Spring and summer strawberry care according to all the rules

Are you satisfied with how many strawberries are harvested from the garden per season? If the answer is yes - you can be congratulated as an experienced gardener! In most cases, the cultivation of this capricious berry brings some frustration: it is difficult to weed, you constantly have to cut off the mustache, remove old leaves, the berries are sometimes small, sometimes watery, sometimes they do not ripen at all. But all this can be overcome if you know the basic rules of how to care for strawberries during the spring-summer season.

Spring - restoring strawberries after wintering

The most labor-intensive will be the care of strawberries in the spring, but it is he who will most affect the harvest. After a thorough spring tidying of the strawberry beds in the summer, all you have to do is to ensure that the plants remain healthy and the land is moist and free of weeds. Well, after harvesting, strawberries will need to be prepared for wintering. Let's consider all the stages of care in more detail.

After harvesting, strawberries will need to be prepared for wintering.

Clean the thawed strawberry bushes from dry dead leaves, remove the frozen plants immediately. The top layer of soil, with which you mulched strawberries in the fall, needs to be removed (up to 3 cm) - this way you will additionally reduce the number of pests that hibernate in the mulch, and in addition provide the root system with warming up from the sun's rays. Do not make a common mistake by adding a thick layer of earth from spring, otherwise the root system will not start growing for a long time, which means that the ripening of the berries will be postponed to a later date. If you do not want to remove the autumn bedding, then loosen the ground between the rows of strawberries well to a depth of 7 cm.

Video about proper care for strawberries

Strawberry care in spring time necessarily includes mulching and feeding plants:

  • after loosening, sprinkle the beds with sawdust, small straw, peat crumbs or ordinary humus, while feeding the plants with nitrogen fertilizers;
  • when fresh leaves appear on the bushes, under each plant you will need to add a mullein solution with the addition of ammonium sulfate;
  • in early May, feed the strawberries with complex mineral fertilizers.

To prevent the occurrence of diseases, strawberry bushes and the ground around them will need to be sprayed with a solution of copper sulfate even before bud break.

Watering strawberries followed once a week in the morning with warm water. Before flowering, watering is allowed by sprinkling, and with the appearance of flowers and berries, it is recommended not to get water on the plants themselves. Make sure that weeds do not appear on the beds: mulching with sawdust is convenient because weeds simply cannot germinate through a packed layer of sawdust, but water and fertilizers will freely pass to the roots of the strawberries.

Water the strawberries once a week in the morning with warm water.

Summer - plant health control and harvest

Summer strawberry care includes:

  • constant weeding of beds;
  • watering once a week;
  • careful inspection of plants for pests or signs of disease;
  • timely removal of damaged parts of plants and the strawberry bushes themselves;
  • adding sawdust or straw when tying the first berries so that ripe berries do not get dirty and rot;
  • top dressing before flowering with water with the addition of potassium sulfate and nitrophoska;
  • regular collection of ripe berries with stalks;
  • top dressing after harvesting until August 10 with water with nitrophos and wood ash.

In case of heavy rains, you can cover the strawberry patch with foil

In case of heavy rains, you can cover the strawberry bed with a film to prevent the plants from waterlogging during flowering and fruiting, otherwise diseases may develop, and the berries will become watery.

Preparing strawberries for winter

Having collected the last berries from the strawberry bushes, you can start trimming the whiskers and leaves in order to prepare the plants for a comfortable winter. All leaves at a distance of 10 cm from the surface of the ground, as well as all whiskers, are cut off from each bush. As a result, only stalks should remain from the strawberries, but don't let that scare you - fresh leaves will still have time to appear before winter, and the plant will get even stronger and better endure the winter cold.

Strawberry pruning video

One mustache emanating from the strawberry bush can be left for propagation by digging the rosette into the soil. Next year, it will make a good new bush, from which you will immediately receive berries. By replacing strawberries in this way every two years, you can achieve a consistent harvest, and if you also know how to properly care for strawberries, the productivity of your strawberry plantations will increase by at least 15%.

Spray cut strawberry bushes with drugs against pests and diseases, and then feed the plants with mineral fertilizers. Prepared strawberries in late autumn will need to be mulched again with sawdust or peat with a layer of 5 cm. Do the filling carefully, trying not to cover the bushes. You will remove this autumn bedding from the garden in the spring, providing the strawberry roots with warming up with the spring sun.

