Meadow clover (lat.Trifolium pratense), or red clover, or shamrock, or porridge, is a species of the genus Clover of the Legume family, native to Europe, Western and Central Asia, and North Africa. The generic name translates as "shamrock".
Legend has it that the patron saint of Ireland, Saint Patrick, managed to expel the snakes from the country into the sea with the help of a clover leaf. Since then, there have been no snakes in Ireland, and the shamrock clover is the emblem of this country.
Read more about growing clover below.
Meadow clover is a biennial or perennial herb, reaching a height of 15 to 55 cm. Its stems are branched, ascending, the leaves are trifoliate, with finely toothed broad-ovate lobes. Leaflets are whole, ciliate at the edges. Loose spherical capitate inflorescences sit in pairs and are often covered with upper leaves, their corolla can be pink, white or variegated. The fruit of meadow clover is a single-seeded ovoid bean with yellowish-red or purple seeds.
Clover is sown in early spring, immediately after the snow melts. It grows best in the sun or in partial shade on black soil, loamy and sandy loam soils, where cereals, potatoes, corn or root crops grew before it. And clover after clover can be sown only after five years. The pH value on the site should be in the range of pH 6.0-6.5, so acidic soils will have to be limed.
Before sowing, the land on the site is dug to the depth of the shovel bayonet, cleaned of weeds and leveled, and a week later, a complex mineral fertilizer is scattered over the surface. Two weeks later, when the soil settles, it is loosened with a rake, moistened, after which, having chosen a calm day, they begin to sow. Pre-seasoned for an hour in water and dried two-year-old clover seeds are mixed with dry soil in a ratio of 1: 5 and evenly distributed over the plot in rows, after which they are sprinkled on top with a layer of soil. Large seeds are covered with a layer 4-5 cm thick, and small ones - 1-2 cm. The seeding rate is approximately 10 g of seeds per 1 m² of plot. Watering after sowing is carried out with a watering can with a shower head, so as not to wash the seeds from under a thin layer of soil. Clover seeds germinate in 5-10 days.
The most important point in the care of meadow clover is watering, since prolonged drought affects both the decorativeness of the lawn and the quality of medicinal raw materials. Too frequent and abundant moisture also has a bad effect on the condition of the plant, although white-headed clover is more resistant in this respect than pink. Water the clover in moderation, on average once a week, choosing for this in the early morning or evening hours.
Since meadow clover assimilates atmospheric nitrogen with the help of nodule bacteria, it only needs potassium-phosphorus fertilizers, which are applied in liquid form. If the clover grows in fertile soil, feeding is not needed at all.
Amazed red meadow clover diseases such as anthracnose, ascochitis, cancer and rust. To avoid the destruction of clover by these infections, it is necessary to choose varieties resistant to diseases for growing, be sure to disinfect them before sowing and harvest or mow the crop at the very beginning of flowering. In addition, it is extremely important to observe crop rotation and, if clover crops are affected by cancer, do not grow a crop in this area for at least 7 years. Against diseases such as ascochitis and rust, dusting of meadow clover with sulfur powder is effective, and anthracnose is fought with fungicides.
Nodule and clover weevils are the best known pests of meadow clover. Clover weevils damage the leaves, buds and flowers of clover: one insect larva can destroy up to 11 ovaries. To avoid a decrease in yield due to the harmful activity of clover weevils and their larvae, it is necessary to mow the crops during the budding period. In spring, nodule weevils damage the growth point at the seedlings, and later their larvae eat out the depressions in the roots and destroy the clover nodules. Insecticides will have to be used against these pests.
Red clover is harvested for hay at the very beginning of flowering. If you are late with harvesting, the quality of the feed deteriorates as the protein content of the plant decreases.
Only red clover flowers are used as medicinal raw materials, which are also removed at the beginning of flowering. After harvesting, the flowers are cut along the upper stem and dried in a shady place in the garden or in a semi-dark, well-ventilated room, where the temperature should not rise above 35 ºC. Store medicinal raw materials in paper bags or cardboard boxes in a dry, dark and cool place.
