Sometimes you want to collect as many different varieties of apple trees as possible in your garden in order to delight yourself and your loved ones with a variety of tastes and colors of apples. However, large apple trees take up a lot of space, and the idea of planting a large number of different trees seems ghostly and impracticable. In such cases, columnar apple trees come to the rescue, which are compact in planting. In this article we will give a detailed description of the "Medoc" columnar apple tree. You will learn the characteristics of the variety, as well as how the planting, growing, what care the apple tree requires.
Many gardeners are not even aware of the existence of columnar trees, or they consider them to be something prohibitively difficult in agricultural technology, requiring care at the level of a royal person. In fact, there is nothing difficult in growing such trees. On the contrary, agricultural technology is extremely simple, and it is very convenient to care for small trees.
For the first time, a columnar apple tree was bred in Canada, having discovered an unusual shoot on an old apple tree. Over time, breeders became interested in the unusual type of growth structure and launched research work. At its core, the columnar apple tree is very similar to the pyramidal poplar. Fruiting is concentrated on numerous annelids, so that the apples are evenly distributed throughout almost the entire trunk. At the same time, columnar trees are low, rarely exceeding 2.5 meters, which makes them incredibly comfortable in the garden.
Small trees are nevertheless able to withstand a harvest of up to 12-15 kilograms. Of the main disadvantages, it should be noted that no matter what sort of columnar trees you choose, their root system will still be located quite close to the surface, which significantly reduces their winter hardiness.
With the exception of low frost resistance, columnar trees pay off all costs already in the first years of growth.
The columnar apple variety "Medoc" belongs to the autumn species, the fruits of which ripen in late August until mid-September. The variety has an incredibly sweet taste, really reminiscent of honey, while the apples themselves are of a pleasant yellow color, which look very beautiful on the tree. Unfortunately, “Medoc” apples cannot be stored for a long time, they retain their commercial qualities for only one month. That is why the fruits are often used for conservation, making jam, jam or dried fruits. And, of course, they are eaten fresh.
The apple-tree column "Medoc" belongs to natural semi-dwarfs, growing in height up to about 2-2.5 meters. The best rootstocks for the variety are 62-396 and “Mark”. The crown of trees is small, compact, rarely exceeding 25 centimeters in diameter. The stability of the apple tree is given by a strong, highly developed root system, which allows planting seedlings even in very windy areas, on the one hand, and on the other hand, it increases the tree's immunity to various kinds of diseases.
The columnar apple tree of this variety bears fruit with medium-large fruits, the weight of which ranges from 100 to 250 grams. It should be noted that the size of apples is largely influenced by the care that you provide to the trees. Medoc apples are round in shape with a dense rind of white-yellow color without blush. The pulp is juicy, very sweet, white in color with a coarse-grained structure.
The variety belongs to the early-growing - the first harvest, albeit small, can be obtained already in the first year of cultivation during spring planting. However, it is recommended to break off all ovaries in the first year to get a full harvest the next year. Apple trees of this variety enter the peak of fruiting in the 5th year of cultivation, bringing 9 kilograms of apples from each tree. Intensive care, which the columnar variety of apple trees loves, will significantly increase yields.
Despite the fact that the average columnar apple tree is not winter hardy, this variety can withstand extremely low temperatures down to -42 ° C. Such resistance allows growing the variety in the conditions of the Middle Lane, in the Moscow region, as well as in almost all corners of Siberia.
Frost resistance in a sense simplifies the autumn care of trees of this variety, since you do not have to worry about the quality and quantity of mulch in the trunk circle.
Given the frost resistance of the variety, planting of seedlings can take place both in early spring and in autumn.
The best place for growing will be the lowlands, where a lot of snow accumulates, which acts as a natural mulch and saves the roots of the tree from freezing and death.
Planting is carried out according to the scheme: 45 centimeters of distance between seedlings, 50 centimeters of the depth of the pit, the width is adjusted to the size of the roots, 50 centimeters of the row spacing. The planting pits are filled with a mixture of fertile soil, humus, superphosphate, potassium and urea. Before planting, the roots of the seedling are straightened, being careful not to damage it. When planting, the earth must be tamped, and at the end, the hole must be watered abundantly.