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How to care for strawberries in spring - tips and tricks from experienced gardeners

With the arrival of spring, the fight against pests and diseases of strawberries begins, which plays a significant role if there is a desire to get a good harvest in summer. It is best to prevent the emergence and spread of unexpected strawberry inhabitants in advance, therefore, carry out prevention in a timely manner.

In the spring, after harvesting, loosening strawberries, preventive spraying is carried out. Before flowering, both chemical and biological preparations (Caesar, Taurus, Fitoverm, Acrophyte) can be used. Such insecticides are not only active in the fight against various parasites, but also prevent their unwanted appearance. Spraying is carried out twice a season, before flowering and after the last strawberry harvest.
When treating plants with such preparations, the outside air temperature should not be lower than plus 15 ° C, otherwise spraying will be ineffective.

To process plantings in the spring, you do not have to run to the store and buy expensive drugs. You can use folk remedies in the fight against pests of strawberries. The most common and effective way is to treat strawberries with hot water, which will help to get rid of transparent strawberry mites, sawflies, leaf beetles, penny slobber and other harmful microorganisms (water temperature 65 ° C).

An effective folk prophylactic agent against diseases and pests of strawberries is considered to be an infusion of garlic with coniferous needles. Grind a glass of garlic, add 400 grams of needles (can be replaced with pine extract), pour 2 tablespoons of boric acid, pour warm water and leave for a week. Strawberry bushes are processed 3-4 times per season.
fertilize strawberries with infusion

To prevent the emergence and spread of diseases of strawberries, you can use coniferous mulch. Coniferous needles contain terpenes, and it is these chemical components that help fight parasites. However, this method of struggle is not available to everyone. But, even mulching strawberries with straw in combination with garlic spraying will give an equally effective result, since many diseases are prevented, including gray rot, brown spot, powdery mildew and others.

How to fertilize strawberries in spring
Spring processing of strawberries includes fertilizers with additional fertilizing, which are so necessary for plants to grow well and actively after a long winter. In the spring, strawberry bushes do not have enough nutrients, which were introduced in the fall, as the plants can be severely weakened and damaged in winter.

If you know how to properly fertilize strawberries in the spring, then you can grow powerful healthy bushes and harvest a generous harvest of berries in the summer. Strawberries of the first year of planting are not fertilized, unless additional fertilizing was introduced during planting, but remontant strawberries always need nutrients and trace elements.

Spring feeding of strawberries is carried out in the last decade of April, when a positive air temperature is established outside and a couple of new green leaves will grow on the bushes. You can use ready-made complex mineral dressings, or organic fertilizers prepared by your own hands.

organic fertilizer for strawberries
organic fertilizer (nettle) for feeding strawberries

It is better for beginner gardeners to use ready-made mineral fertilizers for strawberries, which contain all the necessary elements for the growth and development of seedlings, the purpose is to nourish plants (Strawberries and Strawberries, Kemira Lux, Ryazanochka, Pocon for strawberries, Vital-Dunger of German production) ... Top dressing is introduced with the arrival of spring and after the last harvest of berries, at the rate of 20-30 grams per square meter of plantings.

From organic feedings of strawberries, gardeners successfully use yeast tinctures, nettle infusions, compost, humus, wood ash, chicken droppings and others. In terms of its composition, chicken manure is very similar to mineral fertilizer for strawberries; it is recommended to apply it not dry, but diluted with water. One part of fresh droppings is diluted with 20 parts of liquid, then strawberries are watered under a bush at the rate of 0.5 liters of ready-made liquid fertilizer per plant. Fresh undiluted chicken droppings cannot be applied to strawberry beds, plants can get severe burns and stop growing.
Feeding with yeast in combination with other organic components is very effective, especially during the period of growth and budding of strawberries, it is prepared as follows: about 1 kg of wood or grass ash, 3-5 kilograms of mullein or bird droppings are placed in an ordinary plastic or metal barrel, 4 -5 kilograms of rotted straw or leaves, 4-5 kilograms of humus or compost, one liter of sour milk or whey, 3 liters of yeast brew. Yeast mash is done as follows: at the rate of 3 liters of water, a bag of dry yeast and half a glass of sugar are taken, infused for two days and placed in a barrel with the rest of the ingredients. The entire contents of the barrel are thoroughly mixed and left to ferment for one week. Once the yeast fertilizer is ready, it can be used. The brew is diluted with water twice its volume and only then is it applied as a fertilizer for strawberries.
What have you tried to use in the spring for processing strawberries?