In culture, two types of meadow clover are widespread: late-ripening single-cut and early-ripening double-cut. Early ripe clover is distinguished by its rapid development, an abundance of green mass, strong branching, dense foliage and the ability to form aftermath. And the late clover differs from the early one morphologically: it has longer stipules and a greater number of internodes - from 7 to 12. Late varieties give a good harvest in the first cut, but their ability to form aftermath is much lower than that of the early ones. However, the winter hardiness of late clover is higher than that of early maturing.
The most famous varieties of meadow clover are:
In addition to those described, such varieties of red clover as Yaskrava, Dolina, Mereya, Vitebsk, Slutsky, Minsky, Demena, Tsudovny, Early-2, Trio, Veteran, Altyn, Amos, Green, Vityaz, Hephaestus and others are often grown in culture.
Meadow clover is a popular medicinal plant, because it has a large amount of valuable substances. Why is meadow clover useful? Its leaves and inflorescences contain minerals and vitamins, salicylic acid, carotene, flavonoids, tannins, phytoestrogens, essential and fatty oils, fiber and other substances necessary for the human body.
Clover has long been used in folk and official medicine; on its basis, medicines, syrups and potions, biologically active additives were produced. Clover is included in the collection for the treatment of various diseases. At home, decoctions, infusions and tinctures are prepared from it, which, like fresh plant juice, are used for lotions, medicinal baths and rinses. Clover is added to powders, ointments, shampoos, lotions, cleansers and skin diseases.
Clover has a diuretic, diaphoretic, choleretic, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, expectorant, hemostatic and astringent effect, therefore it is used to treat many ailments. For example, decoctions of clover are used to treat diseases of the kidneys, biliary tract, inflammation of the appendages and bladder, urolithiasis, headaches and dizziness, asthenia and anemia, pulmonary tuberculosis, rickets, poisoning, bleeding and hemorrhoids. Decoctions and infusions of clover inflorescences remove excess fluid from the body, and using them for rinsing, they treat gingivitis, sore throat, stomatitis.
Since clover has an anti-sclerotic effect, it is used in the treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular system and atherosclerosis. Clover preparations help to strengthen the walls of blood vessels, improve the condition of the veins, lower blood cholesterol levels, arterial and intracranial pressure, and increase hemoglobin. Flavonoids contained in clover saturate tissues with oxygen, normalize metabolism, fat metabolism and protect the body from premature aging.
Red clover is effective in treating all types of cancerous tumors: it clears mucus and blood, and stops the growth of cancer cells.
The use of meadow clover is contraindicated in such diseases and conditions as varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, extragene-dependent cancer, diarrhea, individual intolerance and pregnancy. Clover preparations are not recommended for those who have suffered a stroke or heart attack.
With prolonged use of clover preparations, potency in men may decrease and there is a delay in menstruation in women.
It is undesirable to use clover preparations for the treatment of children under two years of age, but if you think that it is necessary, consult a pediatrician beforehand.
Sections: Garden plants Biennials Perennials Herbaceous Flowering Medicinal Weed Honey plants Plants on K Legumes (Moths)
The peony tree planting and caring for which is described in more detail in our article is very popular among gardeners because of its durability and simplicity. Consider how to propagate shrubs, and what conditions must be created for growing and abundant flowering of a crop.
Peony tree - grows in the suburbs
The home of the tree peony (lat. Sekurinegi peony) is China. In central Russia, summer residents are actively growing tree peonies, planting and leaving does not cause any particular difficulties. And with the right choice of the variety and the observance of the rules of watering and feeding, you can enjoy magnificent flowering for a long time.
Verbeynik point in landscape design Herbaceous plants for open ground photo
The species is represented by annuals, perennials, biennial plants with an erect or creeping stem. Leaves can be alternate, entire, whorled or opposite. It is a relative of cyclamen, primrose, lactic acid. Lostweed has a variety of flowering colors and can be white, pinkish or yellow flowers. Inflorescences are collected in an ear or in thyroid panicles. The seeds are in a spherical capsule and resemble numerous small beads.
Due to its natural characteristics, the loosestrife can grow in the most infertile soils. Despite the nondescript appearance, it is gaining enviable popularity, and the secret is that the loosestrife blooms very abundantly and for a long time, almost does not require care. Due to its uniqueness, the flower looks good on alpine hills, decorative compositions of flower beds and in many other places that require an original design solution.
