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We continue the conversation about vines (climbing plants). Every gardener knows that with the help of vines, you can wonderfully decorate the walls of houses, fences and other garden structures. Often, site owners have to deal with the problem of hatches, which are overly conspicuous on the lawn, or with poles of power lines. But dropping off at the hatch Amur or girlish grapes, you will be able to “disguise” all this splendor already in the first year, and in subsequent years regularly with the help of a haircut form shoots above the hatch, making it completely invisible.
But when choosing a support, it is important to take into account not only its appearance, but also the properties of the climbing plant for which it is intended. Therefore, a very crucial moment is the choice correct support option! It must be correctly made, taking into account the design and material of construction, as well as the size, nature of plant growth and the way to attach them.
How choose the right supports for climbing plants?
The correct choice of material for supports is very important, the thickness of the structural elements of which for antennae and leaf-climbing vines should not be more than 3 cm, so that the shoots can gain a foothold without problems. However, some vines are capable of assimilating supports up to 10 cm thick or more. But for leaning vines, the thickness of the structures is not so important, they almost always have to be tied to a support.
Vines with suckers on tendrils (for example, maiden grapes are tri-pointed) or corn-growing (ivy and petiolate hydrangea) can do without special supports altogether, it is enough to direct them to the fence or wall, and then they themselves will stretch upward. As devices for temporary fastening of such shoots on a vertical plane and giving them the desired direction, you can use ordinary tape or even pieces of plasticine.
Materials for the manufacture of supports
For the construction of wall structures and gratings, wood is most often used, somewhat less often - metal, in some cases plastic, and even brick can be used.
Wood structures look natural in the garden, fitting well in almost any plot style... For wall structures, wood of different species is used, but most often of conifers: spruce, pine and larch. Wooden trellises or trellises for climbing plants can be bought at specialized garden centers in the form of ready-made structures or sets that only need to be assembled and placed in the garden.
Vertical structures such as lattices can be made with your own hands. The most suitable material is wooden blocks and slats, bamboo poles are also used. Pay attention not only to the visual appeal, but also to the strength of the structure and its ability to withstand wind and snow, and also take into account the weight of the vines that surround it.
To protect the wood from decay, it is necessary to protect it from moisture, which is achieved by impregnating the wood with special antiseptic solutions. Treated wood is coated on top with a colorless protective varnish or paint, which will further extend its service life. At wall-mounted wooden supports, the joints of parts and elements, as well as the ends of beams and pillars, should also be protected from the ingress of water using varnishes and sealants - either wooden, plastic or metal caps. In addition, it is necessary to insulate the wood in places of its possible contact with the ground.
Exceptionally strong and durable metal supports, which can also be very decorative, which is important in our long winter. Remarkable vertical supports are made of forged metal.
The simplest option for wall supports are metal wire meshes, especially with large cells, which are good to adapt in the garden for growing vines. On wooden or metal flat frames and frames, which will be used as gratings and trellises, you can stretch not only wire, but also plastic or nylon nets, securing them with thin slats along the edges, as well as just cords, fishing lines or wire.
If you want fast create a "decoration"In some place on the border of the site, then you just need to" build up "the fence to the desired height with a metal mesh (preferably a special one with a plastic coating) and plant the same girlish grapes or something else from suitable vines along it. After a couple of years, the mesh will grow so that the isolation effect will be fully ensured. It will turn out to be a real hedge!
Recently, many options for plastic structures and nets with different mesh sizes have appeared on the market. If they are painted green or olive, they do not attract attention to themselves. They can be used as wall supports. But when choosing such a design, pay attention not only to the design of the product, but also to the quality of the plastic. Cheap plastic quickly deteriorates, fades in the sun and cracks in the cold, in addition, it is not always strong enough. During strong winds, the structure braided by lianas experiences high windage, so light plastic supports must be firmly fastened during installation.
Garden screens are very popular today - they take up little space. But depending on the material from which they are made, different types of vines are better combined with them. Lattice screens made of wood are very decorative and can decorate any corner of the site. Climbing plants with a loose, loose crown look good on them. Metal screens often function as a fence. Here vines are suitable, which are able to completely close the support and create a visual barrier.
For decorating tree trunks and poles, rather powerful, tall climbing plants are usually used, but for masking gas pipes, the best option is herbaceous vines, which can be easily removed from the pipe or even cut off if necessary. Strong vines are also preferable for landscaping the walls of tall houses, sheds and pavilions, climbing and climbing plants of medium size - for small houses, garages, gazebos, fences. Lattices, frames made of metal or plastic mesh are used as supports for grassy and low-growing wood vines. They are used to decorate the walls of the first floor, veranda or porch of a house.
It should also separately mention the trellis, which serve as an excellent vertical support for plants. They are usually made from wood or metal. They themselves can serve as a decoration for the garden, because they are made of the most bizarre shape.
The trellis can also be used as a fence, or in combination with pergola... They perfectly grow honeysuckle, girlish grapes, curly nightshade, blue passionflower and some other plants.
Please note that when installing wall gratings, you should leave space between them and the wall for the growing season of vines. The grates should be 30 cm away from wooden walls, and 40-50 cm from stone, brick and metal surfaces.This helps to protect plants from excessive drying out and overheating on hot days (especially on the south side), and also provides ventilation of the walls and relieves their surface from excessive moisture after rain.
Perennial climbing flora has a number of advantages, which are especially noticeable against the background of annual "fellows". Among these advantages, in particular, are:
Stalked hydrangea (Hydrangeapetiolaris). Family Hortensia. Homeland - Sakhalin, China, Japan, Kuril Islands.
A liana-like shrub, the lashes of which reach 25 m. If there is no support, the plant spreads along the ground. There are many air roots and suckers on the shoots. The leaves are beautiful, bright green in color, up to 10 cm long. The flowers are bright white, up to 3 cm in diameter, collected in corymbose inflorescences up to 20 cm in diameter.
Blooms in late June - July.
Requirements for environmental conditions. Creeper flowers for giving hydrangea petiolate grow well in the sun and in partial shade in areas protected from the wind. They prefer drained, slightly acidic garden soil with the presence of humus. Hardy, but at a young age need shelter.
Care. When planting, a distance of 1-1.5 m is left between the plants. In hot weather, watering and mulching of the trunk circle are required. From May to July, at least 3-4 dressings are carried out with full mineral fertilizer. This type of hydrangea, as a rule, does not need pruning.
Reproduction. Summer cuttings in special greenhouses at a temperature of 22-23 ° C. Sowing seeds.
Using. Stalked hydrangea is not just a beautiful liana for the garden, but also a very spectacular plant, so it is great for decorating tall pine trunks, gazebos, various walls and hedges. When planting, it must be borne in mind that it is impossible to remove an adult hydrangea from a support.