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  • Landing: in autumn (mid-August to mid-October) and early spring.
  • Lighting: bright sunlight.
  • The soil: light - loam, sandy loam, chernozem or forest, organic-rich soils with a pH of 5.7-6.2.
  • Watering: morning, from the end of April - once every 10-12 days, spending 10-12 liters of water for each m² of the plot. In the summer heat - 3-4 times a week, and from August to October - twice a week. Before the appearance of peduncles, the best way to moisten the soil is by sprinkling, and during flowering - by drip irrigation.
  • Top dressing: at least three times a year: in early spring, during budding and in August.
  • Cropping: when the leaves begin to turn yellow, become stained and dry, they are cut off.
  • Reproduction: mustache (rosettes), dividing the bush. Small-fruited remontant strawberries can be propagated by seed.
  • Pests: strawberry nematodes, spider mites, dark click beetles, leaf beetles, weevils, snails and slugs.
  • Diseases: gray, root and fruit rot, brown, white and brown spots, powdery mildew, fusarium, late blight and verticillosis.

Correct planting in a garden in the open field - step by step instructions

When planting strawberries in a summer cottage, it is first of all necessary decide on a deadline... The gardener has several options for the development of events:

  • spring (April) - the strawberry bed must be prepared in the fall of the previous season
  • summer (July 20-25) - the garden is also prepared in autumn
  • autumn (September) - in this case, the soil for plants is prepared 2-3 weeks before work.

After the deadlines are determined, you can proceed to formation of beds... The place where they will be located must meet the following requirements:

  1. The soil should be sandy loam or loamysurely breathable and nourishing
  2. The optimum acidity level should be within 5.5-6.5 Ph... In the event that the indicator is lowered, it can be raised by adding dolomite flour. It is worth remembering that such work can only be carried out in the fall.
  3. Places where precipitation and melt water accumulate are not suitable for growing strawberries, because in this case there is a high risk of decay of the root system
  4. Groundwater should be located at a depth equal to 70-80 centimeters
  5. Experienced gardeners recommend placing strawberries separately from all other horticultural crops.
  6. The best precursors to strawberries are legumes, grains, or greens. It is not necessary to plant in places where tomatoes or potatoes previously grew
  7. In order for the berries to ripen, to be juicy and sugary, the planting site must be sunny.

The place of planting strawberries must be sunny.

The method of forming the beds will depend on the chosen growing location. In the event that the site is located on a hill and is well illuminated by sunlight, it is enough to build a bulk bed with a height 10 centimeters... With a high location of groundwater, this indicator increases up to 35-40 centimeters.

In order to make the soil more fertile, the following fertilizers are applied per square meter of soil:

  • 8 kilograms of compost
  • 100 grams of superphosphate
  • 30 grams of potassium salt.

The next step is to select healthy seedlings:

  • they must be free of traces of mechanical damage and disease
  • planting material with the most powerful and branched roots takes root best of all
  • the socket must be 3-4 leaves.

Seedlings must be of high quality and without damage.

Doing such work will help form a nutritional and water regime... Also, during the digging, you can find and destroy a variety of pests.

As soon as the preparatory work is completed, you can start planting plants:

  1. The best time to plant is early morning or late evening on a cloudy day.
  2. The standard planting pattern says that the distance between the rows is equal to 60-70 centimeters, and between individual plants 20-25 centimeters
  3. The hole is dug to the depth 13-15 centimeters
  4. When immersing the seedling in the ground, it is necessary to ensure that the root collar is at the same level with the ground. Otherwise, the plant will soon die.
  5. The last step will be abundant watering and mulching of the plantings.

Planting and growing strawberries is a fairly simple process, the main thing is to follow all the rules and take preparatory measures on time.

In summer, strawberries / strawberries require special attention. How to properly care for strawberries in summer? After weeding in the spring, it is most likely overgrown with grass. And if the summer is dry, the strawberries suffer from a lack of moisture. This plant is often damaged by pests and diseases.Therefore, strawberries, like a small child, need constant attention.

