience in growing these plants. After all, the main risk is the delay in planting flowers, which will not have time to take root well, and therefore will suffer from the cold, or even die in winter.
The opposite mistake is also possible during the autumn planting of perennials - placing the plant in the ground too early, when the prolonged heat will provoke the growth of shoots, and with the arrival of frost, the death of the young growth.
The only advice that can be given to flower growers is to coordinate transplants not only with the local climate and advice on the Internet, but also with the long-term weather forecast of the current season, as well as with the ability of specific plants to tolerate low temperatures.
It is better to replant flowers in dry and relatively warm (+ 12 ... + 15 ° C) weather. In such conditions, well-watered plants will feel comfortable in a new place and take root more easily. Flowers with low winter hardiness for the winter need to be covered with peat, sawdust, spruce branches, fallen leaves.
So the summer has flown by - the time of burning vacations. Someone, leaving the stuffy apartments, rushed to the sea, and someone spent the whole summer in worries on their personal plot.
With the onset of autumn, gardeners have a hot season - harvesting, preparing the land for winter rest, winter crops. Each gardener grows flowers on his site, regardless of its area. They delight us with early and long flowering.
There are various types and varieties of plants, this magnificent decoration of the site, delighting others with their aroma and beauty. However, in order for our site to bloom in early spring, it is necessary to take care of this in the fall. Since mid-August, perennial flowering plants are divided and bulbous plant varieties are planted.
What flowers need to be divided and transplanted, and which ones to plant at this time? Today on the market there are a huge number of all kinds of bulbous hybrids, species and varieties of perennial flowers. Knowing what flowers need to be planted in the fall, you can make your site bright and fragrant, like a multi-colored fairy carpet.
Planting of bulbs and transplanting of perennial plants takes place from mid-August to October, but the climate of the area must be taken into account. Poppies, daylilies, delphiniums, peonies and phloxes (perennial varieties) that have grown over the summer can be divided and transplanted to a new place.
Before you start planting and transplanting plants, you need to carefully study the requirements of each flower, familiarize yourself with their growing and flowering conditions. To outline the planting sites, faded shoots must be cut off for the winter, weeded and loosened the soil around the plants. Apply fertilizers, but in no case use fresh manure, otherwise all your work will be in vain and the plants will die
The soil is flavored mainly with leaf humus, compost, humus and mineral fertilizers. If the soil is acidic, then dolomite flour or lime is added. It will be nice to add wood ash to the site. Thoroughly cover the plants with peat, sawdust on top, you can also put spruce branches.
The most important thing is to remove this "pillow" in time in spring. As soon as the spring sun begins to actively heat the ground, it is necessary to remove all the covering material, otherwise the early still very delicate shoots of flowers may die.
The best time to transplant lilies in central Russia is from mid-August to September, but in the southern regions of the country this can be done in October.
The daylily bushes that have grown over the summer are very difficult to transplant, it is better to carefully divide them with a shovel into several small bushes and plant them on the site. The same is done with large bushes of peonies - they are divided and transplanted.
Astilba bushes grow in one place for three years, and then they can be divided and transplanted to new places. You can do this work even during flowering, the plants will not suffer from this.
Hosta bushes are divided and planted from late August to mid-September. You can also do this in the spring.
All this applied to perennial bush plants, now let's talk about bulbous varieties. To prevent bulbous varieties from sprouting from heat, they are planted in September-October in the ground. But do not delay with this case, otherwise frosts will hit and the bulbs will die. In the second half of September, it is necessary to plant daffodils in the ground, a week later it is time for hyacinths, and by the end of September - tulips are planted in the first weeks of October.
Bulbous plants do not require much attention when planted correctly.
Before planting (September-October) tulip bulbs in well-lit areas, dig the soil to a depth of no more than a shovel's bayonet and add humus, peat or rotted manure. The bulbs are planted at a distance of about 10-15 centimeters from each other and to a depth of two to three diameters of the bulb itself. We plant it carefully, without pressing hard on the bulb, otherwise you can break the delicate roots.
To plant hyacinths, you need to find a place protected from the wind and add humus to the soil. After planting, the plants must be covered with dry leaves in several layers to protect the shoots from early frost in spring.
Daffodils will grow and bloom well in open areas, but if you plant them under a pear or apple tree, they will feel much better. They are not afraid of the shade, and besides, they will have time to bloom before the lush crown of tree leaves appears.
For crocuses, it is necessary to allocate a separate place, since they are not friendly with other bulbous plants.Having given them space in the clearing, it will be easier for you to take care of them - to divide and seat the children.
It is worth paying attention to one more point - when creating a flower garden on your site, you should not plant perennial plants with an early and late flowering period in the same area. With this planting, it will be very difficult to care for the plants. After the early varieties of perennial plants have faded, annual flowers can be planted in an empty space.
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1-2 weeks before the onset of frost, you can start planting perennials, which will delight you with flowering next year in the summer months.
This time is optimal for planting lilies and daylilies: lily bulbs are transplanted every 2-3 years, daylilies can grow in one place for up to 5 years
In the second half of September, they begin to divide and transplant delphinium, phlox, rudbeckia, aquilegia. Seeds in the ground can be sown: chamomile, flax, lavender, lavender, calendula, cornflower, carnation.
Regardless of which perennial the choice is made on, it is advisable to prepare the soil for planting it in advance: dig it up and fertilize it, adding vitamins, trace elements and, if necessary, antibiotics. Planting depth will depend on the type of plant and the texture of the soil.
After harvesting, many beds are released in the country, so it is easy to choose a suitable one and make a flower bed out of it. The soil is prepared in central Russia by the end of September - early October, in Siberia and the Urals by mid-September, focusing on weather conditions. In the southern regions, sowing begins in early November.
If the flower bed is prepared in warm weather, then flowers should be planted in autumn at subzero temperatures. Otherwise, in the warmth, the seeds will begin to grow, with the onset of cold weather, the sprouts will die and will not sprout in the spring.
When planting in autumn, the seeds are sown thickly. They are poured into the frozen grooves and covered with a prepared nutrient mixture. It is not necessary to water the plantings, since the frozen soil has a sufficient amount of moisture.
Experienced gardeners sow the seeds of perennial and annual flowers in the fall, so that in the spring there is less work in the garden and you can fully engage in planting in the garden. You also need to remember to plant bulbous flowers in August, September, October, which will decorate the cottage in early spring.
To prepare the soil in the fall for planting flowers, there is a certain list of tips.
The plot of land allocated for a flower bed must be cleared of weeds, dried tops. Send all the collected vegetation into a heap with humus.
After harvesting, the earth should be dug up. This is a good stimulation for the germination of weeds in the fall, later, with the arrival of the first frost, they will die. Thanks to this, next spring you will not have to spend a lot of time weeding.
It is necessary to thoroughly approach the choice of the place where the landings will be located. It must be properly equipped. Otherwise, the melt water will wash away the seeds and the bulbs will start to rot.
Before planting, you need to dig up the soil a second time. The earth should receive oxygen saturation to the maximum. After that, you can apply fertilizer and make furrows.
It is necessary to dig up the earth to a depth of 15 to 20 cm. Do not destroy clods of earth. In the future, water formed from melting snow is well retained on an area with an uneven surface.
When the ground begins to freeze, you can start sowing (mid-November, early December). Sowing in December is done directly into the snow. Its layer should reach 20-30 cm. Regardless of which of the months the planting took place, it is sprinkled with sand and peat, humus and compost with sand.
Frost-resistant plant species should be a priority for planting. Planting flowers correctly in the fall gives excellent results in the spring.
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