The variety responds favorably to feeding with urea in the spring, as well as a mixture of phosphate and potassium during the flowering period. During fruiting, it is also recommended to apply potassium and phosphate with a small amount of organic fertilizer so that the tree forms large fruits. Like any other variety of apple trees, this one requires prophylactic treatment with fungicides and insecticides of complex action in order to minimize the likelihood of being affected by fungal diseases or an invasion of aphids, moths or leaf rollers.
The care that this variety requires also includes regular watering, which is carried out at least 2 times a week, and loosening the soil both in the trunk circle and in the aisle. This is done to provide oxygen to the roots.
For the winter, it is recommended to wrap the trunk and lower branches with some durable material, for example, metal mesh, to protect the tree from the invasion of mice and hares, which love to feast on bark and shoots.
This is a video with tips on how to prepare a fruit tree for winter, what work needs to be done in the fall to protect the trunk from cold weather and rodents.
The columnar apple tree with the sweet name "Medok" is a hybrid variety, which was the result of the work of Moscow breeders N. G. Morozov and V. V. Kichin. Apples of this variety are soft, juicy, fragrant and very appetizing, and compact branchy trees can decorate any landscape and become a real highlight of the personal plot.
Little space in the garden, but do you want to have apples of various flavors and ripening periods? Try planting the Medoc columnar apple variety.
It is a small apple tree that produces large fruits, is easy to maintain, and fits well into any landscape. Columnar apple variety Medoc is promising and interesting not only for a small garden, but also for commercial cultivation.
Let's get to know the variety better so as not to be afraid to plant it in our garden.
The columnar apple tree Medoc is relatively young, bred by breeders of the Moscow Institute of Fruit Growing in 1987.
The basis of breeding work the KB 103 gene is put, which provides the apple tree with columnarity, that is, the growth of the trunk strictly upward without the formation of side shoots. Plants got their name from the external resemblance to erect columns.
The official name Medoc received in 1993.
Mostly Medoc is grown on rootstocks Mark and 62-396 and is a natural semi-dwarf.
it compact, original plant, abundantly showered along the trunk, first with abundant flowering, and then with the same abundant ovaries. See the photo and description of the variety below.
Ripe fruits white-yellow color, incredible honey aroma and very sweet taste ripen by the end of summer.
The apple tree takes up little space, looks like decorative, while giving a good harvest of large (from 100 to 200 g and more) fruits. Study how the Medoc apple tree grows: there is a description of the variety in our article.
The apple tree has a powerful root system, grows quickly, and is fast-growing.
Among merits it is worth noting:
The plant is upright, formed into one barrel, without lateral branches with fruit groups of 1-2 buds.
Along the trunk, its height can reach a little over two meters. The leafy trunk, in fact, is the crown of the apple tree. The width of such a structure is about 20-30 cm.
The apple tree grows with an apical bud under favorable conditions and proper care to a height of 10-15 cm. In case of death or damage to the apex, the plant will take time for the lateral replacement bud to start growing.
Apple tree begins to bear fruit in the second year after planting and fruiting, regularity differs, unless the flower buds die as a result of severe frosts.
Regularity of fruiting due to the fact that the areas that bear fruit are constantly alternating.
An adult plant can withstand up to 15 kg of fruit. Average yield good, marketable fruit is 5-10 kg.
From one hectare of the columnar variety Medoc you can get up to 100 centners / ha of apples.
The ripe apple taste fully justifies its name. Delicate, slightly grainy, juicy pulp emits a persistent honey aroma. The apple has a sweet taste with a honey flavor.
Columnar apple trees usually suffer from severe frosts due to the fact that their the root system is located close to the soil surface... Columnar apple variety Medoc pretty resistant to low temperatures and is recommended even for growing in Siberia.