1. Remove weeds in time. It is necessary to free strawberries from weeds manually and very carefully, without damaging the roots and every time weeds appear.

2. Observe correct watering. It is enough to water the strawberries once a week, but if the summer is especially dry, it is better to water twice a week. Water only with warm water and in moderation, cold water can slow down the development of strawberries. Watering is necessary in the morning or evening. But if the weather is rainy, there is no need for watering. And if it floods heavily, it is worth covering it with foil. After each rain and watering, you need to loosen the soil, to a depth of no more than five centimeters.

See also "How to plant strawberries correctly"

3.Protect strawberries from disease and pests. Try not to forget to regularly inspect plants for diseases and pests and systematically remove damaged leaves and bushes. Timely adoption of measures to eliminate pests and treat diseases will not only preserve the plants, but also increase the strawberry yield. Powdery mildew is treated with potassium permanganate and colloidal sulfur. Copper oxychloride will help with spotted and gray rot. Fitosporin is an aid against fungal diseases.

4. Make timely feeding. It is important to feed the strawberries before flowering with potassium sulfate and nitrophos, and after removing the berries (until the tenth of August) - wood ash, nitrophos.

5.Mulk the strawberries. You can add sawdust or straw (mulching) when the first berries begin to tie so that they, when ripe, do not rot and become dirty.

6.Remove the mustache promptly. The antennae are removed during the entire growing season. If this is not done, the mustache will take on nutrients and the plant will be depleted and the appearance of buds and berries will slow down.

7.Pick berries on time. Ripe berries should be picked correctly only in the morning and together with the stalk. After that, the collected strawberries need to be cooled at +2 or +3 degrees.

8. Fertilize strawberries correctly. It is advisable to feed strawberries three times a year. After the leaves were cut in the spring, they are fertilized with mineral fertilizers. And in the summer, when the buds and the first fruits appear, it is necessary to use potash fertilizers, ash and chicken droppings. After picking the berries, as the leaves were cut off, the strawberries need mineral and organic fertilizers.

We hope that our recommendations will be useful to you, and you will grow an excellent strawberry harvest in your beds. Good luck!

Cleaning and loosening

The very first job should be cleaning the site. How to process strawberries in spring? You must first carefully rake last year's foliage into piles. At the same time, you should be aware that in no case should you burn the leaves, since in this case dry vegetation releases a very dangerous substance - dioxin. Therefore, it would be more correct to simply collect and remove all of last year's bedding together with the pests that have successfully overwintered in it. Experienced gardeners know that such harvesting has a double benefit: firstly, pests are destroyed as much as possible, and secondly, the roots begin to warm up better under the not yet strong March sun.

Before you process strawberries in the spring, immediately after putting the beds in order, they need to be thoroughly loosened. You cannot ignore the paths made between them. Simultaneously with loosening, it is necessary to remove the weeds that have appeared, and when finished, top dressing.

Watering strawberries and fertilizing

In addition to combating pests and diseases of berry bushes, timely and regular watering, fertilization for strawberries is also important.

Everyone probably knows how to water strawberries correctly. But not everyone knows how feeding is carried out. Fertilization is necessary because garden strawberries have lost a lot of nutrients over the winter.

And in the spring, garden berries are in dire need of getting useful micro and macro elements. Top dressing is essential to stimulate growth and development. Fertilizer for strawberries should be dipped into the soil after the soil is well dried and warmed up.

It is recommended to apply fertilizer for strawberries after loosening and complete recovery of the plant after wintering. The best feed for strawberries is prepared with your own hands or bought ready-made at specialized points of sale.

Fertilizer consists of humus, wood ash, mullein, potassium sulfate. You can also add sawdust, peat waste, humus, nitrogen fertilizers.

The garden berry needs to be fed after wintering, before and after the end of the flowering period, after the end of fruiting. After finishing the application of top dressing, the main type of care is watering. It should be carried out under the bush, not from above, this is necessary in order not to accidentally damage the flowers or the formed fruits.

If the climatic conditions are too dry, watering should be regular. With proper planting and subsequent care, garden strawberries will yield a good harvest.

Watch the video: How to Clean Up a Strawberry Patch: Strawberry Gardening

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