For reproduction of loosestrife, you can use seeds, as well as shoots from the mother's trunk (seed method and vegetative). The seed method is used if you need to get a large number of seedlings for sale or for selection experiments; for reproduction on the site, the vegetative method is used as the simplest and most affordable for the gardener. To obtain spring seedlings, loosestrife seeds are planted in July - September under the snow. All varieties of this species feel better in slightly shaded areas, the monochromatic loosestrife tolerates sunny, brightly lit places.
These two plants are often confused with each other, as they are very similar in appearance. But knowing their characteristic differences, you can easily determine the type of culture.
Colchicum flowers are much larger
The main signs of autumn crocus and crocus:
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Clover dry extract is a nourishing, anti-inflammatory, emollient, moisturizing, anti-aging, secretion normalizing, antifungal and hair growth stimulator for oily, dry, aging, problem and dehydrated skin, as well as for oily hair. Introduced into cosmetics up to 1 to 5%.
Clover Supercritical CO2 Extract is a supercritical fluid extraction with natural carbon dioxide from the flowers and grass of the plant. Green oily mass. In cosmetic products it is used as an anti-inflammatory and antiseptic agent. It is introduced into cosmetics from 0.01 to 0.1%.
Recipes for the use of meadow clover in home cosmetology:
Contraindications: not systematized.
Meadow clover for cholesterol is a unique remedy that is famous all over the world. With proper preparation of the drug in a fairly short period of time, you can forget about the problem without using expensive medicines.
Since ancient times, this culture has been used for cleaning blood vessels. One of the most popular remedies is clover infusion with vodka. For the preparation of such a drink, you can use both fresh and dry flowers of the culture.
Put clover flowers in a two-liter jar and fill them with liquid. The resulting mixture must be kept in a dark place for 2 weeks. At the end of the time, the liquid will need to be filtered and then refrigerated. Everyone can drink such an infusion, but adhering to certain dosages. First of all, this applies to elderly people. It is necessary to drink alcoholic tincture once a day before meals. The course of treatment is 30 days. Then you should take a break for 10 days and resume therapy again.
Clover tincture with alcohol has a tonic and calming effect.
It is useful to take this remedy in the spring season. It is at this time that the human body needs vitamins.
To prepare such a remedy, you need to purchase clover honey at the pharmacy. To do this, you need to take 30 g of a delicacy and 10 ml of fresh lemon juice. Mix the components thoroughly to obtain a homogeneous mass. Store the medicine in the refrigerator.
Clover honey can lower blood pressure.
Take the composition every day before lunch. The course of treatment is one month. Clover honey is a very beneficial remedy. It is a natural antioxidant that quickly lowers cholesterol levels and restores the health of the circulatory system.
To prepare the remedy, you must use the flowers and leaves of young plants. This is one of the popular recipes used all over the world.
For cooking you need:
Mix all components. Infuse the composition for 60 minutes. Then discard the mixture in a colander or strain with gauze. The infusion is taken 3 times a day, 20 mg at a time. It should be drunk exclusively before meals. The course of treatment should be 3 weeks.
For the remedy to be as effective as possible, it is recommended to store the tincture for no more than 2 days in a cold place.
This remedy perfectly copes with kidney pathologies, as well as with painful menstruation.
For the broth, you need to prepare:
Boil the liquid and place the herb in it. Infuse the product for 35 minutes. Takes 20 mg liquid 3 times a day. It is recommended to drink the infusion half an hour before meals.
To eliminate unpleasant symptoms with menopause, you will need to brew 3 tablespoons with a slide of flowers in 200 mg of water. Insist for an hour, after which you can start drinking. Drink 4 times a day, 0.5 cups before meals.
Often this symptom can be caused by the pathology of the endocrine system and malfunctioning of the vessels of the brain. To get rid of headaches and noises, you should brew oregano, linden flowers, clover, St. John's wort, currants, strawberries. Use all components in equal parts. Take in small amounts with jam or honey.
There is also another, no less effective recipe for headaches. To prepare it, you need to take a liter jar filled with clover, and pour vodka on top. Close the container tightly and keep in this state for two weeks. Take one tablespoon at bedtime. For such a tincture, you can use not only flowers, but also other parts of the plant. After 30 days, hearing will improve significantly, and the noises will no longer disturb.
Meadow clover is a really effective and popular remedy. But, despite all its positive aspects, it is recommended to consult a doctor before preparing and using the infusions.