It is worth, however, to take care of mulching the soil over the roots and insulating the trunks.
The variety is not inferior in disease resistance to the best tall varieties.
It should be remembered that in order to protect any apple trees from the spread of diseases, it is necessary:
Further, we will present the following information for you: description, photos, gardeners' reviews and planting rules for this variety.
The columnar apple tree is planted in traditional for the region terms planting pome crops.
It can be both early spring and autumn planting in late September - early October.
Seedlings of the variety usually have a good fibrous system and, with normal watering, take root well even with a slight delay in spring planting.
Planting apple trees Medoc is produced in a well-lit area, not shaded by tall plants.
If several apple trees are planted, they immediately prepare not only the landing pit, but the entire territory of the site.
Since the plants are small, they practically do not shade the soil, you will need to regularly remove weeds in the aisles... You can even apply mulch film or material. They allow water to pass through easily, but do not allow weeds to develop.
They fall asleep in the landing pit sod land mixed with humus, peat and mineral fertilizers.
On heavy soils you can add river sand or fine gravel. The roots in the hole should not bend, it is better to cut them a little.
The compactness of apple trees allows them to occupy any free spaces in the garden: near paths, slides, terraces. The following is a detailed description of how planting and leaving with a photo should be performed
For a group of plants choose an open, well-lit area and plant in rows with row spacings within 1m. The distance between plants in a row can be from 40 to 60 cm. After planting, the seedlings should be tied to a support.
Growing plants of this type is a relatively young direction and has received development among amateur gardeners.
As an industrial production not very widely developed yet.
When planting a large number of seedlings:
When intensive technology Cultivation watering is carried out using drip irrigation.
Care activities include:
The columnar apple tree has one trunk, which is heavily overgrown with fruit ringlets, which prevents the development of lateral shoots. For this reason, the plant is practically does not need pruning.
If a side shoots nevertheless appear, they must be removed immediately, avoiding lumber.
Self-fertile variety and does not require participation in pollination of other plants.
Even a plant planted in early spring can bloom and give ovaries. but in the first year life, it is better to remove flowers and allow the apple tree to direct its forces to the development of the root system and strengthening the trunk.
In the second year the formed ovaries will be able to develop and ripen well.
In the fifth year the apple tree achieves full productivity.
The period of onset of commodity maturity begins In the end of August.
Depending on the weather conditions and the growing region, full maturity can occur in early September.
This means that the Medoc apple tree belongs to late summer ripening.
Real columnar apple tree has no branches, and all fruiting occurs through numerous fruit formations on the trunk of the tree.
Fruiting areas alternate from year to year, and fruiting continues for 15-17 years, after which the fruit formations die off.
Discontinued fruits are stored for no more than a month, which is a significant disadvantage of the variety.
But the great taste and aroma of apples compensates for this disadvantage.
In addition, the fruits are obtained wonderful blanks:
They require minimal use of sugar, which allows them to be used for dietary and baby food.
Watch the video on how to buy seeds and seedlings of the Medoc apple tree:
Watch the video gardeners tips on how to prune Medoc apple trees:
Watch the video how to care for President and Medoc apple trees:
Watch the video gardeners' advice on how the care and feeding of columnar apple trees should be done:
Columnar apple trees will help any amateur gardener:
The Medoc apple variety is an excellent representative of a new word in fruit growing.
Medoc is a columnar apple tree of late summer or early autumn ripening, with a powerful growth force. The tree is medium-sized with a compact crown, medium in width. It features a strong fibrous root system that can tolerate spring and autumn planting well. Fruits are yellowish-white with honey aroma and sweet taste, weight of one is from 100 to 200 grams.
The apple tree has received recognition from gardeners for a number of advantages that are worth noting:
The disadvantage is the short lifespan of the tree and the high price of seedlings, but this is not so important, with so many advantages and is typical for all columns.
The apple tree is formed into one trunk without side shoots, reaches a height
2.2 meters. In volume, the trunk-column usually grows 50 cm.
Every year the tree grows by 10-15 cm. If the apical bud is damaged, then it needs to be replaced by the lateral one, and this takes some time.
The apple pulp is tender, grainy, juicy, sweet with honey aroma and taste. It is used for the preparation of dietary meals, as it requires the addition of a small amount of sugar.
The Medoc variety is quite frost-resistant, it is recommended for planting in Siberia. To protect the root system, the trunk circle is mulched, the plant is covered with snow, the stem is whitewashed. These procedures will protect the plant from freezing.
Apple trees are quite resistant to disease, but they can get sick if a source of infection appears in the garden.
As mentioned above, Siberia is a very large territory with different climatic conditions.
Varietal material even one variety will behave differently in each locality.
Semi-dwarf types, the height of which does not exceed two meters:
They ripen in late August or mid-September. They are with success carry over conditions of Western Siberia.
Transplantation is very well tolerated due to density and compactness of roots.
Have quite large fruits, about 200 g. For Medka they are sweetish, while for the President they are more sour.
For this climate, the following are more suitable:
They withstand frosts of forty degrees and with success grown.
But all of them require special attention and the creation of certain conditions.
The season for planting cherries is of great importance. Sweet cherries are planted in spring or autumn. It is better not to plant in summer.
About each option separately:
Experts advise planting this kind of apple tree in spring, but you need to have time to do this before the buds begin to open. If you wish, you can plant a seedling in open ground in the autumn in the last days of September or the first in October, the main thing is that the weather is warm. For planting, it is recommended to purchase annual seedlings, not biennial ones. The fact is that such plants are relatively easy to take root and begin to grow and bear fruit much faster. When choosing a seedling, special attention should be paid to its roots, so there should be no rot on them. Trees with dry roots are also not worth purchasing. It is best to buy a seedling in a container, it can be planted even in the summer. A suitable area should be open and sunny, but remember that such an apple tree needs protection from strong gusts of wind. The soil needs a nutrient-rich and water-permeable soil. Groundwater at the site must lie at a depth of at least 200 centimeters.
In the event that you decide to plant a large number of columnar apple trees at once, then they should be arranged in rows. So, the distance between seedlings in a row should be at least 50 centimeters, while the row spacing should be 100 centimeters. Planting pits, which should have a size of at least 90x90x90 centimeters, must be prepared half a month before planting. If this is not done, then after planting and sedimentation of the soil, the root collar will be located underground, and this can lead to the death of the seedling.
In the process of digging a hole, it is necessary to discard the upper layer of soil, in which there is a greater amount of nutrients, separately from the lower layer, without allowing them to mix. In the event that the soil is heavy, then at the bottom of the hole it is imperative to place a layer of rubble mixed with sand for drainage. After that, 3 to 4 buckets of humus (compost), 100 grams of superphosphate and 50 to 100 grams of potassium fertilizer should be poured into the fertile soil and mixed. It is also recommended to add from 100 to 200 grams of dolomite flour to acidic soil. This soil must be poured into the landing hole and its surface must be leveled. After half a month, the soil will settle and compact.
After 2 weeks, you need to pour the remaining soil mixture into the planting hole with a slide. After that, it is necessary to install the root system of the apple tree directly on this "hill" so that the root collar of the seedling rises slightly above the surface of the site. After the roots are straightened, you need to pour infertile soil (from the lower layer) into the hole and tamp it well. Step back 30 centimeters from the trunk and form a roller around it, the height of which should be from 10 to 15 centimeters. The planted tree should be watered using 10–20 liters of water. After the liquid is absorbed into the soil, its surface must be sprinkled with a layer of mulch (sawdust, peat or crushed grass). If desired, you can install a support next to the seedling and tie it up.
In the event that the planting of columnar apple trees is planned for the spring, then it is recommended to prepare the planting holes in the autumn. During the winter, the soil will settle, compact, and the applied fertilizers will dissolve. Apple trees planted in such holes take root much faster, and in the same year they can even bloom. You need to plant a seedling in the spring in the same way as in the fall.